367688
/en/utdanning/statistikker/vgu/aar
367688
statistikk
2019-02-26T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Public sector;Immigration and immigrants
en
vgu, Upper secondary education, upper secondary education, folk high schools, tertiary vocational education, pupils, apprentices, tainees, education programmes, fields of study, vocational examinations, apprentice examination, course level, completed education, interrupted education, immigrants, Norwegian-born with immigrant parentsKOSTRA , Education, Upper secondary schools, Public sector, Immigration and immigrants, Education
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Upper secondary education

Updated

Next update

Key figures

92.8

share of 16-18 yearlings who are pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education

Upper secondary education
20182017 - 20182014 - 2018
Change in per cent
1Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Pupils199 40101
Apprentices and trainees146 219413
Pupils and apprentices and trainees245 62013
Which
Immigrants34 1031543
Norwegian-born12 295732

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education in per cent of registered cohorts 16 -18 years, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by gender. 1 October

Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education in per cent of registered cohorts 16 -18 years, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by gender. 1 October1
2018
Pupils, apprentices and trainees
Total populationImmigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parentsImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parents
1Pupils in education leading to basic competence, and pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Both sexes92.882.876.393.4
Males92.180.172.992.7
Females93.585.980.594.2

Table 2 
Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrants, by gender. 1 October

Pupils , apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, immigrants and norwegian-born to immigrants, by gender. 1 October
2018
TotalPupils1Apprentices/Trainees2
Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondarImmigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parentsImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parentsImmigrantsNorwegian-born to immigrant parents
1Pupils in education leading to basic competence are included
2Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total245 62046 39828 97111 3445 132951
Men131 71824 82115 3255 7053 128663
Women113 90221 57713 6465 6392 004288

Table 3 
Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programs , grade and county of residence

Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programs , grade and county of residence
2018
TotalProgrammes for general studiesVocational education programmesVocational education programmes
Pupils1Apprentices2TraineesPupils1Pupils1Apprentices2
1Pupils in education leading to basic competence are included
2Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total199 40144 3541 865125 39574 00644 354
Upper secondary level 175 8110038 03237 7790
Upper secondary level 266 4811922634 92631 555192
Upper secondary level 357 10944 1621 83952 4374 67244 162
 
County of residence
Østfold11 2202 2573316 8194 4012 257
Akershus24 5013 6659917 5566 9453 665
Oslo19 2512 3314715 2973 9542 331
Hedmark7 2541 592344 2073 0471 592
Oppland7 0201 692573 8653 1551 692
Buskerud10 2522 3101086 5003 7522 310
Vestfold9 3732 0701445 9323 4412 070
Telemark6 7531 645804 1232 6301 645
Aust-Agder4 7371 287332 8061 9311 287
Vest-Agder7 9731 911624 7863 1871 911
Rogaland19 1474 8609011 3277 8204 860
Hordaland20 4504 85415612 2128 2384 854
Sogn og Fjordane4 4681 347822 4751 9931 347
Møre og Romsdal10 3482 4681046 1614 1872 468
Trøndelag17 4584 71224110 3227 1364 712
Nordland9 5292 738945 2384 2912 738
Troms - Romsa6 0481 641713 7062 3421 641
Finnmark - Finnmárku2 997919291 5821 415919
County not stated62255348114155

Table 4 
Vocational examination candidates, by category and results

Vocational examination candidates, by category and results
Vocational examinationsPer cent passed
TotalApprenticesPractice candidatesPupils1TotalApprenticesPractice candidatesPupils1
1Pupils who have completed vocational examination after training in school.
2005-200618 56612 0785 75173793949574
2006-200719 28012 8685 90350993939574
2007-200821 28814 5196 30046993939479
2008-200922 54215 3776 85730893929476
2009-201022 84915 3087 13141092929470
2010-201122 61814 9477 03563692929472
2011-201223 27914 5438 05268491909476
2012-201323 50315 3677 39674091909472
2013-201425 06515 5878 80167793939575
2014-201525 66915 6239 20684092929474
2015-201626 65215 6559 9081 08993929481
2016-201727 05815 83910 0601 15993939584
2017-201827 92816 61210 1151 20193939482

Table 5 
Completed educational programmes in upper secondary education, by gender and results

Completed educational programmes in upper secondary education, by gender and results1
2017-2018
TotalCompleted2Percentage completedTotal menPercentage completed, menTotal womenPercentage completed, women
1All pupils registered at Upper Secondary Advanced course within the period 1.10.-30.09., all apprentices and practice candidates who sat for examinations within the period 1.10.-30.09. and private candidates who passed.
2Completed education means achieved general, vocational certificate or requirements for admission to tertiary education
3Because of reorganization of the officer school education in The Norwegian Armed Forces about half of the data were reporten in the school year 2017/2018.
Total3110 70694 4918554 6378556 06986
 
Upper secondary education85 02873 3168641 9418643 08787
 
[Upper secondary education, advanced course II/certificate57 10047 3258324 7078032 39385
General studies52 60343 5738323 1678029 43685
Specialisation in general studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)46 32037 9308220 0417926 27984
Sports and physical studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)4 2113 779902 452871 75993
Music, dance and drama (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)2 0721 86490674871 39891
Vocational education4 4533 708831 523782 93086
Design, arts and crafts (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)22419286238720186
Electricity and electronics (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)38369536942100
Healthcare, childhood and youth development (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)1 2651 1228961751 20489
Media and communication (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)2 0621 628791 0947696883
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)864730843098455585
Not an education programme in the Knowledge Promotion Reform44441001710027100
 
Completed apprenticeship examinations27 92825 9919317 2349310 69493
Vocational education27 92825 9919317 2349310 69493
Building and construction (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)5 2764 845924 5159276189
Design, arts and crafts (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)81671588808973688
Electricity and electronics (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)3 3943 173933 2189317695
Healthcare, childhood and youth development (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)7 5667 025931 223926 34393
Media and communication (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)838096228661100
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)627590944659416294
Restaurant and food (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)1 1821 066905879059590
Service and transport (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)4 1103 879942 717931 39397
Technical and industrial production (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)4 8744 618954 4079546797
Not an education programme in the Knowledge Promotion Reform00.0.0.
 
Folk high schools7 1036 712943 140943 96395
Employment training16 25512 409768 365767 89077
Other upper secondary educational programmes32 3202 054891 191921 12984

Table 6 
Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programmes /field of study. Percentage of women

Pupils, apprentices and trainees in upper secondary education, by education programmes /field of study. Percentage of women
2018
PupilsApprentices1Apprentices1
TotalPer cent womenTotalPer cent women
1Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
Total199 4015044 35429
General studies125 39555--
Specialisation in general studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)96 79056--
Sports and physical studies (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)12 43142--
Music, dance and drama (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)6 31368--
Art, design and architecture , Knowledge Promotion Reform 2016/20172 99977--
Media and communication, Knowledge Promotion Reform 2016/20176 86249--
Vocational education74 0064244 35429
Building and construction (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)8 89369 5414
Design, arts and crafts (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)3 727761 83388
Electricity and electronics (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)10 08268 4066
Healthcare, childhood and youth development (The Knowledge Promotion Reform23 609807 94982
Media and communication (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)20159148
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)5 211511 28530
Restaurant and food (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)3 493482 03847
Service and transport (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)8 168325 18331
Technical and industrial production (The Knowledge Promotion Reform)10 803108 02810

Table 7 
Pupils, apprentices, trainees in upper secondary education, students and participants in upper secondary education, by age, type of school/institution and gender.

Pupils, apprentices, trainees in upper secondary education, students and participants in upper secondary education, by age, type of school/institution and gender.
2018
All ages0-15 years16-18 years19-24 years25-29 years30-34 years35 years or older
1Pupils in vocational training in schools are included
2Because of reorganization of the officer school education in The Norwegian Armed Forces ongoing pupils were not reported for the statistical year 2018.
Total261 256250178 48157 6429 6545 9639 266
Upper secondary education199 401209166 18320 1724 8923 4064 539
Apprenticeship training, apprentices144 354011 13527 0313 3941 3871 407
Apprenticeship training, trainees1 86503721 322943839
Other upper secondary education programmes21 857411871 005251149224
Folk high schools7 65405706 924821761
Employment training5 136065007799012 950
Preparatory course for engineering education9890286881626546
 
Men138 99111991 16035 5115 4852 8673 849
Upper secondary education98 8229182 36410 7722 4811 5111 603
Apprenticeship training, apprentices131 59708 11319 6562 246838744
Apprenticeship training, trainees1 2990261925642920
Other upper secondary education programmes6732897362823965
Folk high schools3 34002972 939511043
Employment training2 429052894213831 331
Preparatory course for engineering education8310235681405743
 
Women122 26513187 32122 1314 1693 0965 417
Upper secondary education100 57911883 8199 4002 4111 8952 936
Apprenticeship training, apprentices112 75703 0227 3751 148549663
Apprenticeship training, trainees566011139730919
Other upper secondary education programmes1 1841390643169110159
Folk high schools4 31402733 98531718
Employment training2 707012113585181 619
Preparatory course for engineering education158051202283

Table 8 
Pupils in folk high schools, long courses, by gender, age and completed/not completed education

Pupils in folk high schools, long courses, by gender, age and completed/not completed education
2017-2018
TotalCompletedNot Completed
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMalesFemales
Total7 1036 7122 9463 766391194197
 
Less than 19 years607537264273703238
19 years4 5364 3821 6942 6881546688
20 years or older1 9601 7939888051679671

Table 9 
Pupils in folk high schools, long courses, by age and county of residence . 1 October

Pupils in folk high schools, long courses, by age and county of residence . 1 October
2018
TotalUnder 19 years19 yearsOver 19 years
Total7 6545724 5312 551
 
Østfold34720211116
Akershus91259588265
Oslo55132357162
Hedmark32020178122
Oppland31223176113
Buskerud35430192132
Vestfold40238250114
Telemark2631617473
Aust-Agder189512163
Vest-Agder2931220081
Rogaland68131432218
Hordaland79055471264
Sogn og Fjordane2121812965
Møre og Romsdal44638256152
Trøndelag74862433253
Nordland32732171124
Troms - Romsa170189557
Finnmark - Finnmárku98154043
County not stated2394857134

About the statistics

The statistics gives number of pupils, apprentices, students and participants in upper secondary education.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enrolled pupils: Pupils, apprentices or trainees registered at an educational institution.

Reform 94: Gives youth from 16 to 19 years old a legalised right to education at the upper secondary level. This right was extended to all from 2000.

The Knowledge Promotion: New reform in upper secondary education. This reform was introduced in autumn 2006 and replaces the Reform 94. The new reform involves a transformation of the contents and structure of upper secondary education.

Course level: This is used to differentiate the three class levels in upper secondary education. The first year: Basic course or level 1, second year: advance course I/level 2 and third year: advance course II/level 3.

General areas of study (Reform 94): Includes courses in general, economic and management studies, music dance and drama, sports and physical education.

Programmes for General Studies (The Knowledge Promotion): Includes courses in specialization in general studies, sports and physical education, music, dance and drama, art, design and architecture and media and communication.

In autumn 2016 media and communication went from being a vocational education programme to a programme for general studies. Pupils who began in autumn 2015 or earlier continue this education.

Vocational areas of study (Reform 94): Includes courses in health and social studies, agriculture, fishing and forestry, arts, crafts and designs, hotel and food processing trades, building and construction trades, technical building, electrical trades, engineering and mechanical trades, chemical and processing trades, woodworking trades, media and communication, sales and service.

Vocational Education Programmes (The Knowledge Promotion): Includes courses in agriculture, fishing and forestry, building and construction, design, arts and crafts, electricity and electronics, healthcare, childhood and youth development, restaurant and food processing, service and transport, and technical and industrial production.

Trade and journeyman’s examination: Final examination taken on completion of an apprenticeship at a workplace or upper secondary school. Successful candidates are awarded a trade or journeyman’s certificate entitling them to practice the trade concerned.

Trainee: A person who take a less comprehensive test than the vocational examination.

Skills test: A test at a lower level than the vocational examination, a test in terms of the goals that are established for the training.

Alternative education program: Pupils in alternative curriculum. Former a separate education programme. From fall 2010 pupils in alternative education is primarily reported under the ordinary education programmes where they are connected.

Type of Education: Educational activity is classified by the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000). It groups different types of educations by levels and fields of orientation.

Ownership: Schools are classified into state, county, municipal and private schools.

Social background: Mother or father’s education background. The highest education level of one of the parents defines the pupils social background.

Basic requirements for higher education: Pupils who have completed and passed upper secondary education programme for general studies meet the basic requirements for higher education. Basic requirement can also be gained in vocational education programmes. Occupational skills can be attained normally after two years in school and two years of practical training in an organization (differs in some subject areas). Occupational skills can equally be attained after three years of vocational training, then attaining a certificate. A trainee take a less comprehensive test than the vocational examination, a skills test.

Adults in upper secondary education: This involves both adults in ordinary courses and others in specialised courses for adults.

Completed education: Educational activities completed at an educational institution within a specific period and apprentices and trainees who have taken a vocational examination.

Completed and passed: Among pupils, apprentices and trainees completed education also means that the individual has passed all courses that can lead to a certificate, vocational qualification or skills test. In folk high schools and other education programmes it means the pupil has completed the educational activity and may not have passed.

Municipality of residence: Is based on the registered address as of 1 October the current year.

School residence: Is based on the address of the school or apprenticeship workplace as of 1 October the current year.

Immigrants: These are persons born abroad of two foreign-born parents and four foreign-born grandparents. Immigrants emigrated to Norway at some point.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: Persons who are born in Norway of two parents born abroad.

Other upper secondary education: Includes pupils in approved private schools. Also, pupils in a few other schools that has approval for economic support to upper secondary education by Lånekassen, and where the schools are not approved by the directorate for education and training.

Labour marked courses: Courses for adults arranged at upper secondary schools on behalf of NAV.

Foundation Course for Engineering Studies: A one-year course that provides the qualifications necessary for admission to and Engineering Bachelor programme in Norway.

Folk high schools: These are independent schools with an integrated goal and usually without a curriculum and normally without examinations.

Long courses in folk high schools: These are courses with a duration between 16.5 and 33 weeks.

Standard classifications

The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education, which was created by Statistics Norway in 1970, groups the educational activity. The standard has been revised; the latest version is from 2000. The type of educational institution is classified by the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (NOS C 182).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Upper secondary education
Topic: Education

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

The statistics provide figures for the county and national level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual.

International reporting

The statistics is reported to UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat.

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of these statistics is to collect data on all upper secondary education in Norway, as regulated by the Education Act and also other upper secondary education programmes. It is in the public interest to create as accurate data as possible for research and planning. The statistics is individually based, and report each educational activity for each pupil, apprentice and trainee. All educational activities were attached to each person's Personal ID-number. Data on adult applicants and participants reported at individual levels with personal ID-numbers are included in the data. Individualized personal data on education has been collected since 1970.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, the media, researchers, business and industry. Key users are among the ministries are, in particular, the Ministry of Education and Research, the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Children and Family Affairs. The statistics is also used by international organizations such as the EU, the OECD and UNESCO.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

Data on upper secondary education is included in the Norwegian National Education Database (NUDB). NUDB collects all statistics on ongoing and completed education from 1974/75 and BHU since 1970 in a common database.

Legal authority

Sections 2-2 and 2-3 and the Ministry of Finance's delegation letter of February 13. February 1990.

EEA reference

Data leveres i henhold til EU rettsakt 1925/99 3711/91

Production

Population

The statistics include all pupils, apprentices and trainees registered at upper secondary education under the Education Act and completed education at upper secondary as well as folk high schools, vocational schools (as of 2015, vocational schools are not included), employment training and other upper secondary education programmes. There is also an annual collection of data on adults in specialised courses for adults since 2004.

Data sources and sampling

Within upper secondary education, the counties own administrative data system, VIGO, is the main source as well as special registration systems for adults in the counties. For folk high schools, data on applicants and pupils is sent electronically to Statistics Norway. The various institutions are the source of data of the other areas within upper secondary education. Accredited web-based schools are included from 2012.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data is collected from administrative registers from the counties main enrolment system, VIGO. The main purpose of VIGO is the management of the enrolment of pupils in upper secondary. The database however contains data on all pupils registered in county upper secondary schools. Data from private upper secondary schools are also reported through VIGO. VIGO also includes vocational education, which are persons in apprenticeship training or trainees, and sit for qualifying examination. The folk high schools report their data to the administration system NAVI. Statistics Norway gather necessary statistics from this server. Statistics Norway also receives data from the Labour Directorate and other upper secondary institutions.

All education data undergo various on-receipt controls. It encompasses deletion of duplicates (units with identical Personal ID-number), a control of correct and valid values for each variable. The data is also recoded so they are comparable. All Personal ID-numbers are checked for errors.

The statistics is based on enumeration of the number registered pupils, apprentices and trainees, completed education or vocational examination or skills test, and adults registered in an educational activity as at 30 September in the reporting year.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

The general rule is not to publish data if less than 3 pupils are found within a cell or unit in a table. This is to prevent identification of individuals within the statistics.

Comparability over time and space

Individually based education statistics was collected for the first time in 1974, and has been published annually since then. Most variables are comparable, but some have changed. The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education has been revised to secure comparability over time. Data on trainees was collected for the first time in 2006.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

A statistical investigation may be encumbered with various sorts of error. Errors may occur during the collection of data if units being investigated are not identical to the mass of units we aim at describing. Other types of error may occur during the coding the data collected.

Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Other sources of error can be the quality of the personal and school data in the registers or the registration process of data input into the registers. Such errors can affect the quality of the data if the control and revision processes in Statistics Norway are not comprehensive enough.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact