406792
/en/utdanning/statistikker/eksuvh/aar
406792
statistikk
2020-04-23T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
eksuvh, Credits and graduations from higher education, higher education, graduates, specialist field (for example social studies, law, the humanities), Bachelor's degree, Master's degree, undergraduate studies, postgraduate studies, research education, doctorates, students, credit points production, educational institutions, type of institution, ownershipTertiary education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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Credits and graduations from higher education

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

70.2 %

of professional programmes are attained by women

Graduations and credits awarded by universities and colleges in Norway
2011-20122018-2019
1Include both 2-year and 5-year master’s degrees.
2Ordinary students are students who are not in continuing education. Read more under “About the statistics” below.
GraduationsTotalFemale shareTotalFemale share
Total41 28160.753 42060.2
Of which
Bachelor programmes24 61162.431 02261.0
Master’s programmes110 58756.014 80257.2
Professional programmes91964.097070.2
Doctoral studies1 40848.11 59549.3
 
 MenWomenMenWomen
Total number of ordinary full-time students64 40789 89283 179113 661
Credits awarded to ordinary full-time students, per cent2100.0100.0100.0100.0
0 credits10.98.98.65.6
1-29 credits10.98.69.16.6
30-59 credits29.528.628.927.2
60 credits or more48.753.953.560.6

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Type of institution and level of degree for graduations in higher education

Type of institution and level of degree for graduations in higher education
2008-20092018-2019
TotalPercentage womenTotalPercentage women
1Includes Norwegian Police University College and private university colleges
2Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer
3Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included
4Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and type of institution
Total36 03161.653 97460.0
Universities14 65059.135 45559.5
Specialised university institutions4 33347.16 52955.3
State university colleges14 05867.17 54365.8
Military university colleges1617.524616.7
Other university colleges12 82972.54 20163.7
Tertiary education, short and medium224 69364.636 28461.4
Universities6 15564.521 23661.4
Specialised university institutions2 66347.64 26256.5
State university colleges13 13267.16 64465.1
Military university colleges1355.221515.8
Other university colleges12 60873.03 92763.5
Tertiary education, long310 25456.016 09557.7
Universities7 48856.612 70357.5
Specialised university institutions1 60346.42 20153.2
State university colleges91666.988671.2
Military university colleges2619.23122.6
Other university colleges122166.527467.2
Second stage of tertiary education41 08445.81 59549.3
Universities1 00745.71 51648.9
Specialised university institutions6747.86653.0
State university colleges1040.01376.9
Military university colleges0.-.
Other university colleges10.-.

Table 2 
Field of education and level for graduations in higher education

Field of education and level for graduations in higher education
2008-20092018-2019
TotalPercentage womenTotalPercentage women
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included.
3Doctoral degrees
Level of degree and field of education
Total35 20361.353 97460.0
 
Tertiary education, short and medium124 26464.136 28461.4
Humanities and arts2 03961.52 56960.5
Education5 38373.18 03771.2
Social sciences and law2 02060.53 74263.8
Business and administration3 99354.06 02152.7
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 97127.25 18228.1
Health, welfare and sport7 08083.69 00781.2
Primary industries9258.722851.3
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services63125.01 40536.8
Unspecified field of study5558.29358.1
 
Tertiary education, long29 85556.116 09557.7
Humanities and arts1 29261.31 42662.0
Education70181.91 70676.3
Social sciences and law2 11861.92 66466.4
Business and administration1 72147.52 98152.0
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects2 21635.54 29838.6
Health, welfare and sport1 57972.22 58576.4
Primary industries13551.912748.0
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services9335.530830.2
Unspecified field of study-.-.
 
Doctoral studies31 08445.81 59549.3
Humanities and arts11051.813658.8
Education1566.75967.8
Social sciences and law13646.317459.8
Business and administration1741.24639.1
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects45540.264436.3
Health, welfare and sport32450.951559.6
Primary industries933.3520.0
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services540.01618.8
Unspecified field of study1346.2-.

Table 3 
Immigration category and field of education for graduations in higher education

Immigration category and field of education for graduations in higher education
TotalImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
2018-2019
Total53 9746 1841 68446 106
Humanities and arts4 131665833 383
Education9 8026722288 902
Social sciences and law6 5806492145 717
Business and administration9 0489064107 732
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects10 1241 7923607 972
Health, welfare and sport12 1071 29636010 451
Primary industries36045-315
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services1 729150281 551
Unspecified field of study939183
Per cent
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0
Humanities and arts7.710.84.97.3
Education18.210.913.519.3
Social sciences and law12.210.512.712.4
Business and administration16.814.724.316.8
Natural sciences, vocational and technical subjects18.829.021.417.3
Health, welfare and sport22.421.021.422.7
Primary industries0.70.7-0.7
Transport and communications, safety and security and other services3.22.41.73.4
Unspecified field of study0.20.10.10.2

Table 4 
Age groups and level of degree for graduations in higher education

Age groups and level of degree for graduations in higher education
2008-20092017-20182018-2019
GraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage womenGraduatesPercentage women
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included.
3Doctoral degrees
Level and age
Total35 20361.352 09460.453 97460.0
Tertiary education, short and medium124 26464.135 15662.336 28461.4
19-24 years11 88666.819 76564.720 69162.9
25-29 years6 26257.68 57955.68 54455.0
30-34 years2 27660.02 78862.02 93160.4
35-39 years1 51167.61 60564.91 61766.9
40-44 years1 21170.71 06967.51 12268.1
45-49 years70370.676164.477772.6
50-54 years31769.139070.542868.5
55-59 years7944.316650.614066.4
60 years or older1931.63336.43447.1
Tertiary education, long29 85556.115 43857.116 09557.7
19-24 years1 96752.83 29957.43 58258.6
25-29 years4 93054.47 43454.47 66954.6
30-34 years1 15254.01 75854.61 82453.7
35-39 years59356.292757.291861.0
40-44 years46768.579666.272466.4
45-49 years37469.858271.067473.6
50-54 years23175.841372.643174.0
55-59 years10869.416168.321266.5
60 years or older3354.56855.96152.5
Second stage of tertiary education31 08445.81 50050.41 59549.3
25-29 years13239.425136.725342.3
30-34 years39241.148047.155545.9
35-39 years22354.330354.132347.1
40-44 years12639.720160.221054.3
45-49 years8248.812858.611560.9
50-54 years6448.47157.76669.7
55-59 years4161.03756.84271.4
60 years or older2466.72955.23141.9

Table 5 
Parents’ level of education and level of degree for graduations in higher education

Parents’ level of education and level of degree for graduations in higher education
2008-20092013-20142018-2019
TotalTotalTotal
1Including graduations from programmes 4 years or less but also 2 years or longer.
2Including graduations from programmes longer than 4 years. Awarded doctoral degrees are not included
3Doctoral degrees.
Level and parents´level of education
Total36 03145 01353 974
 
Tertiary education, 4 years or less124 69330 40236 284
Mother or father has long tertiary education2 9983 7025 051
Mother or father has short tertiary education7 78710 71313 634
Mother or father has upper secondary education10 35212 28313 384
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education1 8652 0312 163
Not stated1 6911 6732 052
 
Tertiary education, more than 4 years210 25413 16916 095
Mother or father has long tertiary education2 3162 6883 608
Mother or father has short tertiary education3 2934 3025 510
Mother or father has upper secondary education2 8123 5254 048
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education386525555
Not stated1 4472 1292 374
 
Doctoral studies31 0841 4421 595
Mother or father has long tertiary education277327367
Mother or father has short tertiary education247345327
Mother or father has upper secondary education257221205
Mother or father has primary and lower secondary education263927
Not stated277510669

Table 6 
Graduations in selected programmes and immigration category

Graduations in selected programmes and immigration category
2018-2019
NumbersPer cent
Number of graduatesImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsOther population
1It includes 2-year master's degree programmes building on undergraduate studies.
Males
3-year bachelor's studies12 0398.64.087.3
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training3616.43.090.6
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme2435.32.192.6
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme2 22610.14.485.5
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme51616.12.581.4
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects2 7028.25.985.9
 
4-year studies5653.41.495.2
Of these
General teacher training programme5102.41.696.1
 
5-year master's studies16 28316.63.280.2
Of these
Master degree, law2902.43.494.1
Master degree, pharmacy2937.910.351.7
Master degree, odontology2817.917.964.3
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration6058.17.184.8
Master degree, teacher training1843.32.794.0
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education340.00.0100.0
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree1 45910.63.286.2
 
6-year studies2895.53.191.3
Cand.med. degree2025.04.091.1
Cand.theol. degree229.1-90.9
Cand.psychol. degree545.61.992.6
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)119.1-90.9
 
Second stage of tertiary education80846.90.452.7
 
Females
3-year bachelor's studies18 8659.23.487.3
Of these
Bachelor degree, pre-school-/kindergarten teacher training1 9328.12.389.5
Bachelor degree,vocational teacher, foundation programme1791.71.197.2
Bachelor degree, engineering, foundation programme60510.75.084.3
Bachelor degree, nursing, foundation programme3 7198.71.989.5
Bachelor degree, Business and Administration subjects3 10410.14.285.7
 
4-year studies1 5622.61.496.0
Of these
General teacher training programme1 4982.11.496.5
 
5-year master's studies18 34314.92.782.5
Of these
Master degree, law5673.24.991.9
Master degree, pharmacy13828.323.248.6
Master degree, odontology969.49.481.3
Business and economics graduate/Master degree, economics and administration4736.86.886.5
Master degree, teacher training3413.53.892.7
Master degree, primary and lower secondary teacher education1071.90.098.1
Master of Technologi/Graduate engineering degree6479.62.887.6
 
6-year studies6816.23.590.3
Cand.med. degree3626.65.088.4
Cand.theol. degree166.3-93.8
Cand.psychol. degree2464.52.493.1
Cand.med.vet. degree (Veterinary Science)5710.5-89.5
 
Second stage of tertiary education78734.60.864.7

Table 7 
Credits awarded to full-time students by educational institution

Credits awarded to full-time students by educational institution1
2018-2019
Average credits awardedNumber of ordinary students2Per cent
Per registered studentPer student with awarded creditsStudents with awarded creditsStudents without awarded credits
1In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education were merged into larger units.
2Ordinary students are students who are not in continuing education. Read more under “About the statistics” below.
Educational institutions, total48.752.3196 84093.16.9
 
Nord university46.550.47 63292.27.8
Norwegian University of Life Sciences53.255.04 30496.73.3
Norwegian University of Science and Technology50.753.830 62294.25.8
Oslo Metropolitan University50.253.513 91193.86.2
UiT - The Arctic University of Norway48.752.912 24592.08.0
University of Agder49.853.49 51993.26.8
University of Bergen48.152.614 02391.48.6
University of Oslo44.850.819 91088.111.9
University of Stavanger47.852.57 89291.28.8
University of South-Eastern Norway49.353.011 78393.16.9
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design52.653.755997.92.1
BI Norwegian Business School40.943.314 83294.65.4
Molde University College - Specialised University of Logistics47.352.21 60790.59.5
MF Norwegian School of Theology, Religion and Society46.453.081687.512.5
Norwegian School of Economics51.552.62 71897.92.1
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences49.652.334794.85.2
Norwegian Academy of Music52.756.544593.36.7
VID Specialised University52.954.22 66597.72.3
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences49.852.88 23194.55.5
Østfold University College48.652.64 43592.27.8
Volda University College49.853.02 37393.96.1
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences51.153.711 30395.14.9
Sámi University of Applied Sciences43.453.44381.418.6
Bjørknes University College25.428.880488.111.9
Queen Maud University College51.454.593694.35.7
Kristiania University College53.155.25 99296.23.8
Oslo National Academy of the Arts56.357.544698.02.0
NLA University College52.055.01 89294.55.5
Norwegian Police University College60.660.81 94299.70.3
Other University Colleges54.358.52 45892.97.1

About the statistics

The statistics on graduations and credits from higher education include all completed degrees and credits attained during the period 1 October-30 September. Completed degrees and credits attained from abroad are not included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Completed education: A student is considered to have completed an education when the educational institution has issued a diploma or somehow approved that he/she has fulfilled the requirements for completing the education in question.

Credits points: Students are awarded with credits when they have met the requirements for passing a course.

Ordinary students: Ordinary students are students who are not on “continuing education.”

Continuing education: By “continuing education” we mean shorter courses that do not provide formal competence, in addition to courses/subjects that do provide formal qualifications and credits, but which often is a specialization/supplement to a basic education.

Full/part-time students: A student is considered to be a full-time student if the percentage of planned study progression reported in the fall semester is over 70 per cent. If the percentage of planned study progression is below 70 per cent, the student is considered to be part-time.

Academic year: A full academic year corresponds to 60 credits at universities and colleges in Norway.

Highest educational attainment of parents: Parental educational attainment is divided into four categories: (1) Primary and lower secondary education, (2) Upper secondary education, (3) Higher education, short (at least two years, but also 4 years or less), and (4) Higher education, long (more than four years). Parental educational attainment is defined by that of the parents with the highest level of education. For example, if the parental educational attainment of a student is “(3) Higher education, short,” it implies that at least one of the parents has education at this level. Cases where there is no information on the level of education of any of the parents falls into the “Unspecified” group. See also the definitions of educational level.

Educational activity: According to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). Programmes are classified according to their level and field of study.

Type of institution: According to the Standard Industrial Classification of 2007. The institutions are classified as Universities, Specialized University Institutions, and University Colleges, where University Colleges are again divided into three main groups: State University Colleges, Military Colleges and “other university colleges.”

Ownership: Educational institutions are classified as either public or private.

Immigrants: Persons born abroad of two foreign-born parents and four foreign-born grandparents.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: Persons who are born in Norway of two parents born abroad, and in addition have four grandparents born abroad.

Age: Estimated as of December 31. 

Standard classifications

Educational activities are grouped by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education which was established in 1970 by Statistics Norway and later revised in 1973, 1989 and 2000. Educational institutions are classified as being higher education by the Standard Industrial Classification.

For international purposes, the ISCED 2011 is used (International Standard Classification of Education).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Credits and graduations from higher education
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

Figures are presented at national level, at municipal level and by educational institution. Data on enrolment in higher education include information that makes it possible to provide figures at other regional levels.

Frequency and timeliness

Figures are published annually in March. As of 2015 data on credit points was merged with data on graduations from universities and colleges. Prior to 2015 data on credit points was published separately.

International reporting

The data is provided for UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat (U-O-E).

Microdata

Statistics Norway stores all data in a proper, standardised manner in consultation with the Norwegian Data Protection Authority.

Statistics Norway can deliver supplementary data and tables related to these statistics. To order supplementary data and tables, please contact Statistics Norway: oppdragutdanning@ssb.no. The price will depend on the size of the order.

Background

Background and purpose

There is a high demand for the collection of official statistics on education. Official education statistics are individually based and document the educational activities of all Norwegian residents from completion of lower secondary school to completion of all higher education including doctoral/PhD studies.

Norway’s education statistics went through a structural readjustment in the beginning of the 1970’s. All statistics on higher education were previously available through a census. The data is now individually based, where all educational activities are attached to each individual’s personal ID-number. The data is contained in the National Education Database (NUDB), in a format that allows the production of different kinds of education statistics and alignment with other types of individually based statistics where necessary (e.g. income, social-welfare).

The purpose of the statistics is to present individually based statistics of graduates and attained credit points in higher education in Norway.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are the Ministry of Education and Research, public administration, researchers, special interest organisations, international organisations (Eurostat, OECD and UNESCO), media, business and industry. In addition, data is used internally in Statistics Norway in publications and in assignments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8:00 AM. Prior to this, a minimum of three months’ advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally

Coherence with other statistics

Data from higher education is combined with data from lower- and upper secondary education when revision processes are complete. Data is then stored as single annual files in the National Education Database (NUDB). Statistics Norway uses a similar system for all individually based statistics, making it easy to combine education statistics with other statistics. Labour market statistics, health statistics, living conditions statistics and income and wage statistics are examples of other individually based statistics compiled by Statistics Norway.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, sections 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2.

EEA reference

Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

The statistics on graduations and credits from higher education institutions include all completed degrees and credits attained during the period 1 October-30 September. Completed degrees and credits attained from abroad are not included.

Only educational institutions classified by the Standard Industrial Classification as a higher education institution are included.

Universities: Nord University, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University (formerly known as Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences), Norwegian University of Science and Technology, University of Agder, University of Bergen, University of Oslo, University of South-Eastern Norway, University of Stavanger, and UiT The Arctic University of Norway.

Specialised University Institutions:BI – Norwegian Business School, MF Norwegian School of Theology, Religion and Society, Molde University College – Specialized University in Logistics, NHH – Norwegian School of Economics, Norwegian Academy of Music, Oslo National Academy of the Arts, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo School of Architecture and Design, and VID Specialized University.

University Colleges are grouped into: State University Colleges, Military University Colleges and “other university colleges.” State University College is a term derived from the reform of 1994 in colleges in Norway, which resulted in the consolidation of 98 smaller state colleges into 26 larger units.

In recent years, a number of institutions in higher education has been merged into larger units, see changes in educational institutions (in Norwegian).

As some University Colleges were merged in 2016 into larger units, there was a decrease in the number of students in University Colleges, as well as a corresponding increase in the number of students in Universities and in Specialized University Institutions.

Data sources and sampling

Pursuant to the Statistical Act, Statistics Norway collects data on attained credit points and graduations from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of various higher education institutions. Information on completed doctoral degrees/PhD is included.

Surveys are not employed to collect education statistics.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection: Pursuant to the Statistical Act (June 1989, No.54), Statistics Norway collects student data from Database for Statistics on Higher Education (DBH) and the administrative systems of various higher educational institutions.

Editing: Editing includes both control and revision and is performed on all educational data collected. It encompasses deletion of duplicate records, a control for correct and valid values for each variable, comparisons with last year’s data and checks for missing information. Several variables are re-coded to comply with control programs run by Statistics Norway. Personal ID-numbers are referenced against Statistics Norway’s population database to check for errors. At last, duplicate students are deleted, which implies that a student can only be counted once although the student may be registered for several educational activities or educational institutions at the same time.

Estimation: No estimation is performed. The statistics are based data obtained from university and college databases.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Data is not released where there are less than three units within a single cell in a table if there is a risk of identification, i.e. the data can be traced back to an identifiable person.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based data on completed education has been published annually since it was first collected in the academic year 1973/74. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000) has been revised to secure comparability over time. While educational variables are reasonably comparable over time, other variables, e.g. various institution types, cannot be re-coded and thus not comparable over time. Credit point variables are complete from the academic year 2004/05 onwards.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Statistical investigations may encounter various sources of error. The errors can occur either during data collection (in this case, during registration at the higher education institution) or during data processing (control and revision processes performed by Statistics Norway).

Overestimation of student numbers could occur for universities where registration occurs with payment of registration fees rather than enrolment in subjects. An overestimation of student numbers leads to an overestimation of the proportion of students who do not complete any credit points during the academic year. Students themselves can also provide inaccurate information to the registers.

Inaccuracies in graduation statistics may occur when administrative registers wrongly define a student as meeting the requirements for completing a degree. In some cases, the diploma could be issued later than the actual time of completion, which leads to the degree being registered at an inaccurate time.

Regarding the registration of credit points, there may be cases of institutions or study programs where credits are only registered when the entire program is completed. In this case, a student could be registered with zero credits in the first years and registered with total credits (for example 180 credits) in the last year.

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.