National accounts and business cycles: Discussion Papers

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  • Taxation of housing

    Discussion Papers no. 829

    The Norwegian public policy debate regularly returns to the private housing market. Housing prices have increased by 200 percent in real terms over the last two decades, a large share of households have high debt ratios, and new home buyers face l...

  • Resource Rent in Norwegian Fisheries

    Discussion Papers no. 827

    A nation’s natural-resources wealth can be estimated via the System of National Accounts (SNA). Because the values of all parameters entering the calculation are conditional on the existing management regime, the optimal value of the natural resou...

  • Labor Market Institutions and Wage Inequality in the OECD countries

    Discussion Papers no. 826

    In this paper we attempt to investigate the effect on income inequality of some recent trends in the labour market, changes in regulations of temporary positions and the surge in immigration in many EU-countries.

  • Life time pension benefits relative to life time contributions

    Discussion Papers no. 825

    Over the life course members of an insurance system normally will contribute by payments when in working age, and later receive pension benefits as e.g. disabled or old-age pensioners.

  • Smart hedging against carbon leakage

    Discussion Papers no. 822

    Unilateral climate policy induces carbon leakage through the relocation of emission-intensive and trade-exposed industries to regions with no or more lenient emission regulation

  • Have inflation targeting and EU labour immigration changed the system of wage formation in Norway?

    Discussion Papers no. 824

    Collective agreements have played a central role in the system of wage formation in Norway for more than fifty years. Although the degree of coordination achieved has been variable, pattern wage bargaining has been a mainstay of the system.

  • Union dissolution and childlessness

    Discussion Papers no. 823

    This study investigates how the association between union dissolution and childlessness depends on life course context. Data on union histories and fertility are taken from the Norwegian GGS.

  • Fiscal effects of the Norwegian pension reform – A micro-macro assessment

    Discussion Papers no. 821

    The main goal of the Norwegian pension reform of 2011 is to improve long run fiscal sustainability, not least through stronger labour supply incentives.

  • The dual approach for measuring multidimensional deprivation and poverty

    Discussion Papers no. 820

    This paper is concerned with the problem of ranking and quantifying the extent of deprivation exhibited by multidimensional distributions, where the multiple attributes in which an individual can be deprived are represented by dichotomized variables.

  • Understanding the productivity slowdown

    Discussion Papers no. 818

    Many OECD countries have experienced a slowdown in measured labour productivity from 2005 and onwards. Norway is no exception in this respect.

  • Residential energy efficiency and European carbon policies

    Discussion Papers no. 817

    While the introduction and reformation of climate policy instruments take place rapidly in Europe, the knowledge on how the instruments interact lags behind. In this paper we analyse different interpretations of the 2030 climate policy goals for r...

  • School accountability: Incentives or sorting?

    Discussion Papers no. 815

    We exploit a nested school accountability reform to estimate the causal effect on teacher mobility, sorting, and student achievement. In 2003, lower-secondary schools in Oslo became accountable to the school district authority for student achievem...

  • A stylized satellite account for human capital

    Discussion Papers no. 816

    This paper presents a satellite account in which investment in human capital is considered as a produced product/asset

  • Why do wealthy parents have wealthy children?

    Discussion Papers no. 813

    Strong intergenerational correlations in wealth have fueled a long-standing debate over why children of wealthy parents tend to be well off themselves. We investigate the role of family background in determining children's wealth accumulation and ...

  • Crime and the transition to teenage parenthood

    Discussion Papers no. 812

    Age-graded social control theory suggests that parenthood can have a preventive effect on crime among adults, but it is unclear whether and how this applies to teenagers, as teenage parenthood and affiliation with crime can have mutual confounding...