Establishments, enterprises and accounts
bedrifter, Establishments, employees, establishments by size, establishments by industryEstablishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts



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Key figures

581 956

establishments per 1st January 2019

Number of establishments by size
2019Change in per cent
Number of establishmentsPer cent2018 - 2019
All size groups581 956100.00.8
No one employeed379 85565.30.7
1-4 employees99 65817.11.3
5-9 employees41 7327.2-0.1
10-19 employees30 0265.21.2
20-49 employees20 7743.60.6
50-99 employees6 3291.13.2
100 - 249 employees2 7680.52.0
250 employees and more8140.16.5

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Establishments by size and economic activity

Establishments by size and economic activity
Total number of establishmentsNo employees1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
All industries581 956379 85599 65841 73230 02620 7746 3292 768814
Agriculture, forestry and fishing66 66159 3555 9786903981914270
Mining and quarrying1 61590624012711893414446
Manufacture21 12211 4463 8191 9431 6251 355526303105
Electricity, gas and steam1 7741 00827614114913245185
Water supply, sewerage, waste2 2911 14937727224219146122
Construction67 90843 16113 8054 8403 3252 08249216736
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles71 54129 95516 49913 6058 1112 75944514027
Transportation and storage25 25014 2776 6601 8231 18781428813962
Accommodation and food service activities16 3196 5113 7172 5202 1481 119229723
Information and communication23 02315 7284 3571 1768275982049637
Financial and insurance activities4 4532 2661 026475313216815125
Real estate activities59 76051 6316 6709753501062260
Professional, scientific and technical activities61 73043 13312 8552 8321 67286921711042
Administrative and support service activities28 04019 0044 6581 5251 13197543424271
Public administration and defence: compulsory social security5 2524951 19091394597039424897
Education18 83411 8951 8809219441 7971 04928761
Human health and social work activities54 87128 8768 2724 2955 1925 7171 584750185
Arts, entertainment and recreation27 62423 3522 214760623501120468
Personal service activities22 52314 5055 0151 88872428970302
Households as employers activities17143000000
Extraterritorial organisations and bodies802510000
Unspecified1 3401 188145610000

Table 2 
Establishments, by size and county. 1st January

Establishments, by size and county. 1st January
Total number of establishmentsNo employees1-4 employees5-9 employees10-19 employees20-49 employees50-99 employees100 - 249 employees250 employees and more
The whole country581 956379 85599 65841 73230 02620 7746 3292 768814
Østfold30 01619 8455 1232 1201 50299227912530
Akershus61 45940 63210 8034 1022 8372 01369527998
Oslo89 32461 24214 2415 3583 8722 7711 018565257
Hedmark22 65715 1093 6681 6381 1777552049016
Oppland24 66016 8733 7871 6751 2088012178613
Buskerud32 68721 5925 7462 2791 5451 06529613727
Vestfold26 45117 1884 8291 8611 25290627411922
Telemark19 29512 6043 3321 3171 075708175768
Aust-Agder12 8798 2462 380975672413142456
Vest-Agder20 90113 6883 5041 5491 0727542268424
Rogaland46 64529 9478 1303 3342 3711 94155628581
Hordaland50 32932 3118 5273 7602 7871 98859826395
Sogn og Fjordane14 8119 6822 4301 152832519148435
Møre og Romsdal28 09317 4624 9292 3471 7231 16532112224
Trøndelag49 81932 6148 1343 6522 6971 81960523365
Nordland25 48215 2364 8212 2781 7181 02327410923
Troms - Romsa17 17610 1833 3641 5001 0687512118316
Finnmark - Finnmárku9 2725 4011 91083561839090244
County not stated000000000

Table 3 
Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector

Establishments, by county and the enterprises' sector
Total number of establishmentsGeneral governmentFinancial corporationsNon-financial corporationsHouseholds and non-profit institutionsUnspecified sector/others
Total581 95630 0834 458289 826257 51772
Østfold30 0161 34215314 05614 4596
Akershus61 4592 34850930 77927 8149
Oslo89 3241 9541 26547 96338 11428
Hedmark22 6571 3441139 18712 0103
Oppland24 6601 4831039 68113 3921
Buskerud32 6871 52819215 78615 1783
Vestfold26 4511 12216413 42611 7381
Telemark19 2951 245938 9798 9780
Aust-Agder12 879849666 3365 6271
Vest-Agder20 9011 06313211 1848 5202
Rogaland46 6452 27836324 39519 6027
Hordaland50 3292 46739127 10020 3692
Sogn og Fjordane14 8111 309736 2497 1800
Møre og Romsdal28 0932 06020814 54111 2831
Trøndelag49 8192 98834923 56822 9095
Nordland25 4822 33114813 1099 8922
Troms - Romsa17 1761 4031018 7996 8730
Finnmark - Finnmárku9 272969354 6883 5791

About the statistics

The statistics shows active firms as of 1 January, New establishments are included in the statistics when we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables


Establishment  is defined as a locally delimited functional unit which mainly operates within a particular industry group (Standard Industrial Classification).

Employees / Wage earners

Number of employees / wage earners are derived from the A-scheme from 2015. An employees is a person who works in another person's establishment for wages. Employers are obliged to submit monthly reports to all who receive salaries. It also made exceptions for certain types of employment where the employer does not have the usual authority to instruct the receiving salaries.

Standard classifications

Standard for Industrial Classification SN2007, based on the EU's standards NACE Rev. 1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Establishments
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Regional level

National level, county and municipality.

Frequency and timeliness

Until the fourth quarter of 2008, every quarter the number of establishments in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) by the beginning of the quarter was published. From January 2009 the statistic is published once a year, by the beginning of the first quarter.

When these figures were published for the first time, they were by the 1st in the last month in the quarter (1st of June 2002).

Figures by the fourth quarter in 2003 were first published in the Statistics Bank as figures by the end of the third quarter.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information about sampled units and population are temporarily stored in the program language SAS and in long term as text files.


Background and purpose

First published in July 2002.

Users and applications

The public, public authorities, research institutions and industry use the statistics.

Equal treatment of users

 No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for level that are presented will deviate from the number of legal units in the ER, and may on industrial level deviate from what is presented in the structure statistics.

The deviation in relation to the ER is mainly caused by the fact that the ER comprises all legal units -also the ones who are not conducting industrial activities.

These figures deviate from Structural Business Statistics as these only include establishments with turnover, while this statistic also comprise new establishments.

Industry 68.201 (cooperative housing is excluded from the structure statistics for industry 68.

Due to special conditions within the fishing industry, the number of employees for this industry will be lower than the number of fishermen according to what is published in the "NOS-Fishing Statistics". The share fishermen on fishing vessels are not recorded as employees. These have industrial income, but are not registered in the ER/CRE as self-employed unless they are joint owners in shipping companies or liability companies.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant



Establishment statistics comprise all industries according to NACE standards. As of January 2009 a new version of Eurostat’s industrial classification, SIC2007, is in use for classification of enterprises and establishments. It includes all establishments on the Norwegian mainland.

An establishment is registered to all new legal units, with some rare exceptions. There are some units that never take up any economic activity, and the number of registered establishments is therefore higher than the number of active establishments. New establishments are included in the statistics until we have information from statistical or administrative sources. Other establishments that not active according to statistical or administrative sources, are not included in the statistic.

Data sources and sampling

The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). The number of employees is from the Register for Employer/Employees.

 Per 1st January 2015 there have been changes in the database. A new scheme (A -scheme) was introduced for reporting of wage and employment conditions to the Tax Administration, NAV and Statistics Norway in 2015. In the new scheme notified employees every month, not just by changes. This means that employers that have not reported will be left with zero employees. The introduction of A - scheme means break in the series.

Turnover and persons employed are collected from Structural Business Statistics and data from other administrative registers such as data from VAT, accounting data and income tax returns from independent businesses, in order to limit the population in relation to establishments that in reality have ceased to exist.

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Administrative sources and data from Structural Business Statistics (SBS) (see 3.2).

CRE is presently a comprehensive register and quality is ensured in relation to population and basic characteristics like addresses, legal form and industry codes.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is taken care of among other things by directly contacting units in connection with the data capture for the SBS and through links toward administrative registers in the monitoring system for establishments in the CRE.

The quality regarding the industry code for establishments and enterprises in the CRE is continuously taken care of. This takes place by contacting the enterprises in SN's SBS-surveys, through administrative sources such as the National Insurance Administration's annual check and in other ways through direct contact with the enterprises. Furthermore it is done with the help of statements of purposes with the ER.

Not relevant

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

This statistics shows the number of establishments at the beginning of the quarter. When figures for 1st January are published, the register is updated with turnover and employment from Structural Business Statistics and data from administrative sources. In the quarterly publication, only changes in the register are recorded.

Changes between quarters are changes in the register and might refer to changes that actually occurred earlier, and the changes that actually took place will not be recorded until some time after they occurred.

The figures will be adjusted when the register is updated at the annual shift. The purpose of this statistic is not to show the development over time, but to give updated figures for structure of the business register.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty


The statistics are based on statistical and administrative sources. Several administrative sources are instrumental in the work with updating the CRE and are used both to define the population and to collect characteristics and information: The ER in Brønnøysund, the VAT-register and the A register are used to collect information about the units. This may cause register errors that may affect the uncertainty of the statistics.

A possible source for errors is out of date information caused by lags in the registration. Such lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have occurred. The consequence is that the registers are not updated at all times, something that may lead to using outdated information as basis for the statistics.

Discontinuances of activities are normally registered after they have taken place, based on information in connection with the collection of data for structure statistics or by links toward administrative registers.

Some enterprises is not correct registered regarding to establishment on different location or within different economic sectors. In some enterprises with more than one establishment, all employees is registered at one establishment.


Not relevant