329195
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
329195
statistikk
2018-07-13T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
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External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

80.9

billion NOK – Exports of goods in June 2018

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
June 2018May 2018 - June 2018June 2017 - June 2018June 2018June 2017 - June 2018
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports80.91.218.2475.610.6
Crude oil22.1-2.929.5125.310.0
Natural gas17.91.438.0118.119.6
Natural gas condensates0.0-100.0-100.02.915.1
Ships and oil platforms0.9-36.717.24.9-40.9
Mainland exports39.97.37.1224.48.6
Fish7.7-5.54.246.83.4
 
Imports58.9-9.2-12.4356.88.5
Ships and oil platforms0.040.0-99.51.4-83.6
 
The trade balance22.045.91 698.0118.817.2
The mainland trade balance-18.931.433.2-131.0-15.4

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 585662 504.11 86710 214
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201653 79651 00049 9062 796-
July 201654 94554 12254 121823-
August 201662 94261 00863 2901 935-
September 201654 29351 19749 2113 096-
October 201652 74651 14848 5421 599-
November 201657 28752 10650 3725 181-
December 201649 31648 47750 230839-
January 201751 86648 54052 7533 326-
February 201748 82947 20651 3401 622-
March 201757 19255 88752 8791 305-
April 201743 98143 95943 89423-
May 201759 79859 09357 593705-
June 201767 15765 62864 5001 529-
July 201746 97846 03546 059943-
August 201754 86853 15155 1521 717-
September 201759 72654 63452 725984 994
October 201756 52456 29453 802230-
November 201784 95179 51676 5532155 220
December 201752 71452 56154 440154-
January 201854 73754 05658 868681-
February 201851 28050 91755 578363-
March 201864 35864 01960 681339-
April 201862 79162 79162 404--
May 201864 82064 81662 6935-
June 201858 86258 85558 0407-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017860 692849 666.418 543.11 026-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201660 35658 79861 08534 76732 7701 558-
July 201659 39458 75761 68230 14932 327637-
August 201659 56958 77562 20830 91932 162795-
September 201657 47957 25660 16034 92733 427224-
October 201668 95565 69262 25430 83730 9113 263-
November 201670 55068 88565 77633 16331 3621 665-
December 201672 37169 66866 63532 26432 8342 704-
January 201777 50373 78768 77531 83532 6323 716-
February 201770 34268 25970 92631 72933 3842 082-
March 201777 12275 91172 54538 77234 2491 211-
April 201767 95567 93268 95832 11035 22923-
May 201768 84968 45170 90435 03835 062398-
June 201768 38067 57369 81937 27834 544807-
July 201762 94562 94566 43432 12335 354--
August 201768 80368 45272 39634 51735 620351-
September 201766 48865 68269 06034 67133 881806-
October 201775 29675 17771 12337 44536 094119-
November 201778 85177 76374 44837 93236 6361 087-
December 201778 15777 73374 27735 09336 522424-
January 201883 50681 18175 79837 40337 3442 326-
February 201871 76171 67074 50234 97336 81191-
March 201878 15278 14574 87937 50037 1818-
April 201881 47081 46682 41137 45836 9523-
May 201879 88778 39381 16837 19736 9671 494-
June 201880 85279 90682 20439 91337 859946-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017176 107187 162-243 961
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 20166 5607 798-16 233
July 20164 4494 635-23 973
August 2016-3 373-2 233-30 088
September 20163 1866 059-16 270
October 201616 20914 544-20 310
November 201613 26316 779-18 943
December 201623 05521 191-16 213
January 201725 63725 246-16 705
February 201721 51321 053-15 477
March 201719 93020 024-17 115
April 201723 97323 973-11 849
May 20179 0519 358-24 055
June 20171 2231 945-28 351
July 201715 96716 910-13 912
August 201713 93615 301-18 634
September 20176 76211 048-19 963
October 201718 77218 883-18 849
November 2017-6 100-1 753-41 584
December 201725 44325 173-17 467
January 201828 76927 125-16 653
February 201820 48120 753-15 944
March 201813 79414 126-26 519
April 201818 67818 675-25 333
May 201815 06713 578-27 619
June 201821 99021 051-18 942

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 123.223 073.203 064.4 986
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201624 03127 33213 44914 27710 02512 725557
July 201628 60830 07717 34416 61210 84912 283415
August 201627 85529 57718 10716 8849 60512 057144
September 201622 32925 21514 14715 3307 87310 213309
October 201634 85432 40918 20317 17716 22014 817432
November 201635 72233 52218 74318 83216 60814 261371
December 201637 40434 30920 72420 75616 55913 855121
January 201741 95237 60221 95622 01419 56116 218434
February 201736 53036 99918 87620 51017 06415 997590
March 201737 13935 46318 01418 57618 63115 754493
April 201735 82235 42419 33918 49416 05616 400426
May 201733 41434 98818 64817 99814 46616 662300
June 201730 29634 41917 06318 01712 97716 501256
July 201730 82232 65615 05914 59015 26917 233494
August 201733 93536 10218 68717 45114 77618 400472
September 201731 01134 94016 94818 31113 81417 882249
October 201737 73235 10917 56416 52219 88518 154283
November 201739 83137 43518 80318 92020 20717 379822
December 201742 64039 05922 11522 11520 35817 117167
January 201843 77739 16919 34219 42223 79519 662640
February 201836 69737 13617 56819 06218 36617 245763
March 201840 64539 05821 30322 07619 34216 452-
April 201844 00843 34822 25621 33221 06721 349686
May 201841 19642 95222 75121 81017 65720 393788
June 201839 99445 30822 09123 29617 90322 723-

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
June 2017June 2018June 2017 - June 2018So far this yearJune 2017 - June 2018
June 2017June 2018
Total67 15758 862-12.4328 824356 8498.5
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 5297-99.58 5101 395-83.6
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms65 62858 855-10.3320 314355 45411.0
 
0 Food and live animals3 5433 5961.521 10722 1224.8
00 Live animals other than animals of div.033417-48.3127103-19.5
01 Meat and meat preparations136123-9.4793718-9.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11412812.862971714.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof3013133.82 2002 4009.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations462434-6.22 5212 7288.2
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0041 0282.56 5696 8173.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey125104-16.6767673-12.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices328274-16.31 9351 728-10.7
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)58566113.03 0003 34611.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products45651412.62 5652 89212.8
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9039636.64 4214 7216.8
11 Beverages5896479.82 9043 27012.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3143160.61 5171 451-4.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 3293 321-0.219 06423 23821.9
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-45.5109-6.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits16719-88.91 1581 078-7.0
23 Crude rubber111639.3718418.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork465451-2.92 4192 413-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper344121.0270263-2.7
26 Textile fibres and their waste97-20.458592.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales21925717.51 5081 75616.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 1852 2894.811 96015 87832.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2382401.21 6111 6995.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 5543 49837.015 81022 91644.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2052186.61 0531 20014.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 2552 89628.413 40219 24443.6
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 3341 56917.69 08010 07010.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured5710889.2329685108.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane45103127.4256656155.8
35 Electric current37277638.91 0261 78674.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes609505-17.23 1133 096-0.6
41 Animal oils and fats2032239.61 2161 35911.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated389260-33.21 8071 633-9.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed172229.59010415.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 0786 2012.034 29235 6213.9
51 Organic chemicals687669-2.74 5944 7313.0
52 Inorganic chemicals492450-8.62 6032 6541.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials31440128.01 6891 91813.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6991 687-0.79 1679 6565.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6286838.73 5543 98012.0
56 Fertilizers19324727.81 2971 49715.4
57 Plastics in primary forms4244393.62 4432 5634.9
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5836063.92 9453 27511.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 0571 017-3.76 0005 347-10.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material17 7068 563-51.654 23059 2719.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins3934-13.4286273-4.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4664905.12 4292 6579.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures6596935.13 8523 9101.5
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof6356380.53 6753 8113.7
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles65675515.13 8394 1678.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8248897.94 5854 8906.6
67 Iron and steel1 2371 48319.96 7859 04433.3
68 Non-ferrous metals8511 06124.74 7656 16929.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.12 3392 520-79.624 01324 3491.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment24 41723 861-2.3128 549136 4926.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 1321 93671.17 0018 51821.7
72 Machinery for special industries2 2132 71522.712 66814 27612.7
73 Metal working machinery188153-18.375287015.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 8082 8892.915 32217 12011.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3611 4456.27 7788 90814.5
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 3182 263-2.312 02211 770-2.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 8093 31017.915 81318 31515.8
78 Road vehicles6 5547 1559.237 78041 4869.8
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 1504 2001.222 98625 47110.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships5 0351 994-60.419 41315 230-21.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 8918 2414.447 65448 7922.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.75283711.34 1894 4165.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3081 301-0.57 8777 9781.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1541603.68248695.5
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 3321 3330.09 2519 6083.9
85 Footwear37842111.22 6842 7974.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4691 63211.18 1628 2491.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2792966.21 4611 5767.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 2192 2621.913 20713 2990.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions127114-10.4583580-0.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind45498.718520410.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20-84.75849.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8065-19.0392368-6.3

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
June 2017June 2018June 2017 - June 2018So far this yearJune 2017 - June 2018
June 2017June 2018
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total68 38080 85218.2430 151475 62810.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)17 06322 09129.5113 896125 31110.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)12 97717 90338.098 756118 12919.6
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)256--100.02 4992 87715.1
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)80794617.28 2384 867-40.9
Mainland exports37 27839 9137.1206 762224 4448.6
 
0 Food and live animals8 0078 3484.348 28250 0573.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0328293.9173496.3
01 Meat and meat preparations24241.61181288.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs64652.1396393-0.6
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof7 4307 7394.245 24046 7893.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3633-8.718220412.3
05 Vegetables and fruit15167.67610538.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey4639.6212727.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices35363.71941992.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)22225113.21 2181 41015.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products175168-3.9819767-6.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco88924.041147515.5
11 Beverages87914.140746915.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures11-0.94642.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 5851 6554.48 1138 98910.8
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2222-3.1363312-13.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits119.23437.6
23 Crude rubber3444.12624-10.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork3343576.81 6411 97720.5
25 Pulp and waste paper268257-4.11 4581 4700.8
26 Textile fibres and their waste2524-3.91261335.6
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales32743232.21 7242 06920.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap569522-8.32 5712 7517.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials36372.020224923.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials36 81946 60926.6248 387288 00415.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes00335.5322-94.6
33 Petroleum, petroleum products21 79626 26520.5137 283156 21113.8
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 4274 102-7.420 60427 68534.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured14 52719 70535.6108 573128 90018.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 3091 58921.48 3709 1699.5
35 Electric current49563728.72 4992 89115.7
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes20425022.21 0531 1256.9
41 Animal oils and fats1251271.551757912.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated284042.5245213-12.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed518361.429133214.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 4825 01311.826 75429 57310.5
51 Organic chemicals1 3461 3691.77 7828 0753.8
52 Inorganic chemicals717687-4.24 0224 4229.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials15117818.09171 02111.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products49571544.72 8653 90436.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1231348.668276412.0
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4794830.82 7923 0428.9
58 Plastics in non-primary forms140126-10.47918011.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 0311 32128.16 9037 5449.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 1667 92610.640 92642 1523.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins97-24.638416.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.9162-32.5410342-16.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures146144-1.378486710.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4474684.82 5392 7197.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles138133-3.88078282.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.156139-10.8874791-9.5
67 Iron and steel1 2991 196-7.97 6487 142-6.6
68 Non-ferrous metals4 1105 03822.623 56525 3417.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.771739-4.14 2604 083-4.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 4228 90219.943 46042 817-1.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6521 10870.03 2464 37934.9
72 Machinery for special industries8501 17838.75 0845 78713.8
73 Metal working machinery8458-31.5356287-19.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 3311 262-5.28 2047 513-8.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines244239-2.11 1851 30510.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.768521-32.23 0753 2495.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 0362 142106.85 8487 76832.8
78 Road vehicles759758-0.13 7654 0357.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 6981 636-3.712 6978 494-33.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 5611 999-21.912 38012 018-2.9
81 Prefabricated buildings.146119-18.3778757-2.8
82 Furniture and parts thereof256247-3.41 4441 4460.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.12121.350535.4
84 Articles of apparel and accessories6866-3.93764006.5
85 Footwear6610.4607015.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments965878-9.05 3354 791-10.2
88 Photographic and optical goods2621-18.61151214.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 082650-39.94 2214 3803.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions465928.13854198.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind01.01011 853.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender0010.8111.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)465827.03844086.5

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2017June 2018June 2017June 2018
Total328 824356 8498.5430 151475 62810.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries66 58073 24310.058 80962 9927.1
EFTA5 3285 129-3.73 6034 06612.9
EU202 347216 9987.2347 349387 37711.5
OECD257 914276 9097.4384 134428 35611.5
Developing countries57 11561 7728.231 71834 6209.1
LDC - least developed countries1 7452 01415.41 8543 56792.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe217 485235 4468.3357 692397 44211.1
Belgium5 1565 3794.320 12125 32325.9
Denmark18 75219 5384.220 59324 17217.4
Estonia2 6382 7393.87838387.0
Finland7 4098 24711.36 8456 531-4.6
France9 92311 47915.725 28030 22919.6
Greece28043153.9622469-24.6
Ireland3 0332 574-15.15 2894 426-16.3
Iceland1 6441 215-26.12 1972 66421.3
Italy11 42812 0295.35 6946 1067.2
Lithuania3 6143 9399.03 3263 066-7.8
Netherlands13 11412 773-2.643 87154 06923.2
Poland11 39611 8774.29 35010 68314.3
Portugal1 2751 3324.52 6282 91911.1
Romania1 2601 48918.236050038.9
Russia5 6938 61251.31 0711 26017.6
Slovakia1 5721 7159.119122115.7
Spain7 4937 9906.69 5277 283-23.6
United Kingdom17 25618 1785.397 383103 1485.9
Switzerland3 6543 8746.01 3951 4010.4
Sweden38 41543 66213.728 52729 2862.7
Czech Republic3 5944 24318.11 0381 0440.6
Turkey3 0513 42012.13 6413 172-12.9
Germany38 21939 7153.962 99374 03217.5
Hungary1 3661 4173.7501413-17.6
Austria2 4112 85818.59601 0317.4
Other countires in Europe3 8394 72123.03 5063 156-10.0
 
Asia68 79869 2420.635 25334 652-1.7
Hong Kong45452215.071989724.8
India1 9142 24617.31 2151 108-8.8
Japan7 2296 912-4.44 5104 7705.8
China30 04932 3077.58 8919 5267.1
Malaysia1 2522 28682.61 086878-19.2
Singapore1 0851 55643.44 4742 922-34.7
South Korea16 14613 410-16.93 9844 82721.2
Taiwan2 1552 061-4.41 014903-10.9
Thailand1 8741 652-11.81 1771 2818.8
Vietnam2 3772 327-2.11 688818-51.5
Other countires in Asia4 2633 963-7.06 4956 7223.5
 
North and Central America31 05438 75124.827 65028 4392.9
Canada7 0898 64521.95 2864 469-15.5
United States21 84528 01128.219 40622 21714.5
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 1202 095-1.22 9581 753-76.5
 
South America6 8797 93015.32 9233 28012.2
Brazil4 6145 84126.62 1041 678-20.2
Chile515475-7.832744636.4
Peru617528-14.4498063.3
Other countries in South-America1 1331 086-4.14431 076142.9
 
Africa3 9234 40012.25 7849 86970.6
Angola18142688.9909431-52.6
Botswana668731.8-0.
South Africa1 1121 63246.8300859186.3
Other countires in Africa2 7272 539-6.94 5758 57987.5
 
Oceania6851 07957.58501 946128.9
Australia49591685.172297935.6
New Zealand187159-15.097833758.8
Other countires in Oceania3433.331134332.3

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2017June 2018June 2017June 2018
Total320 314355 45411.0206 762224 4448.6
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries65 72473 22111.440 38143 9348.8
EFTA4 5045 12913.93 5434 06614.8
EU199 297216 7738.8134 269149 12311.1
OECD250 138275 95610.3165 097182 55910.6
Developing countries56 22861 0388.629 80431 0514.2
LDC - least developed countries1 7452 01415.41 7273 567106.5
 
Continents and countries
Europe213 421234 80410.0143 554159 02510.8
Belgium5 1565 3794.37 2149 00324.8
Denmark18 74819 5364.212 07914 48419.9
Estonia2 6382 7393.87838387.0
Finland7 3848 22911.43 8053 9814.6
France9 92311 47915.76 8247 72013.1
Greece28043153.9573466-18.7
Ireland3 0332 574-15.11 9012 32222.1
Iceland8201 21548.22 1362 66424.7
Italy9 11312 02932.04 4694 5401.6
Lithuania3 6133 9399.02 0632 0871.2
Netherlands13 03912 736-2.320 08026 35231.2
Poland11 32811 8774.88 3758 7344.3
Portugal1 2751 3324.52 6282 517-4.2
Romania1 2601 48918.236050038.9
Russia5 6938 61251.31 0701 1214.8
Slovakia1 5721 7159.119122115.7
Spain7 4767 9906.95 1795 5366.9
United Kingdom17 13718 0515.317 11718 2896.8
Switzerland3 6543 8746.01 3951 4010.4
Sweden38 41143 66013.721 94822 4662.4
Czech Republic3 5944 24318.11 0381 0440.6
Turkey2 8613 0024.92 7932 766-1.0
Germany37 79539 6765.015 21115 4011.2
Hungary1 3661 4173.7501413-17.6
Austria2 4112 85818.59601 0317.4
Other countries in Europe3 8414 72222.92 8613 1289.3
 
Asia64 62568 4906.034 92131 381-10.1
Hong Kong454396-12.871989724.8
India1 9142 24617.31 0891 1081.7
Japan6 7296 9122.74 5104 7705.8
China30 04931 9916.58 8168 466-4.0
Malaysia1 2522 28682.61 086878-19.2
Singapore1 0721 55645.14 4742 922-34.7
South Korea12 93413 0991.33 9843 608-9.4
Taiwan2 1552 061-4.41 014903-10.9
Thailand1 8741 652-11.81 1771 077-8.5
Vietnam1 9522 32719.21 688818-51.5
Other countries in Asia4 2403 964-6.56 3645 934-6.8
 
North and Central America30 80438 75125.819 09721 42512.2
Canada7 0898 64521.92 2322 105-5.7
United States21 84528 01128.215 65017 94914.7
Other countries in North and Central America1 8702 09512.01 2151 37112.8
 
South America6 8797 93015.32 9232 583-11.6
Brazil4 6145 84126.62 1041 678-20.2
Chile515475-7.832741627.2
Peru617528-14.4498063.3
Other countries in South America1 1331 086-4.1443409-7.7
 
Africa3 9034 40012.75 4388 86863.1
Angola18142688.9909431-52.6
Botswana668731.8-0.
South Africa1 1121 63246.830033010.0
Other countries in Africa2 7072 539-6.24 2298 10791.7
 
Oceania6831 07958.08281 16340.5
Australia49591685.172297935.6
New Zealand187159-15.09715963.9
Other countries in Oceania14300.0925177.8

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
June 2018
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total356 84922 1224 72123 23822 9163 09635 62159 271136 49248 792580
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)216 99814 0664 2759 01514 5751 18325 84435 55685 93425 994556
Nordic countries73 2435 1701 2604 4989 2928507 05914 22020 9699 407519
Developing countries61 7724 9361046 3005377492 0607 37822 66517 02913
Russia8 61252883302 9647796523 23136840
India2 2464470280252805872586210
Japan6 9124037202861 3814 6655280
China32 30750501274771 0083 75416 37710 4739
Singapore1 556911200702853434040
South Korea13 41014026431929 4263 5541910
United States28 0114461143334 0151413 7531 02515 1623 0147
Canada8 64517886 42280901571407262050
Brazil5 8411 16903 5420011298905115
South Africa1 63230326873081417123260

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
June 2018
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total475 62850 0574758 989288 0041 12529 57342 15242 81712 018419
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)387 37734 3002877 561261 07062017 56934 10625 0386 77057
Nordic countries62 9928 8011742 45325 5142624 9588 4379 5062 87910
Developing countries34 6206 200219599 8571757 0072 3276 8551 2180
Russia1 26012016901159361452899
India1 1089014200349408168320
Japan4 7701 64215973696967228051000
China9 5261 747124851 061153 6285341 6274170
Singapore2 922274136901503761 0223520
South Korea4 8271 2661461 220173565801 0642780
United States22 2173 174881378 2612201 9392 8213 7971 7800
Canada4 4693035193 058121393474601260
Brazil1 67836624002486300409720
South Africa859145095291333683220

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2017June 2018June 2017 - June 2018So far this yearJune 2017 - June 2018
June 2017June 2018
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country37 27839 9137.1206 762224 4448.6
 
County of production
Østfold1 2731 78240.07 5158 70215.8
Akershus49259921.72 6113 19822.5
Oslo916749-18.24 4713 839-14.1
Hedmark3934145.32 0092 42820.9
Oppland698692-0.93 4934 07216.6
Buskerud1 7351 270-26.87 6326 359-16.7
Vestfold1 9762 22212.410 92711 8308.3
Telemark1 5812 02828.310 30011 74914.1
Aust-Agder24229722.71 6161 7307.1
Vest-Agder2 5112 84313.214 44915 8149.4
Rogaland3 0163 97631.818 98020 6548.8
Hordaland6 6756 126-8.232 30739 68022.8
Sogn og Fjordane1 2151 126-7.36 7536 016-10.9
Møre og Romsdal3 2763 122-4.719 49419 150-1.8
Trøndelag.2 384..13 259.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 650.-100.09 533.-100.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)657.-100.02 931.-100.0
Nordland2 0962 81534.313 57014 3665.9
Troms - Romsa82593413.24 1915 23624.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku37842913.53 1233 4329.9
Svalbard-0.310-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 2451 51821.97 4417 7984.8
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 7043 9065.519 90520 6203.6
County not stated7236803 4804 51029.6

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
June 2018
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobaccoFish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuelsFuelsManufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country39 9138 4397 7391 9056 61522 953
 
County of production1
Østfold1 78288220521 488
Akershus599671316-516
Oslo749514330664
Hedmark41422131730219
Oppland6925-240662
Buskerud1 2705080-1 185
Vestfold2 2222601011 174921
Telemark2 02820479311 897
Aust-Agder297440280225
Vest-Agder2 84311101192 813
Rogaland3 9764093021721 4391 956
Hordaland6 1261 2371 2061733 3151 400
Sogn og Fjordane1 12630029754-772
Møre og Romsdal3 1221 5011 42916501 457
Trøndelag22 3841 5781 557920715
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 8151 1141 08491-1 609
Troms - Romsa9348368336-92
Finnmark - Finnmárku4293783784209
Svalbard00---0
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 51856550326663750
Re-exports of goods produced abroad33 90675196243 766
County not stated68010684342538

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
May 2018
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total297 9870.41.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 3881.278.8
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms296 5990.40.9
 
0 Food and live animals18 5260.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03850.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations5950.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs5890.0-0.1
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof2 0880.00.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2 2940.0-0.1
05 Vegetables and fruit5 7890.20.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey569-1.4-2.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1 454-0.1-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 6860.0-0.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products2 3780.30.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco3 7590.00.1
11 Beverages2 6240.00.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 1350.00.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels19 917-0.1-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw80.0-1.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 0590.00.0
23 Crude rubber680.00.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 9620.0-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2220.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste520.0-0.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 499-0.10.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap13 589-0.1-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 458-0.10.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials19 4177.315.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes9820.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products16 3488.818.6
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation8 5000.10.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured5770.0-2.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane5530.0-2.5
35 Electric current1 5100.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 5910.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 1360.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1 3730.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed810.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.29 420-0.1-0.1
51 Organic chemicals4 062-0.1-0.1
52 Inorganic chemicals2 204-0.1-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 517-0.1-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products7 9690.00.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc3 296-0.2-0.3
56 Fertilizers1 250-0.1-0.1
57 Plastics in primary forms2 1240.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms2 669-0.1-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.4 330-0.1-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material50 708-0.10.8
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins2390.0-0.1
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.2 167-0.1-0.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures3 2170.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof3 174-0.1-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles3 4120.0-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.4 000-0.2-0.3
67 Iron and steel7 5620.0-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals5 1080.00.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.21 829-0.12.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment112 6310.10.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment6 5820.90.7
72 Machinery for special industries11 5610.70.1
73 Metal working machinery716-0.1-0.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment14 230-0.1-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines7 4630.0-0.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.9 5070.0-0.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus15 005-0.1-0.3
78 Road vehicles34 3310.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships13 236-0.34.4
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles40 552-0.1-0.2
81 Prefabricated buildings.3 579-0.1-0.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof6 6770.0-0.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.709-0.1-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories8 275-0.1-0.2
85 Footwear2 3760.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments6 617-0.2-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods1 2800.0-0.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s11 0370.0-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions4660.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind1550.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender80.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3030.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
May 2018
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total394 7760.0-0.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)103 2200.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)100 2260.0-1.3
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)2 8770.0-0.1
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)3 9212.238.4
Mainland exports184 5310.0-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals41 710-0.1-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03260.0-0.3
01 Meat and meat preparations104-0.1-0.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs3280.0-0.5
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof39 050-0.1-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations171-0.1-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit890.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey220.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices163-0.3-0.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 1580.0-0.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products5991.21.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco3830.00.0
11 Beverages3780.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures50.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels7 3330.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2910.00.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits30.00.0
23 Crude rubber190.0-0.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 6200.0-0.6
25 Pulp and waste paper1 2130.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste1090.0-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 6370.0-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 2290.0-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2130.0-0.8
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials241 3950.0-0.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products129 9460.00.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation23 583-0.1-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured109 1940.0-1.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane7 5790.00.6
35 Electric current2 2530.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes8750.0-0.9
41 Animal oils and fats4530.01.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1730.00.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2500.0-5.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.24 5600.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals6 7060.00.4
52 Inorganic chemicals3 7350.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials8430.1-0.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 1890.0-1.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6300.00.0
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms2 5590.00.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6750.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 223-0.1-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material34 2260.0-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins340.0-15.3
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.280-0.1-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures7230.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof2 2510.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6950.0-0.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6520.00.0
67 Iron and steel5 9460.0-0.8
68 Non-ferrous metals20 3030.0-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.3 3430.0-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment33 9150.32.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment3 2710.0-4.6
72 Machinery for special industries4 609-0.10.2
73 Metal working machinery229-0.1-1.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment6 2510.00.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 0660.30.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 728-0.1-0.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus5 626-0.1-0.3
78 Road vehicles3 2770.0-0.5
79 Other transport equipment including ships6 8581.418.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles10 0180.0-1.0
81 Prefabricated buildings.6370.0-5.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 1990.0-0.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.410.00.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories335-0.1-0.1
85 Footwear640.0-0.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments3 9130.0-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods100-0.1-0.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s3 7300.1-1.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions3600.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind90.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3500.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.