Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
lu, Sample survey of agriculture and forestry, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, farming, supplementary industries (for example camp sites, hunting and fishing rights, rental), labour input, maintenance, machines and tools, energy consumption, investmentsAgriculture , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Sample survey of agriculture and forestry


Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

17 %

of agricultural holdings invested in farm buildings in 2016

Holdings with investment in farm buildings
Holdings with investmentPer cent holdings with investment
The whole country6 4006 8006 8005 4006 9001214151317
Eastern Norway2 6002 9003 1002 2002 8001214161216
Agder and Rogaland1 0001 3001 1009001 2001419171421
Western Norway1 2001 1001 2001 1001 4001111131216
Trøndelag1 0001 1009008001 1001415131418
Northern Norway6005006004005001413161216

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Investment in farm buildings. Fixed 2016-kroner

Investment in farm buildings. Fixed 2016-kroner
Investment, total (NOK 1000)Investment per holding with investment (NOK)
The whole country3 187 0003 984 0004 213 0003 470 0004 043 000500 000551 000616 000641 000582 000
Eastern Norway1 307 0001 516 0001 602 0001 210 0001 468 900511 000496 000520 000555 000532 000
Agder and Rogaland583 000822 000902 000661 000860 000575 000604 000799 000730 000699 000
Western Norway355 000539 000742 000557 000644 000308 000473 000638 000522 000466 000
Trøndelag663 000792 000553 000739 000778 000655 000713 000638 000876 000739 000
Northern Norway280 000315 000414 000302 000293 000435 000560 000691 000734 000558 000

Table 2 
Maintenance of farm buildings

Maintenance of farm buildings
Holdings, totalHoldings, with maintenancePer cent holdings with maintenanceMaintenance, total. 1 000 NOKMaintenance expenditure per holding with maintenance1
1Fixed 2016-kroner
201144 80036 800821 210 00033 000
201441 90032 500781 629 00050 000
201640 30030 600761 783 00058 000
Eastern Norway16 70012 60075805 00064 000
Agder and Rogaland6 0004 60078346 00075 000
Western Norway8 6006 60077272 00042 000
Trøndelag5 8004 40076233 00053 000
Northern Norway3 3002 40074127 00052 000

Table 3 
Investment in machinery and implements for agriculture and horticulture. Fixed 2016-kroner

Investment in machinery and implements for agriculture and horticulture. Fixed 2016-kroner
Investment, total (NOK 1 000)Investment per holding with investment (NOK)
The whole country3 025 0003 258 0003 451 0002 654 0002 508 000216 000218 000242 000204 000193 000
Eastern Norway1 432 0001 479 0001 654 0001 255 0001 186 000235 000229 000276 000216 000204 000
Agder and Rogaland360 000469 000466 000344 000325 000197 000215 000222 000212 000200 000
Western Norway416 000490 000505 000457 000431 000170 000180 000182 000177 000168 000
Trøndelag504 000536 000506 000423 000400 000228 000236 000239 000223 000211 000
Northern Norway313 000285 000319 000176 000167 000216 000216 000255 000162 000153 000

About the statistics

The statistics give information about labour input and investments in agriculture.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Agricultural holding: All agricultural area operated by the same holder belongs to the same holding regardless of whether it includes several land numbers, title numbers and lease numbers.

Holder(s): The person(s) who is responsible for farming it.

Agricultural area in use: Comprises all owned and rented agricultural area in use at the holding, including fields that lie fallow a year. Agricultural areas include cultivated and surface-cultivated land, and other fertilized pastures.

Supplementary industry: An activity that uses the land, buildings or machinery belonging to the holding.

Gross income: The sum of all incomes excluded value added tax, and not deducted any costs.

Standard classifications

County where the holding is located, size of holding expressed in decares of utilized agricultural area and type of farming of the holding.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Sample survey of agriculture and forestry
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

Part of the country.

Frequency and timeliness


International reporting

Data are delivered to Eurostat by agreement.


Reviewed and edited microdata are stored.


Background and purpose

The purpose of the Survey of Agriculture is to obtain relevant data not found in administrative data systems, and to obtain data for units not covered by administrative systems.

The Survey of Agriculture is designed to form a picture of the agriculture industry in Norway (the number of holdings and properties) through various questions. The questions vary from year to year (labour, liabilities, investments, fixed assets, rental of agricultural land, farm buildings, extended forest survey etc.).

Users and applications

Data from the survey are used by professional organizations, the Budget Committee for Agriculture, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the Ministry of Environment, various research institutions such as the Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute and the Division for Environmental Statistics at Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

Statistics Act Section 2-1, 2-2, 2-3

EEA reference

Not relevant



The population is active holdings registered in the administrative Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority, and covers all units that meet one or more conditions relating to minimum operating standards. An example of such conditions is that a holding must have at least 5 decares of agricultural area in use.

Data sources and sampling

The majority of the data comes directly from respondents who fill out forms for the annual agricultural survey. The Agricultural Register provides information on the size of the agricultural and forest area, persons associated with the property/holding and what their association is with the property/holding.

Each year a sample is drawn from the Farm Register for the Survey of Agriculture. The size of the sample varies between 10 000 and 12 000 active holdings, stratified by the size of estimated standard output  and type of production in each county. Until 2011 the size of the agricultural area was used in stead of standard output.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Letters are sent to the holdings drawn for inclusion in the survey. The owner or holder of the property provides the data.

A number of controls and corrections are done to ensure consistency both on a single form and between forms and available register information.

The sample is stratified by location, standard output and farm type.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Figures based on few units (holdings) are not published if this causes risk for identifying any of the units concerned, or the results are considered to be all too uncertain for giving estimates.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are basically comparable back to the end of 1940th. However, for some variables there will be a break e.g. between 1998 and 1999. The reason for this is that the method used for estimating the number of holdings from 1990 to 1998 gradually led to too high figures. This was evidently shown by the results of the complete census of agriculture for 1999.

In 2007, the question related to supplementary industries was expanded. In addition to ticking off for relevant industry, the respondents were asked to fill in the corresponding gross income. This modification may have caused a somewhat higher item non-response.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Primary data are obtained from the forms filled out by the respondents. They may contain errors made by the individual respondents when he or she filled out the form. A number of errors are discovered and corrected by those who go through forms during the revision process at Statistics Norway.

A number of errors during the collection and processing of the data are unavoidable and include errors that occur during revision, data processing errors etc. Extensive work has been carried out to reduce these errors as much as possible.

Non-response in the survey is due to the failure of individual respondents to deliver questionnaires or that a property has been sold or is no longer farmed as an independent unit.

Variance: All sample surveys will be encumbered by a certain amount of uncertainty. Generally, the fewer the observations are, the more uncertain the results. Groups based on few observations will be particularly sensitive to extreme values, i.e. values that deviate considerably from the average. Such extreme values are consequently assigned a weight equal to 1, so that they only represent themselves in the material.

Bias: All types of holdings are included in the Survey of Agriculture sample. To provide a better representation in certain counties with few holdings a higher percentage of holdings are selected in these areas.

Frame errors: The quality of the register basis from which the sample is selected also has an impact on the quality of the final result.


Not relevant