366554
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366554
statistikk
2019-08-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

36,3

NOK billion – Mainland Exports of Goods in July 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
July 2019June 2019 - July 2019July 2018 - July 2019July 2019July 2018 - July 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports66.10.8-19.1541.0-4.1
Crude oil18.028.8-21.8132.3-12.4
Natural gas10.7-17.0-54.2125.9-13.1
Natural gas condensates0.815.896.13.68.5
Ships and oil platforms0.2-83.4-68.34.2-33.0
Mainland exports36.3-1.76.0274.96.5
Fish7.6-2.211.357.36.9
 
Imports59.6-0.68.7438.26.7
Ships and oil platforms0.41 251.68 280.03.246.9
 
The trade balance6.515.5-75.9102.8-33.0
The mainland trade balance-22.90.5-11.1-160.0-6.6

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201747 11145 95747 1491 155-
August 201755 35453 45655 6321 898-
September 201759 69454 60153 765984 994
October 201756 53756 25853 853279-
November 201783 88078 35574 6973055 220
December 201753 25952 85856 403401-
January 201854 70153 88257 822819-
February 201850 97850 61053 305369-
March 201864 22263 87960 087344-
April 201863 53563 06562 224471-
May 201863 25363 09159 682162-
June 201859 01359 00658 7087-
July 201854 82254 81856 5725-
August 201856 42556 41358 55913-
September 201859 31759 18658 706131-
October 201865 58265 16962 762413-
November 201865 05565 05461 7551-
December 201853 42953 33157 32398-
January 201960 38559 47263 545913-
February 201962 24261 93065 252312-
March 201966 79666 20962 281586-
April 201962 24261 47060 418772-
May 201966 94566 78262 433163-
June 201959 95659 92560 10431-
July 201959 59259 17361 198419-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201762 93062 93068 50332 10835 906--
August 201768 71068 35870 58234 42335 391351-
September 201766 51965 71370 20734 70234 720806-
October 201775 29275 13569 91037 40435 656157-
November 201778 88677 79974 51637 96736 3221 087-
December 201778 13477 71075 76235 07036 590424-
January 201885 60882 98175 91736 99836 7142 627-
February 201875 88775 79777 32935 75437 26891-
March 201881 64381 59380 29737 38637 17250-
April 201879 77979 21778 26736 99236 212563-
May 201879 94278 43880 74137 54637 0261 505-
June 201879 32178 37583 42339 35237 662946-
July 201881 66381 16086 79234 25236 950502-
August 201886 92586 48889 25840 21941 204437-
September 201881 62580 16387 95636 12237 8431 461-
October 201898 22398 12989 37343 01339 78095-
November 201887 02786 91182 89142 08339 550117-
December 201879 71979 68578 44735 69238 37934-
January 201991 11391 04583 21742 52841 73368-
February 201979 06278 85180 19137 46338 939212-
March 201982 30081 90676 98840 57638 079394-
April 201979 52277 18878 43839 47440 2522 334-
May 201977 35977 27379 82041 62140 84886-
June 201965 54564 58670 86436 96037 066959-
July 201966 05065 89169 34436 32338 332159-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201715 81916 974-13 848
August 201713 35514 902-19 033
September 20176 82511 112-19 899
October 201718 75518 877-18 855
November 2017-4 994-557-40 388
December 201724 87524 853-17 787
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201930 72831 573-16 944
February 201916 82116 920-24 467
March 201915 50515 697-25 634
April 201917 28015 718-21 996
May 201910 41410 491-25 161
June 20195 5894 661-22 965
July 20196 4576 718-22 850

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
July 201730 82232 71615 05914 75715 26916 934494
August 201733 93535 78918 68717 81114 77617 555472
September 201731 01134 49416 94817 66413 81417 558249
October 201737 73234 16717 56417 00819 88518 074283
November 201739 83137 63818 80319 70420 20717 709822
December 201742 64039 63522 11521 90820 35817 405167
January 201845 98340 45821 76321 11523 58018 838639
February 201840 04239 87618 61519 99320 66018 960767
March 201844 20742 05122 54822 44221 65919 381-
April 201842 22542 65921 95720 98019 58320 593686
May 201840 89243 11321 81021 01818 27721 094805
June 201839 02346 27321 37222 72417 65122 750-
July 201846 90950 26123 02422 81323 45925 892425
August 201846 26948 72223 20622 29022 06426 032999
September 201844 04148 93424 04324 98919 62924 895369
October 201855 11649 89927 77227 28826 60424 142739
November 201844 82742 25318 07918 98325 58822 4871 160
December 201843 99340 82917 14416 82226 68123 038168
January 201948 51642 52720 54319 81927 97422 116-
February 201941 38741 16318 27219 64622 60020 744515
March 201941 33139 33520 51820 16820 13618 176676
April 201937 71438 11220 70519 81316 79017 616219
May 201935 65237 62720 27219 64714 73916 985641
June 201927 62632 96013 97714 85212 92816 663720
July 201929 56731 76417 99917 87710 73511 836834

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
July 2018July 2019July 2018 - July 2019So far this yearJuly 2018 - July 2019
July 2018July 2019
Total54 82259 5928.7410 526438 1586.7
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)54198 280.02 1763 19646.9
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms54 81859 1737.9408 350434 9626.5
 
0 Food and live animals3 4523 81010.425 52127 8459.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031513-13.6117111-5.1
01 Meat and meat preparations12115931.7838833-0.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1231295.18398551.9
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof26534028.52 6623 06415.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations44852016.03 1644 01927.0
05 Vegetables and fruit899860-4.47 7117 616-1.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey140113-19.68138555.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices25131826.81 9782 1458.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)62875019.43 9764 3198.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products5616078.23 4234 02717.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9159342.15 6366 0036.5
11 Beverages6156332.93 8854 0644.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3003010.31 7511 93910.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 7653 448-8.426 94127 3041.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw13243.41026162.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits294139-52.81 3711 055-23.1
23 Crude rubber161916.11001088.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork35841415.52 7693 26317.9
25 Pulp and waste paper3027-9.8293265-9.5
26 Textile fibres and their waste101220.768691.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales23332338.11 9872 1839.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 6512 352-11.318 47418 436-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials172160-6.61 8701 8991.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials3 5234 61130.926 86628 7587.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes16822735.71 3681 53912.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 9364 18942.722 60723 4003.5
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation1 5281 89323.911 59513 83919.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured11451-55.6799584-26.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane11040-63.8765490-35.9
35 Electric current306143-53.22 0923 23454.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes58274928.83 6903 9988.3
41 Animal oils and fats21632450.11 5881 79513.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated34140017.31 9742 0795.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed25250.5128125-2.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 0605 779-4.641 61642 5302.2
51 Organic chemicals892515-42.35 6165 037-10.3
52 Inorganic chemicals471434-8.03 1263 046-2.5
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3373483.12 2552 2921.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6911 566-7.411 30711 3100.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc662650-1.84 6464 410-5.1
56 Fertilizers281264-6.31 7711 95710.5
57 Plastics in primary forms339335-1.12 9002 9531.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms47152010.33 7443 8974.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9141 14825.66 2527 62822.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 3297 9338.266 51163 682-4.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins222617.6295261-11.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4804891.73 1363 3376.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures520492-5.34 4264 5152.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5815993.14 3864 4802.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles67975311.04 8425 1646.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6997568.25 5875 8114.0
67 Iron and steel1 1871 61235.810 18510 9917.9
68 Non-ferrous metals998595-40.47 1555 456-23.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 1642 61120.726 49823 667-10.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment21 28223 3519.7156 538176 84913.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 7291 299-24.99 22215 64069.6
72 Machinery for special industries2 0852 62826.016 32217 8319.2
73 Metal working machinery1381497.71 0081 15714.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 2723 267-0.120 37723 33114.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 5051 70513.310 40410 5911.8
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 1572 45013.613 93015 48411.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 8883 1699.721 17122 8618.0
78 Road vehicles5 8027 19724.047 24655 40617.3
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 3383 286-1.628 79831 2578.5
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 7051 487-12.816 85814 549-13.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 8158 85213.356 52660 4777.0
81 Prefabricated buildings775710-8.45 1815 5537.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 1731 31912.49 1359 8768.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.16119219.51 0301 1329.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 7901 97610.411 38311 8043.7
85 Footwear55661310.33 3513 5195.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 1411 54935.89 37810 65513.6
88 Photographic and optical goods2732957.91 8381 9174.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s1 9472 19712.915 22916 0225.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions10112625.06817124.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind59636.52632754.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender2233.5109-10.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)406151.84084284.8

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
July 2018July 2019July 2018 - July 2019So far this yearJuly 2018 - July 2019
July 2018July 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total81 66366 050-19.1563 844540 951-4.1
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)23 02417 999-21.8151 090132 286-12.4
Natural gas (SITC 343)23 45910 735-54.2144 868125 902-13.1
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)42583496.23 3223 6068.5
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)502159-68.36 2834 211-33.0
Mainland exports34 25236 3236.0258 280274 9466.5
 
0 Food and live animals7 4308 22810.757 44061 8027.6
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03310275.53734-10.0
01 Meat and meat preparations21222.11491543.3
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs496021.54424849.7
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof6 8337 60211.353 58557 3056.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations303516.823430329.3
05 Vegetables and fruit101560.7114106-7.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey54-22.0324229.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices334021.623225610.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)28532012.11 7002 05420.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products161119-25.69141 06416.5
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7610234.95495999.0
11 Beverages7410034.85425929.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1242.286-19.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 3581 3690.910 35311 1537.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw612115.531841831.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits00-93.444-9.3
23 Crude rubber225.32525-0.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork2712792.92 2482 4167.5
25 Pulp and waste paper2022061.61 6721 641-1.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste20229.61531583.7
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales388341-12.02 4532 5915.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap43448612.03 1953 68615.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3622-37.8285213-25.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials54 08836 421-32.7348 427309 303-11.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes50-93.6641-98.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products28 08423 820-15.2187 107169 672-9.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 5694 9057.432 29133 3713.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured25 21412 065-52.1157 580137 154-13.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 5011 152-23.310 9149 778-10.4
35 Electric current785535-31.83 6762 475-32.7
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes211208-1.41 3271 53515.7
41 Animal oils and fats11699-15.26927569.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4535-23.025829815.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed507550.037748127.7
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 8464 8660.434 35534 9221.6
51 Organic chemicals1 2891 64327.59 31410 1609.1
52 Inorganic chemicals751646-14.05 1804 641-10.4
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1901941.81 2161 160-4.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products591429-27.54 4863 838-14.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc10916449.98711 01616.6
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms454417-8.33 4963 375-3.5
58 Plastics in non-primary forms10297-4.6902800-11.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 3591 276-6.18 8919 93011.7
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 3836 7185.348 66251 2195.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins33-4.24439-10.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.47105124.03884269.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures10398-4.59689720.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4784943.33 1973 3354.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles10312218.69269492.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.10712515.98971 05517.6
67 Iron and steel1 1941 182-1.08 3659 38612.2
68 Non-ferrous metals3 7933 9534.229 24330 1603.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.55563714.84 6334 8985.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment5 9236 2175.048 96055 44213.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment39556643.43 9925 83346.1
72 Machinery for special industries1 1581 017-12.26 9156 9680.8
73 Metal working machinery324749.632036815.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 2211 39113.98 70210 08915.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines16519417.61 4661 75319.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment4164508.03 6413 637-0.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 0311 31227.28 77210 91124.4
78 Road vehicles5826359.34 6055 24814.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships924604-34.610 54710 6350.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 2781 80941.513 28014 4418.7
81 Prefabricated buildings9210312.7847804-5.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof11813110.91 5591 5761.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.15165.2689844.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories517138.144750011.8
85 Footwear162023.38612342.3
87 Professional and scientific instruments5651 02581.55 3536 99030.6
88 Photographic and optical goods1511-27.513615211.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4064326.34 7834 198-12.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions7111258.44905359.2
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0067.0101-93.3
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-77.91292.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7011258.847953211.1

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
July 2018July 2019July 2018July 2019
Total410 526438 1586.7563 844540 951-4.1
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries83 98689 4216.573 76473 358-0.6
EFTA5 9415 786-2.64 5674 7163.3
EU251 220269 3817.2461 477436 714-5.4
OECD317 958276 969-12.9509 729443 623-13.0
Developing countries72 73379 3039.040 05543 4558.5
LDC - least developed countries2 3664 10973.73 5751 165-67.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe272 884292 2287.1472 773448 749-5.1
Belgium6 2636 8058.729 70225 198-15.2
Denmark23 01226 53515.327 81124 117-13.3
Estonia3 2243 59311.48989101.3
Finland9 45610 0396.28 8826 456-27.3
France13 29414 5599.535 56733 445-6.0
Greece49058018.458195564.4
Ireland2 8542 516-11.85 4213 805-29.8
Iceland1 3751 102-19.92 9762 9910.5
Italy13 75113 9001.16 6207 31010.4
Lithuania4 5875 22914.03 3813 378-0.1
Netherlands14 67316 77414.363 95056 987-10.9
Poland13 93017 20523.512 53412 7501.7
Portugal1 5271 81318.73 0993 2234.0
Romania1 8001 9719.55445450.2
Russia10 21710 6874.61 4391 95635.9
Slovakia2 0941 862-11.125828912.0
Spain9 0769 6055.89 19512 41335.0
United Kingdom22 24721 819-1.9125 699113 608-9.6
Switzerland4 5294 6472.61 5911 7238.3
Sweden49 50751 0923.233 70039 44717.1
Czech Republic4 8515 0474.01 1041 23111.5
Turkey3 9744 77520.23 8284 1267.8
Germany45 73247 8814.788 72786 204-2.8
Hungary1 6061 7146.74294525.4
Austria3 3304 62939.09891 69671.5
Other countires in Europe5 4855 8496.63 8483 534-8.2
 
Asia79 91780 9801.340 85443 5506.6
Hong Kong729580-20.41 0721 1699.0
India2 6343 16220.01 3021 50715.7
Japan8 0408 1030.86 0285 668-6.0
China38 11841 4688.811 57713 72918.6
Malaysia2 4611 713-30.49631 0448.4
Singapore1 9071 566-17.92 9323 63023.8
South Korea14 38510 673-25.85 6525 610-0.7
Taiwan2 4122 86218.71 1631 1892.2
Thailand1 8981 9502.71 5091 72514.3
Vietnam2 7283 69335.49231 03011.6
Other countires in Asia4 6055 21013.17 7337 249-6.3
 
North and Central America41 73947 56614.033 39231 743-4.9
Canada9 7599 213-5.64 6695 0407.9
United States29 43735 32220.026 39724 315-7.9
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 5433 03119.22 3262 388-63.6
 
South America9 4008 549-9.13 9723 480-12.4
Brazil6 8495 277-23.02 1202 33510.1
Chile55782548.1610584-4.3
Peru7361 00536.58542-50.6
Other countries in South-America1 2581 44214.61 157519-55.1
 
Africa5 2707 06334.010 77512 12112.5
Angola1171 4641 151.3492212-56.9
Botswana10412318.301.
South Africa2 0171 682-16.68961 16630.1
Other countires in Africa3 0323 79425.19 38710 74214.4
 
Oceania1 3161 77334.72 0771 309-37.0
Australia1 1131 50235.01 086974-10.3
New Zealand19926834.7852243-71.5
Other countires in Oceania43-25.013992-33.8

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
July 2018July 2019July 2018July 2019
Total408 350434 9626.5258 280274 9466.5
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries83 95088 7975.850 07751 9693.8
EFTA5 9395 767-2.94 5674 6100.9
EU250 864268 8287.2170 861179 3695.0
OECD316 391275 374-13.0211 349186 894-11.6
Developing countries71 95178 1198.635 75341 57816.3
LDC - least developed countries2 3664 10973.73 5751 165-67.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe272 097290 5346.8182 321191 9995.3
Belgium6 2636 8058.710 0739 380-6.9
Denmark23 01026 04313.216 68418 58611.4
Estonia3 2243 59311.48989101.3
Finland9 42810 0396.54 5014 312-4.2
France13 29414 5599.58 6159 2056.8
Greece49058018.45776349.9
Ireland2 8542 516-11.82 5473 12522.7
Iceland1 3731 083-21.12 9762 885-3.1
Italy13 75113 8800.95 0795 4046.4
Lithuania4 5875 22313.92 3622 72015.2
Netherlands14 63616 77414.632 06228 261-11.9
Poland13 93017 20523.510 16010 6965.3
Portugal1 5271 81318.72 7032 9087.6
Romania1 8001 9719.55445450.2
Russia10 21710 6874.61 3001 93548.8
Slovakia2 0941 862-11.125828912.0
Spain9 0769 6055.86 6407 50513.0
United Kingdom21 99921 819-0.820 63824 93020.8
Switzerland4 5294 6472.61 5911 7238.3
Sweden49 50451 0783.225 52025 8401.3
Czech Republic4 8515 0474.01 1041 23111.5
Turkey3 5473 7525.83 4224 12620.6
Germany45 69347 8594.717 21419 16811.4
Hungary1 6061 7146.74294525.4
Austria3 3304 62939.09891 69671.5
Other countries in Europe5 4845 7514.93 4353 5332.9
 
Asia78 56679 4781.236 37141 71314.7
Hong Kong47658021.81 0291 0653.5
India2 6343 16220.01 3021 50715.7
Japan8 0408 1030.85 8455 668-3.0
China37 80241 3069.39 96412 85929.1
Malaysia2 4611 713-30.49631 0448.4
Singapore1 9071 566-17.92 9213 55221.6
South Korea13 6049 333-31.44 1815 19024.1
Taiwan2 4122 86218.71 0011 18918.8
Thailand1 8981 9502.71 3061 72532.1
Vietnam2 7283 69335.49231 03011.6
Other countries in Asia4 6045 21013.26 9366 884-0.7
 
North and Central America41 73947 56614.025 51125 379-0.5
Canada9 7599 213-5.62 3103 63757.4
United States29 43735 32220.021 58420 139-6.7
Other countries in North and Central America2 5433 03119.21 6171 603-0.9
 
South America9 4008 549-9.13 0113 2076.5
Brazil6 8495 277-23.01 9492 17011.3
Chile55782548.14554764.6
Peru7361 00536.58542-50.6
Other countries in South America1 2581 44214.6522519-0.6
 
Africa5 2327 06335.09 77211 38616.5
Angola1171 4641 151.3492212-56.9
Botswana10412318.301.
South Africa1 9781 682-15.036549435.3
Other countries in Africa3 0333 79425.18 91510 67919.8
 
Oceania1 3161 77334.71 2941 263-2.4
Australia1 1131 50235.01 086974-10.3
New Zealand19926834.717924335.8
Other countries in Oceania43-25.0294658.6

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
July 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total438 15827 8456 00327 30428 7583 99842 53063 682176 84960 477712
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)269 38117 2695 42210 32917 7991 24631 21342 591110 70332 126683
Nordic countries89 4216 1671 5505 32911 7307968 39015 41728 91610 479646
Developing countries79 3036 3291377 3912 3621 3202 3078 16030 27920 99623
Russia10 6871 203117213 9729711 0112 621701070
India3 162644052125157643977860
Japan8 10356610203071 7825 3176230
China41 46859114463381 0745 28621 26512 7579
Singapore1 56612079014701354793900
South Korea10 67327033562325 5914 6351430
United States35 3226541332134 4211234 4711 22920 1653 9122
Canada9 21315897 2641851243611 0312620
Brazil5 2771 60903 196280123127159286
South Africa1 6822802992601194037088

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
July 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total540 95161 80259911 153309 3031 53534 92251 21955 44214 441535
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)436 71440 6423939 161285 34780419 74141 17531 2088 19747
Nordic countries73 35810 3101943 04231 8233085 3279 6829 4383 2239
Developing countries43 4558 589251 2368 44323910 2283 3819 8381 4770
Russia1 956256112015142381952980
India1 50713028700510475188350
Japan5 6682 29918677456628818161430
China13 7292 77117502794195 6859262 5105040
Singapore3 630386131 22711872791 2333110
South Korea5 6101 689144419202628511 6676570
United States24 3154 107942767 5703172 2942 7164 6772 2650
Canada5 0404023172 932101533969471810
Brazil2 33547517716566793124311890
South Africa1 1661440467328026208290

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
July 2018July 2019July 2018 - July 2019So far this yearJuly 2018 - July 2019
July 2018July 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country34 25236 3236.0258 280274 9466.5
 
County of production
Østfold1 1331 28713.69 83410 3255.0
Akershus46954716.63 5995 11042.0
Oslo60268313.54 4354 7627.4
Hedmark31139527.02 5622 89513.0
Oppland489485-0.84 5284 326-4.5
Buskerud74582510.77 1446 829-4.4
Vestfold1 7361 8033.913 55313 5930.3
Telemark2 0431 932-5.413 81013 335-3.4
Aust-Agder240212-11.71 9691 838-6.7
Vest-Agder2 5693 07219.618 37020 43611.2
Rogaland2 9522 888-2.223 50024 9476.2
Hordaland6 1116 6518.846 12845 470-1.4
Sogn og Fjordane1 037773-25.57 7897 8180.4
Møre og Romsdal2 7543 31120.221 51226 30322.3
Trøndelag2 4972 342.15 75115 651.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 3492 4303.416 70417 2043.0
Troms - Romsa45262137.45 6836 1969.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku36552343.33 7274 44219.2
Svalbard5--100.0630-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 5221 189-21.99 3148 825-5.3
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 2763 63010.823 42329 22424.8
County not stated5967264 8825 41510.9

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
July 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country36 3238 3307 6021 5776 85319 562
 
County of production1
Østfold1 28766316741 050
Akershus54755881483
Oslo683694320581
Hedmark39542301570196
Oppland48551100470
Buskerud82540500771
Vestfold1 8037-701 080647
Telemark1 93221071301 809
Aust-Agder21238-15-159
Vest-Agder3 072873903 025
Rogaland2 8883171441811 0371 353
Hordaland6 6511 3261 2981423 8891 294
Sogn og Fjordane773305305121455
Møre og Romsdal3 3111 5281 4751092181 455
Trøndelag22 3421 6081 577760658
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 4301 3961 333175-859
Troms - Romsa62154854517-56
Finnmark - Finnmárku52345345316514
Svalbard------
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 18943537615153567
Re-exports of goods produced abroad33 6304755953 519
County not stated7265340200653

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
June 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total378 5660.10.9
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)2 7777.1118.3
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms375 7890.00.5
 
0 Food and live animals24 0350.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0398-0.1-0.8
01 Meat and meat preparations6730.00.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7260.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof2 724-0.1-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3 4990.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit6 7570.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey7420.00.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices1 8270.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)3 5690.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products3 4200.00.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco5 0690.0-0.1
11 Beverages3 4320.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 6380.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels23 8550.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw230.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits9160.00.0
23 Crude rubber89-0.1-0.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 8490.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2380.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste570.0-1.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 861-0.1-0.4
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap16 0840.0-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 7380.0-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials24 1470.511.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 3120.00.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 2110.714.9
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation11 946-0.3-0.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured5340.03.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane4510.00.0
35 Electric current3 0910.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes3 2500.0-0.4
41 Animal oils and fats1 4710.0-0.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated1 6790.0-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1000.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.36 7510.00.0
51 Organic chemicals4 522-0.1-0.2
52 Inorganic chemicals2 6120.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 9430.0-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products9 7440.00.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc3 760-0.1-0.2
56 Fertilizers1 6930.00.0
57 Plastics in primary forms2 6180.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms3 3770.30.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 4810.00.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material55 7500.0-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins235-0.1-0.2
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.2 8490.00.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures4 0230.0-0.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof3 8810.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles4 4100.00.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.5 055-0.2-0.3
67 Iron and steel9 3790.0-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals4 862-0.1-0.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.21 056-0.10.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment153 4980.10.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment14 341-0.1-1.8
72 Machinery for special industries15 2030.0-0.2
73 Metal working machinery1 0080.0-0.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment20 064-0.1-0.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines8 8860.0-0.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment13 0340.0-0.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus19 6910.0-0.3
78 Road vehicles48 2100.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships13 0621.415.4
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles51 625-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings4 8430.0-0.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof8 5560.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.9390.0-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories9 8280.0-0.1
85 Footwear2 9050.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments9 106-0.2-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods1 6230.0-0.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s13 824-0.1-0.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions5850.0-0.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind2120.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender70.00.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)3670.0-1.2

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
June 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total474 9010.11.5
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)114 2870.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)115 1670.16.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)2 7726.58.6
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)4 0520.012.2
Mainland exports238 6230.10.0
 
0 Food and live animals53 5740.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03240.00.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1330.0-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs4250.00.1
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof49 7020.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2670.0-0.7
05 Vegetables and fruit910.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey380.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2160.0-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 7340.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products9450.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco4970.0-0.1
11 Beverages4920.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures40.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels9 7840.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw4060.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits40.00.0
23 Crude rubber240.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 1370.00.0
25 Pulp and waste paper1 4350.00.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1360.00.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 2500.0-0.3
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 2000.00.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1910.0-6.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials272 8820.22.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products145 8530.30.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation28 4661.11.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured125 0890.15.5
342 Liquefied propane and butane8 6260.21.0
35 Electric current1 9400.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 3270.00.8
41 Animal oils and fats6570.01.7
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2640.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed4060.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.30 0560.0-0.3
51 Organic chemicals8 5170.0-0.8
52 Inorganic chemicals3 9950.00.3
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials9660.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 409-0.1-0.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc8520.0-0.2
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms2 9580.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms703-0.1-0.7
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8 6540.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material44 5010.01.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins360.0-15.1
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.321-0.4-0.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures8740.0-0.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof2 8410.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles827-0.1-0.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9300.00.2
67 Iron and steel8 2040.00.0
68 Non-ferrous metals26 2070.02.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.4 2610.00.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment49 2250.0-0.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5 2670.0-7.7
72 Machinery for special industries5 951-0.1-0.3
73 Metal working machinery321-0.1-1.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment8 6980.0-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 558-0.1-0.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment3 1870.0-1.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9 5990.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles4 612-0.1-0.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships10 031-0.11.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles12 632-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings7010.0-0.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4450.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.830.0-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories429-0.4-0.3
85 Footwear1030.00.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments5 9650.00.3
88 Photographic and optical goods1410.0-0.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s3 766-0.2-1.3
 
9 Commodities and transactions4240.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4210.00.0

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.