366639
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366639
statistikk
2020-07-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

-10.2

NOK billion – trade deficit of goods in June 2020

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
June 2020May 2020 - June 2020June 2019 - June 2020June 2020June 2019 - June 2020
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports55.8-0.6-15.6397.8-15.0
Crude oil15.5-3.910.5108.6-5.7
Natural gas5.2-24.8-60.962.0-42.2
Natural gas condensates0.0-100.0-100.02.2-20.2
Ships and oil platforms0.0-100.0-100.03.0-26.6
Mainland exports35.07.6-5.3222.0-7.0
Fish8.04.92.551.12.9
 
Imports66.014.810.0367.8-3.0
Ships and oil platforms0.279.4527.83.420.3
 
The trade balance-10.2635.5-268.730.0-66.3
The mainland trade balance-30.8-23.8-33.8-142.4-3.6

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 330707 163.3 168-
2019757 902750 361.7 541-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201859 20359 00057 822203-
July 201854 72854 72356 9315-
August 201856 45256 43958 80713-
September 201859 31759 18657 999131-
October 201865 55865 14562 459413-
November 201865 02665 02462 4451-
December 201853 31753 16956 745149-
January 201960 63959 72662 427913-
February 201962 23161 91966 822312-
March 201966 84266 25660 759586-
April 201962 23161 44162 017790-
May 201967 16767 00163 861167-
June 201960 01259 97658 77836-
July 201959 86059 32761 828533-
August 201959 90459 12661 607778-
September 201967 46567 11166 026354-
October 201966 89765 71363 0601 184-
November 201963 05462 50260 077553-
December 201961 60060 26464 8161 337-
January 202061 31160 56562 832746-
February 202058 38756 34958 8742 038-
March 202069 12868 93962 736189-
April 202055 40255 35455 92148-
May 202057 53757 41154 677126-
June 202066 02565 79964 565226-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
20181 000 272991 771.458 226.8 501-
2019914 652907 117.472 926.7 536-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201879 84978 90484 59639 88138 993946-
July 201882 05381 55187 76134 64237 295502-
August 201887 09786 66090 48840 39141 403437-
September 201881 68980 22888 49336 18738 2591 461-
October 201898 28198 18689 67443 01739 95095-
November 201886 96086 84381 40742 05239 169117-
December 201879 69679 66277 35135 66937 91634-
January 201986 77286 70478 44942 56541 25168-
February 201976 46276 25076 98537 45538 545212-
March 201985 33484 94178 31640 54937 482394-
April 201977 34475 01077 80239 54940 5672 334-
May 201976 02275 93679 98341 71541 65586-
June 201966 07965 12072 51736 98538 259959-
July 201966 77966 55370 51636 42438 370226-
August 201965 55665 52969 72837 14539 13427-
September 201966 19864 23170 17237 65439 1121 967-
October 201976 57476 39469 83342 09838 635180-
November 201986 10185 70680 42841 83939 774395-
December 201985 43184 74279 97838 94839 746689-
January 202080 44780 36872 65140 70239 10579-
February 202075 07175 04873 64137 97538 51623-
March 202071 26869 11962 80241 05037 2902 149-
April 202059 05658 73861 66434 68435 757318-
May 202056 14555 73860 69132 56134 467407-
June 202055 78755 78760 44035 02734 424--

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018289 941284 608-248 936
2019156 750156 755-277 435
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201820 64619 904-19 119
July 201827 32526 827-20 081
August 201830 64530 221-16 048
September 201822 37221 042-22 999
October 201832 72333 041-22 128
November 201821 93521 819-22 973
December 201826 37826 493-17 500
January 201926 13426 978-17 160
February 201914 23114 331-24 464
March 201918 49318 685-25 706
April 201915 11213 569-21 893
May 20198 8558 936-25 285
June 20196 0675 144-22 991
July 20196 9207 226-22 904
August 20195 6526 403-21 981
September 2019-1 267-2 880-29 458
October 20199 67710 681-23 615
November 201923 04623 204-20 663
December 201923 83124 479-21 315
January 202019 13619 803-19 863
February 202016 68418 698-18 375
March 20202 140180-27 889
April 20203 6543 384-20 670
May 2020-1 392-1 673-24 850
June 2020-10 238-10 012-30 772

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 545.261 334.265 435.6 776
2019434 190.251 912.176 534.5 744
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
June 201839 02346 58421 37223 33417 65123 379-
July 201846 90950 30923 02423 88923 45926 388425
August 201846 26949 70223 20622 90322 06426 804999
September 201844 04150 11924 04324 92219 62925 280369
October 201855 16950 22027 77227 87826 60423 645793
November 201844 79241 47618 07918 08525 58822 0651 125
December 201843 99339 47917 14415 36726 68122 182168
January 201944 13837 96120 90719 50623 23218 838-
February 201938 79437 92317 87318 94520 40618 977515
March 201944 39142 01821 49920 98822 21619 337676
April 201935 46136 56421 11520 68214 12714 492219
May 201934 22137 22319 74620 29013 83416 536641
June 201928 13534 05814 07215 52213 34317 831720
July 201930 13032 37218 73819 59510 55811 892834
August 201928 38530 64918 97118 9849 08211 019332
September 201926 57730 27319 70720 2296 2298 014641
October 201934 29631 16220 28120 30013 61612 044399
November 201943 86740 38828 81628 70514 33312 357717
December 201945 79440 71130 18726 65115 55812 92049
January 202039 66634 03223 54821 88215 28912 342829
February 202037 07336 03524 04725 39912 32311 476704
March 202028 06926 47715 65015 11512 12510 566294
April 202024 05324 99613 64913 46410 08810 331317
May 202023 17725 40716 17616 8696 9338 35168
June 202020 76025 29615 54417 2845 2177 007-

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
June 2019June 2020June 2019 - June 2020So far this yearJune 2019 - June 2020
June 2019June 2020
Total60 01266 02510.0379 121367 789-3.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)36226527.82 8033 37220.3
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms59 97665 7999.7376 318364 417-3.2
 
0 Food and live animals3 6874 61225.123 99926 2699.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03131620.39995-3.4
01 Meat and meat preparations12216837.16737166.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs11818455.072689923.8
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof29939130.82 7132 9107.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations46662834.93 4973 410-2.5
05 Vegetables and fruit9881 34035.76 7607 74414.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey11613213.87427916.7
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices27939341.21 8272 17919.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)62575020.13 5393 90010.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products662610-7.83 4233 6245.9
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9311 22631.75 0696 19622.2
11 Beverages61474922.03 4313 83811.9
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures31747750.61 6382 35844.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 2473 617-14.823 77824 9695.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw36133.4232510.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits12614313.59161 0009.2
23 Crude rubber2419-22.28883-6.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork5285748.62 8452 814-1.1
25 Pulp and waste paper303618.9238221-7.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste9107.8576818.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales25631924.31 8552 0017.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 0442 223-27.016 02316 8305.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials22728927.31 7321 92711.3
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials4 4632 487-44.324 16618 486-23.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes202186-7.81 3121 251-4.6
33 Petroleum, petroleum products3 9072 264-42.119 22716 305-15.2
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 0101 431-28.811 9649 546-20.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9135-61.6537439-18.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane8133-59.2451335-25.7
35 Electric current2622-99.33 091491-84.1
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes65088636.33 2824 16626.9
41 Animal oils and fats3243487.41 5041 68211.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated30551568.61 6792 37441.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed212310.810011010.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 8357 06721.136 74239 7498.2
51 Organic chemicals718653-9.14 5253 851-14.9
52 Inorganic chemicals35044527.32 6212 90911.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials32243033.51 9432 1148.8
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 4842 05938.89 73711 64819.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc60484740.33 7604 32915.1
56 Fertilizers306305-0.41 6931 6980.3
57 Plastics in primary forms4274484.82 6092 6250.6
58 Plastics in non-primary forms55464716.83 3763 73410.6
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 0691 23215.26 4786 8405.6
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 2999 77817.855 87054 450-2.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins334226.12352370.9
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.46255119.42 8483 0125.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures65679120.64 0224 0761.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof61670113.73 8794 0193.6
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles70899139.94 4084 90411.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8729286.45 0534 977-1.5
67 Iron and steel1 5091 81720.49 52011 45920.4
68 Non-ferrous metals801562-29.84 8654 089-16.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 6413 39728.621 04217 676-16.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment23 91726 96312.7153 924141 683-8.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 4791 96332.714 33810 214-28.8
72 Machinery for special industries2 4512 82815.415 18514 953-1.5
73 Metal working machinery185154-16.71 006915-9.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 2823 81316.220 02819 759-1.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 4551 4882.38 8769 2624.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 3202 59511.913 02713 5914.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 3144 23227.719 68621 70310.2
78 Road vehicles7 7556 127-21.048 19135 508-26.3
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 2693 338-21.828 00619 482-30.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 6763 762124.413 58815 77716.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 8739 27817.851 70651 107-1.2
81 Prefabricated buildings802780-2.84 8404 354-10.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 3401 61520.58 5558 469-1.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1581675.2939845-10.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 3151 73031.59 8269 658-1.7
85 Footwear37643014.32 9062 534-12.8
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4561 5073.59 2179 036-2.0
88 Photographic and optical goods26629711.61 6141 521-5.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 1592 75327.513 80914 6916.4
 
9 Other commodities and transactions111110-0.858571321.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4913-72.8212117-44.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender21-14.1723241.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)609558.336757356.2

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
June 2019June 2020June 2019 - June 2020So far this yearJune 2019 - June 2020
June 2019June 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total66 07955 787-15.6468 013397 773-15.0
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)14 07215 54410.5115 213108 613-5.7
Natural gas (SITC 343)13 3435 217-60.9107 15861 974-42.2
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)720--100.02 7722 211-20.2
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)959--100.04 0522 976-26.6
Mainland exports36 98535 027-5.3238 819221 999-7.0
 
0 Food and live animals8 3738 7514.553 49455 0743.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.033410.1234174.6
01 Meat and meat preparations21224.01321438.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6758-13.7423368-13.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof7 7667 9582.549 62751 0602.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations43467.72682700.9
05 Vegetables and fruit161810.491987.5
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey93-61.53821-44.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3728-25.62162191.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)24041673.61 7311 8285.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products17119916.39451 0278.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9887-11.849658317.6
11 Beverages9787-10.949257516.8
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures10-98.34997.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 6111 561-3.19 79710 1243.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2117-19.3406256-37.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits01459.34535.5
23 Crude rubber43-23.82418-25.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork34338612.42 1492 1580.4
25 Pulp and waste paper2142244.71 4351 4682.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste2618-30.8137105-23.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales377358-4.92 2482 224-1.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap603516-14.33 2043 69615.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials243857.31911952.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials34 09724 083-29.4266 051200 252-24.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes210-99.4573-95.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 15717 848-6.8146 811129 485-11.8
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 3152 274-47.328 48618 477-35.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured14 5906 177-57.7117 24469 848-40.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 055935-11.38 7717 320-16.5
35 Electric current33058-82.51 940915-52.8
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes23432639.11 3091 65826.7
41 Animal oils and fats105232121.665597148.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated6012-79.4264260-1.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed708217.23904279.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 3914 377-0.330 03930 3170.9
51 Organic chemicals1 371686-49.98 5168 115-4.7
52 Inorganic chemicals6256605.73 9934 3138.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials15623047.79661 14318.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products53961514.13 4113 76410.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1351382.185296413.2
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4614681.52 9582 937-0.7
58 Plastics in non-primary forms129105-18.0703694-1.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9761 47551.08 6408 388-2.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 9166 753-2.444 49243 119-3.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins51091.336396.1
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5352-1.832142933.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures13016426.78731 01816.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4224383.92 8412 539-10.6
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles13316121.382492712.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1481575.6914876-4.1
67 Iron and steel1 430915-36.08 2416 569-20.3
68 Non-ferrous metals3 9384 0723.426 17426 3210.6
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.65878319.04 2694 4023.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment8 1957 121-13.149 28542 622-13.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment662440-33.55 2323 866-26.1
72 Machinery for special industries1 1891 156-2.85 9416 0251.4
73 Metal working machinery5553-2.9321293-8.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 2921 52017.68 6618 7821.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines27433020.31 5521 5520.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment681675-0.93 1823 53711.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 8791 159-38.39 5957 543-21.4
78 Road vehicles70590428.14 6024 170-9.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 457883-39.310 1986 853-32.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 0762 57824.212 62713 3065.4
81 Prefabricated buildings11718356.670782817.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof22727420.61 4391 416-1.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.149-37.58254-34.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories647518.0428361-15.8
85 Footwear1110-10.010365-37.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 0401 15811.35 9635 942-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods2820-28.6141129-8.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s57585047.73 7644 51119.9
 
9 Other commodities and transactions8615174.842371769.6
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind031 749.705872.7
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-97.720-88.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8514873.842071269.5

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2019June 2020June 2019June 2020
1Figures for EU does not include Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total379 121367 789-3.0468 013397 773-15.0
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries78 63671 350-9.364 15465 0461.4
EFTA4 9364 688-5.03 8533 9261.9
EU1233 214206 893-11.3377 723243 008-35.7
OECD239 744230 337-3.9383 592299 943-21.8
Developing countries66 90075 40412.737 66359 95359.2
LDC - least developed countries2 5672 86911.89851 0769.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe253 066241 785-4.5387 898304 718-21.4
Belgium5 7606 0054.321 40815 734-26.5
Denmark23 40420 978-10.420 98316 273-22.4
Estonia3 1822 700-15.17848599.6
Finland8 8238 706-1.36 6214 791-27.6
France12 32611 412-7.428 70720 291-29.3
Greece516395-23.48851 21036.7
Ireland2 2812 4487.33 3542 714-19.1
Iceland920829-9.92 3542 281-3.1
Italy11 92210 871-8.86 6845 335-20.2
Lithuania4 4425 07614.32 8853 90635.4
Netherlands14 32712 829-10.548 76741 134-15.7
Poland14 68913 563-7.711 0079 645-12.4
Portugal1 5431 455-5.72 9102 813-3.3
Romania1 5882 37149.34935093.2
Russia9 6036 614-31.11 6331 560-4.5
Slovakia1 6291 6893.7254192-24.4
Spain8 3469 0758.710 2736 703-34.8
United Kingdom18 58521 45015.497 21466 527-31.6
Switzerland3 9883 828-4.01 4961 6439.8
Sweden44 94140 312-10.333 93941 28421.6
Czech Republic4 3044 3841.91 1111 014-8.7
Turkey3 9514 2206.83 4435 27353.2
Germany41 35440 066-3.175 82447 916-36.8
Hungary1 4512 12346.3400351-12.3
Austria4 2343 085-27.11 4811 307-11.7
Other countires in Europe4 9575 3016.92 9883 45315.6
 
Asia70 15572 1162.837 92660 71260.1
Hong Kong4454460.21 031881-14.5
India2 6882 543-5.41 3261 49012.4
Japan7 1368 15614.35 0524 076-19.3
China34 92040 12614.911 49035 186206.2
Malaysia1 7001 451-14.68941 03916.2
Singapore1 3812 46978.83 3122 844-14.1
South Korea10 1524 310-57.54 8736 21127.5
Taiwan2 4572 4680.41 0781 0840.6
Thailand1 6861 7242.31 4231 4280.4
Vietnam3 1093 49912.59319825.5
Other countires in Asia4 4814 9249.96 5165 491-15.7
 
North and Central America41 75937 347-10.626 75821 441-19.9
Canada7 6949 32021.13 6512 883-21.0
United States31 36325 743-17.921 51716 634-22.7
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 7022 284-15.51 5901 924-66.6
 
South America7 2839 43429.53 0372 901-4.5
Brazil4 6516 84447.22 0341 897-6.7
Chile628622-1.0525510-2.9
Peru776610-21.42966127.6
Other countries in South-America1 2281 35810.6449428-4.7
 
Africa5 4706 38416.711 2876 961-38.3
Angola32757876.8126601377.0
Botswana7828-64.1--.
South Africa1 5571 022-34.4775440-43.2
Other countires in Africa3 5084 75635.610 3865 920-43.0
 
Oceania1 387723-47.91 1071 040-6.1
Australia1 165465-60.18338937.2
New Zealand22025616.4200121-39.5
Other countires in Oceania220.07426-64.9

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2019June 2020June 2019June 2020
1Figures for EU is without Great Britan from February 2020 on.
Total376 318364 417-3.2238 819221 999-7.0
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries78 02271 323-8.645 19942 353-6.3
EFTA4 9244 674-5.13 8463 9262.1
EU1232 663206 597-11.2155 851132 259-15.1
OECD238 560229 023-4.0162 070152 337-6.0
Developing countries66 10174 23312.336 51233 668-7.8
LDC - least developed countries2 5672 86911.89851 0476.3
 
Continents and countries
Europe251 783240 471-4.5166 355156 802-5.7
Belgium5 7606 0054.38 2046 905-15.8
Denmark22 91320 973-8.516 11114 183-12.0
Estonia3 1822 700-15.17848599.6
Finland8 8238 699-1.43 7764 0397.0
France12 32611 402-7.57 9907 221-9.6
Greece516395-23.45631 210114.9
Ireland2 2812 4055.42 7462 391-12.9
Iceland907815-10.12 3472 281-2.8
Italy11 90210 871-8.74 7514 279-9.9
Lithuania4 4365 06014.12 3282 99028.4
Netherlands14 32712 615-11.924 42123 263-4.7
Poland14 68913 563-7.79 2539 5863.6
Portugal1 5431 455-5.72 5962 536-2.3
Romania1 5882 37149.34935093.2
Russia9 6036 614-31.11 6121 483-8.0
Slovakia1 6291 6893.7254192-24.4
Spain8 3469 0758.76 5465 669-13.4
United Kingdom18 58321 36415.021 26019 358-8.9
Switzerland3 9883 828-4.01 4961 6439.8
Sweden44 93040 312-10.322 70821 437-5.6
Czech Republic4 3044 3841.91 1111 014-8.7
Turkey3 3313 303-0.83 4432 685-22.0
Germany41 33240 066-3.116 69316 188-3.0
Hungary1 4512 12346.3400351-12.3
Austria4 2343 085-27.11 4811 307-11.7
Other countries in Europe4 8595 2999.12 9883 2237.9
 
Asia68 63670 0942.136 44336 328-0.3
Hong Kong4454460.2927806-13.1
India2 6882 543-5.41 3261 49012.4
Japan7 1368 15614.35 0524 076-19.3
China34 74039 90814.910 97511 8427.9
Malaysia1 7001 451-14.68941 03916.2
Singapore1 3811 93440.03 2342 844-12.1
South Korea8 8123 041-65.54 4525 41021.5
Taiwan2 4572 4680.41 0781 0840.6
Thailand1 6861 7242.31 4231 4280.4
Vietnam3 1093 49912.59319825.5
Other countries in Asia4 4824 9249.96 1515 327-13.4
 
North and Central America41 75937 311-10.721 33318 156-14.9
Canada7 6949 32021.12 5211 446-42.6
United States31 36325 743-17.917 58115 127-14.0
Other countries in North and Central America2 7022 248-16.81 2311 58328.6
 
South America7 2839 43429.52 7642 9015.0
Brazil4 6516 84447.21 8701 8971.4
Chile628622-1.041751022.3
Peru776610-21.42966127.6
Other countries in South America1 2281 35810.6448428-4.5
 
Africa5 4706 38416.710 8626 773-37.6
Angola32757876.8126590368.3
Botswana7828-64.1--.
South Africa1 5571 022-34.4413281-32.0
Other countries in Africa3 5084 75635.610 3235 902-42.8
 
Oceania1 387723-47.91 0611 040-2.0
Australia1 165465-60.18338937.2
New Zealand22025616.4200121-39.5
Other countries in Oceania220.02826-7.1

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
June 2020
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2002 on.
Total367 78926 2696 19624 96918 4864 16639 74954 450141 68351 107713
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)1206 89315 9645 4789 0299 2321 67226 93035 80276 86425 225696
Nordic countries71 3505 3401 6954 8506 0471 0058 08914 11420 5539 014645
Developing countries75 4045 8171066 5513 7757702 3707 86430 34317 8045
Russia6 614599126121 8971 0088111 50093801
India2 543397136115196702726460
Japan8 15661513203003 5463 7285010
China40 1265210117169094 88822 83410 8490
Singapore2 46990100110782 0242460
South Korea4 31020010731591973 7112040
United States25 7435951421722 1443634 5911 41212 7683 5534
Canada9 32013398 071530182925742250
Brazil6 8441 60014 130733060119162344
South Africa1 022307203690994525770

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
June 2020
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesOther commodities and transactions
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total397 77355 07458310 124200 2521 65830 31743 11942 62213 306717
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1243 00833 5802737 935126 27291715 08830 45022 1816 23875
Nordic countries65 0469 2141952 63929 4705254 5548 4047 2172 81218
Developing countries59 9537 359141 13431 2542188 2713 1936 6461 8630
Russia1 56028704913122357666713
India1 490140200383045331186420
Japan4 0762 0121542881574444603980
China35 1862 113754024 019114 4101 0002 5934940
Singapore2 8443043179011441831 0623550
South Korea6 2111 6042451 087202881 4311 3064270
United States16 6343 7552181911 2363372 4491 7924 7081 9480
Canada2 883368511 437131472845231040
Brazil1 897302142034883326011270
South Africa440100051601572375190

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
June 2019June 2020June 2019 - June 2020So far this yearJune 2019 - June 2020
June 2019June 2020
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country36 98535 027-5.3238 819221 999-7.0
 
County of production
Viken.3 114..17 688.
Østfold (-2019)1 885--100.09 037--100.0
Akershus (-2019)576--100.04 624--100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 436-48.111 403--100.0
Oslo65474614.13 7574 62823.2
Innlandet.1 045..5 619.
Hedmark (-2019)410--100.02 511--100.0
Oppland (-2019)620--100.03 839--100.0
Vestfold og Telemark.3 295..20 746.
Vestfold (-2019)2 077--100.011 785--100.0
Telemark (-2019)1 436--100.011 403--100.0
Agder.2 554..20 448.
Aust-Agder (-2019)252--100.01 621--100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)2 632--100.017 363--100.0
Rogaland3 3903 118-8.022 08919 761-10.5
Vestland.5 537..37 018.
Hordaland (-2019)5 641--100.038 913--100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 130--100.07 039--100.0
Møre og Romsdal3 1913 2692.422 94921 414-6.7
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 2882 4145.513 10514 3859.8
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 2952 167-5.614 79914 638-1.1
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku.1 212..9 045.
Troms - Romsa (-2019)755--100.05 570--100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)524--100.03 918--100.0
Svalbard200-100.0560-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 1121 037-6.77 8236 740-13.8
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 0784 4158.325 98023 758-8.6
County not stated9391 10317.54 6596 11131.2

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
June 2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country35 0278 8387 9581 8873 32220 980
 
County of production1
Viken3 114179722432 708
Oslo746641360646
Innlandet1 0451221412890
Vestfold og Telemark3 2952401096882 474
Agder2 5541175002 493
Rogaland3 1186645262739001 281
Vestland5 5371 7961 7262351 6161 890
Møre og Romsdal3 2691 4931 32816261 608
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 4141 5321 521107-775
Nordland2 1671 2481 17794-826
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 2121 0841 068473645
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 0375705193415868
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 41578842124 283
County not stated1 1038367261993

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.