Pupils in primary and lower secondary school

Updated: 16 December 2021

Next update: Not yet determined

Change in the number of private schools
Change in the number of private schools
2011 - 2021
57.0
%

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

Primary and lower secondary schools. Pupils in primary and lower secondary school
Primary and lower secondary schools. Pupils in primary and lower secondary school
School yearSchools, totalType of schoolPupils
Primary schoolsCombined schoolsLower secondary schoolsPupils, totalPrimary levelLower secondary level
20113 0001 749758493614 413423 374191 039
20122 9571 714752491614 894424 993189 901
20132 9071 669748490615 327425 917189 410
20142 8861 656738492618 996430 864188 132
20152 8671 636738493623 755438 387185 368
20162 8581 615746497629 275444 638184 637
20172 8481 601746501633 029447 355185 674
20182 8301 585741504636 350448 655187 695
20192 7991 548749502636 250446 218190 032
20202 7761 539744493635 497443 967191 530
20212 7611 527741493634 674439 644195 030
Explanation of symbols
Pupils in primary and lower secondary school who receive special education, by county. 1 October
Pupils in primary and lower secondary school who receive special education, by county. 1 October
2021
Pupils, total1st-7th grade8th-10th gradeShare of pupils who receive special education totalShare of pupils who receive special education 1th-7th gradeShare of pupils who receive special education 8th-10th grade
Total634 674439 644195 0307.86.89.8
Viken156 812108 20348 6097.36.39.5
Oslo69 39249 07020 3226.65.69.2
Innlandet40 02427 31412 7107.56.79.2
Vestfold and Telemark48 49733 27715 2208.16.910.8
Agder39 27727 11512 1628.37.210.6
Rogaland64 46145 04019 4217.66.89.6
Vestland76 77253 41723 3557.56.98.8
Møre og Romsdal31 42321 6489 7759.69.210.5
Trøndelag - Trööndelage54 72738 04016 6877.97.09.8
Nordland - Nordlánnda26 67218 4248 2489.48.511.4
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku26 38617 9348 4529.412.3
Svalbard23116269:::
Explanation of symbols
Pupils who receive special education. Total number and proportion.
Pupils who receive special education. Total number and proportion.
School yearTotal number of pupilsPupils who recieve special education, totalProportion of pupils who recieve special education
2016629 27549 3667.8
2017633 02949 7137.9
2018636 35049 7557.8
2019636 25048 9397.7
2020635 49748 6847.7
2021634 67449 2467.8
Explanation of symbols
Primary and lower secondary pupils and primary and lower secondary schools, by ownership
Primary and lower secondary pupils and primary and lower secondary schools, by ownership
Schools, totalPrivate schoolsPupils, totalPupils in private schools
20113 000172614 41316 684
20122 957185614 89418 231
20132 907186615 32716 933
20142 886199618 99618 185
20152 867224623 75521 648
20162 858238629 27522 721
20172 848244633 02923 817
20182 830252636 35025 370
20192 799261636 25027 027
20202 776267635 49728 100
20212 761270634 67429 037
Explanation of symbols
Schools and pupils by school size. Per cent
Schools and pupils by school size. Per cent
Primary and secondary schoolsPupils
0-99 pupils100-299 pupils300 pupils or more0-99 pupils100-299 pupils300 pupils or more
201430.740.029.37.136.256.7
201530.440.029.66.936.157.0
201629.840.030.26.635.557.9
201729.539.830.76.634.858.6
201828.740.131.26.234.659.2
201928.339.732.06.133.860.2
202028.039.932.26.133.860.1
202127.840.132.16.134.159.9
Explanation of symbols
Pupils with native language training, bilingual education, adapted education and additional training in Norwegian, by county. 1 October
Pupils with native language training, bilingual education, adapted education and additional training in Norwegian, by county. 1 October
2021
Pupils, totalPupils with native language training onlyPupils with native language training and bilingual educationPupils with bilingual education onlyAdapted educationPupils with additional training in Norwegian
Total634 6741 9897316 65599939 725
Viken156 81228201 651837 466
Oslo69 392:443:13 142
Innlandet40 02446774351942 041
Vestfold and Telemark48 497:45886242 065
Agder39 277143380431 546
Rogaland64 4611122301 091403 291
Vestland76 7721 2091128051313 995
Møre og Romsdal31 4231418290561 449
Trøndelag - Trööndelage54 7274671425822362 603
Nordland - Nordlánnda26 6721432340801 104
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku26 38684481521121 011
Svalbard231000012
Explanation of symbols
Pupils with native language training and additional training in Norwegian
Pupils with native language training and additional training in Norwegian
School yearPupils, totalPupils with mother language training and/or bilingual educationPupils with additional training in Norwegian
2017633 02913 68244 901
2018636 35012 47642 633
2019636 25011 61041 003
2020635 49710 62439 808
2021634 67410 37439 725
Explanation of symbols
Pupils, by official form of Norwegian and county. 1 October
Pupils, by official form of Norwegian and county. 1 October
2021
PupilsOfficial form of Norwegian "bokmål"Official form of Norwegian "nynorsk"Official form of Norwegian "samisk"
Total634 674554 01073 493878
Viken156 812154 3285650
Oslo69 39268 15711
Innlandet40 02436 6073 2260
Vestfold and Telemark48 49746 3081 7700
Agder39 27737 5711 3140
Rogaland64 46149 12814 2420
Vestland76 77239 61736 9653
Møre og Romsdal31 42315 91415 4080
Trøndelag - Trööndelage54 72754 104025
Nordland - Nordlánnda26 67226 636135
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku26 38625 4091814
Svalbard23123100
Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide useful information about the state of primary and lower secondary school. The statistics are meant to cover the need of information of both educational authorities and other interested parties.

Education Act. The Education Act regulates both primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education, including education of adults on corresponding educational levels. The Education Act is in force from the school year of 1999/00.

Primary and lower secondary education. Primary and lower secondary education is obligatory to attend for all. It is also a given right to attend public primary and lower secondary school. The municipality is responsible for the fulfilment of this right for children and youths under the age of 16, according to the Education Act section 13-1. Children are usually enrolled in primary schools the calendar year they complete 6 years of age. Lower secondary school is usually finished after the 10th grade. Primary and lower secondary education includes education of persons above primary and lower secondary school age, that receives education on corresponding levels.

School year. The time allocated to teaching shall not be less than 38 weeks within a framework of 45 consecutive weeks during the school year. The school year normally starts on August 1st each year.

Pupil in primary and lower secondary school. Children and young people that, in accordance with the Education Act section 2-1 have the right and obligation to undertake primary and lower secondary education. This usually applies to children and young people from 6 to 15 years of age. It also includes persons older than 15 who get education on primary or lower secondary school level.

Grade. The grades in primary and lower secondary schools span from 1st to 10th grade. All pupils are transferred to the next grade each year.

Primary/ lower secondary. Primary school consists of 1st to 7th grade. Lower secondary school consists of 8th to 10th grade.

Primary and lower secondary schools. Primary and lower secondary schools are municipal, county municipal or state schools for primary and lower secondary education, according to the Education Act section 13-1, or private (chartered) primary and lower secondary schools approved under the Education Act.

Official form of Norwegian. The official form of Norwegian (bokmål, nynorsk or samisk) used by the school.

Minority language pupils. Refers to persons with other mother tongue than Norwegian or Sami. Mother tongue refers to the language that is used in a person's home.

Mother language training. Mother language training is training in the mother tongue of minority language pupils.

Additional training in Norwegian (for minority language pupils). Additional training in Norwegian for minority language pupils is either an additional training in Norwegian for minority language pupils, or training in Norwegian for minority language pupils as a separate subject, or a combination of the above.

Special Eduacation. Refers to the Education Act § 5-1, which states that pupils who are not able to gain from ordinary education are entitled to special education.

The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education, which was created by Statistics Norway in 1970, groups the educational activity. The standard has been revised; the latest version is from 2000. The type of educational institution is classified by the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (NOS C 182).

Name: Pupils in primary and lower secondary school

Topic: Education

Not yet determined

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

The Statistics are published at municipal, county and national level.

Annually, final numbers in December.

The data is delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

The Purpose of GSI is to collect all necessary information for planning and official statistics related to primary and lower secondary education in Norway. All information about education of children and adults on a primary and lower secondary level, in accordance with the Education Act, is to be included in GSI.

From 1992 onwards, GSI is the source for the official statistics.

Prior to 2011 there were two releases of statistics; preliminary and final figures. From 2011 and onwards there is only one release; final figures.

In addition to statistical purposes, the data collected through GSI serves as an important information source for the Ministry of Education and Research, the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR), the County Governors and the local governments.

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users onssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Data from GSI is also used in KOSTRA and skoleporten

Statistics Act of 21 June 2019 No. 32 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway § 10, and Act relating to Primary and Secondary Education (Education Act), last amended 30 June 2000, section 14-1.

Regulation (EC) No 0452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and learning. Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 0452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

The population includes all primary and lower secondary schools, both private and public. Norwegian schools abroad are not included. Schools without pupils are not included.

The annual collection of data takes place at Grunnskolens informasjonssystem, GSI

Fullscale

The statistics are based on annual reports by the schools and municipal authorities to central authorities. Every autumn the schools report the situation on October 1 and their plans for the current school year. The reports are collected through the Internet using a web portal run by Waade information systems. The municipal authorities are responsible for the schools under their domain, the County Governors are responsible for privately run schools and the municipalities in their jurisdiction.

Municipal authorities and the education department in each corresponding County Governors office revise the data. There are also controls undertaken by Statistics Norway, and Udir.

Not relevant

The lowest level for publishing is the municipal level. For special teaching and minority language teaching, cells with less than 3 are not published.

GSI is the source of the primary and lower secondary school statistics from 1992 and later. Tables based on earlier statistics are comparable to tables based on GSI. The time series might be interrupted by changes succeeding amendments to the Education Act. There is no collection of data regarding classes after 2003, as teaching from then on was organized in groups rather than classes. From 2011/2012 special schools and ordinary schools are merged. In order to have comparable figures, special schools and ordinary schools have been merged also for previous years. For this reason, statistics published before 2012, will diverge from the statistics published in 2012.

Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Other sources of error can be the quality of the personal and school data in the registers or the registration process of data input into the registers. Such errors can affect the quality of the data if the control and revision processes in Statistics Norway are not comprehensive enough.

Not relevant

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