Transport and tourism
jernbane, Rail transport, passenger transport, goods transport, transported volumes, transport work, train travelLand transport , Transport and tourism

Rail transport


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Key figures

3.4 %

increase in railway passengers in 2019

Transported volume and transport performance, passengers ands goods
2019Per cent
2018 - 20192014 - 2019
1Change in method of counting passengers (See About the statistics)
Passenger transport1
Passengers (boardings)80 402 2133.414.3
Transport performance (passenger-kms)3 715 089 785-0.28.0
Transport of goods
Quantity of goods (tons)34 563 332-1.25.3
Transport performance (tonne-kms)3 903 286 695-1.76.0

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Passenger transport by rail, by type of route

Passenger transport by rail, by type of route
PassengersTransport performance
1 000 faresShare1 000 passenger kmsShare
All routes80 402100.03 715 090100.0
Local trains - all routes58 71673.01 552 44041.8
Lokal trains Oslo41 44751.5884 53623.8
Airport Express6 6868.3345 5569.3
Gjøvik line2 1382.781 3122.2
Local trains Stavanger5 0246.289 9282.4
Local trains Bergen1 9662.471 4491.9
Local trains Trondheim1 4551.879 6592.1
Regional trains - all short routes1 7272.199 3242.7
The Røros Railway4280.554 7931.5
The Flåm Railway9391.218 9740.5
Other regional train routes - short routes3600.425 5560.7
InterCity - All routes15 88119.8938 84625.3
InterCity - Oslo - Halden2 6323.3207 0665.6
InterCity - Oslo-Lillehammer5 4246.7311 6088.4
InterCity - Oslo-Skien7 8259.7420 17211.3
Night trains and long-distance traffic - all train routes3 5814.51 085 86929.2
The Sørland Railway1 0251.3262 9147.1
The Bergen Railway1 2301.5360 8279.7
The Dovre Railway8581.1314 5738.5
The Nordland Railway4680.6147 5554.0
Boundary crossing trains4970.638 6111.0

Table 2 
Transported volume and transport performance, goods national and international

Transported volume and transport performance, goods national and international
2019Per cent
2018 - 20192015 - 2019
Quantity of goods (tonnes)
Total34 563 332-1.210.8
National13 015 3916.821.7
International21 547 941-5.55.1
From Norway3 047 14715.914.4
To Norway18 500 794-8.23.7
Total3 903 286 695-1.77.5
National2 683 928 698-1.79.2
International1 219 357 997-1.63.9
From Norway338 493 0149.9-6.0
To Norway880 864 983-5.58.3

About the statistics

Rail goods and passenger transport in Norway. Transport by foreign companies and cross-border traffic are included.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

National transport: Transport by rail between two places in the reporting country; one place for loading/embarking and one place for unloading/disembarking.

International transport: Transport by rail between a place (for loading/embarking or unloading disembarking) in the reporting country and a place (for loading/embarking or unloading/ disembarking) in another country.

Transit: Transport through the reporting country between two places located outside the reporting country.

TEU - Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit:* A standard unit based on an ISO container 20 feet long (6,10 meters).

Weight: Gross weight including packaging and the tare weight.

Tonne-kilometre:. The transport of one tonne over one kilometre (actually run).

Type of commodity: Based on the NST/R 2007 nomenclature.

Dangerous goods: Based on the ADR classification.

Passenger: The number of trips.

Passenger-kilometres: In principle the sum total of the kilometres travelled by each passenger.

Standard classifications

NST/R and ADR (see 4.1.)

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Rail transport
Topic: Transport and tourism

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Energy, Environmental and Transport Statistics

Regional level

Nuts II-level every fifth year.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annually.

International reporting

Transmission of data to Eurostat.


Microdata are stored in Oracle databases, and production data are stored as SAS files. Historical data are stored as ASCII files on UNIX.


Background and purpose

The EU is working towards a more comprehensive use of intermodal transport as a means to reduce transport by lorry to the 1998-level. Consequently, there is a need to establish adequate statistics for all modes of transport, including transport by rail.

Users and applications

The statistics will in addition to being published separately, be used in the calculations of the domestic transport performances. The statistics are used by several users, including research institutes and government authorities.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The rail statistics are used as input data in several statistics produced in Statistics Norway, for instance in the calculation of the quarterly national accounts and the annual calculation of the transport performance by mode of transport.

Legal authority

§ 2-2 and 2-3 of the Statistics Act.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) no. 91/2003.

Commission Regulation (EC) no. 1192/2003.



The statistics include all approved rail operators, i.e. all commercial transport by rail including possible private own enterprises. The suburban railways and urban tramways are not included.

Data sources and sampling

Questionnaires completed by all operators.

Full count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

There are quite few operators. All editing is therefore carried out manually.

The survey is based on a full count. Partial withdrawals are very rare. Few variables must be estimated by Statistics Norway. However, passenger figures by nationality have to be estimated based on other sources.

Seasonal adjustment



The principal rule of the Statistics Act is that information shall under no circumstances be published in such a way that it may be traced back to the supplier of any data or to any other identifiable individual. In agreement with the rail operators, an exception has been made to this rule.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are fairly new and few alterations have been done in the EC-Regulation. In addition, very few and small operators have entered the market since 2003. The comparability in the time series from 2003 is thus good.

The train operator on the Gjøvik line adopted a new calculation model for the number of passengers and passenger kilometres in 2019. The figures for the Gjøvik line as of 2019 are therefore not comparable with previous years.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The questionnaires are reviewed thoroughly, and errors are rectified during this process.


Not relevant