378420
/en/utdanning/statistikker/nopplinnv/aar
378420
statistikk
2019-09-25T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
nopplinnv, Norwegian for adult immigrantsAdult education, Education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true

Norwegian for adult immigrants

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

40 342

participants in Norwegian language training and social studies in 2018

Main figures for Norwegian language training1
Number of participantsChange in percent
201720182017 - 2018
1Respectively 1003 persons in 2014, 1772 persons in 2015, 3704 persons in 2016, 671 persons in 2017 and 782 persons in 2018 participated in both schemes during the year.
Norwegian language training and social studies144 16540 342-8.7
Males22 01818 538-15.8
Females22 14721 804-1.5
 
Norwegian language training for asylum seekers12 4191 089-55.0

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by age and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by age and sex
2018
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total40 34218 53846.021 80454.0
16-25 years8 3324 73156.83 60143.2
26-35 years17 3947 65244.09 74256.0
36-45 years10 0514 11140.95 94059.1
46-55 years3 5991 60344.51 99655.5
56 years or older96644145.752554.3

Table 2 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by region of residence and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by region of residence and sex
2018
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
The whole country40 34218 53846.021 80454.0
Østfold1 82375441.41 06958.6
Akershus3 8131 65443.42 15956.6
Oslo5 4502 49345.72 95754.3
Hedmark1 24554243.570356.5
Oppland1 41672451.169248.9
Buskerud1 90287045.71 03254.3
Vestfold1 67874244.293655.8
Telemark1 44969447.975552.1
Aust-Agder1 21562651.558948.5
Vest-Agder1 71883848.888051.2
Rogaland3 7131 57142.32 14257.7
Hordaland3 7551 67344.62 08255.4
Sogn og Fjordane1 05654051.151648.9
Møre og Romsdal1 96285043.31 11256.7
Trøndelag4 2382 11549.92 12350.1
Nordland1 95196049.299150.8
Troms - Romsa1 20355346.065054.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku75533944.941655.1

Table 3 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by level of education and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by level of education and sex
2018
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total40 34218 538100.021 804100.0
No completed education4831160.63671.7
Basic school level9 6355 42729.34 20819.3
Upper secondary education7723251.84472.1
Higher education, short2 7051 2516.71 4546.7
Higher education, long1 5885673.11 0214.7
Unknown level of education24 90610 74257.914 16465.0

Table 4 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by duration of residence and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by duration of residence and sex
2018
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total40 34218 53846.021 80454.0
Under one year5 1101 86036.43 25063.6
1 år9 8684 42144.85 44755.2
2 år13 2527 11553.76 13746.3
3 år6 2553 13950.23 11649.8
4 år2 6251 12943.01 49657.0
5 år1 66251230.81 15069.2
6 years of more1 57036223.11 20876.9

Table 5 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by right in the introduction act and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by right in the introduction act and sex
2018
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total40 34218 53846.021 80454.0
Right36916945.820054.2
Right and obligation38 23617 65246.220 58453.8
Obligation1 73771741.31 02058.7

About the statistics

The statistics includes (1) participants in Norwegian language training and social studies, (2) participants in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and (3) test results for the Norwegian language test and social studies test. The schemes are governed by the Introduction Act.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Participant in Norwegian language training and social studies: Person with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act at the start of the calendar year, who have taken part in at least one hour of lessons during the year. Competence Norway’s statistics cover all test results, including  tests that were submitted by persons who are not covered by the The Introduction Act

Right and/or obligation to participate: Age and basis for residence pursuant to the Immigration Act determine whether a person has the right and/or obligation to participate. The right is defined as an entitlement to a specific number of hours of free studies. The obligation to participate emphasises the expectation of individual responsibility to learn the Norwegian language and about Norwegian society. The Introduction Act does not include any provisions on sanctions in the event of non-compliance with the obligation. However, as from 1 January 2017, permanent residence under the Immigration Act and Norwegian citizenship pursuant to the Norwegian Nationality Act will be conditional on documentation of completed mandatory studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, as well as linguistic skills at a certain level and a pass in the final exam in social studies (See Background: Who has the right and/or an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies?)

Participant in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers: Persons resident in an asylum reception centre, who have taken at least one hour of Norwegian language training for asylum seekers.

Person who has taken the Norwegian language test: Person with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, who has taken at least one of the four parts of the Norwegian exam during the calendar year.

Person who has taken the social studies test: Person with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, who has taken at least one socisl studies test during the calendar year.

Country of birth is mainly the mother’s domicile at the time of a person’s birth.

Period of residence is a person’s period of residence in whole years from the first day of arrival in Norway to the end of the statistical year.

Reason for immigration is the basis for initial immigration of non-Nordic citizens. The variable is only used in tables up to the statistical year 2014.

Standard classifications

Country groups: Follows the Classification of countries and citizenships in population statistics.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Norwegian for adult immigrants
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

National, county and municipality level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

The data are stored as annual files in Statistics Norway

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to elucidate the participation in Norwegian language training and social studies of adult immigrants who have the right and/or obligation to such training, participation in Norwegian language training of asylum seekers, and the results of the Norwegian language test for immigrants subject to the Introduction Act. The statistics were compiled by Statistics Norway for the first time in 2013 with data on participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for 2010 and exam results for 2011. For the statistical years 2010-2014, figures on participants in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers were published along with the figures for other participants in Norwegian language training and social studies. Since 2014, the statistics for participants in Norwegian language studies for asylum seekers have been published in a separate table. Figures for 2014 are published in both of the time series.

The statistics are funded by the Ministry of Justice and Public Security. Together with the statistics on participants in the Introduction programme, these statistics help to provide a better knowledge base about the participants of the two schemes in the Introduction Act.

Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants
The Act on an introduction programme and Norwegian language training for newly arrived immigrants (the Introduction Act) gives newly arrived immigrants the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies (Section 17). Local authorities are responsible for safeguarding such provision for immigrants who are resident in the municipality. The content of the training is determined in the Regulations on the curriculum in Norwegian and social studies for adult immigrants.

The Introduction Act stipulates the right and/or obligation to attend 300 hours of lessons in Norwegian and social studies from 1 September 2005. On 1 January 2012, the number of hours for those who have the right or the right and obligation to such training increased from 300 to 600 for those who were granted a residence permit subsequent to that date. Fifty of the hours shall constitute social studies in a language that the participant understands. The right and the right and obligation are initially granted for up to three years after the first residence permit is granted.

Immigrants who have a right and obligation or just a right to 600 hours of lessons in Norwegian and social studies may be offered an additional 2 400 hours as a maximum if deemed necessary. A total of 3 000 hours was also the maximum number of extra hours prior to 2012. For participants who only have an obligation to participate, the obligation is 300 hours, which may be charged by the local authority (Introduction Act, Section 18). The deadline for completing the studies beyond 600 hours is five years.

Who has a right and/or obligation to Norwegian language training and social studies?
The right and obligation to participate in free Norwegian language training and social studies applies to foreign nationals between the ages of 16 and 55 who have been granted a residence permit under the Immigration Act, which forms the basis for a permanent residence permit, or collective protection in mass refugee situations (Immigration Act, Section 34). Immigrants between 55 and 67 years with the same grounds for residence have the right, but not an obligation, to participate in training. An amendment has been made to the legislation which means that the 55-67-year-olds also now have an obligation to participate.

The right to participate does not apply to foreign nationals with a residence permit to work or engage in self-employment (Immigration Act, Sections 23 and 25) and their family members. These have an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies of up to a total of 300 hours, which may be charged by the local authority.

The right or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and/or social studies does not apply if the person is granted an exemption upon application to the local authority on the grounds of already possessing sufficient skills in Norwegian and/or social studies.

Norwegian language training for asylum seekers
Host municipalities for reception centres that choose to receive grants for Norwegian language training for asylum seekers are responsible for organising such training for all asylum seekers resident in reception centres in the municipality. Up to 175 hours of training may be offered.

Norwegian language test and social studies test for adult immigrants
Participants who are covered by the right and obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, and who were granted a valid residence permit after 1 January 2013, have an obligation to take the final examinations in Norwegian and social studies (Introduction Act, Section 19). Participants with the right and obligation who were granted a valid residence permit before this date may take final examinations in Norwegian and social studies.

Participants who have a right but not an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training may take the final exam.

Participants who have an obligation to attend lessons under the Introduction Act may take the final exam, but must bear the costs.

As from spring 2014, the exam in Norwegian consists of four separate parts:

  • Oral communication
  • Listening comprehension
  • Reading comprehension
  • Written presentation

As from spring 2014, the results of the Norwegian language test are categorised as follows: ‘Below A1’, ‘A1’, ‘A2’, ‘B1’ and ‘B2’. These levels follow the European framework for languages. For example, level A2 is the same in Norwegian as in German, Italian and other European languages.

  • A1: Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
  • A2: Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
  • B1: Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
  • B2: Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Level A1 corresponds to the old Norwegian exam 1
Level A2 corresponds to the old Norwegian exam 2
Level B1 corresponds to the old Norwegian exam 3
Level B2 forms the basis for entry to higher education together with the university entrance qualification from upper secondary school.

The results of the social studies test are categorised as "passed" or "failed".

Users and applications

Central government, local authorities, researchers, the media, politicians and the public. In addition, the statistics are particularly relevant for anyone interested in the field of immigration and integration.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics until they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on participation in Norwegian language training and social studies can be viewed in conjunction with Statistics Norway’s statistics on participants of the Introduction Programme, where Nowegian language training and social studies are a key part of the programme. Participants in the programme are mainly persons with a refugee background and persons who are part of family reunification to such persons. The right and obligation to participate in free Norwegian language training and social studies applies to a wider group. The statistics should also be viewed in context with Statistics Norway’s population statistics on immigration and integration.

Legal authority

The local authorities report the data to the National Introduction Register (NIR) on an ongoing basis, pursuant to the Introduction Act and related regulations for a national introduction register for the introduction programme and Nowregian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants. The Directorate of Immigration and Diversity (IMDi) is responsible for the management of the register. Pursuant to Act no. 54 relating to official statistics of 16 June 1989, Sections 2-2 and 3-2, Statistics Norway uses extracts from the register in the preparation of official statistics.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants
The statistics include all participants with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies following implementation of the Introduction Act at the beginning of the year, who have been registered with at least one hour of Norwegian language training during the calendar year. Labour immigrants residing in Norway under the EEA Agreement and persons with temporary residence permits have neither the right nor an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training, and are not therefore included in these statistics. Only participation at municipal education centres and with private service providers partnered with the local authority is covered in the statistics.

Norwegian language training for asylum seekers
The statistics include asylum seekers who receive Norwegian language training in asylum centres. The statistics include all persons with at least one hour of Norwegian language training for asylum seekers during the calendar year.

Persons may have participated in both Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and newly arrived immigrants in the same year
Some participants have taken part in both Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants in the same year because they have been granted a valid residence permit during the calendar year.

Norwegian Language test  and social studies test for adult immigrants
The statistics cover all persons with a right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies at the start of the year, who have sat the Norwegian language test or the social studies test.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics Norway collects data in three file extracts from IMDi’s National Introduction Register: all participants with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies, participants in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and persons with the right and/ or obligation who have sat the Norwegian exam. The statistics are based on a full count of all participants.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The data are collated with population data as per 31 December, and data on the persons’ highest level of education as per 1 October in the same year. The statistics only cover persons who are resident in Norway at the end of the year.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented where fewer than four units are involved. 

Comparability over time and space

Comparable figures are prepared for participation in Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants, including participation in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers for the years 2010 to 2014. As from 2014, statistics on participation in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers are published in a separate table. Figures for 2014 are published in both of the time series.

There is a break in the time series for 2014 for persons who have taken the Norwegian exam for adult immigrants. The break is due to a new system of exam results, with new values in the exam result variable.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Some errors in connection with the collection and processing of data can occur,  such as reporting errors, coding errors, errors in data processing, etc. Efforts are made to minimise such errors. They can generally, therefore, be disregarded in a statistics context.

There should be no sampling erros as this is a full count.

Revision

Not relevant