372622
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/uhtjenester/kvartal
372622
statistikk
2020-03-04T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
uhtjenester, External trade in services, import, export, non-financial enterprises, service types (for example sea transport, petroleum services, research and development), trade, industry groups (for example transport, business services, mining and quarrying)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in services

Updated

Next update

Key figures

-6.5

NOK billion in trade balance

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises
NOK billionChange in per cent
4th quarter 20193rd quarter 2019 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Exports71.15.719.1
Imports77.69.620.9
 
NOK billion
4th quarter 20193rd quarter 20194th quarter 2018
Trade balance-6.5-3.5-4.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type
4th quarter 20194th quarter 2019Change in per centChange in per cent
NOK millionShare3rd quarter 2019 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Exports
All service types71 090100.05.719.1
Contract work and repairs6 4059.028.248.9
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying4 5256.412.81.7
Building and construction projects1 3631.932.6223.0
Wholesale trade6370.947.113.3
Sea and coastal water transport25 71036.2-2.79.4
Transport by air and inland transport3 3304.7-13.730.6
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities3 4984.9-12.114.4
Post and telecommunication2 4273.413.213.9
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 2801.8-2.424.9
IT services5 1777.317.841.7
Research and development (R&D)1 1221.627.818.9
Business services12 24717.212.515.5
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports4560.6-12.8107.3
Other services2 9114.122.028.1
 
Imports
All service types77 576100.09.620.9
Contract work and repairs5 2836.811.565.8
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying7 5849.82.410.2
Building and construction projects1 3001.735.144.0
Wholesale trade6370.819.1-4.8
Sea and coastal water transport10 41813.411.040.7
Transport by air and inland transport3 8575.0-9.312.2
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities9 78712.6-12.3-1.5
Post and telecommunication1 5872.08.17.5
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment6 3908.227.216.2
IT services8 59411.120.432.8
Research and development (R&D)1 0321.333.59.6
Business services15 32919.821.618.6
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports1 4091.850.145.3
Other services4 3685.6-0.726.8

Table 2 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity
4th quarter 2019Change in per cent
NOK millionShare3rd quarter 2019 - 4th quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 4th quarter 2019
Exports
All industries71 090100.05.719.1
Mining and quarrying3 9665.626.00.9
Manufacturing8 29811.728.437.9
Construction4700.723.758.2
Wholesale and retail trade1 6512.3-4.615.7
Transportation and storage33 28246.8-2.99.6
Information and communication9 15012.917.427.5
Professional, scientific and technical activities10 13314.39.918.7
Administrative and support service activities2 1333.0-23.768.2
Other industries2 0062.837.8192.0
 
Imports
All industries77 576100.09.620.9
Mining and quarrying15 52020.023.412.8
Manufacturing6 7948.812.428.6
Construction1 3571.753.551.6
Wholesale and retail trade5 2166.75.510.4
Transportation and storage23 40730.23.812.9
Information and communication11 98315.427.044.1
Professional, scientific and technical activities7 6959.911.029.9
Administrative and support service activities3 6414.7-33.2-3.9
Other industries1 9622.5-0.3167.7

Table 3 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
4th quarter 20181st quarter 20192nd quarter 20193rd quarter 20194th quarter 2019
Balance-4 437.0-3 046.0-4 764.0-3 534.0-6 486.0
 
Exports
All service types59 70458 01263 84967 25571 090
Contract work and repairs4 3024 0814 0194 9956 405
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying4 4513 5744 1614 0134 525
Building and construction projects4221 3791 1601 0281 363
Wholesale trade562523624433637
Sea and coastal water transport23 51022 71425 59126 41925 710
Transport by air and inland transport2 5502 8063 0613 8583 330
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities3 0572 7433 4893 9803 498
Post and telecommunication2 1312 0062 4572 1442 427
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 0251 1021 4021 3121 280
IT services3 6543 9504 2024 3955 177
Research and development (R&D)9441 0728918781 122
Business services10 6039 37710 05810 89112 247
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports220428346523456
Other services2 2732 2592 3882 3862 911
 
Imports
All service types64 14161 05868 61370 78977 576
Contract work and repairs3 1863 7564 4504 7405 283
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying6 8815 6357 8817 4087 584
Building and construction projects9038108689621 300
Wholesale trade669467537535637
Sea and coastal water transport7 4066 6478 0109 38710 418
Transport by air and inland transport3 4383 7163 8754 2523 857
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities9 9379 58110 01711 1639 787
Post and telecommunication1 4761 5721 7421 4681 587
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment5 5015 1225 0455 0226 390
IT services6 4716 5667 3387 1368 594
Research and development (R&D)9427268317731 032
Business services12 92012 03912 93712 60415 329
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports9707588079391 409
Other services3 4453 6644 2764 3994 368

Table 4 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
4th quarter 20181st quarter 20192nd quarter 20193rd quarter 20194th quarter 2019
Balance-4 437.0-3 046.0-4 764.0-3 534.0-6 486.0
 
Exports
All industries59 70458 01263 84967 25571 090
Mining and quarrying3 9293 2654 1333 1473 966
Manufacturing6 0195 4505 5026 4648 298
Construction297279285380470
Wholesale and retail trade1 4271 1881 4361 7311 651
Transportation and storage30 36129 11632 79734 26833 282
Information and communication7 1747 4038 0347 7949 150
Professional, scientific and technical activities8 5398 0188 1899 22310 133
Administrative and support service activities1 2681 3821 7782 7942 133
Other industries6871 9091 6941 4562 006
 
Imports
All industries64 14161 05868 61370 78977 576
Mining and quarrying13 75411 06713 97012 57215 520
Manufacturing5 2815 4965 5526 0436 794
Construction8956607308841 357
Wholesale and retail trade4 7234 0884 6174 9465 216
Transportation and storage20 72720 22221 60122 55823 407
Information and communication8 3168 8109 9029 43211 983
Professional, scientific and technical activities5 9245 8986 3166 9327 695
Administrative and support service activities3 7873 5094 2775 4543 641
Other industries7331 3071 6501 9681 962

Table 5 
Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent

Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent
3rd quarter 20184th quarter 20181st quarter 20192nd quarter 20193rd quarter 2019
Imports
All industries0.00.00.1-0.11.1
Mining and quarrying0.00.0-0.1-0.6-1.3
Manufacturing0.00.0-1.90.32.3
Construction0.00.00.05.8-1.6
Wholesale and retail trade0.00.0-0.7-1.40.7
Transportation and storage0.00.00.30.41.6
Information and communication0.00.00.20.32.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities0.00.01.93.03.5
Administrative and support service activities0.00.0-0.10.30.1
Other industries0.00.00.0-15.30.2
 
Exports
All industries0.50.61.70.92.2
Mining and quarrying0.00.0-0.8-0.4-2.1
Manufacturing0.00.03.0-1.7-0.1
Construction0.00.00.00.00.0
Wholesale and retail trade0.00.00.00.00.1
Transportation and storage1.01.21.81.60.4
Information and communication0.00.00.40.11.1
Professional, scientific and technical activities0.00.04.11.89.5
Administrative and support service activities0.00.00.00.222.1
Other industries0.00.00.00.00.0

About the statistics

The statistics External trade in services show Norwegian non-financial corporations revenues on exports of services, and expenses for imports of services. The figures are collected as a quarterly sample survey.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports:
Imports of services comprise all services delivered to the reporting enterprise by companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made to the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Exports:
Exports of services comprise all services delivered from the reporting enterprise to companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made by the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Trade in services with foreign affiliates within the same reporting group shall be included in the quarterly report in the same manner as other trade in services with foreign companies, specified with type of service (CPA-code). Such trade in services must also be specified in individual items, and reported correspondingly as “herav eksport av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal export of services within the same group)´´ for export and “herav import av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal import of services within the same group)´´ for import of services.

In this context, “group´´ means units with a certain relationship, such as parent company, subsidiaries, (sister companies and others) and branches, etc.

  • A holding company or parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors.
  • A subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the parent company.
  • A sub-subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the subsidiary, but is not directly controlled by the parent company.

“Control´´ means possession of more than 50 per cent of the ownership of another company.

Country:
Import: the country the foreign trade partner (supplier) is registered in.
Export: the country the foreign trade partner (customer) is registered in.

Amounts in NOK 1000:
All amounts reported should be in NOK 1000.

Standard classifications

NACE:
Until the published statistics for the year 2009, the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2002 (SN 2002) was being used, which is a Norwegian adaption of NACE REV. 1. (EUROSTAT). From the year 2010 Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2007 (SN 2007) was being used. SN 2007 correlates with the EU standard NACE REV. 2, and forms the basis for coding units according to principal activity in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The use of common standards is essential in enabling the comparison and analysis of statistical data at national/ international level and over time.

CPA:
The EU product standard “Classification of Products by Activity´´ (CPA). 

Country:
Alfa-2-code of ISO 3166.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in services
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

The statistics indicates non-financial enterprises' share of external trade in services.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are collected quarterly from non-financial enterprises reporting export and import of services with other countries. From 2006 until 2010 the statistics were published annually, and from the 1st quarter 2011 the statistics is being published on quarterly basis.

International reporting

The statistics is a part of the balance of payments and the national accounts, and data is used as a part of the reporting to international institutions such as IMF, OECD and the statistical office of the EU, Eurostat.

Microdata

The basic material, and the revised data, is stored in Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics on external trade in services was established in 2005 as the Central Bank of Norway discontinued the foreign payment statistics.

The purpose of the statistics is to give information about service flows between Norway and other countries. Income and expenditure in connection with exports and imports of services to and from other countries are important economic indicators, both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends.

Users and applications

The statistics are needed for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations like the UN statistical office, the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information that the external trade statistics gives. The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical systems, and are also used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08.am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

International trade in services for non-financial enterprises is an important source for export and import of services in the national accounts and the balance of payment.

Exports and imports of services in the national accounts (and the balance of payment) include more than the trade in services by non-financial enterprises. Both the balance of payments and the national accounts include trade in services that all domestic sectors have with other countries. In addition to non-financial enterprises this is financial enterprises, non-profit organizations, households and public administration. In addition to this difference in extent, there also are some differences in definitions. The most important are that the national accounts (and the balance of payment):

  • Includes the freightage in connection with the value of imported goods (CIF-value), and not the import of services
  • Includes the value of Norwegian shipping enterprise's freightage in connection with export of goods from Norway, independent of who are paying for the commission, while external trade in services for non-financial enterprises only includes such freight if the foreign part is paying
  • Estimates import and export of insurance services as a share of premium payment.
  • Estimates import and export of indirect measured banking services.
  • Redefines some goods where the value is dominated by the service content.
  • Includes conventional estimated export and import according to Norway’s ownership in the Nordic airline company, SAS.

Another difference is that when it comes to freight income in shipping and distribution by country, external trade in services for non-financial enterprises follow the payments, while in balance of payment, statistics on arrivals of vessels are being used

All the conditions mentioned above give non-comparable numbers between the statistics of international trade in services for non-financial enterprises, and the numbers for exports and imports of services given in the national accounts and the balance of payments.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, §§ 2-1 and 2-2 and 2-3 (compulsory fine).

EEA reference

EU-regulations 184/2005 incorporated in the EEA-agreement ruling the scope of the statistics, defining the variables and prescribing the format of the transmissions of data to the EU statistical office, Eurostat.

Production

Population

The statistics includes external trade in services and are accomplished as quarterly reporting and until 2008 also annually, from non-financial Norwegian enterprises.

The reporting unit is the legal persons who produce goods and services for sale. The population in this survey is built on information from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The population is kept up to date by the use of different administrative register, such as the Register of Cross border Transactions and Currency Exchange, information through contact with the largest reporting enterprises and information through media.

 

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on information from non-financial enterprises. The respondents shall report data every quarter.

Population

The population concerning external trade in services for non-financial enterprises includes all enterprises. The population excludes small enterprises which have no or just a small amount of external trade in services. To join this very limited population, the rest of the enterprises must fulfill at least one of the following five criteria:

  • Total ingoing and outgoing cash flow transactions exceeding NOK 500 000, or outgoing transactions concerning import of services exceeding NOK 50 000 based on cash flow statistics
  • FATS (Foreign-controlled enterprises in Norway/ Norwegian controlled enterprises abroad)
  • The enterprise has been in the sample for at least four years, and has reported figures on external trade in services
  • Enterprises within the quarrying and mining industry, which has joined VAT number with an enterprise which fulfill the first criteria
  • The enterprise is within the external ocean transport industry, and has a turnover of at least NOK 5 000 000

When excluding all enterprises not fulfilling at least one of these five criteria, about 33 000 enterprises remain.

The population includes following sectors in institutional sectoral grouping:


• 1110 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government
• 1120 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government
• 1510 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government
• 1520 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government
• 2100 - Private non-financial incorporated enterprises
• 2300 - Private non-financial unincorporated enterprises
• 2500 - Private non-profit institutions serving enterprises
• 8200 -.Unincorporated enterprises within households
• 4900 - Other financial enterprises outside of insurance - only individual groups

The stratification is based on the desire to divide the population into homogeneous groups. The stratification  should ideally   reflect homogeneity inside of the group, and a difference in the service trade between the groups. The different strata are defined by industry, how important industries are for trade in services, figures from the foreign exchange register and division according to "FATS / non-FATS" enterprises.

From the population there is drawn a sample of enterprises stratified simply by chance. To allocate the sample between the strata, optimal allocation has been used.

The sample is distributed among enterprises with high significance of having external trade in services, and enterprises who are drawn randomly. . The companies with high significance belong to a group that we are quite sure they have trade in services abroad.

The share of the randomly drawn enterprises was reduced by 20 per cent in 2016 to meet the demand for reduced reporting burden for medium and small enterprises. This means that the total sample now is about 2,700, of which 700 with high significance.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The data  is sent to Statistic Norway electronically, either by filling the WEB questionnaire directly, or by reporting the data via file, via Altinn (Norwegian public reporting portals for Internet site for transmitting data). The reporting deadline for each quarterly reporting is the 25th day of the month following the end of the reporting period.

The data are checked when reported to Statistics Norway, and for some types of errors, the respondent is contacted to get the errors corrected. The data are also verified by comparing them with data from previous reports, accounting data, annual reports and other sources.

The trade in services is estimated by using a stratified expansion estimate. This estimator is calculated as follows:
1. Within each stratum, the average export / import  figures are calculated (ie based on the sample)
2. Because the sample is drawn stratified simply by chance, these averages could be good estimates of the actual averages in the  stratum. Any extreme observations are kept outside the calculation of the average
3. Within each stratum we multiply the calculated averages with the number of enterprises in the stratum (in the limited population). This will be an estimate of total exports / imports in the stratum.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway's principles for confidentiality are used. The Statistics will not be published if it is possible to identify one of the reporting enterprises. Because of this, there must not be less than three respondents. Furthermore one respondent should not cover more than 90 per cent, and the two largest respondents should not have more than 95 per cent of the trade in any figure made public.

Comparability over time and space

As from the 1. Quarter 2019, there was introduced a new type of service "IT-related license fees" which will affect the existing type of service "Royalties and license fees". This means that the export/import "IT services" and export/import "Other services" cannot be directly compared to previous publications.

In conjunction with the first quarter of 2017, a change has been made in the compilation of service types. The service grouping railway and land transport services was merged with air transport services to a new group of air and land transport services. This applies to Tables 2 and 4, which show foreign trade services for non-financial corporations, by service type. In Statbank table 10192, the changes date back to Q1 2015. This means that the figures are not directly comparable with previous publications.


The statistics have also undergone a change of methodology, and figures for the foreign shipping industry were taken from the publication for 2010 and up to and including the publication for 1Q 2013. Figures for 2Q 2013 are therefore not comparable with early publications. This method conversion implies a change in the use of sources. See the national accounts' web pages on the Balance of payment http://www.ssb.no/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/ur.

See also under Coherence With other statistics above.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The figures the companies shall report to SSB only concern external trade in services. It might be some difficulties in differing between goods and services, and between a Norwegian unit and a foreign unit. This might lead to weakness for the statistic, because the reported numbers might be wrong. Many of the reporting enterprises are involved in heavy projects, which may influence the figures, especially when the projects starts and are being closed.

A weakness of the statistic is that some respondent do not answer the survey. To reduce this problem with missing numbers, both partial- and total, numbers are being imputed.

The sampling error is the difference between the samples reported numbers and the numbers that would be if the whole population was investigated. To reduce this problem we try to make sure that the biggest companies are included in the sample.

Revision

External trade in services publishes preliminary figures quarterly. However, further revisions of the figures continue for five more quarters when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the quarterly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary figures and the final figures is usually small at aggregated level. At the detailed level, and for individual quarters, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Table 5 in each release of the statistics show the revisions form previous publications.

 

                                   Revision plan External trade in services

 

This year  
  (T)

Last year 
  (T-1)

The year before last 
  (T-2)

Publications

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1 (June year T)

 

 

 

 

R4

R3

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

Q2 (Sept year T)

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

R3

R2

 

 

 

 

Q3 (Dec year T)

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

R3

 

 

 

 

Q4 (Mar year  T+1)

R3

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

 

 

 

 

R1 - FR5 = Revision number (R1 = first revision, FR5 = Final figures, Revison no. 5)