354264
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/uhtjenester/kvartal
354264
statistikk
2019-06-04T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
uhtjenester, External trade in services, import, export, non-financial enterprises, service types (for example sea transport, petroleum services, research and development), trade, industry groups (for example transport, business services, mining and quarrying)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in services

Updated

Corrected

Next update

Key figures

-5.2

NOK billion in trade balance

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises
NOK billionChange in per cent
1st quarter 20194th quarter 2018 - 1st quarter 20191st quarter 2018 - 1st quarter 2019
Exports55.8-5.810.0
Imports60.9-4.715.1
 
NOK billion
1st quarter 20194th quarter 20181st quarter 2018
Trade balance-5.2-4.7-2.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type
1st quarter 20191st quarter 2019Change in per centChange in per cent
NOK millionShare4th quarter 2018 - 1st quarter 20191st quarter 2018 - 1st quarter 2019
Exports
All service types55 766100.0-5.810.0
Contract work and repairs3 9047.0-2.822.7
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying3 8596.9-13.310.2
Building and construction projects4740.80.2-9.7
Wholesale trade5871.1-5.543.9
Sea and coastal water transport22 76840.8-2.96.5
Transport by air and inland transport2 4654.4-6.3-3.1
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities2 2784.1-23.0-3.1
Post and telecommunication2 0073.6-5.814.9
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 2372.222.2-5.7
IT services3 4386.2-5.916.1
Research and development (R&D)9081.6-3.840.1
Business services8 93616.0-15.18.9
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports4290.895.0108.3
Other services2 4774.416.443.5
 
Imports
All service types60 941100.0-4.715.1
Contract work and repairs3 8696.321.4108.5
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying5 5819.2-18.99.3
Building and construction projects8191.3-9.3-2.3
Wholesale trade4480.7-33.5-19.4
Sea and coastal water transport6 67411.0-5.611.4
Transport by air and inland transport3 4875.71.417.0
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities9 55415.7-3.811.2
Post and telecommunication1 6972.815.04.7
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment5 1358.4-6.71.1
IT services6 14510.1-4.412.6
Research and development (R&D)7061.2-25.12.8
Business services11 97619.7-7.314.0
 6421.1-42.9-12.4
Other services4 2076.922.144.1

Table 2 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity
1st quarter 2019Change in per cent
NOK millionShare4th quarter 2018 - 1st quarter 20191st quarter 2018 - 1st quarter 2019
Exports
All industries55 766100.0-5.810.0
Mining and quarrying3 3816.1-13.95.0
Manufacturing5 57610.0-5.324.4
Construction2860.5-3.73.2
Wholesale and retail trade1 1782.1-10.426.7
Transportation and storage28 08350.4-6.83.1
Information and communication7 22913.00.821.5
Professional, scientific and technical activities7 58213.6-11.012.5
Administrative and support service activities1 4752.616.3-1.6
Other industries9771.842.2173.7
 
Imports
All industries60 941100.0-4.715.1
Mining and quarrying11 14618.3-19.00.9
Manufacturing5 7949.59.766.4
Construction6601.1-26.3-12.7
Wholesale and retail trade4 0806.7-13.72.1
Transportation and storage20 06232.9-1.614.6
Information and communication8 66014.22.716.9
Professional, scientific and technical activities5 6999.4-3.913.8
Administrative and support service activities3 5555.8-6.118.0
Other industries1 2862.175.480.9

Table 3 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
1st quarter 20182nd quarter 20183rd quarter 20184th quarter 20181st quarter 2019
Balance-2 229.0-2 140.0-3 123.0-4 720.0-5 175.0
 
Exports
All service types50 69956 53156 58459 21055 766
Contract work and repairs3 1813 3673 8604 0163 904
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying3 5024 2944 0164 4523 859
Building and construction projects525474439473474
Wholesale trade408439370621587
Sea and coastal water transport21 38523 44522 88823 44722 768
Transport by air and inland transport2 5442 5452 5852 6302 465
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities2 3523 1363 5862 9602 278
Post and telecommunication1 7462 2022 3272 1312 007
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 3121 3351 5251 0121 237
IT services2 9602 9763 2633 6553 438
Research and development (R&D)648735663944908
Business services8 2049 0848 18010 5228 936
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports206283460220429
Other services1 7262 2142 4222 1282 477
 
Imports
All service types52 92858 67159 70763 93060 941
Contract work and repairs1 8562 4712 5273 1863 869
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying5 1087 1016 8016 8815 581
Building and construction projects838791673903819
Wholesale trade556621525674448
Sea and coastal water transport5 9906 0876 1037 0706 674
Transport by air and inland transport2 9803 3133 5823 4383 487
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities8 5949 79511 3309 9369 554
Post and telecommunication1 6211 7201 5811 4761 697
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment5 0785 2195 0665 5015 135
IT services5 4595 6275 6356 4296 145
Research and development (R&D)687726664942706
Business services10 50711 19411 37312 92611 976
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports7331 1798631 125642
Other services2 9202 8282 9853 4454 207

Table 4 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
1st quarter 20182nd quarter 20183rd quarter 20184th quarter 20181st quarter 2019
Balance-2 229.0-2 140.0-3 123.0-4 720.0-5 175.0
 
Exports
All industries50 69956 53156 58459 21055 766
Mining and quarrying3 2203 7453 5973 9293 381
Manufacturing4 4834 7765 4515 8905 576
Construction277340276297286
Wholesale and retail trade9309268501 3141 178
Transportation and storage27 24029 96429 67030 12928 083
Information and communication5 9516 7847 0907 1757 229
Professional, scientific and technical activities6 7427 8316 8908 5217 582
Administrative and support service activities1 4991 7282 0461 2681 475
Other industries357437713687977
 
Imports
All industries52 92858 67159 70763 93060 941
Mining and quarrying11 04513 25912 65213 75411 146
Manufacturing3 4814 4054 3245 2815 794
Construction756836771895660
Wholesale and retail trade3 9963 8634 3294 7304 080
Transportation and storage17 50718 26519 03020 38920 062
Information and communication7 4108 6548 0458 4328 660
Professional, scientific and technical activities5 0095 0784 9275 9295 699
Administrative and support service activities3 0133 3734 7693 7873 555
Other industries7119378607331 286

Table 5 
Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent

Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent
4th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 20183rd quarter 20184th quarter 2018
Imports
All industries0.20.0-0.2-0.10.6
Mining and quarrying0.00.30.00.00.6
Manufacturing1.8-0.1-1.0-0.71.3
Construction-15.513.912.413.612.1
Wholesale and retail trade-0.9-0.8-0.6-0.6-0.3
Transportation and storage0.10.0-0.2-0.70.0
Information and communication0.0-1.0-0.4-0.20.9
Professional, scientific and technical activities0.60.0-1.20.01.3
Administrative and support service activities0.00.00.00.00.0
Other industries12.70.00.83.83.3
 
Exports
All industries2.91.61.4-0.1-0.8
Mining and quarrying0.20.0-0.3-0.3-0.1
Manufacturing1.60.0-0.3-0.3-1.0
Construction0.046.129.143.136.9
Wholesale and retail trade-2.5-0.30.00.00.1
Transportation and storage6.13.12.7-0.3-1.0
Information and communication-0.1-1.6-0.7-0.7-2.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities0.00.0-0.10.0-0.5
Administrative and support service activities0.00.00.00.00.0
Other industries-13.70.00.00.0-0.2

About the statistics

The statistics External trade in services show Norwegian non-financial corporations revenues on exports of services, and expenses for imports of services. The figures are collected as a quarterly sample survey.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports:
Imports of services comprise all services delivered to the reporting enterprise by companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made to the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Exports:
Exports of services comprise all services delivered from the reporting enterprise to companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made by the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Trade in services with foreign affiliates within the same reporting group shall be included in the quarterly report in the same manner as other trade in services with foreign companies, specified with type of service (CPA-code). Such trade in services must also be specified in individual items, and reported correspondingly as “herav eksport av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal export of services within the same group)´´ for export and “herav import av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal import of services within the same group)´´ for import of services.

In this context, “group´´ means units with a certain relationship, such as parent company, subsidiaries, (sister companies and others) and branches, etc.

  • A holding company or parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors.
  • A subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the parent company.
  • A sub-subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the subsidiary, but is not directly controlled by the parent company.

“Control´´ means possession of more than 50 per cent of the ownership of another company.

Country:
Import: the country the foreign trade partner (supplier) is registered in.
Export: the country the foreign trade partner (customer) is registered in.

Amounts in NOK 1000:
All amounts reported should be in NOK 1000.

Standard classifications

NACE:
Until the published statistics for the year 2009, the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2002 (SN 2002) was being used, which is a Norwegian adaption of NACE REV. 1. (EUROSTAT). From the year 2010 Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2007 (SN 2007) was being used. SN 2007 correlates with the EU standard NACE REV. 2, and forms the basis for coding units according to principal activity in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The use of common standards is essential in enabling the comparison and analysis of statistical data at national/ international level and over time.

CPA:
The EU product standard “Classification of Products by Activity´´ (CPA). 

Country:
Alfa-2-code of ISO 3166.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in services
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

The statistics indicates non-financial enterprises' share of external trade in services.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are collected quarterly from non-financial enterprises reporting export and import of services with other countries. From 2006 until 2010 the statistics were published annually, and from the 1st quarter 2011 the statistics is being published on quarterly basis.

International reporting

The statistics is a part of the balance of payments and the national accounts, and data is used as a part of the reporting to international institutions such as IMF, OECD and the statistical office of the EU, Eurostat.

Microdata

The basic material, and the revised data, is stored in Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics on external trade in services was established in 2005 as the Central Bank of Norway discontinued the foreign payment statistics.

The purpose of the statistics is to give information about service flows between Norway and other countries. Income and expenditure in connection with exports and imports of services to and from other countries are important economic indicators, both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends.

Users and applications

The statistics are needed for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations like the UN statistical office, the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information that the external trade statistics gives. The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical systems, and are also used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08.am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

International trade in services for non-financial enterprises is an important source for export and import of services in the national accounts and the balance of payment.

Exports and imports of services in the national accounts (and the balance of payment) include more than the trade in services by non-financial enterprises. Both the balance of payments and the national accounts include trade in services that all domestic sectors have with other countries. In addition to non-financial enterprises this is financial enterprises, non-profit organizations, households and public administration. In addition to this difference in extent, there also are some differences in definitions. The most important are that the national accounts (and the balance of payment):

  • Includes the freightage in connection with the value of imported goods (CIF-value), and not the import of services
  • Includes the value of Norwegian shipping enterprise's freightage in connection with export of goods from Norway, independent of who are paying for the commission, while external trade in services for non-financial enterprises only includes such freight if the foreign part is paying
  • Estimates import and export of insurance services as a share of premium payment.
  • Estimates import and export of indirect measured banking services.
  • Redefines some goods where the value is dominated by the service content.
  • Includes conventional estimated export and import according to Norway’s ownership in the Nordic airline company, SAS.

Another difference is that when it comes to freight income in shipping and distribution by country, external trade in services for non-financial enterprises follow the payments, while in balance of payment, statistics on arrivals of vessels are being used

All the conditions mentioned above give non-comparable numbers between the statistics of international trade in services for non-financial enterprises, and the numbers for exports and imports of services given in the national accounts and the balance of payments.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, §§ 2-1 and 2-2 and 2-3 (compulsory fine).

EEA reference

EU-regulations 184/2005 incorporated in the EEA-agreement ruling the scope of the statistics, defining the variables and prescribing the format of the transmissions of data to the EU statistical office, Eurostat.

Production

Population

The statistics includes external trade in services and are accomplished as quarterly reporting and until 2008 also annually, from non-financial Norwegian enterprises.

The reporting unit is the legal persons who produce goods and services for sale. The population in this survey is built on information from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The population is kept up to date by the use of different administrative register, such as the Register of Cross border Transactions and Currency Exchange, information through contact with the largest reporting enterprises and information through media.

 

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on information from non-financial enterprises. The respondents shall report data every quarter.

Population

The population concerning external trade in services for non-financial enterprises includes all enterprises. The population excludes small enterprises which have no or just a small amount of external trade in services. To join this very limited population, the rest of the enterprises must fulfill at least one of the following five criteria:

  • Total ingoing and outgoing cash flow transactions exceeding NOK 500 000, or outgoing transactions concerning import of services exceeding NOK 50 000 based on cash flow statistics
  • FATS (Foreign-controlled enterprises in Norway/ Norwegian controlled enterprises abroad)
  • The enterprise has been in the sample for at least four years, and has reported figures on external trade in services
  • Enterprises within the quarrying and mining industry, which has joined VAT number with an enterprise which fulfill the first criteria
  • The enterprise is within the external ocean transport industry, and has a turnover of at least NOK 5 000 000

When excluding all enterprises not fulfilling at least one of these five criteria, about 33 000 enterprises remain.

The population includes following sectors in institutional sectoral grouping:


• 1110 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government
• 1120 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government
• 1510 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government
• 1520 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government
• 2100 - Private non-financial incorporated enterprises
• 2300 - Private non-financial unincorporated enterprises
• 2500 - Private non-profit institutions serving enterprises
• 8200 -.Unincorporated enterprises within households
• 4900 - Other financial enterprises outside of insurance - only individual groups

The stratification is based on the desire to divide the population into homogeneous groups. The stratification  should ideally   reflect homogeneity inside of the group, and a difference in the service trade between the groups. The different strata are defined by industry, how important industries are for trade in services, figures from the foreign exchange register and division according to "FATS / non-FATS" enterprises.

From the population there is drawn a sample of enterprises stratified simply by chance. To allocate the sample between the strata, optimal allocation has been used.

The sample is distributed among enterprises with high significance of having external trade in services, and enterprises who are drawn randomly. . The companies with high significance belong to a group that we are quite sure they have trade in services abroad.

The share of the randomly drawn enterprises was reduced by 20 per cent in 2016 to meet the demand for reduced reporting burden for medium and small enterprises. This means that the total sample now is about 2,700, of which 700 with high significance.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The data  is sent to Statistic Norway electronically, either by filling the WEB questionnaire directly, or by reporting the data via file, via Altinn (Norwegian public reporting portals for Internet site for transmitting data). The reporting deadline for each quarterly reporting is the 25th day of the month following the end of the reporting period.

The data are checked when reported to Statistics Norway, and for some types of errors, the respondent is contacted to get the errors corrected. The data are also verified by comparing them with data from previous reports, accounting data, annual reports and other sources.

The trade in services is estimated by using a stratified expansion estimate. This estimator is calculated as follows:
1. Within each stratum, the average export / import  figures are calculated (ie based on the sample)
2. Because the sample is drawn stratified simply by chance, these averages could be good estimates of the actual averages in the  stratum. Any extreme observations are kept outside the calculation of the average
3. Within each stratum we multiply the calculated averages with the number of enterprises in the stratum (in the limited population). This will be an estimate of total exports / imports in the stratum.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway's principles for confidentiality are used. The Statistics will not be published if it is possible to identify one of the reporting enterprises. Because of this, there must not be less than three respondents. Furthermore one respondent should not cover more than 90 per cent, and the two largest respondents should not have more than 95 per cent of the trade in any figure made public.

Comparability over time and space

As from the 1. Quarter 2019, there was introduced a new type of service "IT-related license fees" which will affect the existing type of service "Royalties and license fees". This means that the export/import "IT services" and export/import "Other services" cannot be directly compared to previous publications.

In conjunction with the first quarter of 2017, a change has been made in the compilation of service types. The service grouping railway and land transport services was merged with air transport services to a new group of air and land transport services. This applies to Tables 2 and 4, which show foreign trade services for non-financial corporations, by service type. In Statbank table 10192, the changes date back to Q1 2015. This means that the figures are not directly comparable with previous publications.


The statistics have also undergone a change of methodology, and figures for the foreign shipping industry were taken from the publication for 2010 and up to and including the publication for 1Q 2013. Figures for 2Q 2013 are therefore not comparable with early publications. This method conversion implies a change in the use of sources. See the national accounts' web pages on the Balance of payment http://www.ssb.no/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/ur.

See also under Coherence With other statistics above.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The figures the companies shall report to SSB only concern external trade in services. It might be some difficulties in differing between goods and services, and between a Norwegian unit and a foreign unit. This might lead to weakness for the statistic, because the reported numbers might be wrong. Many of the reporting enterprises are involved in heavy projects, which may influence the figures, especially when the projects starts and are being closed.

A weakness of the statistic is that some respondent do not answer the survey. To reduce this problem with missing numbers, both partial- and total, numbers are being imputed.

The sampling error is the difference between the samples reported numbers and the numbers that would be if the whole population was investigated. To reduce this problem we try to make sure that the biggest companies are included in the sample.

Revision

External trade in services publishes preliminary figures quarterly. However, further revisions of the figures continue for five more quarters when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the quarterly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary figures and the final figures is usually small at aggregated level. At the detailed level, and for individual quarters, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Table 5 in each release of the statistics show the revisions form previous publications.

 

                                   Revision plan External trade in services

 

This year  
  (T)

Last year 
  (T-1)

The year before last 
  (T-2)

Publications

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1 (June year T)

 

 

 

 

R4

R3

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

Q2 (Sept year T)

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

R3

R2

 

 

 

 

Q3 (Dec year T)

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

R3

 

 

 

 

Q4 (Mar year  T+1)

R3

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

 

 

 

 

R1 - FR5 = Revision number (R1 = first revision, FR5 = Final figures, Revison no. 5)