366565
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366565
statistikk
2020-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

84.4

NOK billion – Exports of goods in December 2019

External trade in goods1
NOK BillionChange in per centNOK Billion - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
December 2019November 2019 - December 2019December 2018 - December 2019December 2019December 2018 - December 2019
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports84.43.55.9903.9-9.4
Crude oil28.21.264.8247.8-5.2
Natural gas16.959.8-36.6170.6-35.7
Natural gas condensates0.0-93.3-71.05.7-14.9
Ships and oil platforms0.2-55.4417.66.7-20.0
Mainland exports39.0-7.09.3473.03.9
Fish9.3-9.915.7104.18.3
 
Imports58.8-7.610.1755.66.4
Ships and oil platforms0.723.7598.06.8141.2
 
The trade balance25.642.7-2.7148.3-48.3
The mainland trade balance-19.19.6-8.4-275.7-9.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
2019755 593748 762.6 831-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201753 25952 85856 531401-
January 201854 70153 88257 591819-
February 201850 97850 61053 518369-
March 201864 22263 87959 907344-
April 201863 53563 06562 128471-
May 201863 25363 09159 612162-
June 201859 01359 00658 7067-
July 201854 82254 81856 7205-
August 201856 42556 41358 74013-
September 201859 31759 18657 980131-
October 201865 58265 16962 610413-
November 201865 05565 05462 4811-
December 201853 42953 33157 73298-
January 201960 57559 66263 425913-
February 201962 23161 92065 505312-
March 201966 84566 25962 085586-
April 201962 23361 44360 222790-
May 201967 17067 00362 496167-
June 201960 01359 97760 09735-
July 201959 87659 34361 488533-
August 201959 92859 15061 572778-
September 201967 47367 17566 058298-
October 201966 76165 57863 0551 184-
November 201963 65663 10360 594553-
December 201958 83258 14863 488684-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
2019903 909897 164.473 043.6 745-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201778 13477 71075 63335 07036 461424-
January 201885 60882 98176 11136 99836 6872 627-
February 201875 88775 79777 27135 75437 24391-
March 201881 64381 59379 21937 38637 09650-
April 201879 77979 21778 36536 99236 217563-
May 201879 94278 43880 68337 54637 1161 505-
June 201879 32178 37583 04139 35237 702946-
July 201881 66381 16086 63434 25236 813502-
August 201886 92586 48889 79640 21941 179437-
September 201881 62580 16388 50836 12238 1501 461-
October 201898 22398 12990 93343 01339 96195-
November 201887 02786 91182 11842 08339 323117-
December 201879 71979 68578 31935 69238 21734-
January 201986 73786 66979 75542 53141 72368-
February 201976 45976 24777 36737 45338 908212-
March 201985 34584 95178 24440 56038 000394-
April 201977 25674 92376 49539 46140 2222 334-
May 201976 05475 96878 20541 74741 10586-
June 201966 04765 08971 16636 95337 167959-
July 201966 75266 52669 85736 39738 260226-
August 201965 56165 52269 36837 13739 09639-
September 201965 93264 25470 14637 67739 1141 678-
October 201971 78371 60366 73542 15338 764180-
November 201981 58081 18577 15541 95440 061395-
December 201984 40284 22680 70039 01940 186176-

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
2019148 316148 402-275 719
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201724 87524 853-17 787
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201926 16227 007-17 131
February 201914 22814 328-24 467
March 201918 50018 693-25 699
April 201915 02313 479-21 982
May 20198 8848 965-25 256
June 20196 0355 111-23 024
July 20196 8777 183-22 947
August 20195 6336 372-22 013
September 2019-1 542-2 922-29 499
October 20195 0216 025-23 424
November 201917 92418 082-21 149
December 201925 57026 078-19 129

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
2019424 121.247 778.170 594.5 749
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201742 64039 43422 11520 99320 35817 075167
January 201845 98340 73721 76320 77623 58019 707639
February 201840 04239 85318 61519 97220 66019 295767
March 201844 20741 85022 54822 16621 65918 764-
April 201842 22542 62921 95721 00519 58320 750686
May 201840 89242 91421 81021 44518 27721 016805
June 201839 02345 51121 37223 11617 65122 843-
July 201846 90949 23723 02423 45023 45925 812425
August 201846 26949 27723 20622 95122 06425 942999
September 201844 04149 92624 04325 26719 62924 751369
October 201855 11651 47827 77227 70626 60424 171739
November 201844 82741 66718 07918 23425 58822 2831 160
December 201843 99340 51617 14415 90726 68122 411168
January 201944 13838 89920 90719 76723 23219 297-
February 201938 79438 54217 87319 18720 40619 128515
March 201944 39141 99221 49920 84822 21619 348676
April 201935 46135 83221 11520 27614 12714 970219
May 201934 22135 93619 74619 64813 83415 892641
June 201928 13532 90414 07215 26413 34317 286720
July 201930 13031 59918 73819 23310 55811 603834
August 201928 38530 34418 97119 0419 08210 639332
September 201926 57730 18519 70720 5716 2297 843641
October 201929 45027 63518 97418 89910 0769 140399
November 201939 23136 38227 92728 16210 5829 234722
December 201945 20741 50128 24926 00616 90914 21549

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
December 2018December 2019December 2018 - December 2019So far this yearDecember 2018 - December 2019
December 2018December 2019
Total53 42958 83210.1710 335755 5936.4
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)98684598.02 8326 831141.2
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms53 33158 1489.0707 503748 7625.8
 
0 Food and live animals3 6423 9378.146 10448 7205.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03212835.92012094.0
01 Meat and meat preparations146124-15.21 4061 384-1.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs9211222.61 3961 4413.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof28738233.14 8675 3309.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations519462-11.16 0836 5928.4
05 Vegetables and fruit9701 07811.112 53412 6050.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey10112019.41 4971 5463.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices27331615.63 7014 0108.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6456754.87 7607 8401.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products5886398.76 6587 76316.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco80691914.110 00110 8278.3
11 Beverages48356216.56 6307 1778.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures32335710.53 3713 6508.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels3 5173 94812.346 05946 7971.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw33-12.9224396.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits28149442.41 8881 9493.2
23 Crude rubber4645.915317916.9
24 Wood, lumber and cork3043225.84 8745 3229.2
25 Pulp and waste paper222932.1503427-15.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste87-7.61211329.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales337270-19.93 4883 6253.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 5512 89413.431 89231 9820.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2602693.23 1173 1380.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials4 1083 890-5.346 79550 1537.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes201185-8.22 4042 4210.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products3 1552 952-6.439 55741 8525.8
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 0812 1734.420 91524 32316.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured667310.41 3351 000-25.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane627013.01 279857-33.0
35 Electric current686681-0.83 4994 88039.5
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes52267729.57 2458 33315.0
41 Animal oils and fats19723016.63 1483 72018.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated31143339.33 8544 36913.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1413-6.12432440.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 3905 8708.972 22473 5751.9
51 Organic chemicals60074824.79 6728 514-12.0
52 Inorganic chemicals433417-3.75 5885 192-7.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials21423912.03 7853 8852.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 5741 81215.119 66619 9791.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc60869714.68 1327 828-3.7
56 Fertilizers2842995.53 0653 2516.1
57 Plastics in primary forms3083172.95 0295 0340.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms3804056.66 2666 5274.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.989934-5.511 02113 36421.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 2987 25015.1107 003106 558-0.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins3932-19.0536474-11.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3073379.85 6846 0556.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures521479-8.27 8217 8220.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5465796.27 7717 8591.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles5315707.38 2168 6535.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.694672-3.310 01710 1781.6
67 Iron and steel9641 77484.116 29419 23118.0
68 Non-ferrous metals695560-19.511 6509 094-21.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 0012 24812.339 01337 194-4.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment21 09623 66312.2271 345300 75310.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 1461 32315.515 74521 51436.6
72 Machinery for special industries1 9402 18512.726 57129 73011.9
73 Metal working machinery143288101.91 7882 21623.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 5983 30127.034 75239 77914.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 8451 664-9.819 14119 2230.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 6353 11518.226 65229 39810.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 9683 50418.037 51841 86211.6
78 Road vehicles6 6556 8573.080 74688 6739.8
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 4224 248-3.950 54151 7112.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 1661 42522.228 43128 360-0.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 9658 5477.3102 396108 5156.0
81 Prefabricated buildings68382320.59 52310 1216.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2041 2352.515 73716 7646.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1601726.91 8502 0058.4
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 4501 67715.721 35722 1863.9
85 Footwear3303639.75 7996 0714.7
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4521 5557.116 48218 48112.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2622765.23 1813 3144.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 4232 4481.028 46729 5743.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions8413054.61 1631 36217.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind354424.94524959.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1251.31714-17.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)488576.469485423.0

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
December 2018December 2019December 2018 - December 2019So far this yearDecember 2018 - December 2019
December 2018December 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total79 71984 4025.9997 363903 909-9.4
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)17 14428 24964.8261 334247 778-5.2
Natural gas (SITC 343)26 68116 909-36.6265 435170 594-35.7
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)16849-70.86 7585 749-14.9
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)34176417.68 4276 745-20.0
Mainland exports35 69239 0199.3455 410473 0433.9
 
0 Food and live animals8 6269 90414.8103 294112 1018.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032367.47457-22.7
01 Meat and meat preparations2624-9.12782873.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs5743-23.87427622.8
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 0509 31315.796 132104 1218.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations253437.140650223.4
05 Vegetables and fruit1813-27.3200194-3.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey36115.9536216.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices242918.542447612.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)22927821.43 2543 75415.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products192162-15.81 7311 8879.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco607524.91 0101 0948.3
11 Beverages607221.79981 0818.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures13325.312122.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 4331 4692.517 92318 8585.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw10980-26.15736086.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits021 830.8782.8
23 Crude rubber24107.441422.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork2652826.53 7913 9564.3
25 Pulp and waste paper225221-1.82 8052 789-0.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste1614-9.52712741.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales325320-1.74 2024 2831.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap45852013.75 7596 47412.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3425-25.8474424-10.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials50 85952 3252.9621 481501 940-19.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes021 300.01068-92.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products21 62933 85556.5324 914308 772-5.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 2725 52129.256 06054 582-2.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured28 57218 234-36.2288 582188 531-34.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 6621 210-27.220 25915 758-22.2
35 Electric current658235-64.37 8804 629-41.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes21228333.62 3932 71413.4
41 Animal oils and fats1391454.31 2501 43114.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3591 963.840347116.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed707913.27408129.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 2354 85414.659 76360 7951.7
51 Organic chemicals1 1071 59844.416 98018 5989.5
52 Inorganic chemicals68778614.48 7648 315-5.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials10412317.81 9901 906-4.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products617514-16.87 7776 811-12.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc10212724.31 5461 73011.9
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4004092.25 9165 782-2.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms7070-0.41 4911 365-8.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 1471 2287.115 29916 2896.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 0486 3384.884 72587 1622.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins557.77675-0.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.54564.97117353.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures1021119.01 6381 6983.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof442410-7.35 6415 594-0.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1141238.01 6041 6895.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.951059.91 5931 77711.6
67 Iron and steel1 1431 1984.814 59214 9632.5
68 Non-ferrous metals3 5003 6805.150 23652 0133.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.5916499.88 6358 618-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment6 2217 00812.783 17592 55111.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment1 1401 39922.77 17410 30043.6
72 Machinery for special industries8561 04021.511 80512 1512.9
73 Metal working machinery386674.26136719.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 2761 52019.116 16917 7499.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines25332930.12 7343 23618.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment49057016.26 3126 6014.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9199341.714 59116 82615.3
78 Road vehicles605601-0.68 0458 8299.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships644549-14.815 73116 1882.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 9642 0705.422 76225 68012.8
81 Prefabricated buildings769625.31 4281 4290.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof19222416.22 7792 8452.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.6945.611214631.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories617014.88909375.4
85 Footwear91013.816520524.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 0761 0871.09 67212 81532.5
88 Photographic and optical goods172226.123926711.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s5265535.37 4777 036-5.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions637620.98371 01321.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0098.9111-87.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender01198.72381.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)627520.28251 00922.3

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2018December 2019December 2018December 2019
Total710 335755 5936.4997 363903 909-9.4
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries144 581151 4914.8136 047130 678-3.9
EFTA10 48210 050-4.18 4398 8224.5
EU433 349459 8636.1817 511711 440-13.0
OECD544 541472 099-13.3903 359724 177-19.8
Developing countries130 863147 43512.769 57987 98126.4
LDC - least developed countries4 2676 05141.85 0942 325-54.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe469 667498 6666.2837 205733 803-12.4
Belgium11 10211 8997.252 14937 287-28.5
Denmark38 93142 4599.146 20541 080-11.1
Estonia5 8225 9752.61 5881 6534.1
Finland16 45217 0943.916 86112 918-23.4
France22 64324 95910.265 70752 065-20.8
Greece80392415.11 0041 82381.6
Ireland4 9115 1104.110 4276 467-38.0
Iceland2 4721 962-20.65 4935 8536.6
Italy22 67723 5403.813 23012 526-5.3
Lithuania8 5179 3329.66 2695 820-7.2
Netherlands25 96428 60010.2105 881100 072-5.5
Poland24 28829 11619.922 49221 269-5.4
Portugal2 5993 04617.25 2746 21417.8
Romania4 0014 3598.98729266.2
Russia16 74717 3663.72 4683 03723.1
Slovakia3 7123 667-1.247956918.8
Spain14 50015 6287.817 44620 56217.9
United Kingdom38 49237 627-2.2215 856181 358-16.0
Switzerland7 9508 0250.92 9462 9660.7
Sweden85 85489 0013.766 74469 9614.8
Czech Republic8 2588 3040.61 9872 0714.2
Turkey6 2988 16929.75 8677 26323.8
Germany77 43181 7405.6159 346129 167-18.9
Hungary2 9763 28010.21 096747-31.8
Austria6 3937 14011.72 2122 85228.9
Other countires in Europe9 87410 3444.87 3067 277-0.4
 
Asia136 865142 2153.972 19293 21829.1
Hong Kong1 1211 028-8.31 8092 27425.7
India4 5385 60323.52 3653 60752.5
Japan13 28714 2827.511 60110 621-8.4
China71 32576 9367.920 95837 35678.2
Malaysia3 5583 045-14.41 5611 97226.3
Singapore3 1123 1601.54 8646 01523.7
South Korea19 45014 566-25.111 24910 208-9.3
Taiwan4 1694 86816.81 8521 8560.2
Thailand3 4253 4651.22 3313 31742.3
Vietnam4 8086 36532.41 6901 92614.0
Other countires in Asia8 0728 89710.211 91214 06618.1
 
North and Central America76 62780 4895.058 35551 334-12.0
Canada16 88016 056-4.97 4847 7323.3
United States54 81559 4298.446 68539 457-15.5
Other countries in North- and Central-America4 9325 0041.54 1864 145-44.7
 
South America16 69718 80312.66 9946 957-0.5
Brazil11 62812 7509.63 8024 89328.7
Chile9811 42144.91 2791 017-20.5
Peru1 8132 06113.714288-38.0
Other countries in South-America2 2752 57113.01 771959-45.8
 
Africa8 36012 73952.418 99516 292-14.2
Angola1231 4511 079.71 316783-40.5
Botswana181135-25.401.
South Africa2 8892 885-0.11 3091 64325.5
Other countires in Africa5 1678 26860.016 37013 865-15.3
 
Oceania2 1192 68126.53 6222 305-36.4
Australia1 7702 23226.12 3871 680-29.6
New Zealand34444529.4985500-49.2
Other countires in Oceania54-20.0250125-50.0

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2018December 2019December 2018December 2019
Total707 503748 7625.8455 410473 0433.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries144 311150 6114.490 53790 473-0.1
EFTA10 46610 019-4.38 4398 236-2.4
EU432 740458 8286.0301 717306 1121.5
OECD542 709469 206-13.5372 363318 353-14.5
Developing countries129 692144 44811.464 00771 56211.8
LDC - least developed countries4 1426 05146.15 0822 325-54.3
 
Continents and countries
Europe468 614495 6695.8321 920327 7881.8
Belgium11 10211 8997.217 48515 462-11.6
Denmark38 85841 7367.429 85632 0507.3
Estonia5 8225 9752.61 5881 6534.1
Finland16 28317 0935.07 8867 407-6.1
France22 64324 95910.215 42615 9183.2
Greece80392415.11 0001 25325.3
Ireland4 9115 1104.14 0975 11024.7
Iceland2 4561 931-21.45 4935 267-4.1
Italy22 67723 5203.79 1209 3402.4
Lithuania8 5169 3269.54 2784 94315.5
Netherlands25 92728 60010.353 80548 125-10.6
Poland24 28828 87418.918 41218 8212.2
Portugal2 5993 04617.24 5325 08212.1
Romania4 0014 3598.98729266.2
Russia16 74717 3663.72 3292 94026.2
Slovakia3 7123 667-1.247956918.8
Spain14 50015 6287.811 31713 09215.7
United Kingdom38 21337 625-1.536 45939 8799.4
Switzerland7 9508 0250.92 9462 9660.7
Sweden85 84388 9813.746 61444 967-3.5
Czech Republic8 2588 3040.61 9872 0714.2
Turkey5 8716 3448.15 4616 28915.2
Germany77 39281 7185.630 77732 8776.8
Hungary2 9763 28010.21 096747-31.8
Austria6 3937 14011.72 2122 85228.9
Other countries in Europe9 87310 2393.76 3937 18212.3
 
Asia135 250138 6062.564 59477 88620.6
Hong Kong8681 02818.41 7661 8997.5
India4 5385 60323.52 3652 80618.6
Japan13 28714 2827.511 14710 621-4.7
China70 74576 0017.418 89724 86631.6
Malaysia3 5583 045-14.41 5611 97226.3
Singapore3 1122 821-9.44 7665 69419.5
South Korea18 66912 231-34.57 6019 37523.3
Taiwan4 1694 86816.81 6901 8569.8
Thailand3 4253 4651.22 1293 31755.8
Vietnam4 8086 36532.41 6901 92614.0
Other countries in Asia8 0718 89710.210 98213 55423.4
 
North and Central America76 62780 2634.743 26043 7101.0
Canada16 88016 056-4.93 9685 95250.0
United States54 81559 4298.436 21834 930-3.6
Other countries in North and Central America4 9324 778-3.13 0742 828-8.0
 
South America16 69718 80312.65 4056 01611.3
Brazil11 62812 7509.63 6314 14514.2
Chile9811 42144.971890926.6
Peru1 8132 06113.714288-38.0
Other countries in South America2 2752 57113.0914874-4.4
 
Africa8 19712 73955.417 47915 383-12.0
Angola1231 4511 079.71 316783-40.5
Botswana181135-25.401.
South Africa2 8512 8851.27787982.6
Other countries in Africa5 0428 26864.015 38513 801-10.3
 
Oceania2 1192 68126.52 7522 260-17.9
Australia1 7702 23226.12 3871 680-29.6
New Zealand34444529.431150060.8
Other countries in Oceania54-20.0548048.1

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
December 2019
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total755 59348 72010 82746 79750 1538 33373 575106 558300 753108 5151 362
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)459 86330 5579 82217 06231 0772 60453 92074 053182 32357 1201 324
Nordic countries151 49110 8142 8368 76419 7441 58114 81826 89546 05018 7331 256
Developing countries147 43511 34624412 8896 7982 6874 42113 83556 91838 26928
Russia17 3661 683171 6835 7972 0271 6304 1931601760
India5 6031 023182139941 3166781 5060
Japan14 282107920505453 4799 0711 0460
China76 9361 009154034151 9118 73141 04423 6419
Singapore3 160211107015592301 6006410
South Korea14 566431508113715 7497 9084250
United States59 4291 1892373546 2593827 5842 28234 2256 9133
Canada16 0562571712 874188164431021 6425180
Brazil12 7503 59606 6841 74801951922755010
South Africa2 885471491 4250329159717248

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
December 2019
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total903 909112 1011 09418 858501 9402 71460 79587 16292 55125 6801 013
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)711 44071 63874215 444452 8541 44734 40469 61751 02614 19077
Nordic countries130 67817 9423835 00260 0515988 92316 15715 8685 74112
Developing countries87 98116 795362 20125 19840017 8396 16616 3423 0040
Russia3 0374741152562536301 3331821
India3 6072304659200932873295980
Japan10 6214 89621621 354131 2711 3061 3472700
China37 3565 2272195813 3742610 1421 5495 0221 0360
Singapore6 015675241 55922824512 4945470
South Korea10 2083 137166832354271 5402 9761 1920
United States39 4577 17417648710 4525613 8294 6688 3513 7591
Canada7 7327696214 177152307711 4672740
Brazil4 89398539774971 2066109303060
South Africa1 64327408846212737296530

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2018December 2019December 2018 - December 2019So far this yearDecember 2018 - December 2019
December 2018December 2019
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country35 69239 0199.3455 410473 0433.9
 
County of production
Østfold (-2019)1 0451 0793.316 87216 8710.0
Akershus (-2019)585520-11.16 5708 56030.3
Oslo52479651.97 4167 9737.5
Hedmark (-2019)318306-3.84 3864 7869.1
Oppland (-2019)4754923.67 5487 224-4.3
Buskerud (-2019)7861 614105.312 07112 4633.2
Vestfold (-2019)1 8682 49833.723 55623 285-1.2
Telemark (-2019)1 5171 67210.223 08022 470-2.6
Aust-Agder (-2019)19324526.93 3823 311-2.1
Vest-Agder (-2019)2 3303 05431.132 39736 97714.1
Rogaland3 6223 617-0.142 53642 357-0.4
Hordaland (-2019)5 8946 71113.978 87275 061-4.8
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 1291 2349.313 71614 2944.2
Møre og Romsdal3 1253 1721.540 50345 16911.5
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 1962 110.27 73726 461.
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 0632 47319.928 54730 9618.5
Troms - Romsa (-2019)9011 01612.810 22611 38611.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)6957213.76 5398 09223.7
Svalbard00.1030-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 5491 144-26.118 25315 559-14.8
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 1883 884-7.342 85650 58118.0
County not stated6896658 2409 20111.7

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
December 2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag is one county from January 2018 on.
3The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country39 0199 9799 3131 7517 11820 171
 
County of production1
Østfold (-2019)1 0798112232772
Akershus (-2019)52068311-441
Oslo796491250721
Hedmark (-2019)306811530144
Oppland (-2019)4922-170473
Buskerud (-2019)1 6145038-1 570
Vestfold (-2019)2 49891571 742690
Telemark (-2019)1 67217041231 591
Aust-Agder (-2019)24525-21-199
Vest-Agder (-2019)3 054991823 024
Rogaland3 6177366192481 2571 376
Hordaland (-2019)6 7111 5821 5451643 5231 441
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 234618617470569
Møre og Romsdal3 1721 7441 65612011 307
Trøndelag - Trööndelage22 1101 3641 34772-674
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)......
Nordland2 4731 4221 384970955
Troms - Romsa (-2019)1 0169149134-97
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)72162662623693
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 14460656225023949
Re-exports of goods produced abroad33 884585842603 482
County not stated6653622390590

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on imports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
November 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
Total696 7610.41.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)6 14722.1151.6
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms690 6140.20.6
 
0 Food and live animals44 7830.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031810.0-0.4
01 Meat and meat preparations1 2600.00.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 3290.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 948-0.1-0.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations6 1300.0-0.2
05 Vegetables and fruit11 5280.0-0.1
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 4260.00.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 6940.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)7 1650.00.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products7 1230.00.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9 9070.00.0
11 Beverages6 6150.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 2930.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels42 8490.0-0.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw410.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8000.10.0
23 Crude rubber1730.0-0.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork5 0000.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper3980.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste1250.0-0.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 3550.0-0.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap29 0880.0-0.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 8690.0-0.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials46 2631.310.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 2360.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products38 9001.513.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation22 1500.0-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9270.02.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane7870.00.0
35 Electric current4 1990.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 6560.0-0.1
41 Animal oils and fats3 4900.0-0.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 9360.0-0.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2310.0-0.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.67 7060.0-0.3
51 Organic chemicals7 7660.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals4 7750.00.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 646-0.1-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products18 167-0.1-0.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 1310.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers2 9520.0-1.1
57 Plastics in primary forms4 716-0.1-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6 1220.00.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.12 4300.0-1.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material99 308-0.3-0.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4420.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 7180.0-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 3430.0-0.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 2790.0-0.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles8 0830.0-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 5060.1-0.2
67 Iron and steel17 4570.00.6
68 Non-ferrous metals8 5340.0-0.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.34 946-0.8-1.0
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment277 0900.81.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment20 1900.0-0.6
72 Machinery for special industries27 5440.0-0.6
73 Metal working machinery1 928-0.2-0.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment36 4780.7-0.6
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 5590.0-0.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment26 2830.0-0.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus38 3580.0-0.3
78 Road vehicles81 8160.00.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships26 9348.322.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles99 9680.0-0.1
81 Prefabricated buildings9 2980.0-0.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof15 5300.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 8330.0-0.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 5090.0-0.2
85 Footwear5 7080.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 926-0.10.3
88 Photographic and optical goods3 038-0.1-0.5
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s27 1260.0-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 2320.0-0.4
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4510.00.1
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender120.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7690.0-0.6

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures so far this year on exports, commodity groups by SITC1
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period so far this year
November 2019
1Revision since last publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they exist now, compared to the sum of the monthly figures as they were the first time they were published. Revision since first publication of figures: The sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they are now, compared with the sum of the monthly figures ("so far this year") as they existed in the previous publication of updated figures for the current period. In the previous publication, the figures for months preceding the month indicated in the table header were already revised a number of times (see review of the revision practice in "About the statistics"). The normal trend is largest revisions from the first publication month - and minor changes throughout the year. This is illustrated in this table by the fact that the percentage change in "change from first publication of figures" is usually higher than in " change from last publication of figures ".
2Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total819 5070.00.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)219 5290.91.3
Natural gas (SITC 343)153 684-1.3-1.7
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)5 7000.04.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)6 5691.313.2
Mainland exports434 0240.10.0
 
0 Food and live animals102 1970.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03540.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations2630.0-0.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7190.00.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof94 8080.0-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4680.0-0.2
05 Vegetables and fruit1810.0-0.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey560.00.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4470.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)3 4760.0-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 725-0.1-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1 0180.0-0.1
11 Beverages1 0090.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures100.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels17 3900.0-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw5280.00.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits60.00.0
23 Crude rubber380.00.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 6740.00.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2 5690.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste2590.00.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9630.0-0.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5 9540.00.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials399-0.1-3.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials449 6150.00.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes60.00.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products274 9180.71.2
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation49 0610.00.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured170 297-1.2-1.5
342 Liquefied propane and butane14 5490.41.0
35 Electric current4 3940.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 4320.0-1.3
41 Animal oils and fats1 2870.00.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4120.0-5.3
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed7330.2-1.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.55 9410.00.0
51 Organic chemicals17 0000.0-0.4
52 Inorganic chemicals7 5280.02.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 7830.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products6 297-0.2-0.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 6030.0-0.2
56 Fertilizers2:::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 3740.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 2950.0-0.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.15 0610.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material80 8240.00.7
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins700.0-8.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6780.0-0.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 5860.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 1840.00.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5650.0-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 6730.0-0.9
67 Iron and steel13 7640.0-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals48 3330.01.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7 9690.0-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment85 5430.40.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8 901-0.2-4.9
72 Machinery for special industries11 111-0.1-0.6
73 Metal working machinery605-0.4-1.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment16 2290.0-0.6
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 9070.0-0.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment6 0310.0-0.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus15 8920.0-0.3
78 Road vehicles8 228-0.1-0.4
79 Other transport equipment including ships15 6402.56.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles23 6100.0-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings1 3340.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 6210.00.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.138-0.6-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories8680.0-0.4
85 Footwear1950.0-0.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments11 728-0.10.0
88 Photographic and optical goods2450.0-3.5
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 4820.0-0.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions9380.0-0.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind10.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender30.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)9340.0-0.1

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.