366567
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
366567
statistikk
2019-05-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

997,4

NOK billion – exports in 2018

External trade in goods
NOK BillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201820182017 - 2018
Imports710.3100.03.8
Ships and oil platforms2.80.4-87.6
 
Exports997.4100.015.5
Crude oil261.326.217.2
Natural gas265.426.630.7
Natural gas condensates6.80.735.6
Ships and oil platforms8.40.8-41.0
Mainland exports455.445.78.9
 
The trade balance287.0.60.1
The mainland trade balance-252.1.-3.6

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2018
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total710 335100.0997 363100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation144 24220.347 6504.8
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles33 0574.712 0571.2
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms111 18515.735 5933.6
Intermediate comsumption232 59632.7184 73818.5
Food12 3231.72 7010.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment66 9899.437 5073.8
Other intermediate consumption153 28521.6144 53014.5
Building and construction articles85 13112.026 6322.7
Energy products43 6216.1620 96962.3
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates11 1601.639 1953.9
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels28 9624.1573 89457.5
Electric current3 4990.57 8800.8
Consumer goods153 75121.6117 02511.7
Durable consumer goods29 5954.24 0710.4
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars6 0550.94990.1
Semi-durable consumer goods41 8015.92 9250.3
Non-durable consumer goods82 35511.6110 02911.0
Whereof food41 2395.8100 74110.1
Passenger cars50 5417.13390.0
Unclassified goods14520.1110.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2018
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total710 335100.0997 363100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing18 5472.663 0776.3
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services16 4882.35330.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services5260.11 9610.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 5330.260 5836.1
 
Mining and quarrying24 5483.5532 12653.4
05 Coal and lignite1 1210.21030.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas14 0112.0526 76852.8
07 Metal ores6 1990.91 1860.1
08 Other mining and quarrying products3 2170.54 0680.4
 
Manufactured products655 19092.2384 14038.5
10 Food products42 9636.045 6394.6
11 Beverages6 8121.09980.1
12 Tobacco products3 3710.5120.0
13 Textiles8 2951.21 5420.2
14 Wearing apparel20 6352.91 0820.1
15 Leather and related products7 9391.13340.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture14 6332.13 5190.4
17 Paper and paper products8 9981.38 0210.8
18 Printing and recording services220.010.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products28 0333.986 4458.7
20 Chemicals and chemical products43 8536.241 7324.2
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations20 1732.816 0581.6
22 Rubber and plastics products22 4243.24 2000.4
23 Other non-metallic mineral products10 8701.52 8150.3
24 Basic metals51 3957.268 7296.9
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment40 8675.88 7310.9
26 Computer, electronic and optical products62 9908.919 8902.0
27 Electrical equipment39 2575.514 6271.5
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.74 42110.532 1003.2
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers77 75510.97 7150.8
30 Other transport equipment37 1475.215 3391.5
31 Furniture14 9482.12 3180.2
32 Other manufactured goods17 3882.42 2950.2
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning3 4990.57 8800.8
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning3 4990.57 8800.8
 
Water supply3 7120.55 6100.6
37 Sewerage services00.0-0.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services3 7120.55 6100.6
 
Information and communication services4 2450.67980.1
58 Publishing services4 0760.67780.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing1680.0200.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services40.000.0
71 Architectural and engineering services10.000.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services30.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services5910.13590.0
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services4720.13300.0
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1190.0290.0
 
Other services-0.0-0.0
96 Other personal services-0.0-0.0
 
Unknown product1-0.03 3720.3
00 Unknown-0.03 3720.3

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201720182017201820172018
Total684 335710 335863 624997 363179 289287 028
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries133 381144 581114 625136 047-18 755-8 534
EFTA10 20110 4827 6868 439-2 515-2 043
EU403 259433 349695 355817 511292 095384 162
OECD531 370544 541770 791903 359239 421358 818
Developing countries126 438130 86362 45169 579-63 987-61 284
LDC - least developed countries4 2094 2673 3665 094-843827
 
Continents and countries
Europe435 659469 667715 853837 205280 194367 538
Belgium10 46111 10240 68752 14930 22641 047
Denmark37 00638 93139 79646 2052 7897 275
Estonia5 4125 8221 5391 588-3 873-4 234
Finland14 90816 45213 32016 861-1 588408
France20 85522 64354 78665 70733 93143 065
Greece6848031 1431 004459201
Ireland5 7684 9119 85210 4274 0845 516
Iceland2 2452 4724 5205 4932 2753 021
Italy20 87922 67711 33913 230-9 540-9 447
Lithuania7 4158 5176 2036 269-1 211-2 248
Netherlands27 21025 96483 311105 88156 10279 916
Poland23 01224 28819 07922 492-3 932-1 796
Portugal2 4862 5994 9785 2742 4922 675
Romania2 4304 001924872-1 506-3 129
Russia12 65916 7472 0872 468-10 572-14 279
Slovakia3 3453 712312479-3 033-3 234
Spain13 71514 50019 52117 4465 8062 945
United Kingdom32 26438 492190 670215 856158 406177 364
Switzerland7 8947 9503 1542 946-4 741-5 005
Sweden78 42085 85456 03166 744-22 388-19 110
Czech Republic7 2918 2581 9741 987-5 318-6 271
Turkey7 0556 2986 9285 867-127-432
Germany75 90677 431133 750159 34657 84381 915
Hungary2 7402 9768841 096-1 856-1 880
Austria5 0596 3932 1472 212-2 912-4 181
Other countries in Europe8 5409 8746 9187 306-1 622-2 568
 
Asia162 904136 86571 43572 192-91 468-64 673
Hong Kong9691 1211 5921 809623688
India3 9374 5382 4792 365-1 457-2 173
Japan14 31913 28710 06311 601-4 256-1 686
China67 31771 32517 07920 958-50 237-50 367
Malaysia3 4693 5582 1341 561-1 336-1 997
Singapore2 8853 1129 6254 8646 7401 752
South Korea46 90219 4508 28511 249-38 617-8 201
Taiwan4 1744 1691 6941 852-2 480-2 317
Thailand5 8453 4252 5862 331-3 259-1 094
Vietnam4 3654 8082 9881 690-1 377-3 118
Other countries in Asia8 7228 07212 91011 9124 1883 840
 
North and Central America61 26676 62756 05958 355-5 208-18 272
Canada13 34216 8809 8887 484-3 454-9 395
United States44 12754 81538 60846 685-5 519-8 130
Other countries in North- and Central America3 7974 9327 5634 1863 766-746
 
South America14 38316 6975 7856 994-8 598-9 702
Brazil9 74411 6284 1813 802-5 564-7 826
Chile9609816361 279-324298
Peru1 5571 813109142-1 448-1 671
Other countries in South-America2 1222 2758591 771-1 262-503
 
Africa8 5838 36012 52518 9953 94210 635
Angola2541231 3671 3161 1121 193
Botswana172181-0-172-181
South Africa2 3232 8897021 309-1 621-1 580
Other countries in Africa5 8345 16710 45616 3704 62311 203
 
Oceania1 5392 1191 9673 6224281 503
Australia1 1421 7701 6052 387463617
New Zealand393344246985-146641
Other countries in Oceania45116250112245

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201720182017201820172018
Total661 447707 503418 165455 410-243 281-252 093
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries133 122144 31179 88890 537-53 234-53 774
EFTA9 99310 4667 6268 439-2 368-2 027
EU399 511432 740272 482301 717-127 028-131 022
OECD510 539542 709335 618372 363-174 921-170 346
Developing countries123 848129 69259 57564 007-64 273-65 685
LDC - least developed countries4 1194 1423 1885 082-931940
 
Continents and countries
Europe430 254468 614291 711321 920-138 543-146 693
Belgium10 46111 10214 81617 4854 3556 384
Denmark37 00038 85824 30629 856-12 694-9 002
Estonia5 4125 8221 5391 588-3 873-4 234
Finland14 87516 2837 5537 886-7 322-8 396
France20 85522 64314 48015 426-6 375-7 216
Greece6848031 0531 000369197
Ireland5 7374 9114 0054 097-1 732-814
Iceland2 0382 4564 4595 4932 4223 037
Italy18 56422 6778 7819 120-9 782-13 557
Lithuania7 4128 5164 0824 278-3 330-4 237
Netherlands27 12425 92741 02653 80513 90127 878
Poland22 94324 28817 65918 412-5 284-5 876
Portugal2 4862 5994 8894 5322 4031 933
Romania2 4304 001924872-1 506-3 129
Russia12 65916 7472 0302 329-10 629-14 419
Slovakia3 3453 712312479-3 033-3 234
Spain13 51714 50010 49911 317-3 019-3 183
United Kingdom32 14538 21334 86436 4592 719-1 754
Switzerland7 8947 9503 1542 946-4 741-5 005
Sweden78 40885 84342 84746 614-35 561-39 228
Czech Republic7 2918 2581 9741 987-5 318-6 271
Turkey5 6075 8715 9245 461317-410
Germany75 02977 39231 35430 777-43 675-46 615
Hungary2 7402 9768841 096-1 856-1 880
Austria5 0596 3932 1472 212-2 912-4 181
Other countries in Europe8 5399 8736 1506 393-2 389-3 480
 
Asia145 980135 25068 93964 594-77 040-70 656
Hong Kong9698681 5921 766623898
India3 9374 5382 1142 365-1 823-2 173
Japan13 58413 28710 06311 147-3 520-2 140
China66 96370 74517 00418 897-49 958-51 848
Malaysia3 4693 5582 1341 561-1 336-1 997
Singapore2 1913 1128 6264 7666 4351 654
South Korea32 20918 6697 7737 601-24 435-11 068
Taiwan4 1744 1691 6941 690-2 480-2 479
Thailand5 8453 4252 4602 129-3 385-1 297
Vietnam3 9414 8082 9881 690-952-3 118
Other countries in Asia8 6988 07112 49110 9823 7932 911
 
North and Central America60 81976 62737 75543 260-23 063-33 366
Canada13 34216 8804 3803 968-8 962-12 911
United States44 12754 81530 65436 218-13 473-18 597
Other countries in North- and Central America3 3504 9322 7213 074-629-1 858
 
South America14 38316 6975 7855 405-8 598-11 292
Brazil9 74411 6284 1813 631-5 564-7 997
Chile960981636718-324-263
Peru1 5571 813109142-1 448-1 671
Other countries in South America2 1222 275859914-1 262-1 361
 
Africa8 4738 19712 10017 4793 6279 282
Angola2541231 3671 3161 1121 193
Botswana172181-0-172-181
South Africa2 3232 851702778-1 621-2 073
Other countries in Africa5 7245 04210 031-5 3794 30810 343
 
Oceania1 5372 1191 8752 752338632
Australia1 1421 7701 6052 387463617
New Zealand393344246311-146-32
Other countries in Oceania2524542249

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2016201720182018
Total629 042684 335710 335100.0
 
Sweden72 63078 42085 85412.1
Germany72 82475 90677 43110.9
China67 13067 31771 32510.0
United States38 97344 12754 8157.7
Denmark34 01037 00638 9315.5
United Kingdom30 79632 26438 4925.4
Netherlands24 36327 21025 9643.7
Poland21 47323 01224 2883.4
Italy18 27920 87922 6773.2
France20 01920 85522 6433.2
South Korea27 13146 90219 4502.7
Canada10 87013 34216 8802.4
Russia9 75512 65916 7472.4
Finland14 66714 90816 4522.3
Spain13 82913 71514 5002.0

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2016201720182018
Total751 583863 624997 363100.0
 
United Kingdom155 448190 670215 85621.6
Germany106 695133 750159 34616.0
Netherlands79 88383 311105 88110.6
Sweden48 25256 03166 7446.7
France50 45554 78665 7076.6
Belgium32 70640 68752 1495.2
United States31 33638 60846 6854.7
Denmark29 93639 79646 2054.6
Poland17 39919 07922 4922.3
China19 76017 07920 9582.1
Spain13 70319 52117 4461.7
Finland9 96213 32016 8611.7
Italy9 85011 33913 2301.3
Japan10 25510 06311 6011.2
South Korea10 7588 28511 2491.1

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2016201720182018
Total386 536418 165455 410100.0
 
Netherlands34 33541 02653 80511.8
Sweden37 31642 84746 61410.2
United Kingdom29 68634 86436 4598.0
United States25 97230 65436 2188.0
Germany29 58431 35430 7776.8
Denmark22 20524 30629 8566.6
China18 76617 00418 8974.1
Poland17 15317 65918 4124.0
Belgium11 97314 81617 4853.8
France16 06714 48015 4263.4
Spain9 67010 49911 3172.5
Japan10 25510 06311 1472.4
Italy8 5108 7819 1202.0
Finland7 3967 5537 8861.7
South Korea10 3667 7737 6011.7

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
Totall629 042684 335710 3353.8
 
0 Food and live animals43 20943 38346 1046.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03175232201-13.5
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7241 4911 406-5.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2321 2501 39611.7
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 5314 4044 86710.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2325 2096 08316.8
05 Vegetables and fruit11 95112 10212 5343.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7121 6701 497-10.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9904 1033 701-9.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7436 9517 76011.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9195 9706 65811.5
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 9429 62110 0013.9
11 Beverages5 9236 1936 6307.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 0183 4283 371-1.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 70637 61346 05922.5
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw25162238.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9092 0011 888-5.6
23 Crude rubber12413115316.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 5124 7254 8743.2
25 Pulp and waste paper554524503-3.9
26 Textile fibres and their waste1111191211.8
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 0872 9673 48817.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap18 55724 12431 89232.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 8273 0063 1173.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials23 10832 78146 79542.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 6682 1082 40414.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products18 96227 98839 55741.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 0129641 33538.4
35 Electric current1 4661 7213 499103.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1307 1237 2451.7
41 Animal oils and fats3 3362 7713 14813.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5914 1213 854-6.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2032312435.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.62 75869 13272 2244.5
51 Organic chemicals8 3188 8489 6729.3
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6845 3195 5885.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3383 5273 7857.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products16 01618 87219 6664.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 2807 6238 1326.7
56 Fertilizers2 7702 5283 06521.2
57 Plastics in primary forms4 5884 8475 0293.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 6135 7836 2668.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 15211 78511 021-6.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material105 248119 490107 003-10.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins567568536-5.7
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 1535 2565 6848.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 3157 6187 8212.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 6107 6207 7712.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 1527 6218 2167.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 2239 46810 0175.8
67 Iron and steel13 75914 67216 29411.1
68 Non-ferrous metals8 2579 63411 65020.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.46 21357 03339 013-31.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment245 468264 566271 3452.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 35511 22715 74540.2
72 Machinery for special industries24 81724 15426 57110.0
73 Metal working machinery1 4501 4631 78822.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment31 84630 36734 75214.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines16 78417 14819 14111.6
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment24 38426 28326 6521.4
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 50133 22437 51812.9
78 Road vehicles69 25178 40480 7463.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships36 07942 29628 431-32.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles100 36399 467102 3962.9
81 Prefabricated buildings9 4069 2119 5233.4
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 83615 49415 7371.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6431 7601 8505.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 01820 56821 3573.8
85 Footwear5 4545 5055 7995.3
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 36115 89016 4823.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2 9203 0833 1813.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s29 72627 95728 4671.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1101 1581 1630.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4834174528.3
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender16101777.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)611731694-5.0

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total751 583863 624997 36315.5
 
0 Food and live animals95 25498 357103 2945.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0365377499.0
01 Meat and meat preparations224288278-3.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs777767742-3.3
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof89 17092 22096 1324.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3133814066.7
05 Vegetables and fruit24517120017.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey75445320.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices34637942411.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4502 4493 25432.8
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 5891 6201 7316.9
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9969161 01010.2
11 Beverages98190699810.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures16101220.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels14 82916 56117 9238.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw698700573-18.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits4778.1
23 Crude rubber434941-16.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1193 2783 79115.7
25 Pulp and waste paper2 5862 9022 805-3.3
26 Textile fibres and their waste2542602714.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7773 7134 20213.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 9935 2375 75910.0
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials35441647414.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials398 890500 134621 48124.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5325910677.9
33 Petroleum, petroleum products219 164271 462324 91419.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured173 746222 802288 58229.5
35 Electric current5 4485 8107 88035.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 2002 1242 39312.7
41 Animal oils and fats1 0631 0541 25018.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated528499403-19.1
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed61057174029.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.49 51354 68259 7639.3
51 Organic chemicals13 74915 83716 9807.2
52 Inorganic chemicals7 4328 1648 7647.4
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 5741 8191 9909.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8786 3677 77722.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3581 4211 5468.8
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0745 5405 9166.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 2931 5831 491-5.8
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.13 15413 95115 2999.7
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material72 46781 23584 7254.3
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins818176-5.6
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.664758711-6.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 4161 5601 6384.9
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 2325 1145 64110.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5651 5291 6044.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5061 6481 593-3.4
67 Iron and steel12 09815 05614 592-3.1
68 Non-ferrous metals40 28247 27950 2366.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.9 6228 2108 6355.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment90 85984 71583 175-1.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 0007 6857 174-6.7
72 Machinery for special industries12 79410 37411 80513.8
73 Metal working machinery601775613-20.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment20 40014 78316 1699.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3142 5592 7346.9
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5 2406 1476 3122.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 59513 30714 5919.6
78 Road vehicles6 9667 4318 0458.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships20 94921 65515 731-27.4
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles25 78924 10122 762-5.6
81 Prefabricated buildings1 4331 5041 428-5.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 8762 7862 779-0.2
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.959411218.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories755914890-2.7
85 Footwear13313616521.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 26010 2999 672-6.1
88 Photographic and optical goods278256239-6.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9598 1107 477-7.8
 
9 Commodities and transactions7867998374.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0511102.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1632-31.7
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7717918254.2

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2018
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total710 33546 10410 00146 05946 7957 24572 224107 003271 345102 3961 163
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)433 34929 0569 12516 76331 7822 51351 82170 183166 62954 3651 111
Nordic countries144 58110 7522 6518 58919 4891 70213 53127 45740 54218 8411 028
Developing countries130 86310 52918813 6381 0602 0964 03513 84848 81336 62235
Russia16 7471 369176595 0101 7901 4226 226791750
India4 5388631530295301 3105091 2420
China71 3251 020140268112 0027 73136 84223 23019
Japan13 28777614405582 5139 0441 0710
Singapore3 11219166111 4121527407220
South Korea19 45034152863349 6179 0453530
United States54 8151 0332216168 0913387 9402 10528 4935 96910
Canada16 8803201812 721003202562 0024230
Brazil11 6283 12417 034002221991 015268
South Africa2 889508491 33602125334595128

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2018
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total997 363103 2941 01017 923621 4812 39359 76384 72583 17522 762837
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)817 51168 93265514 907567 3981 30335 42868 50647 22413 046112
Nordic countries136 04717 1143714 81065 0655309 74116 02616 5395 82625
Developing countries69 57913 355372 10017 21236315 0005 03314 1542 3240
Russia2 46835911203228869282017210 135
India2 3652203980378178431364220
Japan11 6014 40121202 428141 3331 4771 6162100
China20 9583 742209932 116298 2171 0993 9457970
Singapore4 8645981689527252251 8955160
South Korea11 2492 8011673 649337361 1482 182631-
United States46 6856 50316323719 3825013 7395 2527 6563 2520
Canada7 4846519254 791252586657732880
Brazil3 802893392171101 137641725131-
South Africa1 3092940205322100572257852

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country386 536418 543455 4108.8
 
County of production
Østfold16 33016 74816 8720.7
Akershus6 6265 3236 57023.4
Oslo8 5808 5657 416-13.4
Hedmark3 8163 9644 38610.6
Oppland6 2296 9417 5488.7
Buskerud12 83514 02312 071-13.9
Vestfold14 94220 70923 55613.7
Telemark18 55721 00623 0809.9
Aust-Agder3 4703 0253 38211.8
Vest-Agder27 77729 14832 39711.1
Rogaland32 43437 09342 53614.7
Hordaland56 45066 57678 87218.5
Sogn og Fjordane13 37714 27913 716-3.9
Møre og Romsdal38 73340 09840 5031.0
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)16 94419 435..
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)6 9815 958..
Trøndelag..27 737.
Nordland25 50727 38728 5474.2
Troms - Romsa7 7898 77410 22616.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku5 7186 3436 5393.1
Svalbard5315710380.7
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties14 47115 91018 25314.7
Re-exports of goods produced abroad141 92440 61242 8565.5
County not stated26 5166 5718 24025.4

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2018
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country455 410104 30496 13220 31687 95559 76384 72575 58522 762
 
County of production
Østfold16 8721 057462 23685 1874 0923 989305
Akershus6 5708104717143 5622621 166594
Oslo7 4166205736774 2392801 166737
Hedmark4 38611661 8722257979753407
Oppland7 5484472309831 3063 7892 087
Buskerud12 07148071721 0819857 3451 894
Vestfold23 556169977813 2241 3583 7752 5151 737
Telemark23 0802323476436617 1072 2331 847532
Aust-Agder3 38239012750::821143
Vest-Agder32 39716214524899 39020 4441 854291
Rogaland42 5364 2982 9201 94520 0701 08710 3583 6901 088
Hordaland78 87214 14313 7781 69945 2413828 4627 6841 260
Sogn og Fjordane13 7164 7934 6714281::137129
Møre og Romsdal40 50320 63919 8691 87643 9847 2204 4942 285
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017).........
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017).....::..
Trøndelag27 73718 64318 3541 1730::1 2801 220
Nordland28 54714 32414 002942-:8 370:30
Troms - Romsa10 2269 2479 192900::466
Finnmark - Finnmárku6 5395 5325 5253835452:19:
Svalbard1031-0103---0
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties18 2536 4935 7852 9927 88417311251980
Re-exports of goods produced abroad142 8569972957304724 1493 83926 2606 409
County not stated128 2401 5441 38640044737103 6091 500

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonnesTonnesTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total58 17158 70161 8675.44 758 3234 842 2505 366 97510.8
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03175232201-13.5698759664-12.5
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7241 4911 406-5.729 88923 97619 342-19.3
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2321 2501 39611.728 52227 02329 1828.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 5314 4044 86710.5228 547214 646213 749-0.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2325 2096 08316.8660 983637 379910 77642.9
05 Vegetables and fruit11 95112 10212 5343.6860 128879 236971 27410.5
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7121 6701 497-10.4211 389209 945199 685-4.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9904 1033 701-9.886 89787 40982 564-5.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7436 9517 76011.6819 412899 1521 042 94216.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9195 9706 65811.5447 869409 689451 71410.3
11 Beverages5 9236 1936 6307.1249 734277 891285 2722.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9092 0011 888-5.6449 434459 382428 032-6.8
41 Animal oils and fats3 3362 7713 14813.6194 636192 618207 8307.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5914 1213 854-6.5473 445509 688508 687-0.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2032312435.011 98213 45715 26213.4

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 2018
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total58 17158 70161 8675.4
EU35 83936 16437 5683.9
Developing countries14 04613 48214 1625.0
Other countries8 2859 05510 13711.9
 
Food and live animals
Total43 20943 38346 1046.3
EU27 04627 42529 0565.9
Developing countries11 19710 57910 529-0.5
Other countries4 9675 3796 51921.2
 
Beverages
Total5 9236 1936 6307.1
EU5 0795 3545 8038.4
Developing countries309275179-35.1
Other countries53656464914.9
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total7 1307 1237 2451.7
EU3 5573 2442 513-22.5
Developing countries1 4971 4672 09642.8
Other countries2 0752 4122 636244.5
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total1 9092 0011 888-5.6
EU15814019639.6
Developing countries1 0431 1601 35917.1
Other countries707700587-16.1

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total89 17092 22096 1324.22 231 6302 410 3302 483 3023.0
 
Salmon261 31864 60467 7484.9978 9021 008 3431 055 3944.7
Cod8 7609 1369 4443.4215 815216 906197 155-9.1
Herring3 1242 8062 633-6.2236 010290 743291 9850.4
Mackerel4 0634 1163 819-7.2308 799336 241255 114-24.1
Coalfish1 8011 9042 11911.372 57483 550106 13827.0
Haddock1 4451 6821 680-0.171 19374 71561 579-17.6
Trout3 9002 8562 9784.368 44240 02546 47816.1
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut781930871-6.313 87918 21615 804-13.2
Ling3123283455.28 3007 6657 355-4.0
Cusk155187168-10.23 8254 6843 809-18.7
Redfish222266261-1.914 89917 42214 647-15.9
Other fish1 4341 6862 11925.7194 490265 768374 66641.0
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 8551 7191 94813.344 50346 05353 18015.5

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total89 17092 22096 1324.22 231 6302 410 3302 483 3023.0
Europe63 01363 12368 0047.71 517 2761 586 2681 740 0899.7
Asia17 66618 99417 944-5.5489 953552 779488 429-11.6
North and Central America5 7286 8397 0272.792 096102 951102 885-0.1
South America8431 1601 024-11.743 80253 93954 0660.2
Africa1 5751 7481 712-2.185 102111 49994 051-15.6
Oceania34535542018.33 4002 8943 78330.7
 
Selected species
Salmon in total161 31864 60467 7484.9978 9021 008 3431 055 3944.7
Europe46 32547 26051 0087.9774 582771 063829 5357.6
Asia10 67711 85011 169-5.7153 073173 506163 693-5.7
North and Central America3 6114 7304 7330.141 93554 26051 459-5.2
South America171716-5.9260238213-10.5
Africa4194444726.36 5006 8767 3697.2
Oceania27030335015.52 5512 4003 12430.2
 
Cod in total8 7609 1369 4443.4215 815216 906197 155-9.1
Europe7 1497 1807 6576.6170 161165 185158 132-4.3
Asia9121 069891-16.734 08638 75627 336-29.5
North and Central America28229934515.44 4283 7164 12811.1
South America358539482-10.66 2658 5426 639-22.3
Africa49446445.575063585434.5
Oceania9660.01247267-6.9
 
Herring in total3 1242 8062 633-6.2236 010290 743291 9850.4
Europe2 8222 3992 290-4.5209 757231 039240 3194.0
Asia170156139-10.912 52815 79514 876-5.8
North and Central America182310-56.51 2071 807957-47.0
South America3220.020918221317.0
Africa111226192-15.012 30941 92135 620-15.0
Oceania-00.-01.
 
Mackerel in total4 0634 1163 819-7.2308 799336 241255 114-24.1
Europe1 0081 0951 000-8.777 97091 32670 246-23.1
Asia2 5922 6762 660-0.6187 201215 187173 862-19.2
North and Central America81971025.24 8915 9916 1392.5
South America01--100.01948--100.0
Africa38224757-76.938 71023 6604 860-79.5
Oceania000.8297-75.9

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total62 00270 54573 4634.13 436 9593 516 0943 362 080-4.4
Europe48 89657 98761 0705.33 255 2063 255 2063 103 928-4.6
Asia5 7325 1055 2743.387 61465 87557 331-13.0
North and Central America3 7875 5125 6833.1144 872146 671165 32912.7
South America4426657137.221 32925 48628 46411.7
Africa3 0461 215585-51.822 61921 5905 246-75.7
Oceania998413864.81 2861 2651 78140.8
 
Iron and steel12 09815 05614 592-3.11 493 2821 484 4051 430 389-3.6
Europe9 42411 88411 362-4.41 311 3431 306 4441 237 461-5.3
Asia916934759-18.729 00218 49921 29115.1
North and Central America1 1151 6281 92118.0116 961118 971141 84919.2
South America19831337419.618 71521 23825 75021.2
Africa415262142-45.816 59218 6163 160-83.0
Oceania293534-2.666963787737.7
 
Non-ferrous metals40 28247 27950 2366.31 815 1621 909 5051 799 950-5.7
Europe34 88241 53343 8815.71 744 6021 846 1911 749 780-5.2
Asia3 4483 0253 57218.148 72139 88430 958-22.4
North and Central America1 8092 4662 5141.919 62720 15716 356-18.9
South America1272382515.51 7652 8382 374-16.3
Africa91211-11.8312317288-9.1
Oceania85723.013511719365.0
 
Manufactures of metals9 6228 2108 6355.2128 515122 184131 7417.8
Europe4 5904 5705 82727.5103 293102 571116 68713.8
Asia1 3681 147943-17.89 8917 4925 082-32.2
North and Central America8621 4181 248-12.08 2847 5437 124-5.6
South America11811488-22.98491 410340-75.9
Africa2 622918433-52.95 7152 6571 798-32.3
Oceania624397125.148251171139.1

Table 19 
Exports of crude oil, by country

Exports of crude oil, by country
NOK MillionChange in per cent1000 BarrelsChange in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
1The export of crude oil in pipes to the UK is lower in reality, since some of it is exported onwards to other countries after reprocessing, please see table 22.
Total187 595223 073261 33417.2514 936500 392457 525-8.6
 
United Kingdom176 49992 994100 4888.1213 916211 389178 596-15.5
Netherlands43 36737 97650 59033.2119 19485 22787 8343.1
Germany14 37223 49025 4998.639 01350 84544 495-12.5
Sweden10 40412 68219 42653.227 82828 67333 12415.5
United States5 1414 66210 331121.613 04410 83418 06466.7
France10 3139 9136 524-34.227 12621 55311 407-47.1
Ireland7 7435 8476 3268.220 23712 79410 836-15.3
Denmark5 31910 85611 2683.814 59824 17219 651-18.7
Canada3 9625 4123 429-36.710 96412 2876 149-50.0
Poland2461 3253 551168.06602 9126 119110.1
Other countries10 22917 91823 90033.428 35639 70541 2493.9

Table 20 
Exports of natural gas in gaseous state, by country

Exports of natural gas in gaseous state, by country
Million NOKChange in per centMillion standard cubiq metres (SM3)Change in per cent
2016201720182017 - 20182016201720182017 - 2018
Total153 108195 332253 20029.6109 718118 535115 178-2.8
 
Germany62 14277 379103 06833.244 94347 45446 883-1.2
United Kingdom47 12062 56277 64824.133 30837 38435 276-5.6
France23 14629 23138 67232.316 60117 75517 605-0.8
Netherlands00-.00-.
Belgium20 08525 49533 22230.314 41515 53415 149-2.5
Other countries616665589-11.5450407265-34.9

Table 21 
Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state1
Crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state in totalCrude oilNatural gas in gaseous state
NOK Million1000 TonnesNOK Million1000 Barrels1000 TonnesNOK MillionMillion standard cubic metes (SM3)1000 Tonnes
1Norway first exports of crude oil was in 1971, while exports of natural gas started in 1977.
2004311 485181 397237 468926 602124 38374 01776 27257 013
2005392 592173 173289 453831 028111 821103 13982 50661 352
2006456 129163 358309 252742 458100 035146 87784 58263 323
2007444 181161 147309 675726 12697 281134 50685 68463 866
2008569 310159 400359 369666 48389 085209 94194 56370 315
2009404 665158 178243 521642 30885 909161 14496 56372 269
2010436 547150 576281 985578 12077 465154 56297 39473 111
2011514 393140 830321 248511 82868 362193 14596 50072 467
2012548 643145 137306 825471 48562 808241 818109 48082 329
2013528 167138 478288 126448 44859 844240 041103 87578 634
2014492 098140 187282 663462 86061 770209 435102 37278 417
2015407 150144 635197 116476 05363 380210 034109 61181 255
2016340 703152 072187 595514 93668 521153 108109 71883 551
2017418 405163 723223 073500 39266 667195 332118 53597 057
2018514 534146 485261 334457 52561 104253 200115 17885 381

Table 22 
Exports of crude oil, modified country distribution after fractionation in Great Britain

Exports of crude oil, modified country distribution after fractionation in Great Britain
20182018
Råolje (by ships and pipelines)Råolje (by ships)1
NOK million1000 BarrelsNOK million1000 Barrels
1All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside and Sullom Voe are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. After this unstabilised crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilised crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappeares, thereby different total figures.
Total261 334457 525261 894453 951
 
United Kingdom100 488178 59675 451131 614
Netherlands50 59087 83461 665106 264
Sweden19 42633 12423 35139 698
France6 52411 40712 59722 071
Germany25 49944 49525 49944 495
Canada3 4296 1493 4296 149
Poland3 5516 1193 5516 119
Denmark11 26819 65111 14719 424
Ireland6 32610 8366 63811 436
Italy3 9596 4585 1398 456
United States10 33118 06412 77522 190
Finland8 83715 7278 83715 727
Spain5 0558 5955 4139 189
Martinique1 1111 7571 4102 307
Portugal7421 2597421 259
Belgium1 3722 5251 3722 525
Uruguay6361 0466361 046

Table 23 
Final revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

Final revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
Final revisionFirst revisionChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2016
Total609 516629 0423.2
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms19 38819 6661.4
Goods excl. ships and oil platforms590 128609 3763.3
 
0 Food and live animals43 20943 1860.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031751750.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7251 724-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2311 2320.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 5044 5310.6
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2315 2320.0
05 Vegetables and fruit11 94811 9510.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 7131 712-0.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9903 9900.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 7486 743-0.1
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9205 9190.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 9428 9420.0
11 Beverages5 9245 9230.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 0183 0180.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels31 70631 6910.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw2525-0.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9081 9090.0
23 Crude rubber124124-0.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 5134 5120.0
25 Pulp and waste paper555554-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1111110.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 0873 0870.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap18 54018 5570.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 8282 8270.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials23 10823 156-0.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 6681 6680.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products19 01118 962-0.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation15 10415 1050.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 0111 0120.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane8688690.1
35 Electric current1 4661 4660.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1307 1230.1
41 Animal oils and fats3 3303 3360.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 5913 5910.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2032030.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.62 75862 7580.0
51 Organic chemicals8 3128 3180.1
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6784 6840.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3373 3380.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products16 03016 016-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 2777 2800.0
56 Fertilizers2 7702 7700.0
57 Plastics in primary forms4 5874 5880.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 6135 6130.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 15410 1520.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material105 24885 87822.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5665670.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 1525 1530.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 3167 3150.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 6117 6100.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 1497 1520.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 2299 223-0.1
67 Iron and steel13 77013 759-0.1
68 Non-ferrous metals8 1228 2571.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.26 96246 21371.4
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment245 468245 2890.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment9 3149 3550.4
72 Machinery for special industries24 83924 817-0.1
73 Metal working machinery1 4541 450-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment31 97031 846-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines16 78216 7840.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment24 39424 3840.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 48331 5010.1
78 Road vehicles69 25269 2510.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships35 80136 0790.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles100 363100 3830.0
81 Prefabricated buildings9 4069 4060.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 83614 8360.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6431 6430.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 02120 0180.0
85 Footwear5 4545 4540.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 37616 361-0.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2 9202 9200.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s29 72629 7260.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1101 1100.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4834830.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender16160.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6116110.0

Table 24 
Final revision of yearly figures of exports of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

Final revision of yearly figures of exports of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
Final revisionFirst revisionChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2016
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
TOTAL751 399751 5830.0
Of which:
Crude oil187 595187 5950.0
Natural gas, whether or not liquefied160 787161 1290.2
Natural gas condensates3 8173 8170.0
Ships and oil platforms12 20112 5062.5
Mainland exports386 998386 536-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals95 25495 2740.0
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0365650.0
01 Meat and meat preparations2242240.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7777770.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof89 18789 1700.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations317313-1.1
05 Vegetables and fruit2452450.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey75750.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3463460.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4492 4500.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 5891 5890.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9969960.0
11 Beverages9819810.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures16160.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels14 82914 8360.0
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw6986980.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits440.0
23 Crude rubber43430.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1193 1190.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 5862 5860.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste255254-0.3
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7753 7770.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 0013 993-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3543540.0
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials398 890398 5570.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5165323.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products219 164219 1640.0
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation27 18527 1850.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured173 428173 7460.2
342 Liquefied propane and butane10 29110 231-0.6
35 Electric current5 4485 4480.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 2002 2010.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 0631 0630.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated5285280.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed611610-0.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.49 51349 5220.0
51 Organic chemicals13 74913 7490.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 4317 4320.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 5741 5740.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8785 8780.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3581 3580.0
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0865 074-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 2931 2930.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 5416 5410.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material72 46772 4500.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins81810.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.6646640.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 4171 4160.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 2325 2320.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5661 5650.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5061 5060.0
67 Iron and steel12 07412 0980.2
68 Non-ferrous metals40 28240 2820.0
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.9 6299 622-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment90 85991 051-0.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 0207 000-0.3
72 Machinery for special industries12 84712 794-0.4
73 Metal working machinery6016010.0
74 General industrial machinery and equipment20 42020 400-0.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3142 3140.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5 2405 2400.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 59314 5950.0
78 Road vehicles6 9676 9660.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships21 04920 949-0.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles25 78925 7240.3
81 Prefabricated buildings1 4331 4330.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 8752 8760.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.95950.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7557550.0
85 Footwear1321330.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments13 19713 2600.5
88 Photographic and optical goods2782780.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 9596 9590.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions7867860.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind000.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender16160.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7717710.0

Table 25 
First revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC

First revision of yearly figures of import of goods. Commodity groups by SITC
First revisionFirst figuresChang in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2018
Total710 335711 833-0.2
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms2 8322 5859.5
Goods excl. ships and oil platforms707 503709 248-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals46 10446 143-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032012010.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4061 4070.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 3961 3970.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 8674 8680.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations6 0836 089-0.1
05 Vegetables and fruit12 53412 5350.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 4971 4970.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 7013 7010.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)7 7607 7600.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 6586 688-0.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco10 00110 008-0.1
11 Beverages6 6306 6300.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 3713 377-0.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels46 05946 103-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw22220.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8881 8870.1
23 Crude rubber1 8881 8870.1
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 8744 8760.0
25 Pulp and waste paper5035030.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste121121-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 4883 4880.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap31 89231 934-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3 1173 119-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials46 79546 3610.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 4042 4040.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products39 55739 1231.1
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation20 91520 8130.5
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 3351 3350.0
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 2791 2790.0
35 Electric current3 4993 4990.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 2457 2450.0
41 Animal oils and fats3 1483 1430.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 8543 8540.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed243248-2.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.72 22472 372-0.2
51 Organic chemicals9 6729 6730.0
52 Inorganic chemicals5 5885 5840.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 7853 7840.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products19 66619 6720.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc8 1328 168-0.4
56 Fertilizers3 0653 0650.0
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0295 0290.0
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6 2666 2660.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 02111 129-1.0
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material107 003107 0510.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5365360.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 6845 6840.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 8217 8220.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 7717 776-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles8 2168 2200.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.10 01710 0180.0
67 Iron and steel16 29416 2930.0
68 Non-ferrous metals11 65011 659-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.39 01339 042-0.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment271 345272 923-0.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment15 74517 596-10.5
72 Machinery for special industries26 57126 604-0.1
73 Metal working machinery1 7881 7681.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment34 75234 786-0.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines19 14119 1470.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment26 65226 6550.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus37 51837 567-0.1
78 Road vehicles80 74680 7400.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships28 43128 0611.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles102 396102 466-0.1
81 Prefabricated buildings9 5239 5110.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof15 73715 7410.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 8501 8510.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories21 35721 370-0.1
85 Footwear5 7995 7990.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 48216 527-0.3
88 Photographic and optical goods3 1813 184-0.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s28 46728 483-0.1
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1631 1630.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4524520.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender17171.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6946940.0

Table 26 
First revision of yearly figures of export. Commodity groups by SITC

First revision of yearly figures of export. Commodity groups by SITC
First revisionFirst figuresChange in per cent
NOK Million
Measure period
2018
1Due to confidentiality commodity group 56 is included in commodity group 59.
TOTAL997 363999 802-0.2
Of which:
Crude oil261 334263 970-1.0
Natural gas, whether or not liquefied265 435263 8320.6
Natural gas condensates6 7586 5014.0
Ships and oil platforms8 4277 9296.3
Mainland exports455 410457 570-0.5
 
0 Food and live animals77 49477 558-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.035960-1.4
01 Meat and meat preparations200203-1.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7647640.0
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof71 97372 034-0.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2832830.0
05 Vegetables and fruit1851850.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey88880.0
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices311311-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2582 2590.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3721 3710.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco787787-0.1
11 Beverages784785-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures22-1.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 88415 896-0.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw8308300.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits330.0
23 Crude rubber27270.0
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1903 1890.0
25 Pulp and waste paper2 4782 481-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste2512510.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9003 9000.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8864 894-0.2
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials320320-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials482 396492 616-2.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5595590.0
33 Petroleum, petroleum products243 201246 410-1.3
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation40 93540 2581.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured234 538241 538-2.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane11 98211 7452.0
35 Electric current4 0974 108-0.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1212 128-0.3
41 Animal oils and fats1 1041 108-0.4
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4464460.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed571574-0.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 69851 727-0.1
51 Organic chemicals14 11814 1230.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 9307 9310.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3851 386-0.1
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8025 8030.0
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3791 3790.0
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8864 896-0.2
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4041 4040.0
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.6 0906 098-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material77 25677 731-0.6
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins77770.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.732736-0.6
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3851 390-0.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof4 7204 7200.0
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4121 423-0.8
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5051 4990.4
67 Iron and steel12 70312 832-1.0
68 Non-ferrous metals43 40643 449-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 31611 605-2.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment98 704100 106-1.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 80511 408-5.3
72 Machinery for special industries17 96417 9230.2
73 Metal working machinery6606590.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment24 93125 936-3.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5012 5000.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5 8595 8570.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 87115 019-1.0
78 Road vehicles6 5786 589-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 53314 2162.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles27 90328 169-0.9
81 Prefabricated buildings1 3501 359-0.6
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7912 802-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.7878-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7277230.5
85 Footwear138138-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 92616 163-1.5
88 Photographic and optical goods247249-0.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 6466 657-0.2
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0251 0250.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind000.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind000.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender1922-14.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1 0061 0030.4

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.