Establishments, enterprises and accounts;Svalbard
sts, Industry statistics for Svalbard, turnover, government subsidies, investments, employees, wage costs, mining, establishmentsEstablishments, enterprises and accounts, Establishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts, Svalbard

Industry statistics for Svalbard


Next update

Key figures

4.4 %

increased turnover in 2019

Svalbard. Industry statistics, by main industry (SIC2007)
Man-yearsTurnover (NOK 1 000)
2019Percentage change from last year2019Percentage change from last year
Svalbard total1 618.1-2.63 645 4054.4
Mining and quarrying96.5-32.3152 495-5.3
Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities60.34.0249 15921.7
Construction221.221.3648 44910.3
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles120.27.2393 7219.5
Transportation and storage117.123.5457 41153.6
Accommodation and food service activities240.4-12.2371 263-9.4
Information and communication65.88.0677 75110.2
Real estate activities6.3-43.292 4941.5
Professional, scientific and technical activities70.14.551 18423.1
Administrative and support service activities174.2-3.8336 052-1.7
Public administration and defence101.2-15.730 511-84.5
Education166.30.764 2513.5
Human health and social work activities64.87.314 1587.3
Arts, entertainment and recreation103.1-16.3101 129-4.0
Other service activities10.720.25 3773.1

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Local KAUs on Svalbard. Main figures by code system and structure.

Local KAUs on Svalbard. Main figures by code system and structure.
EstablishmentsMan-yearsTurnover (NOK 1 000)Public Subsidies (NOK 1 000)Wage costs (NOK 1 000)Investments (NOK 1 000)
Svalbard total3653211 661.31 618.13 493 3393 645 405808 848764 6851 094 9221 128 204417 696423 213
B Mining and quarrying41142.696.5161 067152 495161 644-124 75493 5452 6131 552
C+D+E Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities171558.060.3204 737249 1595705 25959 19059 8523 3737 800
F Construction2121182.3221.2587 999648 44983340126 265163 11425 01220 032
G Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2926112.1120.2359 405393 72140062 99269 91018 78514 772
H Transportation and storage232294.8117.1297 726457 41152-81 292119 76326 08969 265
I Accommodation and food service activities2321273.7240.4409 808371 2636 20933 019121 178116 22398 96448 239
J+K Information and communication. Financial and insurance activities181560.965.8615 102677 7511 58052046 79355 34796 610101 479
L Real estate activities332711.16.391 11492 494006 5044 51572 78577 941
M Professional, scientific and technical activities574967.170.141 56751 18465 31973 13044 38451 3222 2618 857
N Administrative and support service activities7864181.1174.2341 788336 05229 36176 74195 61297 71731 51231 933
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security108120.1101.2197 15830 511327 414333 654113 18880 71028 09914 899
P Education88165.1166.362 10464 251165 059189 026110 346114 5646 69213 795
Q Human health and social work activities9960.464.813 19614 15819 72322 60146 56149 34553524
R Arts, entertainment and recreation2726123.2103.1105 354101 12925 15325 19551 55047 3034 63012 085
S Other service activities878.910.75 2145 3775 8915 5004 3134 97421840

Table 2 
Local KAUs in public sector on Svalbard. Main figures

Local KAUs in public sector on Svalbard. Main figures
EstablishmentsMan-yearTurnover (NOK 1 000)Public Subsidies (NOK 1 000)Wage costs (NOK 1 000)Investments (NOK 1 000)
Svalbard total5853723.4683.01 425 6111 480 316796 309698 503547 245543 145207 832264 104
Mining and quarrying41142.696.5::::::::
Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities2227.632.0::::::::
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles110.00.0::::::::
Transportation and storage7756.959.3::::::::
Accommodation and food service activities1143.242.4::::::::
Information and communication2241.945.5::::::::
Real estate activities333.34.5::::::::
Professional, scientific and technical activities9940.241.5::::::::
Administrative and support service activities6417.118.7::::::::
Public administration and defence8899.8101.2::::::::
Human health and social work activities6658.963.2::::::::
Arts, entertainment and recreation5524.220.3::::::::
Other service activities113.53.5::::::::

Table 3 
Coal mining. Svalbard (SY 379)

Coal mining. Svalbard (SY 379)
 Coal shipped, total, tonnesCoal shipped - Russian mines, tonnes1Norwegian mines
 Production of coalCoal shippedPersons employed2Compensation of employees, NOK 1 000
 Quantity, tonnesValue, NOK 1 000Total, tonnesTo Norway, tonnes
1It has not been any coal shipping from Russian mines in Barentsburg in 2009 and 2010 due to fire in the mine spring 2008.
2Including construction workers.] 2008.
1991770 183482 798329 84990 112287 38559 19735890 849
1992665 171438 000358 87877 104227 17139 640339107 593
1993691 948414 000266 73471 553277 94860 900299106 464
1994776 932485 600301 19079 566291 332136 600296114 368
1995674 060412 488292 09473 275261 572100 740287106 334
1996610 670378 171229 63658 863232 49993 24126993 559
1997618 077362 834386 44076 954255 24388 66024699 503
1998601 998245 835328 170113 799356 16379 59820190 437
1999755 477355 538403 94072 208399 939122 43622691 156
20001 050 928361 002631 926169 828689 92691 87022398 506
20011 717 184151 6821 787 784530 4421 565 50284 413248141 812
20022 243 448110 0002 131 691683 2632 133 44898 905225130 839
20033 186 765377 5332 943 548935 7722 809 232116 399233158 668
20042 991 166132 0772 904 3011 303 5022 859 089125 612265230 530
20051 863 33795 0771 470 818871 1561 768 260101 211314221 557
20062 419 74588 1402 394 9401 096 6722 331 60562 451315256 309
20073 690 075106 9234 073 3451 871 5273 583 152178 106396338 777
20083 468 90139 7563 430 2433 353 4873 429 14553 084387495 293
20092 436 821-2 640 5212 012 8092 436 82148 701368440 002
20101 684 513-1 934 0001 477 0701 684 51366 423337369 038
20111 749 617110 0001 386 0001 415 7361 639 61739 998370277 391
20121 370 35566 4781 229 000877 2481 303 87717 733396391 931
20132 221 073111 9131 855 0001 266 6792 109 16041 638336376 818
20141 747 145112 0381 675 000959 1271 635 10723 501356333 300
20151 272 49467 9211 098 000554 2821 204 57377 200207290 154
20161 049 361117 528818 328484 856931 8330106171 346
2017183 99066 794133 60294 981117 1962 66310590 911
2018145 99565 030142 500118 32880 96509280 484
2019195 146117 818107 90095 65977 32809793 545

About the statistics

The statistics provide insight into the development and structure of the various industries in Svalbard. The figures include man-years, employment, turnover, costs and investment, based on reported data from all businesses located in Svalbard.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007) defines an establishment as a locally defined functional unit whose main activities fall within a specific industrial classification. The activity carried out by a legal entity (enterprise) is known as an establishment. A legal entity can engage in one or more establishments/businesses.

Number of man-hours worked
This is defined as the total number of hours worked by employees in a workplace, both within and outside normal working hours. Short breaks are included, but time spent in transit between home and the workplace is not included.

Employment Employment is defined as the total number of owners and employees. In relation to the register-based employment statistics , where a person is only counted in his/her main job, the same person here can have more than one job.

Hired personnel from temporary staff recruitment agencies are not included in the employment figure.

Turnover is defined as an enterprise's operating revenues minus government subsidies and gains on the sale of fixed assets. Special public duties related to the sale, and taxes and duties are included in the turnover, but VAT is not included.

Salary costs
Wages, holiday pay, fees, employer’s national insurance contributions, pension costs subject to reporting and other personnel costs for work carried out on Svalbard. Salary costs do not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships.

Public subsidies
Applies to allocations received for operations and investment from the government, the local government on Longyearbyen, Svalbard Samfunnsdrift and other public bodies (e.g. Innovation Norway).

Total purchase of goods and services
The total purchase of goods and services is defined as the value of all goods and services purchased during the year of resale for use in the enterprise’s own production process or for storage. Investments are not included in these figures.

Investments in assets with a lifetime of more than a year, including investments in new and used capital goods, and extensions, alterations, improvements and repairs that prolong the lifetime of the capital goods or increase their production capacity. Costs for design, transportation, installation and any special duties are also included.

Deductible VAT, financial expenses, tax benefits achieved (e.g. investments in more environmentally-friendly equipment) and fixed assets acquired through restructuring (e.g. mergers, takeovers, demergers, divisions) are not included.

Purchased goods are valued at cost price and self-produced goods are valued at production cost.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007) , which is based on the EU’s industry standard NACE Rev. 2 and the UN’s industry standard ISIC Rev. 3.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Industry statistics for Svalbard
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness


Preliminary key figures are published eight months after the end of the statistics year. Final figures are released together with final figures for the other structure statistics within 18 months of the year to which the figures apply.

International reporting

Not relevant


Micro data, information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the program language SAS, and stored long term as text files.


Background and purpose

The industry statistics for Svalbard are a full census at establishment level. The statistics are published on an ongoing basis and provide detailed information on the activity on Svalbard based on data collected from all active establishments.

The statistics are intended to show the structure within all the main sectors of industry in the Standard Industrial Classification based on data collected from the relevant financial year. The statistics were first published in the statistics year 2008.

Users and applications

The data is useful for both central and local authorities, ministries and various trade associations that require statistics on Svalbard. The figures that are collected are made unidentifiable and the micro data is accessible to researchers in accordance with Statistics Norway’s standard terms. Coordinated data collection entails Statistics Norway being responsible for collecting data from the establishments on Svalbard and the data required for Svalbard: Society and industrial affairs 2008 being covered in the data basis. The timeliness in relation to Longyearbyen's local government’s previous data releases is maintained and released at an earlier date than other national industry statistics.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

Employment figures are collected at establishment level. Data on employment in industries can also be found in the national accounts and in the employment statistics based on data from the Labour Market Survey and the register-based employment statistics.

While the industry statistics can provide employment figures on a detailed industry and are consistent with other establishment-related variables, the national accounts provide quarterly figures with a short production time. The Labour Market Survey and the register-based employment statistics also provide figures on personal identifiers such as age, sex, education and working hours. The register-based employment statistics also give figures down to municipality level.


Legal authority

§2-2, §2-3 and §3-2 of the Statistics Act

EEA reference

Not relevant



The Industry survey for Svalbard is broken down in line with the Standard Industrial Classification SIC2007 and covers the following industries:

  05-09 - Mining and quarrying
  10-33 - Manufacturing
  35 - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
  36-39 - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
  41-43 - Construction
  45-47 - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
  49-53 - Transportation and storage
  55-56 - Accommodation and food service activities
  58-63 - Information and communication
  64-66 - Financial and insurance activities
  68 - Real estate activities
  69-75 - Professional, scientific and technical activities
  77-82 - Administrative and support service activities
  84 - Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
  85 - Education
  86-88 - Human health and social work activities
  90-93 - Arts, entertainment and recreation
  94-96 - Other service activities

All of the establishments within these industries are included in the statistics if they are registered as an active business on Svalbard in the statistics year.

Primary industries farm, forestry and fishing (01 - 03: SN2007) are not covered in the industry statistics for Svalbard. When it comes to fishing in the waters off Svalbard this is included in the national statistics for fisheries ( http://www.ssb.no/fiskeri/ ). For details about the capture volume and value in the waters off Svalbard, please visit the ministry's statistics bank: http://www.fiskeridir.no/fiskeridirektoratets-statistikkbank . More details of these variables for fisheries protection zone around Svalbard and other nearby hunting zones can be found here.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics for enterprises made up of only one establishment are based on the said enterprise’s tax statement or annual accounts. The tax statement is submitted together with the questionnaire (paper form) or reported electronically via the Tax Inspectorate.

The data is quality assured using the following sources:

  • Electronically delivered tax statements to the Tax Directorate
  • Register of Company Accounts at Brønnøysund
  • VAT register
  • Register of employees and employers

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used when collecting data. The register is updated regularly with data relating to Svalbard in collaboration with the local government on Longyearbyen, the VAT register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, various trade organisations and directly from the individual establishment/enterprise.

The population consists of all active establishments within the aforementioned industry sectors in the statistics year. The detailed accounting data is collated with the information from the administrative registers. Together these form the basis for calculations, economic analyses and the structure in the industry.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The forms will be sent out in April / May, and have a 4-week response deadline.

Establishments that do not answer by the deadline are sent a written reminder up to three months after expiry of the deadline. Establishments that do not respond after receiving the reminder are issued with a compulsory fine.

Controls and alignments are carried out on data received from establishments, tax statements and annual accounts. Critical controls are carried out on industry classifications, employee figures and turnover. Revisions of the data are carried out after controls against figures from the previous year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, Register of Company Accounts at Brønnøysund, other available sources and according to consultations with the respondent where necessary.

Data received is controlled against electronically delivered tax statements, annual accounts and through contact with the respondent. Since the statistics are a full census, there is no need for estimations.

The employment figures are controlled against the Register of employees and employers, and undergo a manual or automated revision prior to publishing, based on the control source.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Due to the situation of domineering establishments on Svalbard, exemption from confidentiality is required for Store Norske Spitsbergen Kullkompani AS. Otherwise, the rule is applied which stipulates that figures are not published where there are fewer than three units in a cell in a table. The reason for this is a risk of identification whereby the figures can be traced back to the respondent. This particularly applies when publishing figures at a low geographical level. This is solved by suppressing these figures in the table.

Comparability over time and space

When comparing with previously published figures, users should be aware that older data may have been corrected in connection with the revision of the last year’s statistics. In addition, updating of industry codes in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises could lead to changes for some of the industries. Such changes will not be reflected in the figures for previous years.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Forms received are read optically and checked in an automated process. An optical image of the form is stored electronically, and subsequently controlled manually in order to ensure the greatest possible degree of correct data. The results from a statistical survey may, however, contain measurement and processing errors.

Measurement errors arise when the respondent gives the wrong answer due to an oversight, misunderstanding or similar. A typical example is figures that are given in whole kroner instead of NOK 1 000. Using recognised terms and providing easily-accessible guidelines reduces this type of error.

Processing errors are errors in the coding or errors that arise when transferring data from the form to the machine-readable medium or during revisions.

Form-based surveys normally contain a certain number of non-responses. Non-responses by units are due to circumstances such as closure, bankruptcy, mergers, demergers, holidays, errors in the dispatch, refusals and similar. Partial non-responses (where answers are missing to individual questions) can be due to oversights, lack of data or other circumstances.

Non-responses by key units are followed up in the manual post control. Establishments that do not return their form are issued with a compulsory fine. Notification of a possible fine is often sufficient to provoke a response. Applying fines reduces the non-response rate to a large extent, but not necessarily the uncertainty if the respondent chooses, for example, to estimate numbers just to avoid a fine.

The variables that are included are based on a full census. Sampling errors are therefore not relevant.

Several administrative registers are central to the work entailed in the structure statistics. The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used both to define the population and to retrieve identifiers and data. The Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities at Brønnøysund, the VAT register and the Register of employees and employers are used to retrieve data on the units. These data form the basis for two types of register errors, which can have an impact on the uncertainty in the statistics.

The most common error is as a result of time lags in the registers. Such time lags can be caused by late reporting to the registers or because changes are normally registered some time after they have occurred. The consequences are that the registers are not fully up-to-date at any given time, which can lead to imbalances in the sampling or outdated data being used in the statistics.

Identifiers such as industry code, status etc. in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises are used as a basis when submitting statistics. The quality of these identifiers is vital to the division of the population into practical strata, and thus affects the quality of the population.


Not relevant