Regulation on European statistics - regulation pursuant to the Norwegian Statistics Act
Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on European statistics, which was ratified in March 2009, is applicable to the European Statistical System (ESS), and has been adopted as a regulation pursuant to the Norwegian Statistics Act.
The overarching principles for the production of European statistics are detailed in guidelines (European Statistics Code of Practice, often referred to as simply the Code of Practice).
Legal framework for European statistics
The regulation on European statistics forms the legal framework for the development, preparation and dissemination of European statistics. The regulation is also referred to as the European "Statistics Act", and regulates the cooperation in the ESS.
ESS is defined in the regulation as the partnership between Eurostat (statistics office of the European Union), the national statistics agencies and other national authorities that are responsible for developing, preparing and disseminating European statistics in the member countries.
Adopted into Norwegian law
Norway (together with Iceland and Liechtenstein) is a member of the ESS through the EEA agreement. The regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on European statistics was incorporated into Annex XXI of the EEA agreement in December 2009. The regulation was also established in Norwegian law as a regulation pursuant to the Norwegian Statistics Act.
Article 285, No. 2 of the Treaty of Rome states that the European community statistics shall be prepared in a way that safeguards the independence, impartiality, objectivity and reliability of the statistics. The statistics shall be prepared using a cost-effective method and in a way that ensures confidential treatment of statistical data. Furthermore, the production of statistics shall not entail a disproportionate burden for businesses. These are the overarching principles for the production of statistics at a European level, and are described in more detail in the regulation on European statistics.
The regulation further refers to the guidelines on European statistics; i.e. the Code of Practice, which provide more details of the requirements for European statistics, and whose main objective is to improve the quality of the statistics and retain the public's confidence in European statistics. The Code of Practice clearly states that it shall be developed and disseminated in accordance with the principles laid down in the regulation and best international practice in this field.