366627
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
366627
statistikk
2020-05-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

104

NOK billion – exports of fish in 2019

External trade in goods
NOK BillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201920192018 - 2019
Imports757.9100.06.7
Ships and oil platforms7.51.0138.0
 
Exports914.7100.0-8.6
Crude oil251.927.5-3.6
Natural gas176.519.3-33.5
Natural gas condensates5.70.6-15.2
Ships and oil platforms7.50.8-11.4
Mainland exports472.951.73.2
Fish104.011.48.3
 
The trade balance156.8.-45.9
The mainland trade balance-277.4.-11.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2019
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total757 902100.0914 652100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation164 84921.852 5355.7
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles41 3855.511 5081.3
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms123 46416.341 0274.5
Intermediate comsumption245 73732.4197 95021.6
Food13 5421.83 1330.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment74 9069.944 3034.8
Other intermediate consumption157 28920.8150 51416.5
Building and construction articles85 56411.327 3893.0
Energy products48 8646.4511 80956.0
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates15 0722.037 1244.1
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels28 9113.8470 05651.4
Electric current4 8800.64 6290.5
Consumer goods160 67621.2124 57913.6
Durable consumer goods32 1284.23 9350.4
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars6 3250.84770.1
Semi-durable consumer goods43 4635.73 3410.4
Non-durable consumer goods85 08411.2117 30312.8
Whereof food44 0865.8109 03211.9
Passenger cars51 7166.83900.0
Unclassified goods14950.110.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2019
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total757 902100.0914 652100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing18 7622.565 9767.2
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services16 6382.25670.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services5530.12 1800.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 5720.263 2296.9
 
Mining and quarrying24 8253.3434 29747.5
05 Coal and lignite1 2650.2890.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas13 9491.8428 44646.8
07 Metal ores6 2250.81 6330.2
08 Other mining and quarrying products3 3850.44 1290.5
 
Manufactured products700 79892.5400 85643.8
10 Food products46 8196.251 9935.7
11 Beverages7 3701.01 0800.1
12 Tobacco products3 6500.5120.0
13 Textiles8 8481.21 6610.2
14 Wearing apparel21 4142.81 1230.1
15 Leather and related products8 3301.14050.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture15 2302.03 4330.4
17 Paper and paper products8 9551.28 0460.9
18 Printing and recording services150.000.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products31 3824.178 7618.6
20 Chemicals and chemical products44 2645.841 2674.5
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations20 5192.717 5751.9
22 Rubber and plastics products23 4593.14 1680.5
23 Other non-metallic mineral products11 0921.53 0940.3
24 Basic metals51 8866.870 1867.7
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment39 4665.29 2351.0
26 Computer, electronic and optical products68 2119.024 1502.6
27 Electrical equipment42 6575.617 1931.9
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.89 08811.835 2203.9
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers85 24211.28 3550.9
30 Other transport equipment38 3335.118 7732.1
31 Furniture15 8982.12 4290.3
32 Other manufactured goods18 6702.52 6950.3
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning4 8800.64 6290.5
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning4 8800.64 6290.5
 
Water supply3 9690.55 9410.6
37 Sewerage services00.0-0.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services3 9690.55 9410.6
 
Information and communication services3 8850.57280.1
58 Publishing services3 7690.57170.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing1160.0110.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services30.000.0
71 Architectural and engineering services10.000.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services20.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services7800.11680.0
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services6220.11310.0
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1590.0370.0
 
Other services-0.000.0
96 Other personal services-0.000.0
 
Unknown product1-0.02 0580.2
00 Unknown-0.02 0580.2

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201820192018201920182019
Total710 330757 9021 000 272914 652289 941156 750
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries144 618151 564136 126130 872-8 492-20 691
EFTA10 49610 0448 4798 838-2 017-1 206
EU433 016459 337820 324721 431387 309262 094
OECD435 634472 102824 521734 344388 887262 243
Developing countries131 170149 59469 69688 837-61 474-60 758
LDC - least developed countries4 2666 7675 0882 347822-4 419
 
Continents and countries
Europe469 547498 847840 118743 875370 571245 028
Belgium11 10211 90352 24238 34341 14026 440
Denmark38 96142 58746 31240 9967 351-1 591
Estonia5 7295 9761 5531 652-4 176-4 324
Finland16 44617 08016 83912 922393-4 159
France22 62824 97465 84653 17543 21828 200
Greece8039241 0021 822199898
Ireland4 8524 48210 4286 5355 5762 053
Iceland2 4741 9635 4935 8533 0193 890
Italy22 67323 63613 43212 525-9 240-11 110
Lithuania8 5129 3756 2665 918-2 246-3 457
Netherlands25 94128 512105 916101 54079 97473 028
Poland24 27629 10322 72321 166-1 553-7 937
Portugal2 6013 0285 5216 2292 9203 202
Romania4 0014 337883926-3 118-3 411
Russia16 75117 5672 5353 071-14 216-14 495
Slovakia3 7123 668478569-3 234-3 099
Spain14 49715 62918 21420 7243 7175 094
United Kingdom38 48137 620215 876184 192177 395146 572
Switzerland7 9638 0182 9862 982-4 978-5 036
Sweden85 86688 95866 73170 236-19 135-18 723
Czech Republic8 2568 3032 0212 071-6 235-6 233
Turkey6 4938 6825 8647 304-629-1 378
Germany77 36481 760160 048132 38182 68450 621
Hungary2 9763 2791 118747-1 857-2 531
Austria6 3947 1382 4552 852-3 939-4 286
Other countries in Europe9 79510 3457 3367 144-2 459-3 201
 
Asia137 136142 31272 34493 662-64 791-48 649
Hong Kong1 1211 0271 8092 2736881 247
India4 5375 6012 3653 586-2 172-2 015
Japan13 28714 27711 59810 676-1 688-3 601
China71 39776 99121 09637 813-50 301-39 179
Malaysia3 5583 0451 5611 969-1 997-1 075
Singapore3 3183 2124 8636 0081 5452 796
South Korea19 45114 56511 26710 226-8 183-4 340
Taiwan4 1694 8661 8561 856-2 312-3 010
Thailand3 4193 4662 3303 317-1 089-149
Vietnam4 8086 3641 6871 921-3 121-4 443
Other countries in Asia8 0718 89811 91214 0173 8415 119
 
North and Central America76 42481 11858 21251 672-18 212-29 446
Canada16 87816 0567 4807 679-9 398-8 377
United States54 61559 86746 55039 398-8 065-20 470
Other countries in North- and Central America4 9315 1954 1824 595-749-600
 
South America16 65619 4547 0016 828-9 655-12 626
Brazil11 57413 4033 8114 856-7 763-8 547
Chile9831 4221 2791 011296-411
Peru1 8222 06114288-1 680-1 973
Other countries in South-America2 2772 5681 769873-508-1 695
 
Africa8 35713 49118 98216 31210 6252 821
Angola1232 1701 3168051 193-1 365
Botswana18113501-181-134
South Africa2 8892 8851 3081 642-1 581-1 243
Other countries in Africa5 1648 30116 35813 86411 1945 563
 
Oceania2 2102 6813 6132 3021 403-378
Australia1 7702 2322 3871 680617-552
New Zealand34444598549864153
Other countries in Oceania964241124145120

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201820192018201920182019
Total707 163750 361458 226472 926-248 936-277 435
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries144 293150 68090 60990 265-53 684-60 415
EFTA10 47610 0118 4798 252-1 996-1 760
EU432 362458 295304 531306 058-127 832-152 238
OECD434 338468 754312 283318 440-122 055-150 314
Developing countries129 712145 96163 98871 653-65 724-74 308
LDC - least developed countries4 1416 7675 0762 325935-4 442
 
Continents and countries
Europe468 249495 394324 760327 793-143 489-167 602
Belgium11 10211 90317 57915 5596 4773 655
Denmark38 84341 86429 96331 866-8 880-9 997
Estonia5 7295 9761 5531 652-4 176-4 324
Finland16 27217 0797 8647 410-8 408-9 669
France22 62824 97415 56515 918-7 063-9 057
Greece8039249981 252195328
Ireland4 8524 4824 0985 172-753690
Iceland2 4531 9305 4935 2673 0403 337
Italy22 67323 6169 3239 333-13 350-14 283
Lithuania8 5119 3694 2754 938-4 236-4 432
Netherlands25 90428 51253 84048 14227 93619 630
Poland24 27628 86118 64318 820-5 633-10 041
Portugal2 6013 0284 7795 0822 1782 055
Romania4 0014 337883926-3 118-3 411
Russia16 75117 5672 3292 987-14 422-14 580
Slovakia3 7123 668478569-3 234-3 099
Spain14 49715 62912 08613 107-2 411-2 522
United Kingdom38 20837 61536 47939 918-1 7292 303
Switzerland7 9638 0182 9862 982-4 978-5 036
Sweden85 85488 93646 60144 941-39 253-43 995
Czech Republic8 2568 3032 0212 071-6 235-6 233
Turkey5 8706 4085 4586 295-411-113
Germany77 32681 73831 47932 934-45 846-48 804
Hungary2 9763 2791 118747-1 857-2 531
Austria6 3947 1382 4552 852-3 939-4 286
Other countries in Europe9 79410 2406 4147 053-3 380-3 187
 
Asia135 521138 64864 59277 954-70 929-60 694
Hong Kong8681 0271 7661 898898871
India4 5375 6012 3652 785-2 172-2 816
Japan13 28714 27711 14510 676-2 142-3 601
China70 81776 05718 90024 985-51 917-51 071
Malaysia3 5583 0451 5611 969-1 997-1 075
Singapore3 3182 8174 7655 6861 4472 869
South Korea18 66912 2317 6019 353-11 068-2 878
Taiwan4 1694 8661 6941 856-2 475-3 010
Thailand3 4193 4662 1283 317-1 291-149
Vietnam4 8086 3641 6871 921-3 121-4 443
Other countries in Asia8 0718 89710 98013 5082 9094 611
 
North and Central America76 42480 69443 25443 535-33 170-37 159
Canada16 87816 0563 9645 877-12 914-10 179
United States54 61559 86736 21934 871-18 396-24 996
Other countries in North- and Central America4 9314 7713 0712 787-1 860-1 984
 
South America16 65619 4545 4126 007-11 244-13 447
Brazil11 57413 4033 6404 143-7 934-9 261
Chile9831 422718903-265-519
Peru1 8222 06114288-1 680-1 973
Other countries in South America2 2772 568912873-1 365-1 694
 
Africa8 19413 49117 46615 3819 2721 890
Angola1232 1701 3167831 193-1 387
Botswana18113501-181-134
South Africa2 8512 885778797-2 073-2 089
Other countries in Africa5 0398 30115 3722 08510 3335 500
 
Oceania2 1192 6812 7432 257624-424
Australia1 7702 2322 3871 680617-552
New Zealand344445311498-3253
Other countries in Oceania5445794075

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2017201820192019
Total684 335710 330757 902100.0
 
Sweden78 42085 86688 95811.7
Germany75 90677 36481 76010.8
China67 31771 39776 99110.2
United States44 12754 61559 8677.9
Denmark37 00638 96142 5875.6
United Kingdom32 26438 48137 6205.0
Poland23 01224 27629 1033.8
Netherlands27 21025 94128 5123.8
France20 85522 62824 9743.3
Italy20 87922 67323 6363.1
Russia12 65916 75117 5672.3
Finland14 90816 44617 0802.3
Canada13 34216 87816 0562.1
Spain13 71514 49715 6292.1
South Korea46 90219 45114 5651.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2017201820192019
Total863 6241 000 272914 652100.0
 
United Kingdom190 670215 876184 19220.1
Germany133 750160 048132 38114.5
Netherlands83 311105 916101 54011.1
Sweden56 03166 73170 2367.7
France54 78665 84653 1755.8
Denmark39 79646 31240 9964.5
United States38 60846 55039 3984.3
Belgium40 68752 24238 3434.2
China17 07921 09637 8134.1
Poland19 07922 72321 1662.3
Spain19 52118 21420 7242.3
Finland13 32016 83912 9221.4
Italy11 33913 43212 5251.4
Japan10 06311 59810 6761.2
South Korea8 28511 26710 2261.1

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2017201820192019
Total418 165458 226472 926100.0
 
Netherlands41 02653 84048 14210.2
Sweden42 84746 60144 9419.5
United Kingdom34 86436 47939 9188.4
United States30 65436 21934 8717.4
Germany31 35431 47932 9347.0
Denmark24 30629 96331 8666.7
China17 00418 90024 9855.3
Poland17 65918 64318 8204.0
France14 48015 56515 9183.4
Belgium14 81617 57915 5593.3
Spain10 49912 08613 1072.8
Japan10 06311 14510 6762.3
South Korea7 7737 6019 3532.0
Italy8 7819 3239 3332.0
Finland7 5537 8647 4101.6

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
Totall684 335710 330757 9026.7
 
0 Food and live animals43 38346 09348 6605.6
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032322012094.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4911 4061 383-1.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2501 3961 4413.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 4044 8645 3309.6
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2096 0846 5928.4
05 Vegetables and fruit12 10212 50412 6070.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6701 5221 5461.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4 1033 7004 0088.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 9517 7577 7890.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9706 6597 75416.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9 62110 00310 8268.2
11 Beverages6 1936 6327 1768.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 4283 3713 6508.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels37 61346 06146 7761.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw16224396.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2 0011 8891 9493.2
23 Crude rubber13115317816.6
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 7254 8735 3199.1
25 Pulp and waste paper524503427-15.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste1191211329.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 9673 4913 6253.8
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap24 12431 89831 9700.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3 0063 1113 1320.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials32 78146 79651 64210.4
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 1082 4042 4200.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 98839 55843 3429.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9641 335999-25.1
35 Electric current1 7213 4994 88039.5
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1237 2538 38415.6
41 Animal oils and fats2 7713 1583 77219.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4 1213 8534 36913.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2312422440.7
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.69 13272 24673 4991.7
51 Organic chemicals8 8489 6738 514-12.0
52 Inorganic chemicals5 3195 5885 192-7.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 5273 7833 8842.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products18 87219 66719 9801.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 6238 1607 793-4.5
56 Fertilizers2 5283 0653 2516.1
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8475 0285 0270.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 7836 2656 5234.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 78511 01713 33421.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material119 490106 979106 501-0.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins568536474-11.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 2565 6846 0486.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 6187 8167 8240.1
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 6207 7717 8581.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 6218 2158 6485.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 46810 02310 1801.6
67 Iron and steel14 67216 28219 22418.1
68 Non-ferrous metals9 63411 6449 096-21.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.57 03339 00837 149-4.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment264 566271 368301 72911.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 22715 70821 51637.0
72 Machinery for special industries24 15426 39429 73512.7
73 Metal working machinery1 4631 7642 21025.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment30 36734 74440 45916.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 14819 14219 2160.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment26 28326 66529 39210.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus33 22437 52441 85011.5
78 Road vehicles78 40480 71988 6129.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships42 29628 70728 7390.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles99 467102 367108 5236.0
81 Prefabricated buildings9 2119 51910 1146.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof15 49415 73816 7636.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 7601 8492 0028.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 56821 34122 1723.9
85 Footwear5 5055 7996 0704.7
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 89016 46718 45412.1
88 Photographic and optical goods3 0833 1803 3124.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s27 95728 47429 6354.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1581 1631 36217.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4174524959.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender101714-17.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)73169485423.0

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total863 6241 000 272914 652-8.6
 
0 Food and live animals98 357103 252112 0168.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03377457-23.0
01 Meat and meat preparations2882772873.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7677427582.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof92 22096 090104 0428.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations38140650123.4
05 Vegetables and fruit171200194-2.9
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey44536216.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices37942447411.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4493 2543 75315.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 6201 7311 8879.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9161 0091 0928.2
11 Beverages9069971 0808.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1012122.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels16 56117 91618 8625.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw7005816074.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits7782.8
23 Crude rubber4941422.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 2783 7903 9624.5
25 Pulp and waste paper2 9022 8052 789-0.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste2602712741.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7134 1884 2792.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5 2375 7586 47712.5
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials416474424-10.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials500 134621 503512 181-17.6
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5910691-14.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products271 462324 923312 796-3.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured222 802288 594194 666-32.5
35 Electric current5 8107 8804 629-41.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1242 3932 70413.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 0541 2501 42313.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated49940347116.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5717398109.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.54 68259 77160 7831.7
51 Organic chemicals15 83716 98018 6059.6
52 Inorganic chemicals8 1648 7648 317-5.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 8191 9891 906-4.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products6 3677 7886 802-12.7
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 4211 5461 73011.9
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 5405 9165 782-2.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 5831 4901 363-8.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.13 95115 29916 2776.4
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material81 23587 63887 204-0.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins81687510.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.7587117353.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 5601 6371 6963.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 1145 6405 594-0.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5291 6041 7096.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 6481 5881 77711.9
67 Iron and steel15 05614 60915 0272.9
68 Non-ferrous metals47 27953 16751 986-2.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.8 2108 6148 604-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment84 71583 18593 14212.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 6857 32510 18339.0
72 Machinery for special industries10 37411 82912 1112.4
73 Metal working machinery77561067110.1
74 General industrial machinery and equipment14 78316 15717 6769.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5592 7263 22618.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment6 1476 3176 5844.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus13 30714 59416 83115.3
78 Road vehicles7 4318 0328 8069.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships21 65515 59517 0529.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles24 10122 76725 63712.6
81 Prefabricated buildings1 5041 4221 4300.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7862 7792 8392.1
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.9411214530.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories9148909375.3
85 Footwear13616520524.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments10 2999 68712 77331.9
88 Photographic and optical goods25623926711.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s8 1107 4737 042-5.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions7998371 03123.2
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind5111-87.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender32381.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7918251 02724.5

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2019
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total757 90248 66010 82646 77651 6428 38473 499106 501301 729108 5231 362
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)459 33730 5539 82217 04031 2362 60353 84574 008181 73957 1671 324
Nordic countries151 56410 8142 8358 76219 9001 58114 82226 88645 98518 7231 256
Developing countries149 59411 30324412 8897 4892 7204 42313 82358 42638 24828
Russia17 5671 683171 6835 9942 0271 6304 1971601760
India5 6011 023182139941 3156771 5050
China76 9911 002153934151 9138 72141 12823 6309
Japan14 277107920505453 4789 0711 0420
Singapore3 212211107115592301 6536410
South Korea14 565431508113715 7497 9084250
United States59 8671 1912373556 7013827 5822 28034 2296 9073
Canada16 0562571712 8742 402164431021 6435170
Brazil13 4033 59506 6842 40201951912755010
South Africa2 885470491 4260329159717248

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2019
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total914 652112 0161 09218 862512 1812 70460 78387 20493 14225 6371 031
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)721 43171 59174115 447462 6601 44434 38969 59551 30214 18577
Nordic countries130 87217 9233835 01160 3165988 92616 13015 8385 73512
Developing countries88 83716 783362 20225 57839517 8376 16016 8652 9790
Russia3 0714721153562576531 341182854
India3 586230465921093287429576-
Japan10 6764 89221621 354131 2721 3671 3462690
China37 8135 2252196013 8332610 1421 5485 0221 0360
Singapore6 008672241 55922804512 4895480
South Korea10 2263 138166871354271 5372 9571 192-
United States39 3987 17217648710 4465613 8304 6648 3163 7451
Canada7 6797696214 200152307711 3932740
Brazil4 85698539771471 206610928306-
South Africa1 6422730884621273729653132

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country418 165458 226472 9263.2
 
County of production
Østfold (-2019)16 74816 86916 8710.0
Akershus (-2019)5 3226 5658 68432.3
Oslo8 5567 1117 93311.6
Hedmark (-2019)3 9364 3814 8129.8
Oppland (-2019)6 9397 5427 222-4.2
Buskerud (-2019)14 02412 05512 4203.0
Vestfold (-2019)20 69623 55423 132-1.8
Telemark (-2019)21 03423 08422 469-2.7
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 0263 3823 304-2.3
Vest-Agder (-2019)29 13132 39436 96714.1
Rogaland37 06142 85142 356-1.2
Hordaland (-2019)66 76079 32275 098-5.3
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)14 27114 44814 276-1.2
Møre og Romsdal40 09541 90945 1617.8
Trøndelag - Trööndelage..26 462.
Nordland27 38628 55931 0168.6
Troms - Romsa (-2019)8 77410 22311 38211.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)6 3386 5338 08623.8
Svalbard5710383-19.4
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties15 91718 45415 559-15.7
Re-exports of goods produced abroad140 19543 32850 46216.5
County not stated26 5177 9849 17114.9

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country472 926113 108104 04221 56677 99160 78387 20486 63825 637
 
County of production
Østfold (-2019)16 871940492 405375 2253 9713 976317
Akershus (-2019)8 6848969314953 9383512 686659
Oslo7 9337965838043 9362791 663875
Hedmark (-2019)4 812167502 16322368081 021415
Oppland (-2019)7 222621523991151 4193 4761 901
Buskerud (-2019)12 42043055211 1331 1587 8571 675
Vestfold (-2019)23 132100778012 8331 4763 6012 2662 078
Telemark (-2019)22 469235372135416 5362 1911 845586
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 30436512700::821136
Vest-Agder (-2019)36 9671251082771211 79921 8162 625312
Rogaland42 3567 0245 4192 38815 5481 1409 8234 8061 628
Hordaland (-2019)75 09813 05412 6021 89743 2823628 3486 8571 298
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)14 2765 5415 3424368::225155
Møre og Romsdal45 16123 00322 2021 68473 4798 0936 5732 322
Trøndelag - Trööndelage26 46217 29616 8438850::1 3991 572
Nordland31 01617 57517 1001 4320:7 594:29
Troms - Romsa (-2019)11 38210 48510 43186-::498
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)8 0867 0217 01740559910:25:
Svalbard830--82----
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties15 5596 3085 5603 2034 64019814697094
Re-exports of goods produced abroad150 4628641108625643 4865 74231 1777 768
County not stated129 1711 2081 03435143908934 5331 793

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonnesTonnesTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total58 70161 86866 1707.04 847 0975 366 2265 303 252-1.2
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032322012094.17596646893.8
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4911 4061 383-1.623 97619 34220 0993.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2501 3961 4413.227 02329 17728 547-2.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 4044 8645 3309.6214 646214 007206 707-3.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2096 0846 5928.4637 379910 793884 453-2.9
05 Vegetables and fruit12 10212 50412 6070.8879 236970 537880 928-9.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6701 5221 5461.6209 945199 475216 6698.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4 1033 7004 0088.387 40982 55986 6004.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 9517 7577 7890.4899 1521 042 618930 854-10.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9706 6597 75416.4409 689451 668532 94518.0
11 Beverages6 1936 6327 1768.2277 891285 256297 0374.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2 0011 8891 9493.2459 382428 014435 7941.8
41 Animal oils and fats2 7713 1583 77219.4192 618208 251223 4157.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4 1213 8534 36913.4509 688508 662544 0397.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2312422440.713 45715 20314 476-4.8

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total58 70161 86866 1707.0
EU36 16437 55139 5415.3
Developing countries13 48214 17315 66710.5
Other countries9 05510 14410 9638.1
 
Food and live animals
Total43 38346 09348 6605.6
EU27 42529 04530 5535.2
Developing countries10 57910 52511 3037.4
Other countries5 3796 5246 8044.3
 
Beverages
Total6 1936 6327 1768.2
EU5 3545 8036 2237.2
Developing countries27517923431.3
Other countries56465071910.5
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total7 1237 2538 38415.6
EU3 2442 5132 6033.6
Developing countries1 4672 1052 72029.2
Other countries2 4122 6353 061689.4
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total2 0011 8891 9493.2
EU140191161-15.3
Developing countries1 1601 3651 4083.2
Other countries70033439418.0

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total92 22096 090104 0428.32 410 3302 482 5842 423 346-2.4
 
Salmon264 60467 71572 4397.01 008 3431 054 8551 122 2486.4
Cod9 1369 44010 1417.4216 906197 010181 980-7.6
Herring2 8062 6303 19721.6290 743291 860353 82821.2
Mackerel4 1163 8194 28312.1336 241255 141238 451-6.5
Coalfish1 9042 1212 48917.483 550106 148115 5418.8
Haddock1 6821 6791 7544.574 71561 56960 059-2.5
Trout2 8562 9783 67823.540 02546 47160 05529.2
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut9308711 04520.018 21615 80318 58617.6
Ling328345332-3.87 6657 3617 236-1.7
Cusk18716820119.64 6843 8094 49418.0
Redfish26626137242.517 42214 64722 42753.1
Other fish1 6862 1191 704-19.6265 768374 738172 600-53.9
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 7191 9442 40723.846 05353 17165 84123.8

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total92 22096 090104 0428.32 410 3302 482 5842 423 346-2.4
Europe63 12367 98870 6333.91 586 2681 740 4481 580 778-9.2
Asia18 99417 92121 71821.2552 779487 378518 5656.4
North and Central America6 8397 0267 91512.7102 951102 862104 6631.8
South America1 1601 0241 1118.553 93954 06562 27615.2
Africa1 7481 7122 20328.7111 49994 048153 08362.8
Oceania35542046210.02 8943 7833 9815.2
 
Selected species
Salmon in total164 60467 71572 4397.01 008 3431 054 8551 122 2486.4
Europe47 26050 98052 6233.2771 063829 065865 6914.4
Asia11 85011 16613 54821.3173 506163 647193 50218.2
North and Central America4 7304 7325 36213.354 26051 44051 7650.6
South America171612-25.0238213159-25.4
Africa4444725026.46 8767 3677 8136.1
Oceania30335039312.32 4003 1243 3186.2
 
Cod in total9 1369 44010 1417.4216 906197 010181 980-7.6
Europe7 1807 6538 0785.6165 185158 000139 277-11.9
Asia1 0698911 13427.338 75627 33632 07017.3
North and Central America29934538712.23 7164 1274 083-1.1
South America5394824911.98 5426 6396 019-9.3
Africa446445-29.7635842471-44.1
Oceania6660.0726759-11.9
 
Herring in total2 8062 6303 19721.6290 743291 860353 82821.2
Europe2 3992 2882 3382.2231 039240 213231 732-3.5
Asia15613825786.215 79514 85721 72546.2
North and Central America23101880.01 8079571 70277.8
South America221-50.0182213141-33.8
Africa226192582203.141 92135 62098 528176.6
Oceania000.010-100.0
 
Mackerel in total4 1163 8194 28312.1336 241255 141238 451-6.5
Europe1 0951 016997-1.991 32671 24656 562-20.6
Asia2 6762 6443 08916.8215 187172 889170 229-1.5
North and Central America9710213229.45 9916 1396 86511.8
South America1-0.48-23.
Africa247576412.323 6604 8604 678-3.7
Oceania002.297941 242.9

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total70 54576 38975 617-1.03 516 0943 500 5803 471 665-0.8
Europe57 98763 98661 987-3.13 241 8653 241 8653 155 061-2.7
Asia5 1055 2957 06333.465 87558 61779 69036.0
North and Central America5 5125 6775 153-9.2146 671165 001172 2214.4
South America665713675-5.425 48628 46426 238-7.8
Africa1 19260766910.221 5905 24636 019586.6
Oceania8413370-47.51 2651 3852 43575.8
 
Iron and steel15 05614 60915 0272.91 484 4051 428 8731 473 3683.1
Europe11 88411 36111 259-0.91 306 4441 235 0541 235 0030.0
Asia9347801 12744.518 49922 57835 17355.8
North and Central America1 6281 9221 9913.6118 971141 849145 3482.5
South America313374355-5.121 23825 75023 991-6.8
Africa262142289104.018 6163 16033 630964.2
Oceania35306-78.3637481222-53.8
 
Non-ferrous metals47 27953 16751 986-2.21 909 5051 940 7841 856 410-4.3
Europe41 53346 81244 895-4.11 846 1911 890 6141 796 681-5.0
Asia3 0253 5724 75233.039 88430 95837 55121.3
North and Central America2 4662 5142 092-16.820 15716 35619 95222.0
South America238250223-11.02 8382 3741 679-29.3
Africa12112192.331728851277.8
Oceania573-60.211719335-81.9
 
Manufactures of metals8 2108 6148 604-0.1122 184130 923141 8878.4
Europe4 5705 8135 8330.4102 571116 197123 3776.2
Asia1 1479431 18425.67 4925 0816 96637.1
North and Central America1 4181 2411 070-13.87 5436 7966 9211.8
South America11488979.61 41034056867.1
Africa918433358-17.12 6571 7981 8774.4
Oceania439761-37.25117112 178206.3

Table 19 
First revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

First revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
First revisionFirst figuresChang in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2019
Total757 902755 5930.3
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms7 5416 83110.4
Goods excl. ships and oil platforms750 361748 7620.2
 
0 Food and live animals48 66048 720-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032092090.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1 3831 3840.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 4411 4410.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof5 3305 3300.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations6 5926 5920.0
05 Vegetables and fruit12 60712 6050.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 5461 5460.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4 0084 0100.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)7 7897 840-0.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products7 7547 763-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco10 82610 8270.0
11 Beverages7 1767 1770.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 6503 6500.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels46 77646 7970.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw43430.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9491 9490.0
23 Crude rubber1 9491 9490.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork5 3195 322-0.1
25 Pulp and waste paper4274270.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste1321320.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 6253 6250.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap31 97031 9820.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3 1323 138-0.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials51 64250 1533.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 4202 4210.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products43 34241 8523.6
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation24 33024 3230.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9991 0000.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane8578570.0
35 Electric current4 8804 8800.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes8 3848 3330.6
41 Animal oils and fats3 7723 7201.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4 3694 3690.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2442440.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.73 49973 575-0.1
51 Organic chemicals8 5148 5140.0
52 Inorganic chemicals5 1925 1920.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 8843 8850.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products19 98019 9790.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 7937 828-0.4
56 Fertilizers3 2513 2510.0
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0275 034-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6 5236 527-0.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.13 33413 364-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material106 501106 558-0.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins4744740.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6 0486 055-0.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 8247 8220.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 8587 8590.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles8 6488 653-0.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.10 18010 1780.0
67 Iron and steel19 22419 2310.0
68 Non-ferrous metals9 0969 0940.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.37 14937 194-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment301 729300 7530.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment21 51621 5140.0
72 Machinery for special industries29 73529 7300.0
73 Metal working machinery2 2102 216-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment40 45939 7791.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines19 21619 2230.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment29 39229 3980.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus41 85041 8620.0
78 Road vehicles88 61288 673-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships28 73928 3601.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles108 523108 5150.0
81 Prefabricated buildings10 11410 121-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof16 76316 7640.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.2 0022 005-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories22 17222 186-0.1
85 Footwear6 0706 0710.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments18 45418 481-0.1
88 Photographic and optical goods3 3123 314-0.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s29 63529 5740.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 3621 3620.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4954950.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender14140.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8548540.0

Table 20 
First revision of yearly figures of export. Commodity groups by SITC

First revision of yearly figures of export. Commodity groups by SITC
First revisionFirst figuresChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2019
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
TOTAL914 652903 9091.2
Of which:
Crude oil251 912247 7781.7
Natural gas, whether or not liquefied176 534170 5943.5
Natural gas condensates5 7445 749-0.1
Ships and oil platforms7 5366 74511.7
Mainland exports472 926473 0430.0
 
0 Food and live animals77 49477 558-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.035960-1.4
01 Meat and meat preparations200203-1.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7647640.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof71 97372 034-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2832830.0
05 Vegetables and fruit1851850.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey88880.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices311311-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2582 2590.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3721 3710.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco787787-0.1
11 Beverages784785-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures22-1.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 88415 896-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw8308300.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits330.0
23 Crude rubber27270.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1903 1890.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 4782 481-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste2512510.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9003 9000.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8864 894-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials320320-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials482 396492 616-2.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5595590.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products243 201246 410-1.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation40 93540 2581.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured234 538241 538-2.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane11 98211 7452.0
35 Electric current4 0974 108-0.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1212 128-0.3
41 Animal oils and fats1 1041 108-0.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4464460.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed571574-0.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 69851 727-0.1
51 Organic chemicals14 11814 1230.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 9307 9310.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3851 386-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8025 8030.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3791 3790.0
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8864 896-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4041 4040.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 0906 098-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material77 25677 731-0.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins77770.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.732736-0.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3851 390-0.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4 7204 7200.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4121 423-0.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5051 4990.4
67 Iron and steel12 70312 832-1.0
68 Non-ferrous metals43 40643 449-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 31611 605-2.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment98 704100 106-1.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 80511 408-5.3
72 Machinery for special industries17 96417 9230.2
73 Metal working machinery6606590.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment24 93125 936-3.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5012 5000.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5 8595 8570.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 87115 019-1.0
78 Road vehicles6 5786 589-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 53314 2162.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles27 90328 169-0.9
81 Prefabricated buildings1 3501 359-0.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7912 802-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.7878-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7277230.5
85 Footwear138138-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 92616 163-1.5
88 Photographic and optical goods247249-0.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 6466 657-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0251 0250.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind000.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1922-14.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1 0061 0030.4

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.