Education – Child Welfare

New statbank tables are published, they show marks in lower secondary school, transition from lower to upper secondary school, completion rates in upper secondary school and status after completed lowery secondary education for young people with and without measures from the Child Welfare Services.

Child Welfare statistics based on longitudinal data

New statbank tables are published, they show marks in lower secondary school, transition from lower to upper secondary school, completion rates in upper secondary school and status after completed lowery secondary education for young people with and without measures from the Child Welfare Services.

Child welfare

Updated: 2 July 2021

Modified:

Next update: Not yet determined

Children receiving measures from the Child Welfare Services
Children receiving measures from the Child Welfare Services
2020
52 862

Selected tables and figures from this statistics

Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex
Notifications to the Child Welfare Services, by conclusion, age and sex
Investigated cases, totalThe case was droppedFor investigation
Year
201857 0139 69147 322
201957 98811 10346 885
202056 80211 30045 502
Age
0-2 years5 9691 0504 919
3-5 years8 8501 5477 303
6-12 years23 6154 32219 293
13-17 years17 2233 98713 236
18-22 years1 142391751
Unknown age33.
Sex
Boys30 2876 19824 089
Girls26 5155 10221 413
Unknown sex...
Explanation of symbols
Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex
Investigations closed by the Child Welfare Services during the year, by conclusion, age and sex
All conclusionsChild welfare service makes decision on measuresApplication for measures to county welfare boardInvestigation cases closed after assessment by child welfare serviceInvestigation cases closed at parties' requestInvestigation cases closed due to relocationUnknown
Year
201848 19418 74942123 1734 1111 7400
201946 94617 86633822 7584 3371 6470
202045 57817 15230622 7584 0861 2760
Age
0-2 years4 5621 576402 3373882210
3-5 years7 1242 577343 7065742330
6-12 years19 3717 7611269 3251 6664930
13-17 years13 3444 9271066 7151 2913050
18-22 years1 177311.675167240
Unknown age00....0
Sex
Boys24 1239 15215211 9482 2196520
Girls21 4558 00015410 8101 8676240
Unknown sex00....0
Explanation of symbols
Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex
Investigations started and children under investigation started by the Child Welfare Services, by age and sex
Investigations started during the year
Year
201847 279
201946 864
202045 464
Age
0-2 years4 912
3-5 years7 301
6-12 years19 278
13-17 years13 220
18-22 years751
Unknown age2
Sex
Boys24 064
Girls21 398
Unknown sex2
Explanation of symbols
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by assistance or care measure, sex and age
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services during the yearChildren with measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
2020Total sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
All measures
Years, total52 86228 97623 886.36 84820 20216 646.
0-22 years52 52628 79323 733.36 81120 17916 632.
0-17 years44 89824 50020 398.31 26317 03114 232.
0-2 years2 6051 4221 183.1 797999798.
3-5 years5 5332 9942 539.3 8322 1001 732.
6-12 years20 73811 5129 226.14 3077 8976 410.
13-17 years16 0228 5727 450.11 3276 0355 292.
18-22 years7 6284 2933 335.5 5483 1482 400.
Care measures
Years, total9 2974 8854 412.8 1444 3163 828.
0-22 years9 2974 8854 412.8 1444 3163 828.
0-17 years8 4744 4813 993.8 1444 3163 828.
0-2 years254134120.244129115.
3-5 years711377334.687368319.
6-12 years3 6551 9081 747.3 5381 8511 687.
13-17 years3 8542 0621 792.3 6751 9681 707.
18-22 years823404419........
Assistance measures
Years, total43 56524 09119 474.28 70415 88612 818.
0-22 years43 22923 90819 321.28 66715 86312 804.
0-17 years36 42420 01916 405.23 11912 71510 404.
0-2 years2 3511 2881 063.1 553870683.
3-5 years4 8222 6172 205.3 1451 7321 413.
6-12 years17 0839 6047 479.10 7696 0464 723.
13-17 years12 1686 5105 658.7 6524 0673 585.
18-22 years6 8053 8892 916.5 5483 1482 400.
Explanation of symbols
Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure
Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December, by measure
2020Measures from the Child Welfare Services per 31 December
All types of measures82 497
Institutions1 081
Child welfare institutions1 017
Other institutions53
Other institutional measures11
Foster homes11 098
Foster homes of family and close network3 239
Foster homes outside family and close network6 741
Public family homes571
Foster homes under § 4-27 Child Welfare Act7
Emergency shelter homes529
Other foster home measures11
Measures to enhance parenting skills22 585
MST (Multisystemic Therapy)355
PMTO (Parent Management Training Oregon)342
FFT (Functional Family Therapy)101
Webster Stratton - The Incredible Years15
ICDP (International Child Development Programme)95
Marte Meo101
Other home-based measures2 323
Family support centres147
Decisions on advice and guidance13 863
Home adviser/therapist2 117
Other measures to enhance parenting skills3 126
Measures to enhance the child's development27 684
Kindergartens1 618
Before and after school care2 345
Leisure activities1 698
Financial assistance7 330
Home visits/respite measures6 710
Support person2 321
Discussion groups/children's groups201
Education and employment372
Aggression Replacement Therapy (ART)4
Other measures to enhance the child's development5 085
Supervision and control4 283
Voluntary supervision at home377
Imposed supervision at home164
Supervised visits1 851
Substance abuse control1 491
Other superivision and control measures400
Networking/cooperation with other services11 685
Family Group Conference1 052
Network meetings284
Individual plan74
Participation in accountability/support groups9 313
Other networking measures/cooperation with other services962
Investigation and treatment from other services738
Medical investigation and treatment (§ 4-10 Child Welfare Act)100
Treatment of children with special training needs (§ 4-11 Child Welfare Act)1
Mental health care for children and youths346
Other investigation and treatment measures from other services291
Housing3 343
Financial assistance with own housing1 147
Housing with support (including home share)1 980
Life skills training3
Other housing measures213
Explanation of symbols
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex
Children with measures from the Child Welfare Services, during the year and per 31 December, by immigrant category, country background, assistance or care measure and sex
2020Children with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures during the yearChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 DecemberChildren with measures per 31 December
Years, totalType og measuresTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sexTotal sexBoysGirlsUnknown sex
Children and adolescents, total
TotalAll measures52 86228 97623 886036 84820 20216 6460
Care measures9 2974 8854 41208 1444 3163 8280
Assistance measures43 56524 09119 474028 70415 88612 8180
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures2 1391 14799201 3457046410
Care measures2431261170215117980
Assistance measures1 8961 02187501 1305875430
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures12 7287 5065 22208 8635 2993 5640
Care measures1 72792480301 5188276910
Assistance measures11 0016 5824 41907 3454 4722 8730
Children are dependents without immigrant-backgroundAll measures37 82520 23217 593026 53914 14912 3900
Care measures7 3123 8293 48306 3983 3663 0320
Assistance measures30 30616 29914 007020 14110 7839 3580
UnknownAll measures1709179010150510
Care measures1569013670
Assistance measures155857008844440
Immegrants
TotalAll measures7 6554 7172 93805 4793 4192 0600
Care measures87646241407293923370
Assistance measures6 7794 2552 52404 7503 0271 7230
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures1 27769158608284343940
Care measures1638974014080600
Assistance measures1 11460251206883543340
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures6 3784 0262 35204 6512 9851 6660
Care measures71337334005893122770
Assistance measures5 6653 6532 01204 0622 6731 3890
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents
TotalAll measures7 2123 9363 27604 7292 5842 1450
Care measures1 09458850601 0045524520
Assistance measures6 1183 3482 77003 7252 0321 6930
EU28/EEA,, Switzerland, USA, Canada, Australia and New ZealandAll measures86245640605172702470
Care measures80374307537380
Assistance measures78241936304422332090
Asia, Africa, Latin America, Oceania except Australia and New Zealand and Europe except the EU/EEAAll measures6 3503 4802 87004 2122 3141 8980
Care measures1 01455146309295154140
Assistance measures5 3362 9292 40703 2831 7991 4840
Explanation of symbols

About the statistics

The statistics provide figures on the Child Welfare Services. The figures include notifications, investigations and measures, and the children involved. The work of the Child Welfare Services is aimed at children and adolescents aged 0–22. Also included is figures on full-time equivalents (FTEs) in the Child Welfare Services, as well as results and completion rates in upper secondary school and status after completed lower secondary education.

Notifications: Upon receiving a notification, the Child Welfare Services must review it as soon as possible, within a week, and decide whether no action is to be taken or whether an investigation should be initiated. Until 2013, Statistics Norway did not collect data on notifications where no action was taken and where no investigation was initiated.

Investigations: The Child Welfare Services have a right and duty to initiate an investigation when there are reasonable grounds to assume that a child is living in conditions that require intervention pursuant to the Child Welfare Act. Statistics Norway started collecting data on all investigations in 2013. Prior to this, if the Child Welfare Services conducted more than one investigation into the same child, only one investigation was registered; either the investigation that led to a decision to intervene or the first investigation in the statistical year.

Assistance measures: Assistance measures are in accordance with section 4-4 of the Child Welfare Act (corresponds to section 18 – Preventive measures and section 51 – Follow-up measures in the old legislation). Measures can include financial support, kindergarten placement, support contact, supervision, home visits/home respite, home consultancy, respite care in an institution, parent/child care centre placement (home for mothers), outpatient treatment in mental health care for children and adolescents, etc. The new legislation that came into force in 1993 provides for children being removed from the home, and placed in a foster home, for example, without the need for a decision to provide care. According to section 4-4 fifth paragraph of the Act, such placements are categorised as assistance measures.

Care orders: Care orders are in accordance with section 4-12 of the Child Welfare Act (section 19 in the old legislation). All decisions on providing care for a child and placing him or her in foster care are made by the county social welfare board. Care orders are provided for in section 4-12, and include placement in a care centre for minors, foster home, an institution or a training or treatment institution. When the child is in care, all measures aimed at the child are registered as care orders. Until 2013, local authorities was responsible for reporting whether a measure was a care order. As from 2013, Statistics Norway reports whether a measure is an assistance measure or a care order as provided for in the legislation.

Follow-up care: In 1998, amendments to the Child Welfare Act meant that measures that were initiated before a child turned 18 could be continued or replaced with other assistance measures if the child agreed. Such measures can continue until the child reaches 23 years of age, and a generic term for measures in the age group 18-22 is follow-up care.

New children in the Child Welfare Services: All children who are subject to child welfare measures in a statistical year, who are not included in the child welfare statistics in the preceding year, are defined as ‘new children’ with measures. This means that even if the child is registered as a new child in the child welfare statistics, he or she may have received help previously. Use of personal identification numbers is crucial here for identifying the new children in the Child Welfare Services.

Staff are registered under the following education categories: social workers, child welfare educationalists, other university college/university education, office/commercial education, other education/unskilled.

Organisation: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services are organised as one host municipality partnership and/or as part of NAV.

Quality indicators: Indicates whether the Child Welfare Services have a system for user surveys, if they have a user survey in the statistical year and if the Child Welfare Services have internal controls.

Education – Child Welfare

Overall achievement mark: Based on a broad evaluation of the pupil’s competence in the subject. The pupil shall be given the opportunity to improve their competence displayed through their classwork until the overall achievement mark is determined towards the end of the academic year. Marks are awarded on a scale from 1 to 6, where mark 6 indicates that the pupil holds exceptionally high competence, and 1 indicates that the pupil has attained little competence in the subject.

Lower secondary school points: Can be viewed as a combined measurement for all marks. The lower secondary school point score summarizes the pupil’s results in all the different subjects and is part of the admission criteria for upper secondary school. A pupil’s school points are calculated by adding up each individual mark attained (overall achievement or examination), represented by numbers. This outcome is then divided by the number of marks, resulting in an average mark. The final score is calculated by multiplying this average, with two decimals, by 10.

A small proportion of pupils who complete lower secondary school do not get lower secondary school points. These are pupils who, for various reasons, lack grades in more than half of the subjects.

Parents highest completed education: Based on numbers from Norway’s National Education Database (NUDB). It is the new level definitions of Educational attainment of the population that is used. The parent with the highest educational level defines parents highest completed education.

Education programme: The education programmes in upper secondary education is divided in general studies and vocational education programmes.

General studies include Sports and physical education, Music, dance and drama, Specialization in general studies and from autumn 2016 Media and communication and Art, design and architecture.

Vocational studies include Building and construction, Design, arts and crafts, Electricity and electronics, Healthcare, childhood and youth development, Media and communication (old structure), Agriculture, fishing and forestry, Restaurant and food, Service and transport and Technical and industrial production.

Completed education: A pupil is considered to have completed their education with a university and college admissions certificate or vocational qualification if he/she is registered with passed Vg3/vocational certificate and/or registered with a certificate in the National Results Database. Those taking courses at a higher education institution are also treated as “completed upper secondary education”.

Status after completed lower secondary education: Status of the individual’s relationship to education, the labour marked and benefits. Status is prioritized in the following order: In higher education, in lower education, employed, recipients of health-related benefits, recipients of other benefits, dead/emigrated and other. The prioritization of status is different from the prioritization of labour force status in the statistics “Attachment to employment, education and welfare benefits”.

Not relevant

Name: Child welfare

Topic: Social conditions, welfare and crime

Not yet determined

Division for Health, care and social statistics

Figures for the country as a whole, parts of the country, child welfare regions, counties, municipalities and districts in Oslo.

Unrevised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 March every year.

Revised figures are published in KOSTRA on 15 June every year.

More detailed statistics are published every year at the end of June/beginning of July.

Education – Child Welfare

The figures for persons with measures from the Child Welfare Services, marks in lower secondary school, transition from lower to upper secondary education, completion rates in upper secondary education and status for pupils 22 years or younger after completed lower secondary education is published in the second half of the year.

Nordic Social-Statistical Committee (NOSOSKO)

Statistics Norway has yearly datasets and dataset explanations, in addition to a historical dataset at an individual level consisting of figures on assistance measures and/or care orders from the year 1993 and forward.

The child welfare statistics were first published in 1900, and until 1954, comprised of summary statistics compiled on the basis of annual reports from the predecessor to the current Child Welfare Services. Until 1915, the statistics were produced by the Ministry of Church Affairs and Education, and subsequently by Statistics Norway. Since 1954, child welfare statistics have been prepared based on annual reports from the local authorities. A major reorganisation took place in the 1990s, and in 1992, the range of data was considerably extended. This reorganisation led to a break in some of the time series, including the figures on ‘new’ child welfare clients. Figures on new clients from before and after 1992 are therefore not directly comparable. In 1993, the registration form was changed as a result of new child welfare legislation. The new legislation provides for children being placed outside the home without the need for a decision by the county social welfare board to take over care of the child. However, the figures on children in care from 1993 are comparable.

In 1997, it was decided that notifications to the Child Welfare Services would be excluded, and that only information about who reported the case and the content of the notification would be registered for the children for whom the Child Welfare Services started or ended investigations in the statistical year.

In 1998, an amendment was made to the Child Welfare Act of 1993. The age of children and adolescents who could have follow-up measures was increased from 18-20 to 18-22. Thus, the age group included in the statistics on child welfare was changed.

2002 saw a major reorganisation in the child welfare statistics, with the KOSTRA functions 251 and 252 being included in the reporting basis.

In 2007, the KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare was changed. The figures on measure categories was expanded.

The reporting of 15 Child Welfare was changed in 2013. The form is no longer available, and the data system can only produce file extractions. All notifications and investigations are now reported, while previously only one investigation was reported per child. The figures on measure categories have been expanded and eight main categories of measures with subcategories have been introduced. Statistics Norway now distinguishes between assistance measures and care orders as provided for in the legislation, and whether the measure is function 251 or 252 according to the measure categories. The local authorities previously reported this themselves.

In 2010, employees in the Child Welfare Services were included in the general child welfare statistics. These were previously published separately http://www.ssb.no/barnevernp/.

Statistics on personnel in the social security offices, which are summary statistics, were first collected in 1984. It was not until 1991 that a distinction was made between the different categories of child welfare staff. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and positions are now registered according to education, and converted to FTEs. In addition, figures on vacant positions were included as from 31 December 1992. In 2012, positions linked to functions were also reported explicitly in addition to positions in function 244, and in 2013, positions linked to function 252 were also included.

Information on organisation and cooperation was first published in 1993. Quality indicators for the Child Welfare Services were first published in 2006.

Education – Child Welfare

The figures for persons with measures from the Child Welfare Services, marks in lower secondary school, transition from lower to upper secondary education, completion rates in upper secondary education and status for pupils 22 years or younger after completed lower secondary education were published for the first time autumn 2021, for the statistical years 2018-2020. The tables are financed by The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir).

Users: Ministry of Children and Families, other ministries, Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir), Norwegian Board of Health Supervision, County Governor, county authorities and local authorities, research institutions, the media and students.

Applications: Public planning, research and studies, education and public debate.

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Education – Child Welfare

The figures for persons with measures from the Child Welfare Services, marks in lower secondary school, transition from lower to upper secondary education, completion rates in upper secondary education and status for pupils 22 years or younger after completed lower secondary education is also published in other statistics. Nevertheless, the figures are not completely comparable with the other annual register-based statistics. There are several reasons for this:

  • Differences in the population: An age limit of 22 years or younger has been made for the figures mentioned above. In the statistic “Marks, lower secondary school” the age limit is under 17 years. The statistic “Completion rates of pupils in upper secondary education” includes all age groups. For the numbers under “Status for pupils 22 years or younger after completed lower secondary education” the population is pupils (22 years or younger) who completed lower secondary education 6 or 10 years previous. In the statistic “Attachment to employment, education and welfare benefits” the population is residents 15 years or older.
  • In the tables county of residence is used: In the statistics “Marks, lower secondary school” and “Completion rates of pupils in upper secondary education” school county is used.
  • Different prioritizing of status: In the system for personal data (SFP) and the statistic “Attachment to employment, education and welfare benefits” status in prioritized differently compared to the tables under “Child welfare”, see “About the statistics”. Among other things employment is prioritized before education. For information about how status is prioritized in the tables associated with child welfare measures, see definitions.

The reports are collected by Statistics Norway for the Ministry of Children and Families, under the provisions of the Act of 17 July 1992 No. 100 relating to Child Welfare Services section 2-3. Pursuant to the Act of 16 June 1989 No. 54 relating to official statistics and Statistics Norway section 2-2, Statistics Norway shall use the reports in the preparation of official statistics.

Not relevant

The statistics are based on the registration of Child Welfare Services in all municipalities.

All municipalities reports all children and youth age 0-22 with notifications, investigations and/or measures from the Child Welfare Services during the year.

Personnel in the Child Welfare Services are reported in an electronic questionnaire.

Education – Child Welfare

The figures for persons with measures from the Child Welfare Services, marks in lower secondary school, transition from lower to upper secondary education, completion rates in upper secondary education and status for pupils 22 years or younger after completed lower secondary education comes from a variety of sources:

Persons with measures from the Child Welfare Services so far in life. The source for child welfare measures in the data is an extract of data from the child welfare history file. This file contains information about all children who has had a care and/or assistance measure for each year from 1993 to the last statistical year, including the number of each of the measures during the year and at the end of the year. The file is constructed from the yearly, processed files that is used in the production of the Child Welfare statistic.

Characteristics of a person’s affiliation with the child welfare service are given at a specific time. Care measures are prioritized over assistance measures. This means that a person who is registered with assistance measure in 2015 and care measure in 2020 is counted as one person with assistance measure in the figures for 2018 and with care measure in the figures for 2020 and later. This has been taken into account in the handling of duplicates, so that persons who are registered several times in Statistic Norway’s registers (often due to temporary or expired social security numbers) retain the earliest registrations for both types of measures.

Marks from lower secondary schools are reported from the schools to the counties' own administrative data system for upper secondary education (VIGO).

Within upper secondary education, the counties own administrative data system, VIGO, is the main source.

The figures for status for pupils 22 years or younger after completed lower secondary education is based on information from the system for personal data (SFP). This system consists of registers that contain data for areas such as the labour market, educational activity and welfare benefits that are intended to compensate for a lack of earned income. Read more here.

KOSTRA form 15 Child Welfare, and a dataset explanation were used as a basis for data registration. The reporting deadline is 15 January the year following the statistical year. For local authorities with a child welfare programme, a file extraction is made, which is sent electronically to Statistics Norway. Until 2013, the local authorities that did not have such a programme submitted electronic forms from Statistics Norway’s website.

In return, the local authorities receive summary tables and error lists for submitted child welfare statistics. They then have to check whether the figures are correct, and report any errors in the submitted data to Statistics Norway. In 2013, the local authorities were asked to review the KOSTRA publications on 15 March and give Statistics Norway feedback on whether the figures were correct, and no error lists were sent out.

KOSTRA form 8 Personnel and organisation of the Child Welfare Services is submitted electronically from Statistics Norway’s website every year, with a deadline of 15 February.

In cases of inter-municipal cooperation, one file/form is to be submitted for each local authority.

The child welfare control program, which is available on Statistics Norway’s website, plays a key role in the regular control and audit routines for the statistics. The local authorities run the control program before submitting child welfare datasets to Statistics Norway, correcting as many errors as possible before submission. In 2013, most of the controls prevented the submission of file extractions and had to be corrected by the local authorities. After receiving a file, Statistics Norway also runs the control program. Preliminary tables with main figures and error lists are sent to the individual local authorities. The Child Welfare Services in the relevant local authority adds the correct information to the error list before returning it to Statistics Norway for revision and production of the figures.

Controls of data on employees are based on a comparison of the figures from the preceding year, and the local authorities are contacted if there are major discrepancies so that they can create or submit a new form where relevant.

Not relevant

Figures that make it possible to identify individuals will not be published.

In the period 1980-1985, personal identification numbers were not used in the registration, which made it impossible to control for duplications. Figures from these years are therefore not fully comparable with the preceding and subsequent periods. The figures on children in care in 1992 are assumed to be too high because the 1992 statistics form was designed so that all placements were registered as care placements. There is a break in the 1993 series of new children with measures as a result of a new definition of new children.

In 2002, the child welfare form was changed to include more categories of measures.

A reorganisation in 2007 saw the introduction of more types of measures and information being collected. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2002-2006 are fully comparable.

The main figures for 2007 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years in relation to, for example, the number of children with measures, children with care orders, assistance measures, placements and investigations. Also in that year, more options for measure type and reporting body were added. There may therefore be a break in terms of the measure category ‘other measures’ and the category ‘other’ for the reporting body.

There was a further reorganisation in 2013, with the collection of notifications, more categories for content in the notification, minor changes in the categories of who submitted the notification, collection of all investigations – not just one per child, and more types of measures. This means that the child welfare statistics from 2007-2012 are fully comparable. The main figures for 2013 and subsequent years will be comparable with earlier years, i.e. the number of children with measures, children with care orders and assistance measures, the number of children under investigation. There is a break in the investigation cases, but the number of children subject to investigation will still be published.There are no figures for employees in the municipal child welfare services during the period 1984-1990. In 1992, child welfare was distinguished as a separate service, and the registration of personnel has not changed markedly since then. As of 2012, employees in function 251 Child welfare measures when the child is not placed by the Child Welfare Services were included in form 8 in addition to employees in function 244 Child Welfare Services. This makes it difficult to compare the total number of employees because we assume that those in function 251 were also reported before 2012 by some local authorities. In 2013, employees in function 252 Child welfare measures when the child is placed by the Child Welfare Services were also included in form 8.

Contact