366625
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
366625
statistikk
2021-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Statbank table 08804 and the tables 3 and 4 were corrected 27 January 2021.

Updated

Corrected:

Next update

Key figures

10.4

NOK billion – trade surplus of goods in 2020

External trade in goods
NOK BillionShare in per centChange in per cent
202020202019 - 2020
Imports762.8100.00.6
Ships and oil platforms8.51.112.2
 
Exports773.2100.0-15.5
Crude oil209.127.0-17.0
Natural gas113.514.7-35.7
Natural gas condensates3.50.5-38.4
Ships and oil platforms4.70.6-37.0
Mainland exports442.357.2-6.5
Fish102.013.2-2.0
 
The trade balance10.4.-93.4
The mainland trade balance-312.0.-12.5

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201920202019202020192020
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total757 902762 752914 652773 154156 75010 402
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries151 564142 749130 872126 591-20 691-16 157
EFTA10 04410 2398 8387 883-1 206-2 356
EU1459 337422 929721 431450 501262 09427 572
OECD472 102473 144734 344587 026262 243113 882
Developing countries149 594164 13988 837113 114-60 758-51 025
LDC - least developed countries6 7676 0922 3472 717-4 419-3 375
 
Continents and countries
Europe498 847496 366743 875596 805245 028100 439
Belgium11 90312 38338 34329 20326 44016 820
Denmark42 58741 33940 99632 507-1 591-8 831
Estonia5 9765 3821 6521 644-4 324-3 738
Finland17 08017 11512 92212 394-4 159-4 720
France24 97423 90953 17538 92928 20015 019
Greece9248661 8222 2308981 364
Ireland4 4824 8836 5355 3862 053503
Iceland1 9632 0345 8534 4523 8902 417
Italy23 63622 97812 52511 836-11 110-11 143
Lithuania9 37510 5205 9186 497-3 457-4 024
Netherlands28 51226 078101 54076 50673 02850 428
Poland29 10328 39621 16621 206-7 937-7 190
Portugal3 0283 0456 2295 1013 2022 057
Romania4 3374 3809261 150-3 411-3 230
Russia17 56713 6563 0713 091-14 495-10 564
Slovakia3 6683 639569509-3 099-3 131
Spain15 62918 46420 72414 1855 094-4 279
United Kingdom37 62041 513184 192134 754146 57293 242
Switzerland8 0188 1372 9823 428-5 036-4 709
Sweden88 95881 55270 23676 413-18 723-5 139
Czech Republic8 3038 9982 0712 072-6 233-6 926
Turkey8 6828 4527 30412 926-1 3784 474
Germany81 76087 506132 38190 11050 6212 603
Hungary3 2794 507747722-2 531-3 786
Austria7 1385 9352 8522 513-4 286-3 423
Other countries in Europe10 34510 6997 1447 041-3 201-3 658
 
Asia142 312158 18293 662112 311-48 649-45 871
Hong Kong1 0279792 2731 5181 247539
India5 6015 3873 5863 744-2 015-1 643
Japan14 27715 09610 6768 521-3 601-6 575
China76 99192 03437 81360 023-39 179-32 011
Malaysia3 0453 1001 9691 833-1 075-1 267
Singapore3 2124 3236 0085 3532 7961 030
South Korea14 56510 00410 22613 405-4 3403 402
Taiwan4 8665 1091 8562 100-3 010-3 009
Thailand3 4663 5523 3172 774-149-778
Vietnam6 3648 1491 9211 897-4 443-6 252
Other countries in Asia8 89810 44914 01711 1435 119694
 
North and Central America81 11875 19251 67240 810-29 446-34 382
Canada16 05619 0527 6796 320-8 377-12 732
United States59 86751 64139 39831 048-20 470-20 594
Other countries in North- and Central America5 1954 4994 5953 442-600-1 057
 
South America19 45418 3146 8286 551-12 626-11 762
Brazil13 40312 3014 8564 304-8 547-7 997
Chile1 4221 4801 0111 302-411-178
Peru2 0611 87888129-1 973-1 749
Other countries in South-America2 5682 655873816-1 695-1 838
 
Africa13 49112 44616 31214 2192 8211 772
Angola2 1701 0818051 414-1 365333
Botswana13511911-134-118
South Africa2 8852 3121 642934-1 243-1 377
Other countries in Africa8 3018 93413 86411 8705 5632 934
 
Oceania2 6812 2512 3022 458-378206
Australia2 2321 5791 6802 105-552526
New Zealand44548349828253-201
Other countries in Oceania418912471120-118

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201920202019202020192020
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total750 361754 291472 926442 289-277 435-312 002
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries150 680142 70090 26585 217-60 415-57 483
EFTA10 01110 2198 2527 883-1 760-2 336
EU1458 295422 183306 058259 148-152 238-163 036
OECD468 754470 856318 440304 216-150 314-166 640
Developing countries145 961161 26371 65368 347-74 308-92 916
LDC - least developed countries6 7676 0922 3252 688-4 442-3 403
 
Continents and countries
Europe495 394494 078327 793313 695-167 602-180 383
Belgium11 90312 38315 55913 4013 6551 018
Denmark41 86441 32631 86628 319-9 997-13 007
Estonia5 9765 3821 6521 644-4 324-3 738
Finland17 07917 0987 4108 048-9 669-9 050
France24 97423 89915 91814 472-9 057-9 427
Greece9248661 2521 761328895
Ireland4 4824 8405 1724 602690-238
Iceland1 9302 0145 2674 4523 3372 438
Italy23 61622 9789 3338 537-14 283-14 441
Lithuania9 36910 4964 9385 442-4 432-5 054
Netherlands28 51225 83448 14246 68219 63020 848
Poland28 86128 00118 82019 908-10 041-8 093
Portugal3 0283 0455 0824 8822 0551 838
Romania4 3374 3809261 150-3 411-3 230
Russia17 56713 6562 9873 025-14 580-10 630
Slovakia3 6683 639569509-3 099-3 131
Spain15 62918 46413 10711 482-2 522-6 982
United Kingdom37 61541 42639 91838 6102 303-2 816
Switzerland8 0188 1372 9823 428-5 036-4 709
Sweden88 93681 55244 94143 577-43 995-37 975
Czech Republic8 3038 9982 0712 072-6 233-6 926
Turkey6 4087 0166 2955 777-113-1 238
Germany81 73887 50632 93431 872-48 804-55 635
Hungary3 2794 507747722-2 531-3 786
Austria7 1385 9352 8522 513-4 286-3 423
Other countries in Europe10 24010 7007 0536 808-3 187-3 892
 
Asia138 648152 23177 95470 513-60 694-81 718
Hong Kong1 0279791 8981 443871464
India5 6015 3872 7853 320-2 816-2 067
Japan14 27714 85810 6768 521-3 601-6 337
China76 05791 81624 98523 367-51 071-68 450
Malaysia3 0453 1001 9691 833-1 075-1 267
Singapore2 8173 0605 6865 2272 8692 167
South Korea12 2316 7729 3539 868-2 8783 096
Taiwan4 8665 1091 8562 100-3 010-3 009
Thailand3 4663 5523 3172 774-149-778
Vietnam6 3647 1481 9211 897-4 443-5 251
Other countries in Asia8 89710 45013 50810 1634 611-287
 
North and Central America80 69475 15643 53535 615-37 159-39 541
Canada16 05619 0525 8773 810-10 179-15 242
United States59 86751 64134 87128 967-24 996-22 674
Other countries in North- and Central America4 7714 4632 7872 838-1 984-1 625
 
South America19 45418 3146 0076 287-13 447-12 026
Brazil13 40312 3014 1434 304-9 261-7 997
Chile1 4221 4809031 038-519-442
Peru2 0611 87888129-1 973-1 749
Other countries in South America2 5682 655873816-1 694-1 838
 
Africa13 49112 44615 38114 0311 8901 585
Angola2 1701 0817831 403-1 387322
Botswana13511911-134-118
South Africa2 8852 312797775-2 089-1 537
Other countries in Africa8 3018 93413 8001 3505 5002 918
 
Oceania2 6812 0662 2572 148-42482
Australia2 2321 5791 6801 805-552226
New Zealand44548349828253-201
Other countries in Oceania4479617557

Table 3 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 2020
Totall710 330757 902762 7520.6
 
0 Food and live animals46 09348 66054 55112.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032012092247.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4061 3831 83332.5
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 3961 4411 81025.6
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 8645 3305 239-1.7
04 Cereals and cereal preparations6 0846 5926 9675.7
05 Vegetables and fruit12 50412 60714 22512.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 5221 5461 85019.6
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 7004 0084 89722.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)7 7577 78910 02528.7
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 6597 7547 480-3.5
 
1 Beverages and tobacco10 00310 82613 89428.3
11 Beverages6 6327 1768 85423.4
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 3713 6505 04138.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels46 06146 77648 5203.7
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw224337-16.0
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 9492 0917.3
23 Crude rubber153178154-13.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 8735 3195 4201.9
25 Pulp and waste paper503427406-5.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste12113215114.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 4913 6253 8055.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap31 89831 97032 8682.8
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3 1113 1323 58714.5
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials46 79651 64234 442-33.3
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2 4042 4202 239-7.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products39 55843 34230 668-29.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured1 335999897-10.2
35 Electric current3 4994 880637-86.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7 2538 38410 33623.3
41 Animal oils and fats3 1583 7724 51219.6
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 8534 3695 55027.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed24224427412.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.72 24673 49978 3736.6
51 Organic chemicals9 6738 5147 802-8.4
52 Inorganic chemicals5 5885 1925 6328.5
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 7833 8844 2128.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products19 66719 98022 64613.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc8 1607 7939 43521.1
56 Fertilizers3 0653 2513 180-2.2
57 Plastics in primary forms5 0285 0274 979-0.9
58 Plastics in non-primary forms6 2656 5237 0498.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.11 01713 33413 4390.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material106 979106 501107 0600.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins53647458824.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 6846 0486 2473.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 8167 8248 2625.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof7 7717 8588 2805.4
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles8 2158 64810 37820.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.10 02310 18010 2480.7
67 Iron and steel16 28219 22419 7902.9
68 Non-ferrous metals11 6449 0968 542-6.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.39 00837 14934 725-6.5
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment271 368301 729301 6100.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment15 70821 51618 068-16.0
72 Machinery for special industries26 39429 73529 9000.6
73 Metal working machinery1 7642 2101 999-9.5
74 General industrial machinery and equipment34 74440 45939 576-2.2
75 Office machines, data processing machines19 14219 21619 8303.2
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment26 66529 39230 7884.7
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus37 52441 85045 1377.9
78 Road vehicles80 71988 61285 984-3.0
79 Other transport equipment including ships28 70728 73930 3275.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles102 367108 523112 5403.7
81 Prefabricated buildings9 51910 1149 785-3.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof15 73816 76317 3323.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 8492 0021 925-3.8
84 Articles of apparel and accessories21 34122 17223 2064.7
85 Footwear5 7996 0705 576-8.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 46718 45418 192-1.4
88 Photographic and optical goods3 1803 3123 3701.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s28 47429 63533 15211.9
 
9 Other commodities and transactions1 1631 3621 4274.7
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind--0.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind452495196-60.4
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender171440184.5
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6948541 19139.5

Table 4 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2020
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total773 154110 5271 04919 926379 6073 39560 33086 84482 89527 0461 536
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1450 50166 43854015 184221 8771 90729 64860 54341 73712 419208
Nordic countries126 59117 9803685 07955 1421 0789 75416 16815 0715 91637
Developing countries113 11414 548362 36854 12641117 0507 52113 6153 4400
Russia3 091868191472655641 1211691 748
India3 74425047989509421 0722221080
Japan8 5214 816210039521 1737491 0662180
China60 0234 003211 07237 323269 2212 6174 7409990
Singapore5 3535471131 22532572632 5275190
South Korea13 4053 32821043 824445212 3462 4218160
United States31 0487 2873064842 5956394 4543 4988 0173 7680
Canada6 3208351083 227363036341 0102570
Brazil4 304687248159278361 3914060
South Africa934218010218314567237360

Table 5 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonnesTonnesTonnesChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 20202018201920202019 - 2020
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total61 86866 17075 83214.65 371 5975 303 2525 392 5551.7
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032012092247.06646897448.0
01 Meat and meat preparations1 4061 3831 83332.519 34220 09931 48056.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 3961 4411 81025.629 17728 54731 65610.9
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof4 8645 3305 239-1.7214 007206 707218 2775.6
04 Cereals and cereal preparations6 0846 5926 9675.7910 793884 453714 607-19.2
05 Vegetables and fruit12 50412 60714 22512.8970 537880 928951 0598.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 5221 5461 85019.6199 475216 669224 1443.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 7004 0084 89722.282 55986 60093 7108.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)7 7577 78910 02528.71 042 618930 8541 042 89412.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 6597 7547 480-3.5451 668532 945432 993-18.8
11 Beverages6 6327 1768 85423.4285 256297 037372 64325.5
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 9492 0917.3428 014435 794442 5091.5
41 Animal oils and fats3 1583 7724 51219.6208 251223 415216 865-2.9
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 8534 3695 55027.0508 662544 039603 92411.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed24224427412.215 20314 47615 0504.0

Table 6 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 2020
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total61 86866 17075 83214.6
EU37 55139 54143 86510.9
Developing countries14 17315 66716 5585.7
Other countries10 14410 96315 40940.6
 
Food and live animals
Total46 09348 66054 55112.1
EU29 04530 55332 5196.4
Developing countries10 52511 30312 2208.1
Other countries6 5246 8049 81244.2
 
Beverages
Total6 6327 1768 85423.4
EU5 8036 2237 33517.9
Developing countries179234230-2.1
Other countries6507191 28979.4
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total7 2538 38410 33623.3
EU2 5132 6033 83047.1
Developing countries2 1052 7202 639-3.0
Other countries2 6353 0613 868706.9
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total1 8891 9492 0917.3
EU19116118212.5
Developing countries1 3651 4081 4704.4
Other countries33437952137.4

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2020
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total762 752100.0773 154100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation160 85621.149 2656.4
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles35 3824.69 0381.2
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms125 47416.540 2275.2
Intermediate comsumption254 82133.4189 81224.6
Food15 6332.03 6090.5
Parts for machinery and transport equipment75 5509.937 5244.9
Other intermediate consumption163 63821.5148 67819.2
Building and construction articles84 38211.129 5933.8
Energy products32 6694.3379 49649.1
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates12 4241.622 0272.8
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels19 6092.6354 57845.9
Electric current6370.12 8910.4
Consumer goods176 55623.1124 48216.1
Durable consumer goods33 7264.44 8270.6
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars6 3250.85700.1
Semi-durable consumer goods46 6426.13 4540.4
Non-durable consumer goods96 18812.6116 20215.0
Whereof food49 2216.5107 15013.9
Passenger cars53 2737.05050.1
Unclassified goods11960.020.0

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2020
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total762 752100.0773 154100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing20 2152.762 3068.1
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services18 0622.44130.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services4650.12 0090.3
03 Fish and other fishing products1 6890.259 8847.7
 
Mining and quarrying18 5282.4328 80542.5
05 Coal and lignite1 2820.220.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas8 9831.2322 58641.7
07 Metal ores4 6470.61 9680.3
08 Other mining and quarrying products3 6160.54 2490.5
 
Manufactured products714 90993.7369 80147.8
10 Food products53 4177.054 4477.0
11 Beverages9 0641.21 0310.1
12 Tobacco products5 0410.7180.0
13 Textiles10 6671.41 9430.3
14 Wearing apparel21 6082.89500.1
15 Leather and related products7 9361.03410.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture15 3492.04 0920.5
17 Paper and paper products9 4031.27 6821.0
18 Printing and recording services220.020.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products23 3643.153 9567.0
20 Chemicals and chemical products45 8376.041 2475.3
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations23 2573.017 0532.2
22 Rubber and plastics products26 2783.44 5260.6
23 Other non-metallic mineral products11 1601.52 9540.4
24 Basic metals54 4717.170 6699.1
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment37 9365.010 4891.4
26 Computer, electronic and optical products69 4129.123 6573.1
27 Electrical equipment46 0746.014 9031.9
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.84 91011.133 5044.3
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers82 19910.88 3551.1
30 Other transport equipment40 0565.312 7501.6
31 Furniture16 3972.12 6430.3
32 Other manufactured goods21 0532.82 5880.3
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning6370.12 8910.4
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning6370.12 8910.4
 
Water supply4 2810.66 1680.8
37 Sewerage services00.000.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services4 2810.66 1680.8
 
Information and communication services3 4750.57010.1
58 Publishing services3 3940.46920.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing810.090.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services40.0210.0
71 Architectural and engineering services10.0210.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services20.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services7030.11 0420.1
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services5530.11 0230.1
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1500.0190.0
 
Other services00.000.0
96 Other personal services00.000.0
 
Unknown product100.01 4180.2
00 Unknown00.01 4180.2

Table 9 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2018201920202020
Total710 330757 902762 752100.0
 
China71 39776 99192 03412.1
Germany77 36481 76087 50611.5
Sweden85 86688 95881 55210.7
United States54 61559 86751 6416.8
United Kingdom38 48137 62041 5135.4
Denmark38 96142 58741 3395.4
Poland24 27629 10328 3963.7
Netherlands25 94128 51226 0783.4
France22 62824 97423 9093.1
Italy22 67323 63622 9783.0
Canada16 87816 05619 0522.5
Spain14 49715 62918 4642.4
Finland16 44617 08017 1152.2
Japan13 28714 27715 0962.0

Table 10 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2018201920202020
Total1 000 272914 652773 154100.0
 
United Kingdom215 876184 192134 75417.4
Germany160 048132 38190 11011.7
Netherlands105 916101 54076 5069.9
Sweden66 73170 23676 4139.9
China21 09637 81360 0237.8
France65 84653 17538 9295.0
Denmark46 31240 99632 5074.2
United States46 55039 39831 0484.0
Belgium52 24238 34329 2033.8
Poland22 72321 16621 2062.7
Spain18 21420 72414 1851.8
South Korea11 26710 22613 4051.7
Turkey5 8647 30412 9261.7
Finland16 83912 92212 3941.6
Italy13 43212 52511 8361.5

Table 11 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2018201920202020
Total458 226472 926442 289100.0
 
Netherlands53 84048 14246 68210.6
Sweden46 60144 94143 5779.9
United Kingdom36 47939 91838 6108.7
Germany31 47932 93431 8727.2
United States36 21934 87128 9676.5
Denmark29 96331 86628 3196.4
China18 90024 98523 3675.3
Poland18 64318 82019 9084.5
France15 56515 91814 4723.3
Belgium17 57915 55913 4013.0
Spain12 08613 10711 4822.6
South Korea7 6019 3539 8682.2
Italy9 3239 3338 5371.9
Japan11 14510 6768 5211.9
Finland7 8647 4108 0481.8

Table 12 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total1 000 272914 652773 154-15.5
 
0 Food and live animals103 252112 016110 527-1.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0374577530.5
01 Meat and meat preparations2772872911.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs742758664-12.4
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof96 090104 042101 952-2.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4065015101.7
05 Vegetables and fruit20019421510.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey536244-29.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices424474416-12.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)3 2543 7534 1119.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 7311 8872 24919.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco1 0091 0921 049-4.0
11 Beverages9971 0801 030-4.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures12121848.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels17 91618 86219 9265.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw581607402-33.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits781257.6
23 Crude rubber414238-11.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 7903 9624 1274.2
25 Pulp and waste paper2 8052 7892 8913.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste271274233-14.9
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales4 1884 2794 3892.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap5 7586 4777 44314.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials474424392-7.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials621 503512 181379 607-25.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes106913-96.2
33 Petroleum, petroleum products324 923312 796248 067-20.7
34 Gas , natural and manufactured288 594194 666128 646-33.9
35 Electric current7 8804 6292 891-37.5
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 3932 7043 39525.6
41 Animal oils and fats1 2501 4231 95737.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated40347161931.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed7398108191.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.59 77160 78360 330-0.7
51 Organic chemicals16 98018 60516 768-9.9
52 Inorganic chemicals8 7648 3178 5412.7
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 9891 9062 16113.3
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products7 7886 8027 2897.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 5461 7301 97013.9
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 9165 7825 8861.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4901 3631 4647.4
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.15 29916 27716 251-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material87 63887 20486 844-0.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins68759728.9
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.7117357623.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 6371 6961 98016.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof5 6405 5945 048-9.8
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 6041 7091 90611.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5881 7771 745-1.8
67 Iron and steel14 60915 02713 424-10.7
68 Non-ferrous metals53 16751 98653 4562.8
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.8 6148 6048 425-2.1
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment83 18593 14282 895-11.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 32510 1837 319-28.1
72 Machinery for special industries11 82912 11111 883-1.9
73 Metal working machinery610671505-24.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment16 15717 67617 358-1.8
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 7263 2263 72815.5
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment6 3176 5846 9836.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 59416 83115 001-10.9
78 Road vehicles8 0328 8068 8760.8
79 Other transport equipment including ships15 59517 05211 242-34.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles22 76725 63727 0465.5
81 Prefabricated buildings1 4221 4301 5307.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7792 8393 15911.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.112145121-17.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories890937799-14.7
85 Footwear165205146-29.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments9 68712 77311 922-6.7
88 Photographic and optical goods239267254-5.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s7 4737 0429 11629.5
 
9 Other commodities and transactions8371 0311 53648.9
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind--0.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind111242.2
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender231-59.6
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8251 0271 53349.3

Table 13 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2020
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
1Figures for EU is without Great Britain from February 2020 on.
Total762 75254 55113 89448 52034 44210 33678 373107 060301 610112 5401 427
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)1422 92932 51912 30617 54617 8563 83051 99070 731161 28353 4741 394
Nordic countries142 74911 6623 7479 20311 8922 22215 68727 88040 34718 8231 286
Developing countries164 13912 22024011 5306 4782 6394 77916 30968 32041 61411
Russia13 6561 123241 2263 3962 2481 7933 4941791712
India5 387806263221 1211 4825471 3610
China92 0341 12712602102 03310 26852 22826 1041
Japan15 0961081333405854 9038 3971 0530
Singapore4 3232812112392703 3064760
South Korea10 004421331135214237 8891 0810
United States51 6411 1502923504 0547729 0362 41326 5027 0685
Canada19 0522551716 191733555061941 3334891
Brazil12 3013 80416 93173301392803436010
South Africa2 3125195787303222147647140

Table 14 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 2020
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country458 226472 926442 289-6.5
 
County of production
Viken0033 954.
Østfold (-2019)16 86916 8710-100.0
Akershus (-2019)6 5658 6840-100.0
Buskerud (-2019)12 05512 4200-100.0
Oslo7 1117 9339 33117.6
Innlandet0011 241.
Hedmark (-2019)4 3814 8120-100.0
Oppland (-2019)7 5427 2220-100.0
Vestfold og Telemark0038 705.
Vestfold (-2019)23 55423 1320-100.0
Telemark (-2019)23 08422 4690-100.0
Agder0041 200.
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 3823 3040-100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)32 39436 9670-100.0
Rogaland42 85142 35638 479-9.2
Vestland0073 607.
Hordaland (-2019)79 32275 0980-100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)14 44814 2760-100.0
Møre og Romsdal41 90945 16142 655-5.5
Trøndelag - Trööndelage.26 46228 1686.4
Nordland28 55931 01629 932-3.5
Troms - Romsa (-2019)10 22311 3820-100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)6 5338 0860-100.0
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku0017 677.
Svalbard103831-98.8
Jan Mayen--0.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties18 45415 55914 397-7.5
Re-exports of goods produced abroad143 32850 46249 686-1.5
County not stated27 9849 17113 25544.5

Table 15 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country442 289111 576101 95223 32153 48660 33086 84479 68727 046
 
County of production
Viken33 9542 1651053 2612210 0665 04410 4702 926
Oslo9 3316932149824 7283352 141935
Innlandet11 241189511 506133262 3274 5192 361
Agder41 200143896295911 39825 3853 190397
Rogaland38 4797 1256 0352 54213 2221 1018 9663 9811 542
Vestland73 60720 63519 6582 99727 5981 57913 5785 6831 538
Møre og Romsdal42 65520 63019 0171 8374923 0558 6635 4162 562
Trøndelag - Trööndelage28 16818 36818 1821 3481::1 4301 515
Nordland29 93216 75415 8991 7410:7 572:32
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku17 67716 03715 971423329247518627
Svalbard110000000
Jan Mayen000000000
Norwegian goods produced in several counties14 3976 3235 6634 0902 915201269402198
Re-exports of goods produced abroad149 6868922185516744 0134 86930 6028 086
County not stated1213 2551 3071 03661251 0141 4546 2112 652

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 20202018201920202019 - 2020
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Total96 090104 042101 952-2.02 482 5842 423 3462 436 7150.6
 
Salmon267 71572 43970 069-3.31 054 8551 122 2481 141 1571.7
Cod9 44010 1419 709-4.3197 010181 980173 570-4.6
Herring2 6303 1973 79718.8291 860353 828317 418-10.3
Mackerel3 8194 2834 97516.2255 141238 451299 34925.5
Coalfish2 1212 4892 363-5.1106 148115 54199 353-14.0
Haddock1 6791 7541 609-8.361 56960 05958 645-2.4
Trout2 9783 6783 8685.246 47160 05572 11320.1
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut8711 045800-23.415 80318 58617 148-7.7
Ling345332325-2.17 3617 2367 98710.4
Cusk1682012010.03 8094 4944 7024.6
Redfish261372368-1.114 64722 42723 4484.6
Other fish2 1191 7041 605-5.8374 738172 600159 588-7.5
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 9442 4072 261-6.153 17165 84162 238-5.5

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 20202018201920202019 - 2020
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Total96 090104 042101 952-2.02 482 5842 423 3462 436 7150.6
Europe67 98870 63370 8070.21 740 4481 580 7781 629 0903.1
Asia17 92121 71819 606-9.7487 378518 565495 681-4.4
North and Central America7 0267 9158 1653.2102 862104 663111 6506.7
South America1 0241 111804-27.654 06562 27657 957-6.9
Africa1 7122 2032 2230.994 048153 083139 147-9.1
Oceania420462347-24.93 7833 9813 190-19.9
 
Selected species
Salmon in total167 71572 43970 069-3.31 054 8551 122 2481 141 1571.7
Europe50 98052 62352 145-0.9829 065865 691906 0714.7
Asia11 16613 54811 890-12.2163 647193 502178 021-8.0
North and Central America4 7325 3625 316-0.951 44051 76547 844-7.6
South America16128-33.3213159117-26.4
Africa472502394-21.57 3677 8136 252-20.0
Oceania350393315-19.83 1243 3182 851-14.1
 
Cod in total9 44010 1419 709-4.3197 010181 980173 570-4.6
Europe7 6538 0788 020-0.7158 000139 277137 920-1.0
Asia8911 134883-22.127 33632 07026 583-17.1
North and Central America34538748124.34 1274 0835 12025.4
South America482491286-41.86 6396 0193 534-41.3
Africa644537-17.8842471376-20.2
Oceania663-50.0675938-35.6
 
Herring in total2 6303 1973 79718.8291 860353 828317 418-10.3
Europe2 2882 3382 84321.6240 213231 732227 915-1.6
Asia13825739352.914 85721 72513 148-39.5
North and Central America101846155.69571 7023 794122.9
South America210-100.021314126-81.6
Africa192582514-11.735 62098 52872 533-26.4
Oceania000.101.
 
Mackerel in total3 8194 2834 97516.2255 141238 451299 34925.5
Europe1 0169971 22923.371 24656 56274 78732.2
Asia2 6443 0893 1943.4172 889170 229189 51211.3
North and Central America10213215819.76 1396 8658 50123.8
South America-02.-23126447.8
Africa5764391510.94 8604 67826 362463.5
Oceania021-50.079461-35.1

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2018201920202019 - 20202018201920202019 - 2020
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total76 38975 61775 305-0.43 500 5803 471 6653 377 377-2.7
Europe63 98661 98761 9950.03 155 0613 155 0613 083 263-2.3
Asia5 2957 0637 99113.158 61779 69094 21618.2
North and Central America5 6775 1533 686-28.5165 001172 221138 387-19.6
South America71367587029.028 46426 23826 6451.6
Africa5856746790.85 24636 01934 272-4.9
Oceania133708318.01 3852 435595-75.6
 
Iron and steel14 60915 02713 424-10.71 428 8731 473 3681 408 383-4.4
Europe11 36111 25910 225-9.21 235 0541 235 0031 188 817-3.7
Asia7801 1271 29314.822 57835 17347 81035.9
North and Central America1 9221 9911 256-36.9141 849145 348117 422-19.2
South America374355317-10.625 75023 99122 874-4.7
Africa14228931910.43 16033 63031 237-7.1
Oceania3061292.94812222240.9
 
Non-ferrous metals53 16751 98653 4562.81 940 7841 856 4101 839 412-0.9
Europe46 81244 89546 0732.61 890 6141 796 6811 781 645-0.8
Asia3 5724 7525 47615.230 95837 55139 4455.0
North and Central America2 5142 0921 523-27.216 35619 95215 137-24.1
South America25022336965.52 3741 6792 90172.8
Africa112112-41.7288512242-52.7
Oceania733-2.2193354117.1
 
Manufactures of metals8 6148 6048 425-2.1130 923141 887129 582-8.7
Europe5 8135 8335 697-2.3116 197123 377112 801-8.6
Asia9431 1841 2223.25 0816 9666 961-0.1
North and Central America1 2411 070907-15.26 7966 9215 828-15.8
South America889718490.334056887053.2
Africa433358348-3.01 7981 8772 79348.8
Oceania97616810.97112 178330-84.8

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2019. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.