318690
/en/utdanning/statistikker/nopplinnv/aar
318690
statistikk
2017-11-23T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants
en
nopplinnv, Norwegian for adult immigrantsEducation, Adult education, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true

Norwegian for adult immigrants

Figures for people who have submitted Norwegian language test from 2014 will be published later.

Updated

Next update

Key figures

41 600

participants in Norwegian language training and social studies in 2016

Main figures for Norwegian language training
Number of participantsChange in percent
201520162015 - 2016
1Respectively 1003 persons in 2014, 1772 persons in 2015 and 3704 persons in 2016 participated in both schemes during the year.
Norwegian language training and social studies137 10341 55212.0
Males17 41320 86719.8
Females19 69020 6855.1
 
Norwegian language training for asylum seekers15 62910 94194.4

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by age and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by age and sex
2016
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total41 55220 86750.220 68549.8
0-15 years:::::
16-25 years10 3106 46662.73 84437.3
26-35 years18 5758 92148.09 65452.0
36-45 years8 9843 87343.15 11156.9
46-55 years2 9201 25943.11 66156.9
56 years or older76134745.641454.4

Table 2 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by region of residence and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by region of residence and sex
2016
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
The whole country41 55220 86750.220 68549.8
Østfold1 83085546.797553.3
Akershus3 5951 66246.21 93353.8
Oslo5 2842 36144.72 92355.3
Hedmark1 33765248.868551.2
Oppland1 57382152.275247.8
Buskerud2 1111 06650.51 04549.5
Vestfold1 64678247.586452.5
Telemark1 57881851.876048.2
Aust-Agder1 22870057.052843.0
Vest-Agder1 9241 12258.380241.7
Rogaland3 6521 68846.21 96453.8
Hordaland3 8781 84647.62 03252.4
Sogn og Fjordane1 20470758.749741.3
Møre og Romsdal2 1451 06449.61 08150.4
Sør-Trøndelag2 5501 40655.11 14444.9
Nord-Trøndelag1 47682455.865244.2
Nordland2 2821 27655.91 00644.1
Troms - Romsa1 48684056.564643.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku77337748.839651.2

Table 3 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by level of education and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by level of education and sex
2016
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total41 55220 867100.020 685100.0
No education8342601.25742.8
Below upper secondary level11 4397 01633.64 42321.4
Upper secondary education2 1079324.51 1755.7
Tertiary education, short3 5581 8408.81 7188.3
Tertiary education, long2 0548173.91 2376.0
Unspecified education21 56010 00247.911 55855.9

Table 4 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by duration of residence and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by duration of residence and sex
2016
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total41 55220 86750.220 68549.8
Under one year11 4986 57057.14 92842.9
1 år10 8055 88454.54 92145.5
2 år7 5364 04053.63 49646.4
3 år5 8982 75146.63 14753.4
4 år3 2771 02531.32 25268.7
5 år1 35428621.11 06878.9
6 years of more1 18431126.387373.7

Table 5 
Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by right in the introduction act and sex

Participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for adult immigrants by right in the introduction act and sex
2016
TotalMalesFemales
ParticipantsParticipantsParticipants (per cent)ParticipantsParticipants (per cent)
Total41 55220 86750.220 68549.8
Right61724339.437460.6
Right and obligation39 43419 95150.619 48349.4
Obligation1 50167344.882855.2

About the statistics

The statistics includes (1) participants in Norwegian language training and social studies, (2) participants in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and (3) persons who have taken the Norwegian exam. The schemes are governed by the Introduction Act.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Participant in Norwegian language training and social studies: Person with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act at the start of the calendar year, who have taken part in at least one hour of lessons during the year.

Right and/or obligation to participate: Age and basis for residence pursuant to the Immigration Act determine whether a person has the right and/or obligation to participate. The right is defined as an entitlement to a specific number of hours of free studies. The obligation to participate emphasises the expectation of individual responsibility to learn the Norwegian language and about Norwegian society. The Introduction Act does not include any provisions on sanctions in the event of non-compliance with the obligation. However, as from 1 January 2017, permanent residence under the Immigration Act and Norwegian citizenship pursuant to the Norwegian Nationality Act will be conditional on documentation of completed mandatory studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, as well as linguistic skills at a certain level and a pass in the final exam in social studies (See Background: Who has the right and/or an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies?)

Participant in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers: Persons resident in an asylum reception centre, who have taken at least one hour of Norwegian language training for asylum seekers.

Person who has taken the Norwegian exam: Person with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, who has taken at least one of the four parts of the Norwegian exam during the calendar year.

Country of birth is mainly the mother’s domicile at the time of a person’s birth.

Period of residence is a person’s period of residence in whole years from the first day of arrival in Norway to the end of the statistical year.

Reason for immigration is the basis for initial immigration of non-Nordic citizens. The variable is only used in tables up to the statistical year 2014.

Standard classifications

Country groups: Follows the Classification of countries and citizenships in population statistics.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Norwegian for adult immigrants
Topic: Education

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

National, county and municipality level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

The data are stored as annual files in Statistics Norway

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to elucidate the participation in Norwegian language training and social studies of adult immigrants who have the right and/or obligation to such training, participation in Norwegian language training of asylum seekers, and the results of the Norwegian exam for immigrants subject to the Introduction Act. The statistics were compiled by Statistics Norway for the first time in 2013 with data on participants in Norwegian language training and social studies for 2010 and exam results for 2011. For the statistical years 2010-2014, figures on participants in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers were published along with the figures for other participants in Norwegian language training and social studies. Since 2014, the statistics for participants in Norwegian language studies for asylum seekers have been published in a separate table. Figures for 2014 are published in both of the time series.

The statistics are funded by the Ministry of Justice and Public Security. Together with the statistics on participants in the Introduction programme, these statistics help to provide a better knowledge base about the participants of the two schemes in the Introduction Act.

Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants
The Act on an introduction programme and Norwegian language training for newly arrived immigrants (the Introduction Act) gives newly arrived immigrants the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies (Section 17). Local authorities are responsible for safeguarding such provision for immigrants who are resident in the municipality. The content of the training is determined in the Regulations on the curriculum in Norwegian and social studies for adult immigrants.

The Introduction Act stipulates the right and/or obligation to attend 300 hours of lessons in Norwegian and social studies from 1 September 2005. On 1 January 2012, the number of hours for those who have the right or the right and obligation to such training increased from 300 to 600 for those who were granted a residence permit subsequent to that date. Fifty of the hours shall constitute social studies in a language that the participant understands. The right and the right and obligation are initially granted for up to three years after the first residence permit is granted.

Immigrants who have a right and obligation or just a right to 600 hours of lessons in Norwegian and social studies may be offered an additional 2 400 hours as a maximum if deemed necessary. A total of 3 000 hours was also the maximum number of extra hours prior to 2012. For participants who only have an obligation to participate, the obligation is 300 hours, which may be charged by the local authority (Introduction Act, Section 18). The deadline for completing the studies beyond 600 hours is five years.

Who has a right and/or obligation to Norwegian language training and social studies?
The right and obligation to participate in free Norwegian language training and social studies applies to foreign nationals between the ages of 16 and 55 who have been granted a residence permit under the Immigration Act, which forms the basis for a permanent residence permit, or collective protection in mass refugee situations (Immigration Act, Section 34). Immigrants between 55 and 67 years with the same grounds for residence have the right, but not an obligation, to participate in training. An amendment has been made to the legislation which means that the 55-67-year-olds also now have an obligation to participate.

The right to participate does not apply to foreign nationals with a residence permit to work or engage in self-employment (Immigration Act, Sections 23 and 25) and their family members. These have an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies of up to a total of 300 hours, which may be charged by the local authority.

The right or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and/or social studies does not apply if the person is granted an exemption upon application to the local authority on the grounds of already possessing sufficient skills in Norwegian and/or social studies.

Norwegian language training for asylum seekers
Host municipalities for reception centres that choose to receive grants for Norwegian language training for asylum seekers are responsible for organising such training for all asylum seekers resident in reception centres in the municipality. Up to 175 hours of training may be offered.

Norwegian exam for adult immigrants
Participants who are covered by the right and obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies pursuant to the Introduction Act, and who were granted a valid residence permit after 1 January 2013, have an obligation to take the final examinations in Norwegian and social studies (Introduction Act, Section 19). Participants with the right and obligation who were granted a valid residence permit before this date may take final examinations in Norwegian and social studies.

Participants who have a right but not an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training may take the final exam.

Participants who have an obligation to attend lessons under the Introduction Act may take the final exam, but must bear the costs.

As from spring 2014, the exam in Norwegian consists of four separate parts:

  • Verbal communication
  • Listening comprehension
  • Reading comprehension
  • Written presentation

As from spring 2014, the results of the Norwegian exam are categorised as follows: ‘Below A1’, ‘A1’, ‘A2’, ‘B1’ and ‘B2’. These levels follow the European framework for languages. For example, level A2 is the same in Norwegian as in German, Italian and other European languages.

  • A1: Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
  • A2: Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.
  • B1: Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
  • B2: Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Level A1 corresponds to the old Norwegian exam 1
Level A2 corresponds to the old Norwegian exam 2
Level B1 corresponds to the old Norwegian exam 3
Level B2 forms the basis for entry to higher education together with the university entrance qualification from upper secondary school.

Users and applications

Central government, local authorities, researchers, the media, politicians and the public. In addition, the statistics are particularly relevant for anyone interested in the field of immigration and integration.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics until they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on participation in Norwegian language training and social studies can be viewed in conjunction with Statistics Norway’s statistics on participants of the Introduction Programme, where Nowegian language training and social studies are a key part of the programme. Participants in the programme are mainly persons with a refugee background and persons who are part of family reunification to such persons. The right and obligation to participate in free Norwegian language training and social studies applies to a wider group. The statistics should also be viewed in context with Statistics Norway’s population statistics on immigration and integration.

Legal authority

The local authorities report the data to the National Introduction Register (NIR) on an ongoing basis, pursuant to the Introduction Act and related regulations for a national introduction register for the introduction programme and Nowregian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants. The Directorate of Immigration and Diversity (IMDi) is responsible for the management of the register. Pursuant to Act no. 54 relating to official statistics of 16 June 1989, Sections 2-2 and 3-2, Statistics Norway uses extracts from the register in the preparation of official statistics.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants
The statistics include all participants with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies following implementation of the Introduction Act at the beginning of the year, who have been registered with at least one hour of Norwegian language training during the calendar year. Labour immigrants residing in Norway under the EEA Agreement and persons with temporary residence permits have neither the right nor an obligation to participate in Norwegian language training, and are not therefore included in these statistics. Only participation at municipal education centres and with private service providers partnered with the local authority is covered in the statistics.

Norwegian language training for asylum seekers
The statistics include asylum seekers who receive Norwegian language training in asylum centres. The statistics include all persons with at least one hour of Norwegian language training for asylum seekers during the calendar year.

Persons may have participated in both Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and newly arrived immigrants in the same year
Some participants have taken part in both Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants in the same year because they have been granted a valid residence permit during the calendar year.

Norwegian exam for adult immigrants
The statistics cover all persons with a right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies at the start of the year, who have sat the Norwegian exam.

Data sources and sampling

Statistics Norway collects data in three file extracts from IMDi’s National Introduction Register: all participants with the right and/or obligation to participate in Norwegian language training and social studies, participants in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers and persons with the right and/ or obligation who have sat the Norwegian exam. The statistics are based on a full count of all participants.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The data are collated with population data as per 31 December, and data on the persons’ highest level of education as per 1 October in the same year. The statistics only cover persons who are resident in Norway at the end of the year.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented where fewer than four units are involved. 

Comparability over time and space

Comparable figures are prepared for participation in Norwegian language training and social studies for newly arrived immigrants, including participation in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers for the years 2010 to 2014. As from 2014, statistics on participation in Norwegian language training for asylum seekers are published in a separate table. Figures for 2014 are published in both of the time series.

There is a break in the time series for 2014 for persons who have taken the Norwegian exam for adult immigrants. The break is due to a new system of exam results, with new values in the exam result variable.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Some errors in connection with the collection and processing of data can occur,  such as reporting errors, coding errors, errors in data processing, etc. Efforts are made to minimise such errors. They can generally, therefore, be disregarded in a statistics context.

There should be no sampling erros as this is a full count.

Revision

Not relevant