Discussion papers

Discussion papers presenterer forskningsstoff som sikter mot å ende opp som en internasjonal publikasjon og distribueres for kommentarer og forslag.

Et Discussion paper kan være lengre og fyldigere enn det som er vanlig for en artikkel ved at blant annet ugjennomsiktige mellomrekninger, resultater og bakgrunnsmateriale blir inkludert.


  • Climate policies in a fossil fuel producing country

    Discussion Papers no. 747

    Taran Fæhn, Cathrine Hagem, Lars Lindholt, Ståle Mæland og Knut Einar Rosendahl


    In absence of joint global action, many jurisdictions take unilateral steps to reduce carbon emissions, and the usual strategy is to restrict domestic demand for fossil fuels. The impact on global emissions of such demand side policies is found by accounting for carbon leakage, i.e. changes in emissions abroad induced by the domestic action

  • The distributional impact of public services in European countries

    Discussion Papers no. 746

    Rolf Aaberge, Audun Langørgen og Petter Lindgren


    The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of including the value of public health care, long-term care, education and childcare on estimates of income inequality and financial poverty in 23 European countries.

  • Biofuel mandate versus favourable taxation of electric cars: The case of Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 745

    Geir H. Bjertnæs


    This study investigates whether biofuel policies or favourable taxation of electric cars should be employed to satisfy a green house gas emission target connected to private transport within the Norwegian economy.

  • Comparing mothers’ and fathers’ reports on the non-resident father’s contact with his children

    Discussion Papers no. 744

    Ragni Hege Kitterød og Jan Lyngstad


    Analyses of contact frequency between non-resident fathers and children are often based on samples of non-resident fathers or resident mothers only. It is well established that non-resident fathers tend to report more contact than the resident mothers do, but it is less clear whether it matters which parent we ask when the aim is to explore predictors of father-child contact.

  • Are tax exemptions for electric cars an efficient climate policy measure?

    Discussion Papers no. 743

    Geir H. Bjertnæs


  • The relations between bank-funding costs, retail rates, and loan volumes

    Discussion Papers no. 742

    Arvid Raknerud og Bjørn Helge Vatne


  • Assimilation effects on infant mortality among immigrants in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 741

    Jonas Minet Kinge og Tom Kornstad


  • Returns to public R&D grants and subsidies

    Discussion Papers no. 740

    Ådne Cappelen, Arvid Raknerud og Marina Rybalka


  • Home with mom: The effects of stay-at-home parents on children's long-run educational outcomes

    Discussion Papers no. 739

    Eric Bettinger, Torbjørn Hægeland og Mari Rege


    In 1998 the Norwegian government introduced a program that substantially increased parents’ incentives to stay home with children under the age of three.

  • Validation of structural labor supply model by the elasticity of taxable income

    Discussion Papers no. 738

    Thor Olav Thoresen og Trine Vattø


    This paper shows how the elasticity of taxable income (ETI) methodology can be used to validate predictions from a discrete choice structural labor supply model. Practical guidance is given on how such comparisons can be carried out, and results of these two main methods of obtaining empirical response estimates are contrasted and interpreted.

  • How do investments in heat pumps affect household energy consumption?

    Discussion Papers no. 737

    Bente Halvorsen og Bodil Merethe Larsen


    In this study, we develop a method for decomposing the behavioral responses to increased energy efficiency based on a conditional demand model applied to a household production framework.

  • Residential end-use electricity demand

    Discussion Papers no. 736

    Hanne Marit Dalen og Bodil M. Larsen


    We deduce a model for using cross-sectional data for total annual electricity consumption for a sample of households, together with information from energy surveys, to estimate the end uses within an econometric demand model conditional on appliance ownership.

  • Access to treatment and educational inequalities in cancer survival

    Discussion Papers no. 735

    Jon Hernes Fiva, , og Astrid Syse


    The public health care systems in the Nordic countries provide high quality care almost free of charge to all citizens. However, social inequalities in health persist.

  • Inequality and growth in the very long run

    Discussion Papers no. 734

    Jørgen Heibø Modalsli


    This paper presents a new method for calculating Gini coefficients from tabulations of the mean income of social classes. Income distribution data from before the Industrial Revolution usually come in the form of such tabulations, called social tables.

  • Short run effects of bleaker prospects for oligopolistic producers of a non-renewable resource

    Discussion Papers no. 733

    Kristine Grimsrud, Knut Einar Rosendahl, Halvor Briseid Storrøsten og Marina Tsygankova


    In a non-renewable resource market with imperfect competition, the resource owners’ supply is governed both by current demand and by the resource rent.

  • The tug-of-war between resource depletion and technological change in the global oil industry 1981 - 2009

    Discussion Papers no. 732

    Lars Lindholt


    We perform an empirical analysis of the extent to which ongoing technological change through R&D activity has offset the effect of ongoing depletion on the cost of finding additional reserves of oil in eight global regions.

  • The importance of the distribution sector for exchange rate pass-through in a small open economy

    Discussion Papers no. 731

    Pål Boug, Ådne Cappelen og Torbjørn Eika


    The degree of exchange rate pass-through to domestic goods prices has important implications for monetary policy in small open economies with floating exchange rates.

  • Immigrant skills and employment

    Discussion Papers no. 730

    Bernt Bratsberg, Torbjørn Hægeland og Oddbjørn Raaum


    For natives, we uncover remarkably stable relations between literacy skills, schooling, and employment across countries. For immigrants, the relations differ strongly: whereas literacy skills form only a weak determinant of immigrant employment in the North American labor markets, in Norway literacy is much more important for immigrant than native employment.

  • Estimating the additionality of R&D subsidies using proposal evaluation data to control for firms’ R&D intentions

    Discussion Papers no. 729

    Morten Henningsen, Torbjørn Hægeland og Jarle Møen


    Empirical examination of whether R&D subsidies to private firms crowd out private investments has been hampered by problems related to selection. A particular worry is that research intentions and the quality of current research ideas may be correlated with the likelihood of applying for and receiving subsidies.

  • Age at immigration and crime

    Discussion Papers no. 728

    Synøve Nygaard Andersen og Torbjørn Skarðhamar


    Previous studies have identified an “immigrant paradox” in crime in which crime rates are highest among immigrants who are young when they arrive in the host country, even though social capital and integration in the labour market and social networks favour the young.

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