343394
/en/utdanning/statistikker/introinnv/aar-tidligere-deltakere
343394
statistikk
2018-12-20T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Public sector;Immigration and immigrants
en
introinnv, Introduction programme for immigrants, introduction benefitKOSTRA , Adult education, Education, Public sector, Immigration and immigrants, Education
true

Introduction programme for immigrants

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

62 %

of the participants in the introduction programme are working or studying after one year

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme.
2017
Both sexesMalesFemales
Number
Labour force status, total4 7902 7062 084
Employed and / or in education, total2 9801 9321 048
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total482254228
Other or unknown status, total1 328520808
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total627150
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total10911
Other or unknown status, total281939

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex
2017
NumberPercent
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
 
Labour force status, total4 7902 7062 084100100100
 
Employed and / or in education, total2 9801 9321 048627150
Employed1 5001 055445313921
Employed and in education645424221131611
In education835453382171718
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total48225422810911
Jobseekers not registered unemployed257129128556
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures225125100555
Other or unknown status, total1 328520808281939
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure1326666323
Receive work assessment allowances774235222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance31....1....
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit58....1....
Receives social assistance4461722749613
Other groups753441212
Unknown50918532411716

Table 2 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex and age

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. By sex and age
2017
20-24 years25-29 years30-34 years35-39 years40-44 years45-50 years51 years or older
 
Both sexes
Labour force status, total6071 0351 258837498312226
Percent
Labour force status, total3564221
Employed and / or in education, total2343110
Employed..............
Employed and in education..............
In education..............
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total0010000
Jobseekers not registered unemployed..............
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures..............
Other or unknown status, total1121101
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure..............
Receive work assessment allowances..............
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance.............
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit.............
Receives social assistance..............
Other groups..............
Unknown..............
 
Males
Labour force status, total385593715425271174131
Percent
Labour force status, total4574221
Employed and / or in education, total3453210
Employed..............
Employed and in education..............
In education..............
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total0010000
Jobseekers not registered unemployed..............
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures..............
Other or unknown status, total0111101
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure..............
Receive work assessment allowances..............
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance.............
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit.........
Receives social assistance..............
Other groups.............
Unknown..............
 
Females
Labour force status, total22244254341222713895
Percent
Labour force status, total2564221
Employed and / or in education, total2232110
Employed..............
Employed and in education..............
In education..............
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total0011000
Jobseekers not registered unemployed..............
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures..............
Other or unknown status, total1222111
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure.............
Receive work assessment allowances..............
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance...........
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit.............
Receives social assistance..............
Other groups.............
Unknown..............

Table 3 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after leaving the programme. By sex and country background

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after leaving the programme. By sex and country background
2017
NumberPercent
Labour force status, totalLabour force status, totalEmployed and / or in education, totalRegistered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, totalOther or unknown status, total
 
Both sexes
 
Total4 790100621028
Of this:
Russia44100481439
Burundi2010070030
Eritrea1 22710073819
Ethiopia27610073819
Congo72100671122
Libya21100483319
Somalia1 268100511138
Sudan302100631423
Afghanistan252100551035
Myanmar30100532027
Iraq109100591527
Iran172100621028
China4410068....
Palestine1310046054
Saudi Arabia2010070....
Syria764100621127
 
Males
 
Total2 70610071919
Of this:
Russia1610044....
Burundi6100..0..
Eritrea74610081612
Ethiopia145100771112
Congo35100741114
Libya11100....
Somalia675100661024
Sudan203100701515
Afghanistan8710078715
Myanmar7100......
Iraq44100681418
Iran81100601227
China1810072....
Palestine......00
Saudi Arabia10100......
Syria556100661024
 
Females
 
Total2 084100501139
Of this:
Russia2810050..39
Burundi14100..0..
Eritrea481100611030
Ethiopia13110069527
Congo37100591130
Libya10100..30..
Somalia593100341254
Sudan99100491238
Afghanistan165100431245
Myanmar23100......
Iraq65100521532
Iran9110063929
China2610065035
Palestine......064
Saudi Arabia10100......
Syria208100531235

Table 4 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. Three last years. By sex

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November, one year after ending/leaving the programme. Three last years. By sex
201520162017
Persons, by residence while in programme
One year earlier
 
Both sexes
 
Labour force status, total3 7164 1324 790
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total586162
Employed303231
Employed and in education131313
In education151617
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total111110
Jobseekers not registered unemployed765
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures455
Other or unknown status, total312828
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure343
Receive work assessment allowances222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance001
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit221
Receives social assistance1099
Other groups322
Unknown10911
 
Males
 
Labour force status, total1 9072 2192 706
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total667171
Employed384039
Employed and in education141516
In education141617
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total12109
Jobseekers not registered unemployed865
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures545
Other or unknown status, total212019
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure332
Receive work assessment allowances222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance......
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit......
Receives social assistance866
Other groups221
Unknown667
 
Females
 
Labour force status, total1 8091 9132 084
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100
Employed and / or in education, total494950
Employed212221
Employed and in education121011
In education171718
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total101311
Jobseekers not registered unemployed776
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures465
Other or unknown status, total413839
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure443
Receive work assessment allowances222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance......
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit......
Receives social assistance111213
Other groups332
Unknown151316

Table 5 
Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November for those who ended/left the introduction programme last five years. By sex

Former participants in the introduction programme for immigrants. Status on the labour market in November for those who ended/left the introduction programme last five years. By sex
2017
Persons, by residence while in programme
Five years earlierFour years earlierThree years earlierTwo years earlierOne year earlier
Both sexes
Labour force status, total3 7323 7633 6614 1074 790
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total6667646562
Employed5148413631
Employed and in education912131513
In education67101417
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total910101010
Jobseekers not registered unemployed66765
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures33345
Other or unknown status, total2524272628
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure22333
Receive work assessment allowances33232
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance22211
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit11221
Receives social assistance67889
Other groups22222
Unknown878711
 
Males
Labour force status, total2 0532 0261 8712 2002 706
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total7374737471
Employed6057534639
Employed and in education812131716
In education5571117
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total99999
Jobseekers not registered unemployed66665
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures32345
Other or unknown status, total1917181719
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure..2222
Receive work assessment allowances33222
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance222....
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit..00....
Receives social assistance55656
Other groups11121
Unknown65557
 
Females
Labour force status, total1 6791 7371 7901 9072 084
 
Percent
Labour force status, total100100100100100
Employed and / or in education, total5858545450
Employed4037282521
Employed and in education911131211
In education810121718
Registered unemployed and/or on labour market measures, total1011101011
Jobseekers not registered unemployed76766
Other jobseekers, on labour market measures34445
Other or unknown status, total3231363539
Reduced capacity to work, taking part in a measure..3333
Receive work assessment allowances43332
Health related allowances except work assessment allowance212....
Receives cash for care and/or transition benefit..24....
Receives social assistance88111113
Other groups33232
Unknown91010916

About the statistics

The statistics include content in the introduction programme and encompass recipients of introductory benefit. From 2017, data is also included on participants’ status immediately upon completion of the programme, including 2016 status in the programme at the end of the year. The figures for previous participants include those who have completed or dropped out of the programme, as well as status in relation to employment and education for a five-year period after the programme.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Participant

A person who, during the reference year, was registered by a local authority as a participant on the introduction programme.

Former participant

A former participant is someone who completed the programme or for different reasons dropped out of the programme in a given year, and is registered as resident in Norway in November the following year.

Introduction benefit

The introduction benefit is the benefit that introduction programme participants receive from the local authority to cover subsistence expenses during the period of the programme. The benefit on an annual basis is equal to twice the basic amount of National Insurance (2G). Participants under the age of 25 receive two-thirds of the benefit. The benefit is taxable, and if the participant is absent from training and initiatives without a valid reason, their benefit is reduced for each hour they are not in attendance. Everyone receives the same amount of benefit as it is not means tested. This means that it is not reduced due to child allowance, cash support etc. Nor is the benefit reduced due to income from self-employment or other work, or due to the possession of capital. To the extent that paid work is included in the programme, the benefit is reduced correspondingly for the period that the work is carried out. National insurance benefits, such as sickness benefit and unemployment benefit, are nevertheless reduced accordingly.

Initiatives in the introduction programme

The introduction programme is available for persons in need of basic qualification, and as a minimum must include Norwegian language training, knowledge about society and initiatives that prepare participants for further education/training or the labour market.

In addition to traditional Norwegian language training, initiatives are also offered outside the traditional classroom teaching, such as language practice in a workplace. Language practice is part of the Norwegian language training, where participants are placed in a workplace for part of the week in order to practice their Norwegian skills in an authentic setting.

Initiatives that prepare participants for further education/training or the labour market may entail practice work or other initiatives organised by NAV, vocational training, computer training, lower secondary or upper secondary studies etc. Vocational training is a method of real competence assessment that documents both theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

Ending reasons

When a participant finishes the introductory program, detailed reasons for ending the programme are recorded in NIR. The statistics use the following categorization of ending reasons: work, high school and higher education, elementary school, public-sector qualification measures, social assistance, other benefits and relocation.

 Immigrants are persons born abroad to two foreign-born parents and four foreign grandparents. Immigrants have immigrated to Norway at one time or another.

Persons with a refugee background

Persons who have come to Norway seeking refuge, and family members of these groups who came here as part of family reunification. Children born to persons with a refugee background after their parents came to Norway are not included in this category, and neither are asylum seekers.

Country of birth is mainly the mother’s country of residence when a person was born.

Employment/education is made up of persons who are registered as employed or in education, and those who are registered with a combination of employment and education. Employed persons are defined as those who performed paid work for at least one hour during the reference week, and persons who had such work but were on temporary leave during the reference week due to illness, holiday, paid leave etc.

Registered unemployed/on initiative is defined as persons who are registered as unemployed with NAV, and persons on ordinary labour market initiatives.

Other or unknown status are part of a collective term for the weakest degree of labour market attachment. Other status relates to individuals with a reduced ability to work who are on initiatives organised by NAV, those on long-term sick leave and recipients of social assistance. Unknown status means that they are not registered in any of the available data sources we use in the status reporting for labour market attachment. These individuals are therefore not employed, in education, registered unemployed or participating in labour market initiatives.

Standard classifications

Country background is a person or a person’s mother’s or father’s country of birth. Persons without an immigrant background only have Norway as a country background. When both parents are foreign-born, they are normally born in the same country. In cases where the parents were born in different countries, the mother’s country of birth is used.

Municipality in this context is the programme participant’s municipality of residence.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Introduction programme for immigrants
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Population Statistics

Regional level

National, county, municipal and district in Oslo for previous participants, and breakdown by industry region. 

Frequency and timeliness

Annual.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Files at an individual level with data are processed and stored long term.

Background

Background and purpose

Act no. 80 of 4 July 2003 on an introduction programme and Norwegian language training for newly arrived immigrants (the Introduction Act) made the introduction programme and introduction benefit mandatory for local authorities as of 1 September 2004. Prior to the programme being made mandatory, a growing number of municipalities had various types of trial schemes.

The purpose of the Introduction Act is to strengthen immigrants’ potential to participate in the labour market and society, and facilitate their financial independence. Section 2 of the Act stipulates who has the right and obligation to participate in the introduction programme. These are persons with a refugee background, family members of these groups who came here as part of family reunification, and persons who have been allowed to stay on an independent basis following a relationship breakdown due to abuse. Furthermore, the person must be between 18 and 55 years old and in need of basic qualification. The introduction programme is adapted to the individual’s needs for qualification and can generally last up to two years. In special cases, the programme may be extended to three years. The aim of the programme is to provide newly arrived immigrants with a refugee background with basic skills in Norwegian, a basic insight into Norwegian society, and to prepare them for participation in the labour market and/or education. Programme participants are entitled to introduction benefit, which, on an annual basis, equals twice the basic amount of the National Insurance. Participants under the age of 25 receive two-thirds of the benefit.

Users and applications

Users of the statistics include the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (until 16 December 2015: Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion), Directorate of Integration and Diversity (IMDi), KS (the municipal sector’s association), municipalities, researchers, students and the media. Statistics based on KOSTRA data aim to provide management information on local authorities and county authorities, for use by the population and media, local authorities and central government bodies. 

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

KOSTRA - Municipality-State-Reporting – main page: http://www.ssb.no/offentlig-sektor/kostra

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents: http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/01/10/innvbef/

Population statistics. Persons with a refugee background: https://www.ssb.no/befolkning/statistikker/innvgrunn/aar-flyktningbakgrunn

Legal authority

Statistics Norway has retrieved the information about participation in the introduction scheme from the Introduction Act. Pursuant to section 2-2 of the Statistics Act of 16 June 1989, Statistics Norway will compile official statistics from data received.

 

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Participants

 The statistics on participation in the introduction programme include information about each participant of the introduction programme in the municipalities. The statistics include all who are registered as participants in the current year, and include information about the participant's gender, age, marital status, start date and end date of participation in the introduction programme, which initiatives they have participated in during the reference year, their ending reasons/status, which months they have received the benefit, and the total benefit amount for the year.

 

Former participants

Information about former participants on the introduction programme includes those who have completed or for various reasons left the programme in a given year. We follow their status in the labour market and in education over the next five years.

Data sources and sampling

Participants


From 2017, statistics on participants in the introduction programme are based on data from the National
Introduction Register (NIR) of the Directorate of Integration and Diversity (IMDi). More information about NIR: https://www.imdi.no/nir-og-bosetting/nir/

In addition, information about the municipalities' reporting of payment of introduction benefit is obtained from A-meldingen (https://www.altinn.no/a-ordningen/).

Until 2016 the statistics are based on local authorities’ annual submissions of electronic forms and file extractions in relation to participants who are registered on KOSTRA form 11B.

The data is then synthesised with the population statistics of 31 December in the reporting year.

Full count, i.e. all local authorities with participants on the programme should report to Statistics Norway.

Former participants

The statistics of former participants are based on KOSTRA information for all years, up to and including those who completed the introductory program in 2016.

For former participants, the data is further synthesised with the System for personal data, where information from a number of registers is collated. Register data has a reference date in November each year and contains information about whether a person is employed, registered unemployed, on an employment initiative, in education, or is in receipt of specific types of state benefits or measures. A person may, on the reference date, have more than one status at the same time, for example where they are both in employment and receiving benefit. One of the aims of these statistics is to examine how many people are active, and we have examined the activities of employment and education in addition to the combination of these. The following prioritisation was made: if a person is registered as unemployed, but is also in education, they are considered to be in education and not unemployed. As regards the other statuses, such as health-related benefits and social assistance, there are many who receive these in combination with, for example, employment, education or registered unemployment. In such cases, work and other activities, as well as registered unemployment, are prioritised.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data is collected from the local authorities through the KOSTRA reporting. Most of the local authorities have their own business systems from which data is retrieved, while some report using an electronic form. All participants with a valid personal identification number are linked to population data from 31 December of the reporting year. Only persons who are resident in Norway at the end of the year are included in the statistics. The KOSTRA tables, however, include all participants in the year. 

Checks are performed on personal identification numbers, in addition to logical value verification. In addition to the checks carried out in the National Population Register, Statistics Norway also performs checks for statistical purposes.

Former participants, leaving cohort

In order for former participants to be assigned a leaving cohort, the following processing is done: (a) All participants on the introduction programme whose status in KOSTRA is ‘completed’ or ‘dropped out’ at the end of the year are initially included in the population; (b) Only those who have actually completed the course, i.e. who are not just on temporary leave from the programme, are included in the cohort. The population is therefore checked against those who participated in the programme the following year; and (c) Women who drop out of the programme because they give birth immediately after dropping out of the programme or who for various reasons do not return to the programme once their leave ends, are added to the next cohort. Thus, they are only included in the statistics once they have had a year’s leave for child care.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not shown where there are fewer than four units.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics were first published in 2006 for the statistics year 2005.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors in connection with the collection and processing of data can occur. There may be coding errors, revision errors, or errors in the electronic data processing etc. Extensive efforts are made to minimise such errors. Thus, they can normally be disregarded in a statistical context.

There should in principle be no sampling errors as this is a full count.

Revision

Not relevant