364714
/en/utdanning/statistikker/nasjprov/aar
364714
statistikk
2019-01-29T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
nasjprov, National tests, pupils, primary and lower secondary schools, results, pupil performance, command levelPrimary and lower secondary schools, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true

National tests

Due to changes in municipal boundaries, figures broken down by centrality have not been published yet.

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

23.1 %

of pupils in 5th grade achieved the lowest level in mathematics

Proportion of pupils at the lowest level in national tests in 5th grade, by sex, immigration category and parents' educational attainment level.
2018
Proportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. English 5th gradeProportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Reading 5th gradeProportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Mathematics 5th grade
All pupils23.323.223.1
 
Sex
Boys21.526.820.1
Girls25.319.526.3
 
Immigration category
Immigrants25.339.437.4
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents19.532.533.9
Other pupils23.621.020.9
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Parents do not have tertiary education29.733.333.8
Parents have tertiary education19.416.316.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent
2018
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123123123
Both boys and girls
All educational levels23.350.326.323.254.522.323.151.325.6
Basic school or no completed education32.746.520.741.650.18.345.246.18.6
Upper secondary education28.950.320.831.156.312.630.753.315.9
Tertiary education19.451.129.516.354.629.116.251.132.7
Unknown28.544.127.445.645.78.739.347.713.0
Boys
All educational levels21.549.029.526.853.120.120.149.230.7
Basic school or no completed education31.846.521.747.445.17.540.249.010.9
Upper secondary education26.450.023.635.553.311.227.852.320.0
Tertiary education17.749.133.219.554.326.213.747.738.6
Unknown28.143.928.049.043.87.231.851.216.9
Girls
All educational levels25.351.723.119.556.024.626.353.520.3
Basic school or no completed education33.646.619.835.955.09.150.443.36.4
Upper secondary education31.350.618.126.859.314.033.754.411.9
Tertiary education21.253.225.612.954.932.218.754.726.5
Unknown28.844.326.842.747.310.046.044.49.6

Table 2 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent
2018
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
Both boys and girls
All educational levels8.018.942.419.411.39.116.742.521.210.58.721.037.522.610.3
Basic school or no completed education16.525.639.813.24.923.228.638.08.22.023.235.430.88.32.2
Upper secondary education10.923.443.215.67.011.822.345.715.74.411.827.839.316.54.5
Tertiary education5.015.542.622.414.55.011.842.026.315.04.515.337.628.014.5
Unknown19.023.334.413.210.133.627.828.17.62.923.330.730.711.04.2
Boys
All educational levels7.717.941.320.412.711.718.541.519.49.08.219.636.623.911.7
Basic school or no completed education16.625.439.713.54.828.130.633.46.41.521.733.832.59.62.5
Upper secondary education10.622.342.316.97.915.624.043.313.53.611.426.338.718.25.4
Tertiary education4.714.541.323.316.26.613.842.324.512.94.314.036.329.216.3
Unknown20.123.832.413.610.239.927.922.96.72.622.929.532.010.25.5
Girls
All educational levels8.219.843.518.410.06.514.843.523.212.09.122.538.321.28.8
Basic school or no completed education16.325.840.012.95.018.426.742.59.92.524.837.029.27.11.9
Upper secondary education11.224.544.014.26.08.020.548.218.05.212.329.239.914.83.7
Tertiary education5.216.544.021.512.73.39.841.628.217.14.816.739.126.812.6
Unknown17.923.036.212.810.127.727.633.28.33.124.031.829.311.93.0

Table 3 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent
2018
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering Mathematics
123123123
Both boys and girls
Immigrants25.344.829.939.449.511.137.447.615.0
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents19.547.532.932.553.014.533.949.216.9
Other pupils23.651.025.421.155.023.921.051.827.2
Boys
Immigrants25.545.029.444.146.89.133.048.618.4
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents19.548.032.536.951.012.029.450.120.5
Other pupils21.449.429.224.653.821.718.349.132.6
Girls
Immigrants25.044.630.335.052.112.941.746.711.6
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents19.647.133.328.154.917.038.448.413.2
Other pupils25.952.721.517.556.426.223.854.521.7

Table 4 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent
2018
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
Both boys and girls
Immigrants14.721.337.216.310.525.326.434.210.04.120.528.233.112.85.4
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents8.419.442.219.610.417.225.539.813.04.515.429.034.314.37.0
Other pupils7.318.642.919.711.57.015.043.523.011.57.019.738.124.211.0
Boys
Immigrants15.521.536.415.910.829.428.230.18.83.618.827.233.813.86.3
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents8.319.540.720.510.920.927.137.411.13.614.227.035.116.17.7
Other pupils7.017.541.820.813.09.316.942.921.09.96.718.237.025.612.5
Girls
Immigrants14.021.138.016.710.221.224.638.411.24.622.229.332.411.74.4
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents8.419.343.818.69.913.323.842.315.15.616.631.233.412.56.4
Other pupils7.719.844.018.510.04.613.244.124.913.27.321.239.322.89.4

Table 5 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the pupils' mastering level in the corresponding test in 5th grade three years before. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the pupils' mastering level in the corresponding test in 5th grade three years before. Per cent1
2018
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
1National tests in English in 5th grade were cancelled in 2011, therefore no results are presented.
The pupils' mastering level in 5th grade
All pupils
120.042.035.52.40.221.840.236.31.70.122.549.826.11.40.1
22.514.959.519.33.92.712.459.721.73.42.717.055.322.52.6
30.20.819.240.039.80.20.921.842.135.00.31.316.345.636.5
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade31.227.424.110.27.137.724.425.58.53.838.527.721.18.93.9
 
Parents do not have tertiary education
123.742.731.71.70.124.842.631.41.10.026.550.921.70.80.0
23.618.059.916.02.54.216.861.116.11.84.322.755.416.31.3
30.41.523.542.632.10.51.931.444.421.80.83.023.647.924.7
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade38.631.322.05.22.945.225.623.74.31.350.229.216.03.80.9
 
Parents have tertiary education
116.341.239.23.00.217.937.042.52.50.117.248.631.92.10.1
21.813.059.221.34.71.79.658.925.34.51.713.355.226.43.4
30.10.617.739.142.60.10.619.141.538.70.10.814.245.039.9
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade22.323.125.616.412.523.721.631.515.47.826.623.326.015.68.5
 
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
115.245.636.13.20.026.044.428.80.80.028.549.021.30.80.4
22.215.662.714.35.13.318.460.315.82.23.523.354.916.71.6
30.70.719.733.345.63.41.725.435.633.91.14.430.033.331.1
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade29.025.826.311.27.748.227.717.54.91.731.930.924.39.43.4

Table 6 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade and 9th grade. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade and 9th grade. Per cent
2018
Mastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
1234512345
Grade
8th grade9.116.742.521.210.58.721.037.522.610.3
9th grade5.811.036.926.719.64.814.332.728.319.8

Table 7 
Average score points on national tests 5th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category

Average score points on national tests 5th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category
2018
Score pointsPupils
EnglishReadingMathematicsEnglishReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes50505059 91359 87560 580
Boys51495130 25730 20930 776
Girls50514929 64929 65929 794
 
County
Østfold5049483 2403 2353 260
Akershus5151518 0198 0238 095
Oslo5353536 3816 3586 425
Hedmark5050501 9681 9752 003
Oppland4949491 9841 9852 008
Buskerud5050503 2273 2293 266
Vestfold5050492 8462 8492 886
Telemark5050491 8211 8251 853
Aust-Agder4949481 4041 4191 434
Vest-Agder4949502 2992 3262 340
Rogaland5149506 0426 0206 070
Hordaland5049506 0716 0936 135
Sogn og Fjordane5049511 3071 2921 311
Møre og Romsdal5049493 0133 0023 045
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)000000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)000000
Nordland4949482 5452 5602 597
Troms - Romsa4949491 7901 7891 815
Finnmark - Finnmárku484847773701780
County not stated000000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education48474721 62421 66221 918
Tertiary education51525236 70436 75137 045
Unknown5045461 5851 4621 617
 
Immigration category
Immigrants5146463 7513 6593 866
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents5247475 1635 1295 196
Others50515150 99951 08751 518

Table 8 
Average score points on national tests 8th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category

Average score points on national tests 8th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category
2018
Score pointsPupils
EnglishReadingMathematicsEnglishReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes50505058 80158 97159 099
Boys51495129 69229 78529 919
Girls50514929 10129 18029 172
 
County
Østfold5049493 2883 3013 304
Akershus5151517 8067 7937 842
Oslo5353526 1026 0946 102
Hedmark4950492 0422 0532 052
Oppland4849492 0012 0141 998
Buskerud5050503 2113 2243 239
Vestfold5050492 8212 8602 862
Telemark4949491 8821 8941 877
Aust-Agder4949491 3481 3481 348
Vest-Agder4949502 1972 2012 212
Rogaland5150515 6795 6985 696
Hordaland5049495 8385 8685 865
Sogn og Fjordane5050511 3791 3821 385
Møre og Romsdal5049493 0973 1143 124
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)000000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)000000
Nordland4948482 5822 6032 593
Troms - Romsa5050501 7191 7361 760
Finnmark - Finnmárku494848775719767
County not stated000000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education48474622 42422 53522 555
Tertiary education52535334 89935 03635 070
Unknown4742441 4781 4001 474
 
Immigration category
Immigrants4844454 5744 5544 668
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents5046474 2684 2504 254
Others50515149 95950 16750 177

Table 9 
Average score points on national tests 9th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category.

Average score points on national tests 9th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category.
2018
Score pointsPupils
ReadingMathematicsReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes535458 71358 788
Boys525429 73229 849
Girls555328 97528 935
 
County
Østfold52523 3093 311
Akershus55557 8527 848
Oslo56565 8015 813
Hedmark53532 1242 134
Oppland54542 0011 993
Buskerud53533 3083 312
Vestfold53532 8382 826
Telemark52531 8781 865
Aust-Agder53531 3391 346
Vest-Agder52532 1422 162
Rogaland54545 6235 627
Hordaland53545 9345 921
Sogn og Fjordane53551 3621 367
Møre og Romsdal52533 1993 189
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)0000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)0000
Nordland52522 5542 573
Troms - Romsa53531 7471 741
Finnmark - Finnmárku5252714761
County not stated0000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education505022 90522 873
Tertiary education565634 53734 548
Unknown44461 2711 367
 
Immigration background
Immigrants47484 5304 670
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents49504 0054 012
Others545450 17850 106

About the statistics

The purpose of national tests is to assess the pupils’ skills in reading, mathematics and English. The tests are part of the formative assessment and are conducted by autumn in 5th, 8th and 9th grade.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Mastering levels -- There are three levels for 5th grade and five levels for 8th and 9th grade. The pupils are placed at the different levels according to their score points at the tests

Score points -- From 2014, in addition to mastering levels, the results can be measured in score points. The average in the scale is set at 50, with standard deviation 10. The original points at the test are never comparable, and the degree of difficulty will differ from year to year. Therefore a new scale which describes the pupils’ skills has been developed in order to compare between different tests and years. Item response theory (IRT) has been used to create the new scale.

The table below shows the score intervals for each mastering level in English, reading and mathematics in 5th, 8th, and 9th grade (P.S The score intervals for the reading tests are not definite)

English 5th grade

Mastering level

Score points (min-max)

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-78

Reading 5th grade

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-74

Mathematics 5th grade

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-78

English 8th grade

1

19-36

2

37-44

3

45-56

4

57-62

5

63-78

Reading 8th grade

1

18-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-75

Mathematics 8th grade

1

20-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-80

Reading 9th grade

1

18-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-75

Mathematics 9th grade

1

10-37

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-90

Standard classifications

Parents’ highest level of education is derived from register information in The National Education Database (NUDB). The new definitions of levels are used.

Immigration category is coded according to Standard for immigration category 2008. The term other pupils comprise the pupils in immigration categories A, D, E, F and G.

The centrality of pupils' school minicipality is coded according to the definitions in Centrality 2008.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: National tests
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

National and county level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of national tests is to assess to what degree the school has been able to develop the pupils’ skills in reading, mathematics and English. The tests are intended as instruments for improvements and development activities locally (school and municipality level) and centrally (government level). The tests are part of the formative assessment and are conducted by autumn in 5th, 8th and 9th grade.

National tests in 5th and 8th grade have been conducted annually since 2007. The tests reflects the competence objectives of the curriculum in 4th and 7th grade. Since 2010, identical tests to those in 8th grade in mathematics and Norwegian have also been conducted in 9th grade. Starting in 2010, both the tests in mathematics and reading English are conducted electronically.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, the media, researchers, business and industry. Key users are in particular the Ministry of Education and Research and the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics on national tests can be viewed in connection with education statistics covering pupils in primary and lower secondary schools.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54, section 2.2.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

National tests are conducted in 5th and 8th grade in primary and lower secondary schools. The tests are obligatory for all pupils at these grades. Each school can give exemptions according to specified conditions.

The statistics include pupils in 5th and 8th grade who have completed national tests in English, reading and mathematics. Pupils who are exempted or who have not participated in the tests are not included. Statistics about exemption and non-participation in the national tests are available from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training online in Skoleporten .

In the statistics for 2011, participation rates are measured against the corresponding number of pupils registered 1 October the same year (GSI).

In the statistics for 2013, exemption rates by test are published.

In the statistics for 2014, participation and exemption rates by immigration category in 5th grade are published.

Data sources and sampling

The results from the national tests are collected through the test administration system (PAS), which is owned by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

Statistics Norway receives the data from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training under the provisions of the Statistics Act.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Each school is responsible for registering the results in the test administration system (PAS). The data are stored in PAS for a limited period of time before encryption. Statistics Norway receives a copy of selected variables prior to the encryption.

The data are subject to various controls such as deletion of duplicates, comparisons with former data sets and a control of correct and valid values for each variable. All Personal ID-numbers are checked for errors.

The statistics for each national test (the three subjects) are based on calculating simple distributions of pupils across the various mastering levels.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The general rule is not to publish data if less than 3 pupils are found within a cell or unit in a table. This is to prevent identification of individuals within the statistics and follows The Statistics Act, section 2.6.

Comparability over time and space

Until 2013 the score intervals for each mastering level were set every year. From 2014 and onwards, the intervals for each level are definite for the tests in English and Mathematics. This means that from 2014 and onwards, it will be possible to compare the results over time. This is also added to the Reading test from 2016, making it possible to compare results in reading over time from 2017 onwards.

In addition, from 2014, a representative population of six per cent of the pupils will be given so-called anchor items, which will serve to link the tests from year to year, and thus makes it possible to compare the results over time. At the present stage comparison over time will be possible from 2015 in English and Mathematics.

For more information about what is new in national tests 2014, please consult the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

In 2007 the percentage distribution of the mastering levels were set according to certain criteria and statistical analyses. Each year until 2013 the mastering levels were set with the aim to achieve approximately the same average and distribution nationally as the previous years. The intention was to give best possible data for comparison at the local level.

When analyzing the national tests from 2007-2013, changes over time for a given group of pupils (e.g. county results) should primarily be interpreted not as absolute improvement/decline, but as relative changes compared to other groups (e.g. other counties) or compared to the distribution at the national level. Even though the distribution at the national level is maintained at an almost fixed level from 2007-2013, there are some variations that one should take into account when comparing results over time.

Since 2010, the results in 8th grade can be compared with the same pupils' results in 5th grade three years earlier. For some pupils (that didn't take part in the 5th grade test or came to the country after 5th grade) such a comparison is not possible. One should also note that the mastering level scale in 5th grade contains three levels, whereas there are five levels in 8th grade. These levels are thus not directly comparable.

National tests in English in 5th grade were cancelled in 2011, therefore no results are presented for this test.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

When data is compiled from administrative registers, typical errors like measurement, non-response and sampling errors do not occur in the same sense as compared to statistics compiled by forms. Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Even though the statistics for national tests are not based on samples, one should be precautious when comparing results based on small groups.

Revision

Not relevant.