Education;Prices and price indices
barnegenniv, Household payments for kindergarten, parents' payments, kindergarten rates, private kindergartens, public kindergartens, means-tested payment, sibling discountConsumer prices , Kindergartens, Prices and price indices, Education

Household payments for kindergarten


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Key figures

2 921

NOK household payments for kindergarten

Average monthly kindergarten payment. Ten largest municipalities and the country as a whole.1
1Including free places, food fees and other additional fees
Oslo municipality2 7852 876
Bergen2 8792 983
Trondheim2 9443 148
Stavanger2 7782 662
Bærum3 0623 180
Kristiansand2 6912 778
Drammen2 5642 484
Asker3 0043 025
Lillestrøm.2 973
Fredrikstad2 3462 392
The whole country2 8362 921

About the statistics

The statistics show the price level of household payments for kindergarten. They give a snapshot of how much it costs on average to have a child in kindergarten in Norway in January 2020, including free places, food fees and other fees. Aggregated to municipal and national level.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Free place: A free place in a kindergarten. May be given on various grounds.

Maximum fee: The government sets the highest fee a household should pay for one kindergarten place.

Additional fees: Fees for different activities, travel, and events that in some cases may arise in addition to the kindergarten fee and cost fee.

Free core time: This means that the child gets a certain amount of kindergarten hours for free. If the child is only in kindergarten this amount of hours, then there is no kindergarten fee.

Standard classifications

Classification on municipal and national level

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Household payments for kindergarten
Topic: Education

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Responsible division

Division for Price Statistics

Regional level

The survey results are published at municipality- and national level.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual survey

Timeliness: Statistics based on January figures are published approximately three months after time of measurement.

International reporting

Not relevant


Data at micro level are stored in excel and in SAS dataset on LINUX.


Background and purpose

The purpose of this statistic is to map the average household payment for kindergarten. The survey was first established in 1992 on assignment from the Ministry of Children and Family Affairs (now Ministry of Education and Research). The survey is compiled on the basis of data collected in January each year. As of January 2003 the variables are weighted aggregations of public and private kindergartens. Numbers published in the series "Notater" including August 2002 consisted only of unweighted average numbers. As of January 2003 we no longer made a division between private kindergartens which receive municipal subsidy and the ones that do not. In 2007, the survey underwent a considerable change where electronic data opened for reporting from all municipalities through KOSTRA. The questionnaire was expanded in 2007 to include more questions concerning additional fees and rate reductions in the public kindergartens. Questionnaires to the private kindergartens were also somewhat equally expanded. From 2016, the data source changed from KOSTRA to BASIL. As a concequence of this, we now get self-reported data from all kindergartens, as well as from all municipalities. 

Users and applications

The survey is used to assess the price leve of housholds payment for kindergatens, though mainly by the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training, and by some of the municipalities.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

A report is compiled to the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training based on the same data material as the survey. The same datamaterial is also included in the consumer price index.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act of June 16, 1989 number 54 , §§2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Not relevant



The survey includes all municipalities and all kindergartens in Norway. 

Data sources and sampling

Electronic surveys through BASIL for all registered kindergartens in Norway, as well as for all municipalities. 

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Both the municipalities and the kindergartens report on an electronic survey through BASIL. They report annually, with a deadline in January.

Revision is performed in SAS for both municipal and private kindergartens. The data is controlled towards last surveys answers to enable us to capture deviations. Internet is used as a source or the private kindergarten is contacted to correct logical errors, or to check for major deviation.

We calculate an average monthly household payment per child from the data that we receive. We use data on household income, how many children get sibling moderation, free places, local maximum fees, cost fees, and other fees. 

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


The use of data are in correspondance with the requirements from The Norwegian Data Protection Authorities. The information will be stored or properly annihilated.

Comparability over time and space

Houshold payments in the public kindergartens are comparable from 1992 to 2007 on municipality level. The aggregated levels are not comparable due to the introduction of weights in January 2003. From January 2017, former time series were cancelled, as the establishment of income graded fees nationally made point estimates less interesting. 

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Individual errors may arise from individual reporters understand the questions differently, or when we have partial nonreporting from kindergartens.  In some cases, this is difficult to discover during data revision, while in other cases, we are able to discover it through logical tests and large changes from previous years. We do not, however, have any indication that we have a systematic problem in this regard.

Since we receive data from all municipalities and all kindergartens, we should not have a selection bias. In January 2018, about 2.9 per cent of all kindergartens report that they do not have any children. Most these are drop-in kindergartens. We do not know very much about these kindergartens, and they are not a part of our calculations. Since they are such a small share of the total amount of registered kindergartens, they should not be a problem. 


Not relevant