328880
/en/utdanning/statistikker/nasjprov/aar
328880
statistikk
2018-01-26T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
nasjprov, National tests, pupils, primary and lower secondary schools, results, pupil performance, command levelEducation, Primary and lower secondary schools, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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National tests

Updated

Next update

Key figures

23.1 %

of pupils in 5th grade achieved the lowest level in mathematics

Proportion of pupils at the lowest level in national tests in 5th grade, by sex, immigration category and parents' educational attainment level.
2017
Proportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. English 5th gradeProportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Reading 5th gradeProportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Mathematics 5th grade
All pupils23.223.823.1
 
Sex
Boys22.127.321.1
Girls24.220.225.0
 
Immigration category
Immigrants24.339.336.8
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents20.432.934.7
Other pupils23.321.720.9
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Parents do not have tertiary education30.034.533.4
Parents have tertiary education18.916.616.2

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by parents' educational attainment level, the centrality of pupils' school municipality and years. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by parents' educational attainment level, the centrality of pupils' school municipality and years. Per cent
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123123123
2017
All pupils
Central municipalities21.653.824.622.452.824.822.351.026.7
Quite central municipalities25.254.620.125.454.120.623.752.423.9
Less central municipalities28.053.618.429.351.918.826.650.922.5
Least central municipalities29.052.618.428.552.918.625.552.621.8
 
Parents do not have tertiary education
Central municipalities28.653.717.733.853.213.033.451.415.1
Quite central municipalities30.853.615.634.253.712.232.652.315.1
Less central municipalities33.550.815.737.451.211.435.050.514.5
Least central municipalities35.550.713.837.251.011.933.551.914.6
 
Parents have tertiary education
Central municipalities17.654.028.415.352.831.815.550.933.6
Quite central municipalities21.455.623.118.754.726.617.052.730.3
Less central municipalities23.855.820.422.752.924.419.751.528.9
Least central municipalities23.653.922.520.155.024.818.253.528.3
 
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
Central municipalities23.449.926.742.246.211.637.145.717.1
Quite central municipalities26.547.625.944.142.913.040.744.314.9
Less central municipalities35.647.117.250.040.010.044.344.311.3
Least central municipalities21.059.020.046.544.49.135.446.917.7

Table 2 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the centrality of pupils' school municipality. Years. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the centrality of pupils' school municipality. Years. Per cent
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
2017
All pupils
Central municipalities7.717.840.721.912.08.317.141.120.912.57.421.437.022.212.0
Quite central municipalities9.620.542.318.98.79.619.143.219.38.78.624.238.820.28.2
Less central municipalities10.721.342.017.98.19.621.045.117.36.97.924.339.720.17.9
Least central municipalities10.021.541.418.38.810.218.944.718.37.98.423.439.220.88.2
Parents do not have tertiary education
Central municipalities11.723.442.316.56.113.124.944.213.44.512.130.438.414.64.5
Quite central municipalities13.924.440.615.35.714.525.642.813.43.713.431.437.813.73.7
Less central municipalities13.724.541.614.85.413.626.544.511.73.610.730.938.815.83.9
Least central municipalities13.625.240.815.15.414.223.746.211.84.212.429.539.514.73.9
Parents have tertiary education
Central municipalities4.814.140.025.515.64.611.839.726.117.93.915.436.527.316.9
Quite central municipalities5.717.444.021.911.05.213.944.024.312.74.418.339.925.411.9
Less central municipalities7.518.742.520.810.65.116.146.822.29.84.718.640.924.311.4
Least central municipalities6.318.242.221.411.95.814.343.924.611.54.317.339.426.812.2
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
Central municipalities20.523.431.713.311.029.730.928.66.74.023.932.527.611.05.1
Quite central municipalities28.124.031.89.46.836.331.026.34.71.826.336.626.39.31.5
Less central municipalities28.921.138.27.93.944.933.314.57.20.032.132.129.52.63.8
Least central municipalities22.223.134.313.96.536.029.029.04.02.022.839.527.27.92.6

Table 3 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent
2017
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123123123
Both boys and girls
All educational levels23.253.823.023.853.023.223.151.325.6
Basic school or no completed education32.251.216.741.749.19.242.646.910.5
Upper secondary education29.553.716.832.653.913.531.052.816.2
Tertiary education18.954.326.716.653.330.116.251.432.4
Unknown24.450.225.443.345.211.538.045.516.4
Boys
All educational levels22.151.626.327.351.521.121.149.329.6
Basic school or no completed education29.051.719.344.946.78.438.947.813.3
Upper secondary education28.452.319.337.850.711.528.752.518.8
Tertiary education18.151.430.619.652.827.614.848.237.0
Unknown25.747.826.545.543.411.135.343.621.1
Girls
All educational levels24.256.119.620.254.425.425.053.421.6
Basic school or no completed education35.350.614.038.651.410.046.346.17.6
Upper secondary education30.555.214.327.457.115.533.453.113.6
Tertiary education19.857.422.813.553.832.717.654.727.7
Unknown23.052.424.641.246.812.140.647.112.3

Table 4 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and parents' educational attainment level. Per cent
2017
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
Both boys and girls
All educational levels8.418.841.120.810.98.817.842.020.211.27.722.237.621.610.8
Basic school or no completed education17.826.837.713.04.721.631.137.08.12.120.336.631.89.02.3
Upper secondary education11.123.142.816.86.211.523.545.914.44.710.329.040.015.94.8
Tertiary education5.215.240.924.314.34.812.541.125.516.14.016.237.526.815.5
Unknown22.323.432.312.59.632.030.927.56.33.324.633.727.510.04.3
Boys
All educational levels9.216.940.222.411.310.819.440.718.910.36.720.036.423.713.3
Basic school or no completed education20.225.138.012.44.425.932.433.16.81.818.035.433.110.72.7
Upper secondary education12.120.842.418.16.614.425.343.013.14.38.926.840.018.16.3
Tertiary education5.713.639.526.214.96.214.240.923.914.83.413.935.128.818.7
Unknown22.922.033.314.37.535.029.127.75.72.621.831.430.511.25.1
Girls
All educational levels7.620.642.019.210.56.616.243.421.612.18.824.538.919.58.3
Basic school or no completed education15.328.637.513.65.017.329.841.19.32.522.637.930.57.21.8
Upper secondary education10.125.443.115.45.98.621.748.815.75.211.831.340.113.63.2
Tertiary education4.716.942.422.313.73.310.841.427.117.44.718.639.924.712.1
Unknown21.724.331.510.711.828.732.627.76.94.127.336.024.58.83.4

Table 5 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 5th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent
2017
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering Mathematics
123123123
Both boys and girls
Immigrants24.349.226.539.347.912.836.846.516.6
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents20.452.726.932.953.014.034.748.716.6
Other pupils23.354.322.421.853.324.820.951.927.1
Boys
Immigrants23.549.726.743.046.110.933.645.920.5
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents19.952.427.737.550.811.732.048.919.1
Other pupils22.251.626.225.352.022.719.249.631.2
Girls
Immigrants25.148.626.335.749.614.740.147.112.8
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents20.953.026.128.455.216.437.448.414.2
Other pupils24.557.018.518.354.727.022.754.323.0

Table 6 
Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent

Distribution of pupils, by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by gender and immigration category. Per cent
2017
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
Both boys and girls
Immigrants16.021.835.916.210.222.429.534.69.83.817.931.031.314.35.5
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents8.620.141.420.39.714.626.442.012.14.913.629.235.415.66.3
Other pupils7.818.441.521.211.17.116.242.621.812.36.420.938.422.711.6
Boys
Immigrants16.821.035.517.09.624.928.933.99.03.315.228.831.917.26.9
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents9.720.440.420.49.016.928.440.011.13.711.426.136.618.67.4
Other pupils8.516.340.623.011.79.217.941.320.311.45.518.736.824.714.3
Girls
Immigrants15.122.636.315.310.719.730.235.410.54.220.833.430.611.14.0
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents7.519.742.320.210.312.224.444.113.16.215.832.234.212.65.2
Other pupils7.020.642.519.410.55.114.444.023.313.27.223.140.020.78.9

Table 7 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the pupils' mastering level in the corresponding test in 5th grade three years before. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade, by parents' educational attainment level and the pupils' mastering level in the corresponding test in 5th grade three years before. Per cent1
2017
Mastering level EnglishMastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
123451234512345
1National tests in English in 5th grade were cancelled in 2011, therefore no results are presented.
The pupils' mastering level in 5th grade
All pupils
121.642.034.02.40.121.641.235.31.80.120.850.727.11.40.1
22.715.457.920.33.73.214.057.321.04.52.118.255.221.82.7
30.21.218.743.036.90.31.523.638.636.00.21.317.842.937.9
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade34.325.224.19.17.334.729.225.47.53.334.132.321.18.83.8
 
Parents do not have tertiary education
125.242.630.21.90.124.643.031.11.20.024.351.723.00.90.0
23.818.658.317.02.34.818.759.514.62.43.223.655.915.91.5
30.32.223.644.629.30.53.035.839.221.40.42.826.245.625.0
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade42.028.322.84.92.040.631.921.84.80.942.335.816.64.80.4
 
Parents have tertiary education
117.841.337.82.90.217.338.841.02.70.216.149.132.62.10.1
22.013.357.822.44.62.110.855.925.35.91.314.554.825.83.6
30.10.816.942.639.70.31.019.938.440.30.10.815.242.241.8
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade25.721.923.914.214.322.724.633.512.36.823.526.627.414.28.3
 
Parents' educational attainment level is unknown
119.539.639.01.90.025.144.130.80.00.022.355.321.80.50.0
20.919.552.521.35.96.123.756.110.63.57.425.354.112.20.9
30.03.220.028.448.40.02.038.830.628.60.03.127.740.029.2
Unknown/did not participate in 5th grade31.223.627.010.37.942.231.318.95.22.532.033.021.39.34.3

Table 8 
Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade and 9th grade. Per cent

Distribution of pupils by mastering levels in national tests in 8th grade and 9th grade. Per cent
2017
Mastering level reading NorwegianMastering level Mathematics
1234512345
Grade
8th grade8.817.842.020.211.27.722.237.621.610.8
9th grade5.111.636.325.621.54.315.233.626.320.6

Table 9 
Average score points on national tests 5th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category

Average score points on national tests 5th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category
2017
Score pointsPupils
EnglishReadingMathematicsEnglishReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes50505058 21758 29258 842
Boys51495129 29629 34229 773
Girls49514928 91328 94329 059
 
County
Østfold5049493 1953 1963 214
Akershus5151507 6837 6827 708
Oslo5353526 3816 3676 423
Hedmark5150511 9872 0022 002
Oppland4949501 8651 8751 885
Buskerud5050503 0763 0893 152
Vestfold5050502 7582 7692 791
Telemark4950491 8261 8331 847
Aust-Agder4948491 3781 3831 395
Vest-Agder5049502 1782 1872 211
Rogaland5049505 7785 7635 819
Hordaland5049505 8215 8525 899
Sogn og Fjordane5049511 2901 2851 305
Møre og Romsdal5049503 0083 0153 057
Sør-Trøndelag5049503 4493 4413 443
Nord-Trøndelag4849491 5301 5201 559
Nordland4949492 5182 5512 570
Troms - Romsa4949491 7381 7521 792
Finnmark - Finnmárku484848758730770
County not stated000000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education48474721 52621 60921 789
Tertiary education51525235 36135 45935 685
Unknown5145461 3301 2241 368
 
Immigration category
Immigrants5146473 6123 5563 719
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents5147474 7054 6774 730
Others50515149 90050 05950 393

Table 10 
Average score points on national tests 8th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category

Average score points on national tests 8th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category
2017
Score pointsPupils
EnglishReadingMathematicsEnglishReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes50505058 72558 86559 059
Boys50495129 80329 84430 014
Girls50514928 91529 01429 037
 
County
Østfold4949483 3153 3313 349
Akershus5151517 8267 8437 863
Oslo5353535 8225 8145 828
Hedmark4949492 1252 1382 130
Oppland4950491 9781 9871 994
Buskerud5050493 2923 3103 311
Vestfold5049492 8392 8582 855
Telemark4949491 8841 8951 892
Aust-Agder4950491 3451 3681 355
Vest-Agder4949502 1392 1462 157
Rogaland5150515 6095 6235 619
Hordaland5049505 9295 9615 968
Sogn og Fjordane4950511 3451 3591 377
Møre og Romsdal5049503 1993 1893 219
Sør-Trøndelag5050503 4383 4373 454
Nord-Trøndelag4849491 5471 5551 554
Nordland4948482 5832 5772 617
Troms - Romsa5050501 7351 7551 749
Finnmark - Finnmárku494949775719768
County not stated000000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education48474723 01223 14323 169
Tertiary education52535334 42034 49034 575
Unknown4642441 2931 2321 315
 
Immigration category
Immigrants4844464 2854 2404 359
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents5046474 0434 0324 034
Others50515150 39750 59350 666

Table 11 
Average score points on national tests 9th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category.

Average score points on national tests 9th grade, by sex, county, parents' educational attainment level and immigration category.
2017
Score pointsPupils
ReadingMathematicsReadingMathematics
 
Both sexes545457 90857 975
Boys535529 27729 386
Girls555328 62228 578
 
County
Østfold53533 2443 238
Akershus55557 6887 699
Oslo56565 7195 729
Hedmark54532 1142 110
Oppland53532 1102 109
Buskerud53533 1303 129
Vestfold54542 7522 725
Telemark52511 9391 940
Aust-Agder53541 2901 277
Vest-Agder53542 0762 079
Rogaland54545 6385 654
Hordaland53545 7435 743
Sogn og Fjordane54551 3861 391
Møre og Romsdal53533 0943 112
Sør-Trøndelag53533 3113 317
Nord-Trøndelag53531 6131 623
Nordland53522 6192 626
Troms - Romsa54541 6831 679
Finnmark - Finnmárku5151759795
County not stated0000
 
Parents' educational attainment level
Not tertiary education505023 41923 406
Tertiary education575733 26733 241
Unknown44471 2221 328
 
Immigration background
Immigrants47494 1734 308
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents50513 8833 887
Others555449 85249 780

About the statistics

The purpose of national tests is to assess the pupils’ skills in reading, mathematics and English. The tests are part of the formative assessment and are conducted by autumn in 5th, 8th and 9th grade.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Mastering levels -- There are three levels for 5th grade and five levels for 8th and 9th grade. The pupils are placed at the different levels according to their score points at the tests

Score points -- From 2014, in addition to mastering levels, the results can be measured in score points. The average in the scale is set at 50, with standard deviation 10. The original points at the test are never comparable, and the degree of difficulty will differ from year to year. Therefore a new scale which describes the pupils’ skills has been developed in order to compare between different tests and years. Item response theory (IRT) has been used to create the new scale.

The table below shows the score intervals for each mastering level in English, reading and mathematics in 5th, 8th, and 9th grade (P.S The score intervals for the reading tests are not definite)

English 5th grade

Mastering level

Score points (min-max)

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-78

Reading 5th grade

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-74

Mathematics 5th grade

1

19-42

2

43-56

3

57-78

English 8th grade

1

19-36

2

37-44

3

45-56

4

57-62

5

63-78

Reading 8th grade

1

18-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-75

Mathematics 8th grade

1

20-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-80

Reading 9th grade

1

18-36

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-75

Mathematics 9th grade

1

10-37

2

37-44

3

45-54

4

55-62

5

63-90

Standard classifications

Parents’ highest level of education is derived from register information in The National Education Database (NUDB). The new definitions of levels are used.

Immigration category is coded according to Standard for immigration category 2008. The term other pupils comprise the pupils in immigration categories A, D, E, F and G.

The centrality of pupils' school minicipality is coded according to the definitions in Centrality 2008.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: National tests
Topic: Education

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

National and county level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of national tests is to assess to what degree the school has been able to develop the pupils’ skills in reading, mathematics and English. The tests are intended as instruments for improvements and development activities locally (school and municipality level) and centrally (government level). The tests are part of the formative assessment and are conducted by autumn in 5th, 8th and 9th grade.

National tests in 5th and 8th grade have been conducted annually since 2007. The tests reflects the competence objectives of the curriculum in 4th and 7th grade. Since 2010, identical tests to those in 8th grade in mathematics and Norwegian have also been conducted in 9th grade. Starting in 2010, both the tests in mathematics and reading English are conducted electronically.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, the media, researchers, business and industry. Key users are in particular the Ministry of Education and Research and the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics on national tests can be viewed in connection with education statistics covering pupils in primary and lower secondary schools.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54, section 2.2.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

National tests are conducted in 5th and 8th grade in primary and lower secondary schools. The tests are obligatory for all pupils at these grades. Each school can give exemptions according to specified conditions.

The statistics include pupils in 5th and 8th grade who have completed national tests in English, reading and mathematics. Pupils who are exempted or who have not participated in the tests are not included. Statistics about exemption and non-participation in the national tests are available from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training online in Skoleporten .

In the statistics for 2011, participation rates are measured against the corresponding number of pupils registered 1 October the same year (GSI).

In the statistics for 2013, exemption rates by test are published.

In the statistics for 2014, participation and exemption rates by immigration category in 5th grade are published.

Data sources and sampling

The results from the national tests are collected through the test administration system (PAS), which is owned by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

Statistics Norway receives the data from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training under the provisions of the Statistics Act.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Each school is responsible for registering the results in the test administration system (PAS). The data are stored in PAS for a limited period of time before encryption. Statistics Norway receives a copy of selected variables prior to the encryption.

The data are subject to various controls such as deletion of duplicates, comparisons with former data sets and a control of correct and valid values for each variable. All Personal ID-numbers are checked for errors.

The statistics for each national test (the three subjects) are based on calculating simple distributions of pupils across the various mastering levels.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The general rule is not to publish data if less than 3 pupils are found within a cell or unit in a table. This is to prevent identification of individuals within the statistics and follows The Statistics Act, section 2.6.

Comparability over time and space

Until 2013 the score intervals for each mastering level were set every year. From 2014 and onwards, the intervals for each level are definite for the tests in English and Mathematics. This means that from 2014 and onwards, it will be possible to compare the results over time. This is also added to the Reading test from 2016, making it possible to compare results in reading over time from 2017 onwards.

In addition, from 2014, a representative population of six per cent of the pupils will be given so-called anchor items, which will serve to link the tests from year to year, and thus makes it possible to compare the results over time. At the present stage comparison over time will be possible from 2015 in English and Mathematics.

For more information about what is new in national tests 2014, please consult the website of the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training.

In 2007 the percentage distribution of the mastering levels were set according to certain criteria and statistical analyses. Each year until 2013 the mastering levels were set with the aim to achieve approximately the same average and distribution nationally as the previous years. The intention was to give best possible data for comparison at the local level.

When analyzing the national tests from 2007-2013, changes over time for a given group of pupils (e.g. county results) should primarily be interpreted not as absolute improvement/decline, but as relative changes compared to other groups (e.g. other counties) or compared to the distribution at the national level. Even though the distribution at the national level is maintained at an almost fixed level from 2007-2013, there are some variations that one should take into account when comparing results over time.

Since 2010, the results in 8th grade can be compared with the same pupils' results in 5th grade three years earlier. For some pupils (that didn't take part in the 5th grade test or came to the country after 5th grade) such a comparison is not possible. One should also note that the mastering level scale in 5th grade contains three levels, whereas there are five levels in 8th grade. These levels are thus not directly comparable.

National tests in English in 5th grade were cancelled in 2011, therefore no results are presented for this test.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

When data is compiled from administrative registers, typical errors like measurement, non-response and sampling errors do not occur in the same sense as compared to statistics compiled by forms. Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Even though the statistics for national tests are not based on samples, one should be precautious when comparing results based on small groups.

Revision

Not relevant.