366623
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
366623
statistikk
2020-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

104.1

NOK billion – Exports of Fish in 2019

External trade in goods
NOK BillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201920192018 - 2019
Imports755.6100.06.4
Ships and oil platforms6.80.9141.2
 
Exports903.9100.0-9.4
Crude oil247.827.4-5.2
Natural gas170.618.9-35.7
Natural gas condensates5.70.6-14.9
Ships and oil platforms6.70.7-20.0
Mainland exports473.052.33.9
Fish104.111.58.3
 
The trade balance148.3.-48.3
The mainland trade balance-275.7.-9.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2019
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total755 593100.0903 909100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation164 47621.851 7265.7
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles41 1565.410 6611.2
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms123 32016.341 0654.5
Intermediate comsumption245 21632.5198 06921.9
Food13 4921.83 1430.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment74 2699.844 4744.9
Other intermediate consumption157 45520.8150 45216.6
Building and construction articles85 60211.327 4303.0
Energy products47 3746.3501 58055.5
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates15 0712.037 6374.2
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels27 4233.6459 31450.8
Electric current4 8800.64 6290.5
Consumer goods160 72121.3124 71213.8
Durable consumer goods32 1404.33 9790.4
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars6 3290.85130.1
Semi-durable consumer goods43 4865.83 3390.4
Non-durable consumer goods85 09511.3117 39413.0
Whereof food44 0935.8109 11512.1
Passenger cars51 7116.83900.0
Unclassified goods14950.110.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2019
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total755 593100.0903 909100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing18 7732.566 0307.3
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services16 6432.25670.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services5590.12 1750.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 5720.263 2887.0
 
Mining and quarrying23 5203.1424 14446.9
05 Coal and lignite1 2460.260.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas12 6561.7418 37246.3
07 Metal ores6 2330.81 6330.2
08 Other mining and quarrying products3 3850.44 1330.5
 
Manufactured products699 77892.6400 77744.3
10 Food products46 8276.252 0305.8
11 Beverages7 3711.01 0810.1
12 Tobacco products3 6500.5120.0
13 Textiles8 8521.21 6370.2
14 Wearing apparel21 4272.81 1240.1
15 Leather and related products8 3341.14060.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture15 2252.03 4330.4
17 Paper and paper products8 9551.28 0460.9
18 Printing and recording services150.000.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products31 2054.178 6778.7
20 Chemicals and chemical products44 3405.941 2674.6
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations20 5182.717 5861.9
22 Rubber and plastics products23 4763.14 1680.5
23 Other non-metallic mineral products11 0891.53 0980.3
24 Basic metals51 8896.970 1307.8
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment39 5125.29 2441.0
26 Computer, electronic and optical products68 2489.024 2112.7
27 Electrical equipment42 6655.617 1871.9
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.88 39111.735 3893.9
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers85 32411.38 3760.9
30 Other transport equipment37 8825.018 5422.1
31 Furniture15 9012.12 4350.3
32 Other manufactured goods18 6822.52 6980.3
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning4 8800.64 6290.5
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning4 8800.64 6290.5
 
Water supply3 9720.55 9390.7
37 Sewerage services00.0-0.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services3 9720.55 9390.7
 
Information and communication services3 8860.57310.1
58 Publishing services3 7700.57200.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing1160.0110.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services30.000.0
71 Architectural and engineering services10.000.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services20.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services7810.11680.0
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services6220.11310.0
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1590.0370.0
 
Other services-0.000.0
96 Other personal services-0.000.0
 
Unknown product1-0.01 4910.2
00 Unknown-0.01 4910.2

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201820192018201920182019
Total710 335755 593997 363903 909287 028148 316
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries144 581151 491136 047130 678-8 534-20 813
EFTA10 48210 0508 4398 822-2 043-1 228
EU433 349459 863817 511711 440384 162251 577
OECD544 541472 099903 359724 177358 818252 079
Developing countries130 863147 43569 57987 981-61 284-59 454
LDC - least developed countries4 2676 0515 0942 325827-3 726
 
Continents and countries
Europe469 667498 666837 205733 803367 538235 137
Belgium11 10211 89952 14937 28741 04725 388
Denmark38 93142 45946 20541 0807 275-1 379
Estonia5 8225 9751 5881 653-4 234-4 322
Finland16 45217 09416 86112 918408-4 176
France22 64324 95965 70752 06543 06527 107
Greece8039241 0041 823201898
Ireland4 9115 11010 4276 4675 5161 357
Iceland2 4721 9625 4935 8533 0213 891
Italy22 67723 54013 23012 526-9 447-11 014
Lithuania8 5179 3326 2695 820-2 248-3 511
Netherlands25 96428 600105 881100 07279 91671 472
Poland24 28829 11622 49221 269-1 796-7 847
Portugal2 5993 0465 2746 2142 6753 168
Romania4 0014 359872926-3 129-3 433
Russia16 74717 3662 4683 037-14 279-14 329
Slovakia3 7123 667479569-3 234-3 099
Spain14 50015 62817 44620 5622 9454 933
United Kingdom38 49237 627215 856181 358177 364143 732
Switzerland7 9508 0252 9462 966-5 005-5 059
Sweden85 85489 00166 74469 961-19 110-19 041
Czech Republic8 2588 3041 9872 071-6 271-6 233
Turkey6 2988 1695 8677 263-432-906
Germany77 43181 740159 346129 16781 91547 427
Hungary2 9763 2801 096747-1 880-2 532
Austria6 3937 1402 2122 852-4 181-4 288
Other countries in Europe9 87410 3447 3067 277-2 568-3 067
 
Asia136 865142 21572 19293 218-64 673-48 997
Hong Kong1 1211 0281 8092 2746881 246
India4 5385 6032 3653 607-2 173-1 996
Japan13 28714 28211 60110 621-1 686-3 661
China71 32576 93620 95837 356-50 367-39 579
Malaysia3 5583 0451 5611 972-1 997-1 073
Singapore3 1123 1604 8646 0151 7522 856
South Korea19 45014 56611 24910 208-8 201-4 358
Taiwan4 1694 8681 8521 856-2 317-3 012
Thailand3 4253 4652 3313 317-1 094-149
Vietnam4 8086 3651 6901 926-3 118-4 439
Other countries in Asia8 0728 89711 91214 0663 8405 169
 
North and Central America76 62780 48958 35551 334-18 272-29 155
Canada16 88016 0567 4847 732-9 395-8 324
United States54 81559 42946 68539 457-8 130-19 972
Other countries in North- and Central America4 9325 0044 1864 145-746-859
 
South America16 69718 8036 9946 957-9 702-11 846
Brazil11 62812 7503 8024 893-7 826-7 857
Chile9811 4211 2791 017298-403
Peru1 8132 06114288-1 671-1 973
Other countries in South-America2 2752 5711 771959-503-1 613
 
Africa8 36012 73918 99516 29210 6353 553
Angola1231 4511 3167831 193-668
Botswana18113501-181-134
South Africa2 8892 8851 3091 643-1 580-1 242
Other countries in Africa5 1678 26816 37013 86511 2035 597
 
Oceania2 1192 6813 6222 3051 503-376
Australia1 7702 2322 3871 680617-552
New Zealand34444598550064155
Other countries in Oceania54250125245121

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201820192018201920182019
Total707 503748 762455 410473 043-252 093-275 719
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries144 311150 61190 53790 473-53 774-60 138
EFTA10 46610 0198 4398 236-2 027-1 783
EU432 740458 828301 717306 112-131 022-152 716
OECD542 709469 206372 363318 353-170 346-150 853
Developing countries129 692144 44864 00771 562-65 685-72 886
LDC - least developed countries4 1426 0515 0822 325940-3 726
 
Continents and countries
Europe468 614495 669321 920327 788-146 693-167 881
Belgium11 10211 89917 48515 4626 3843 563
Denmark38 85841 73629 85632 050-9 002-9 686
Estonia5 8225 9751 5881 653-4 234-4 322
Finland16 28317 0937 8867 407-8 396-9 685
France22 64324 95915 42615 918-7 216-9 041
Greece8039241 0001 253197329
Ireland4 9115 1104 0975 110-814-1
Iceland2 4561 9315 4935 2673 0373 336
Italy22 67723 5209 1209 340-13 557-14 181
Lithuania8 5169 3264 2784 943-4 237-4 383
Netherlands25 92728 60053 80548 12527 87819 525
Poland24 28828 87418 41218 821-5 876-10 053
Portugal2 5993 0464 5325 0821 9332 036
Romania4 0014 359872926-3 129-3 433
Russia16 74717 3662 3292 940-14 419-14 426
Slovakia3 7123 667479569-3 234-3 099
Spain14 50015 62811 31713 092-3 183-2 537
United Kingdom38 21337 62536 45939 879-1 7542 254
Switzerland7 9508 0252 9462 966-5 005-5 059
Sweden85 84388 98146 61444 967-39 228-44 013
Czech Republic8 2588 3041 9872 071-6 271-6 233
Turkey5 8716 3445 4616 289-410-55
Germany77 39281 71830 77732 877-46 615-48 842
Hungary2 9763 2801 096747-1 880-2 532
Austria6 3937 1402 2122 852-4 181-4 288
Other countries in Europe9 87310 2396 3937 182-3 480-3 057
 
Asia135 250138 60664 59477 886-70 656-60 720
Hong Kong8681 0281 7661 899898871
India4 5385 6032 3652 806-2 173-2 797
Japan13 28714 28211 14710 621-2 140-3 661
China70 74576 00118 89724 866-51 848-51 135
Malaysia3 5583 0451 5611 972-1 997-1 073
Singapore3 1122 8214 7665 6941 6542 874
South Korea18 66912 2317 6019 375-11 068-2 857
Taiwan4 1694 8681 6901 856-2 479-3 012
Thailand3 4253 4652 1293 317-1 297-149
Vietnam4 8086 3651 6901 926-3 118-4 439
Other countries in Asia8 0718 89710 98213 5542 9114 657
 
North and Central America76 62780 26343 26043 710-33 366-36 554
Canada16 88016 0563 9685 952-12 911-10 104
United States54 81559 42936 21834 930-18 597-24 499
Other countries in North- and Central America4 9324 7783 0742 828-1 858-1 950
 
South America16 69718 8035 4056 016-11 292-12 788
Brazil11 62812 7503 6314 145-7 997-8 605
Chile9811 421718909-263-511
Peru1 8132 06114288-1 671-1 973
Other countries in South America2 2752 571914874-1 361-1 699
 
Africa8 19712 73917 47915 3839 2822 644
Angola1231 4511 3167831 193-668
Botswana18113501-181-134
South Africa2 8512 885778798-2 073-2 088
Other countries in Africa5 0428 26815 3852 09610 3435 534
 
Oceania2 1192 6812 7522 260632-421
Australia1 7702 2322 3871 680617-552
New Zealand344445311500-3255
Other countries in Oceania5454804976

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2017201820192019
Total684 335710 335755 593100.0
 
Sweden78 42085 85489 00111.8
Germany75 90677 43181 74010.8
China67 31771 32576 93610.2
United States44 12754 81559 4297.9
Denmark37 00638 93142 4595.6
United Kingdom32 26438 49237 6275.0
Poland23 01224 28829 1163.9
Netherlands27 21025 96428 6003.8
France20 85522 64324 9593.3
Italy20 87922 67723 5403.1
Russia12 65916 74717 3662.3
Finland14 90816 45217 0942.3
Canada13 34216 88016 0562.1
Spain13 71514 50015 6282.1
South Korea46 90219 45014 5661.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2017201820192019
Total863 624997 363903 909100.0
 
United Kingdom190 670215 856181 35820.1
Germany133 750159 346129 16714.3
Netherlands83 311105 881100 07211.1
Sweden56 03166 74469 9617.7
France54 78665 70752 0655.8
Denmark39 79646 20541 0804.5
United States38 60846 68539 4574.4
China17 07920 95837 3564.1
Belgium40 68752 14937 2874.1
Poland19 07922 49221 2692.4
Spain19 52117 44620 5622.3
Finland13 32016 86112 9181.4
Italy11 33913 23012 5261.4
Japan10 06311 60110 6211.2
South Korea8 28511 24910 2081.1

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2017201820192019
Total418 165455 410473 043100.0
 
Netherlands41 02653 80548 12510.2
Sweden42 84746 61444 9679.5
United Kingdom34 86436 45939 8798.4
United States30 65436 21834 9307.4
Germany31 35430 77732 8777.0
Denmark24 30629 85632 0506.8
China17 00418 89724 8665.3
Poland17 65918 41218 8214.0
France14 48015 42615 9183.4
Belgium14 81617 48515 4623.3
Spain10 49911 31713 0922.8
Japan10 06311 14710 6212.2
South Korea7 7737 6019 3752.0
Italy8 7819 1209 3402.0
Finland7 5537 8867 4071.6

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
Totall684 335710 335755 5936.4
 
0 Food and live animals43 38346 10448 7205.7
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032322012094.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4911 4061 384-1.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2501 3961 4413.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 4044 8675 3309.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2096 0836 5928.4
05 Vegetables and fruit12 10212 53412 6050.6
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6701 4971 5463.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4 1033 7014 0108.4
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 9517 7607 8401.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9706 6587 76316.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9 62110 00110 8278.3
11 Beverages6 1936 6307 1778.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 4283 3713 6508.3
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels37 61346 05946 7971.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw16224396.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2 0011 8881 9493.2
23 Crude rubber13115317916.9
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 7254 8745 3229.2
25 Pulp and waste paper524503427-15.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1191211329.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 9673 4883 6253.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap24 12431 89231 9820.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3 0063 1173 1380.7
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials32 78146 79550 1537.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 1082 4042 4210.7
33 Petroleum, petroleum products27 98839 55741 8525.8
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9641 3351 000-25.1
35 Electric current1 7213 4994 88039.5
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 1237 2458 33315.0
41 Animal oils and fats2 7713 1483 72018.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4 1213 8544 36913.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2312432440.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.69 13272 22473 5751.9
51 Organic chemicals8 8489 6728 514-12.0
52 Inorganic chemicals5 3195 5885 192-7.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 5273 7853 8852.6
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products18 87219 66619 9791.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 6238 1327 828-3.7
56 Fertilizers2 5283 0653 2516.1
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8475 0295 0340.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 7836 2666 5274.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 78511 02113 36421.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material119 490107 003106 558-0.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins568536474-11.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 2565 6846 0556.5
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 6187 8217 8220.0
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 6207 7717 8591.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 6218 2168 6535.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 46810 01710 1781.6
67 Iron and steel14 67216 29419 23118.0
68 Non-ferrous metals9 63411 6509 094-21.9
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.57 03339 01337 194-4.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment264 566271 345300 75310.8
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 22715 74521 51436.6
72 Machinery for special industries24 15426 57129 73011.9
73 Metal working machinery1 4631 7882 21623.9
74 General industrial machinery and equipment30 36734 75239 77914.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 14819 14119 2230.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment26 28326 65229 39810.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus33 22437 51841 86211.6
78 Road vehicles78 40480 74688 6739.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships42 29628 43128 360-0.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles99 467102 396108 5156.0
81 Prefabricated buildings9 2119 52310 1216.3
82 Furniture and parts thereof15 49415 73716 7646.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 7601 8502 0058.4
84 Articles of apparel and accessories20 56821 35722 1863.9
85 Footwear5 5055 7996 0714.7
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 89016 48218 48112.1
88 Photographic and optical goods3 0833 1813 3144.2
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s27 95728 46729 5743.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 1581 1631 36217.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4174524959.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender101714-17.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)73169485423.0

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total863 624997 363903 909-9.4
 
0 Food and live animals98 357103 294112 1018.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03377457-22.7
01 Meat and meat preparations2882782873.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7677427622.8
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof92 22096 132104 1218.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations38140650223.4
05 Vegetables and fruit171200194-3.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey44536216.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices37942447612.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 4493 2543 75415.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 6201 7311 8879.0
 
1 Beverages and tobacco9161 0101 0948.3
11 Beverages9069981 0818.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1012122.7
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels16 56117 92318 8585.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw7005736086.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits7782.8
23 Crude rubber4941422.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 2783 7913 9564.3
25 Pulp and waste paper2 9022 8052 789-0.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste2602712741.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 7134 2024 2831.9
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5 2375 7596 47412.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials416474424-10.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials500 134621 481501 940-19.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes591068-92.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products271 462324 914308 772-5.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured222 802288 582188 531-34.7
35 Electric current5 8107 8804 629-41.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1242 3932 71413.4
41 Animal oils and fats1 0541 2501 43114.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated49940347116.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5717408129.8
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.54 68259 76360 7951.7
51 Organic chemicals15 83716 98018 5989.5
52 Inorganic chemicals8 1648 7648 315-5.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 8191 9901 906-4.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products6 3677 7776 811-12.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 4211 5461 73011.9
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 5405 9165 782-2.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 5831 4911 365-8.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.13 95115 29916 2896.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material81 23584 72587 1622.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins817675-0.8
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.7587117353.4
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 5601 6381 6983.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 1145 6415 594-0.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 5291 6041 6895.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 6481 5931 77711.6
67 Iron and steel15 05614 59214 9632.5
68 Non-ferrous metals47 27950 23652 0133.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.8 2108 6358 618-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment84 71583 17592 55111.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 6857 17410 30043.6
72 Machinery for special industries10 37411 80512 1512.9
73 Metal working machinery7756136719.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment14 78316 16917 7499.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5592 7343 23618.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment6 1476 3126 6014.6
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus13 30714 59116 82615.3
78 Road vehicles7 4318 0458 8299.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships21 65515 73116 1882.9
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles24 10122 76225 68012.8
81 Prefabricated buildings1 5041 4281 4290.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7862 7792 8452.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.9411214631.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories9148909375.4
85 Footwear13616520524.2
87 Professional and scientific instruments10 2999 67212 81532.5
88 Photographic and optical goods25623926711.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s8 1107 4777 036-5.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions7998371 01321.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind5111-87.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender32381.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7918251 00922.3

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2019
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total755 59348 72010 82746 79750 1538 33373 575106 558300 753108 5151 362
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)459 86330 5579 82217 06231 0772 60453 92074 053182 32357 1201 324
Nordic countries151 49110 8142 8368 76419 7441 58114 81826 89546 05018 7331 256
Developing countries147 43511 34624412 8896 7982 6874 42113 83556 91838 26928
Russia17 3661 683171 6835 7972 0271 6304 1931601760
India5 6031 023182139941 3166781 5060
China76 9361 009154034151 9118 73141 04423 6419
Japan14 282107920505453 4799 0711 0460
Singapore3 160211107115592301 6006410
South Korea14 566431508113715 7497 9084250
United States59 4291 1892373546 2593827 5842 28234 2256 9133
Canada16 0562571712 8741 748164431021 6425180
Brazil12 7503 59606 6841 74801951922755010
South Africa2 885471491 4250329159717248

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2019
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total903 909112 1011 09418 858501 9402 71460 79587 16292 55125 6801 013
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)711 44071 63874215 444452 8541 44734 40469 61751 02614 19077
Nordic countries130 67817 9423835 00260 0515988 92316 15715 8685 74112
Developing countries87 98116 795362 20125 19840017 8396 16616 3423 0040
Russia3 0374741152562536301 333182854
India3 607230465920093287329598-
Japan10 6214 89621621 354131 2711 3061 3472700
China37 3565 2272195813 3742610 1421 5495 0221 0360
Singapore6 015675241 55922824512 4945470
South Korea10 2083 137166832354271 5402 9761 192-
United States39 4577 17417648710 4525613 8294 6688 3513 7591
Canada7 7327696214 177152307711 4672740
Brazil4 89398539774971 206610930306-
South Africa1 6432740884621273729653132

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country418 543455 410473 0433.9
 
County of production
Østfold (-2019)16 74816 87216 8710.0
Akershus (-2019)5 3236 5708 56030.3
Oslo8 5657 4167 9737.5
Hedmark (-2019)3 9644 3864 7869.1
Oppland (-2019)6 9417 5487 224-4.3
Buskerud (-2019)14 02312 07112 4633.2
Vestfold (-2019)20 70923 55623 285-1.2
Telemark (-2019)21 00623 08022 470-2.6
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 0253 3823 311-2.1
Vest-Agder (-2019)29 14832 39736 97714.1
Rogaland37 09342 53642 357-0.4
Hordaland (-2019)66 57678 87275 061-4.8
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)14 27913 71614 2944.2
Møre og Romsdal40 09840 50345 16911.5
Trøndelag - Trööndelage..26 461.
Nordland27 38728 54730 9618.5
Troms - Romsa (-2019)8 77410 22611 38611.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)6 3436 5398 09223.7
Svalbard571030-100.0
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties15 91018 25315 559-14.8
Re-exports of goods produced abroad140 61242 85650 58118.0
County not stated26 5718 2409 20111.7

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2019
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country473 043113 195104 12121 57277 81960 79587 16286 82025 680
 
County of production
Østfold (-2019)16 871940492 405375 2253 9723 976317
Akershus (-2019)8 5608959214953 9383512 561659
Oslo7 9737965838143 9372801 700876
Hedmark (-2019)4 786167502 15522368081 004415
Oppland (-2019)7 224621523991151 4183 4801 901
Buskerud (-2019)12 46343055311 1331 1587 8981 677
Vestfold (-2019)23 285100778012 9831 4763 6002 2702 076
Telemark (-2019)22 470235372135416 5382 1911 845584
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 31136512700::823136
Vest-Agder (-2019)36 9771251082771211 79921 8262 626312
Rogaland42 3577 0275 4212 39115 4351 1409 7964 9371 632
Hordaland (-2019)75 06113 07112 6181 90143 1543628 3806 8741 320
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)14 2945 5595 3604368::225155
Møre og Romsdal45 16923 01522 2171 68673 4718 0936 5732 323
Trøndelag - Trööndelage26 46117 30116 8488850::1 3941 571
Nordland30 96117 58917 1141 4330:7 508:29
Troms - Romsa (-2019)11 38610 48710 43188-::498
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)8 0927 0267 02240559910:26:
Svalbard00-------
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties15 5596 3135 5613 2004 64019514797094
Re-exports of goods produced abroad150 5818671108635643 4915 76531 2607 771
County not stated129 2011 2111 03835543918924 5421 807

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonnesTonnesTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total58 70161 86766 1797.04 847 0975 366 9755 302 551-1.2
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032322012094.07596646893.8
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4911 4061 384-1.623 97619 34220 1013.9
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 2501 3961 4413.227 02329 18228 541-2.2
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 4044 8675 3309.5214 646213 749206 722-3.3
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2096 0836 5928.4637 379910 776884 477-2.9
05 Vegetables and fruit12 10212 53412 6050.6879 236971 274880 944-9.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6701 4971 5463.3209 945199 685216 6698.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices4 1033 7014 0108.487 40982 56486 6064.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 9517 7607 8401.0899 1521 042 942932 324-10.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 9706 6587 76316.6409 689451 714533 00618.0
11 Beverages6 1936 6307 1778.2277 891285 272297 1464.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits2 0011 8881 9493.2459 382428 032435 7981.8
41 Animal oils and fats2 7713 1483 72018.2192 618207 830221 0136.3
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4 1213 8544 36913.4509 688508 687544 0406.9
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2312432440.413 45715 26214 475-5.2

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 2019
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total58 70161 86766 1797.0
EU36 16437 56839 5485.3
Developing countries13 48214 16215 67410.7
Other countries9 05510 13710 9578.1
 
Food and live animals
Total43 38346 10448 7205.7
EU27 42529 05630 5575.2
Developing countries10 57910 52911 3467.8
Other countries5 3796 5196 8174.6
 
Beverages
Total6 1936 6307 1778.2
EU5 3545 8036 2237.2
Developing countries27517923531.4
Other countries56464971910.8
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total7 1237 2458 33315.0
EU3 2442 5132 6043.6
Developing countries1 4672 0962 68728.2
Other countries2 4122 6363 042690.3
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total2 0011 8881 9493.2
EU140196163-16.6
Developing countries1 1601 3591 4073.5
Other countries70033439518.3

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total92 22096 132104 1218.32 410 3302 483 3022 425 136-2.3
 
Salmon264 60467 74872 4907.01 008 3431 055 3941 122 9956.4
Cod9 1369 44410 1527.5216 906197 155182 235-7.6
Herring2 8062 6333 19921.5290 743291 985354 00721.2
Mackerel4 1163 8194 28312.1336 241255 114238 407-6.5
Coalfish1 9042 1192 48917.583 550106 138115 5578.9
Haddock1 6821 6801 7574.674 71561 57960 153-2.3
Trout2 8562 9783 68123.640 02546 47860 15529.4
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut9308711 04520.018 21615 80418 59017.6
Ling328345333-3.57 6657 3557 246-1.5
Cusk18716820119.64 6843 8094 49418.0
Redfish26626137242.517 42214 64722 44053.2
Other fish1 6862 1191 711-19.3265 768374 666173 010-53.8
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 7191 9482 40823.646 05353 18065 84723.8

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total92 22096 132104 1218.32 410 3302 483 3022 425 136-2.3
Europe63 12368 00470 6873.91 586 2681 740 0891 582 127-9.1
Asia18 99417 94421 73021.1552 779488 429518 7366.2
North and Central America6 8397 0277 91912.7102 951102 885104 7631.8
South America1 1601 0241 1118.553 93954 06662 27615.2
Africa1 7481 7122 21229.2111 49994 051153 25362.9
Oceania35542046210.02 8943 7833 9815.2
 
Selected species
Salmon in total164 60467 74872 4907.01 008 3431 055 3941 122 9956.4
Europe47 26051 00852 6533.2771 063829 535866 1594.4
Asia11 85011 16913 55821.4173 506163 693193 60018.3
North and Central America4 7304 7335 36413.354 26051 45951 7980.7
South America171612-25.0238213159-25.4
Africa4444725108.16 8767 3697 9638.1
Oceania30335039312.32 4003 1243 3186.2
 
Cod in total9 1369 44410 1527.5216 906197 155182 235-7.6
Europe7 1807 6578 0895.6165 185158 132139 533-11.8
Asia1 0698911 13427.338 75627 33632 07017.3
North and Central America29934538712.23 7164 1284 083-1.1
South America5394824911.98 5426 6396 019-9.3
Africa446445-29.7635854471-44.8
Oceania6660.0726759-11.9
 
Herring in total2 8062 6333 19921.5290 743291 985354 00721.2
Europe2 3992 2902 3412.2231 039240 319231 887-3.5
Asia15613925885.615 79514 87621 74946.2
North and Central America23101880.01 8079571 70277.8
South America221-50.0182213141-33.8
Africa226192582203.141 92135 62098 528176.6
Oceania000.010-100.0
 
Mackerel in total4 1163 8194 28312.1336 241255 114238 407-6.5
Europe1 0951 000996-0.491 32670 24656 563-19.5
Asia2 6762 6603 09016.2215 187173 862170 183-2.1
North and Central America9710213229.45 9916 1396 86511.8
South America1-0.48-23.
Africa247576412.323 6604 8604 678-3.7
Oceania002.297941 242.9

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2017201820192018 - 20192017201820192018 - 2019
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total70 54573 46375 5942.93 516 0943 362 0803 466 7523.1
Europe57 98761 07062 0051.53 103 9283 103 9283 154 0211.6
Asia5 1055 2747 01833.165 87557 33176 15532.8
North and Central America5 5125 6835 157-9.2146 671165 329172 2254.2
South America665713675-5.425 48628 46426 239-7.8
Africa1 19260766910.221 5905 24636 034586.9
Oceania8413870-49.21 2651 7812 07816.7
 
Iron and steel15 05614 59214 9632.51 484 4051 430 3891 468 5532.7
Europe11 88411 36211 255-0.91 306 4441 237 4611 233 860-0.3
Asia9347591 06640.518 49921 29131 49947.9
North and Central America1 6281 9211 9913.7118 971141 849145 3512.5
South America313374355-5.121 23825 75023 991-6.8
Africa262142289103.618 6163 16033 630964.2
Oceania35346-81.1637877222-74.7
 
Non-ferrous metals47 27950 23652 0133.51 909 5051 799 9501 857 7223.2
Europe41 53343 88144 9212.41 846 1911 749 7801 797 8732.7
Asia3 0253 5724 75433.139 88430 95837 67221.7
North and Central America2 4662 5142 092-16.820 15716 35619 95122.0
South America238251223-11.02 8382 3741 679-29.3
Africa12112192.331728851277.8
Oceania573-60.211719335-81.9
 
Manufactures of metals8 2108 6358 618-0.2122 184131 741140 4776.6
Europe4 5705 8275 8290.0102 571116 687122 2884.8
Asia1 1479431 19827.17 4925 0826 98437.4
North and Central America1 4181 2481 074-13.97 5437 1246 923-2.8
South America11488979.61 41034056967.4
Africa918433359-16.92 6571 7981 8925.2
Oceania439761-37.25117111 821156.1

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.