327746
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327746
statistikk
2019-10-30T08:00:00.000Z
Culture and recreation;Social conditions, welfare and crime
en
fritid, Sports and outdoor activities, survey on living conditions, exercise, training, hiking, outdoor activities (for example bathing, hiking, fishing), sports (for example swimming, football, skiing), recreational activitiesLiving conditions , Sports and outdoor recreation , Social conditions, welfare and crime, Culture and recreation
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Sports and outdoor activities, survey on living conditions

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Key figures

80 %

exercise or train at least once a week

Percentage participated in various activities during the last 12 months.
20162019
Jogging3939
Biking3636
Strength training4046
Exercise or train at least once a week8380
20142017
On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains7978
On berry-picking or mushroom-picking3436
On fishing trip4342
On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains3934

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Participation in outdoor activities, 16 years and above. Per cent

Participation in outdoor activities, 16 years and above. Per cent
201120142017
On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains545253
On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains817978
On a shorter walk.8584
On berry-picking or mushroom-picking373436
On hunting887
On fishing trip454342
On a trip with canoe/kayak/rowboat252424
On a trip in a motor boat or sailing-boat444342
On cycle tour in the nature424035
Riding i the nature444
On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains292523
On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains423934
Skating977
Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark242221
Bathing in sea or freshwater717066
Number of respondents in the survey4 6917 3356 144

Table 2 
Participation in exercising activities, 16 years and above. Per cent

Participation in exercising activities, 16 years and above. Per cent
2007201320162019
Jogging38403939
Cross-country skiing45403537
Swimming17262122
Biking40453636
Organized dance5534
Group exercise classes, aerobics, yoga etc17181617
Strength training30394046
Football16141313
Handball3222
Ice hockey, bandy or indoor bandy5545
Tennis, squash or badminton6878
Basketball4434
Volleyball8767
Athletics2222
Fighting sports3223
Slalom, telemark or snowboard20221920
Playing golf5444
Skating.1299
Walking/ hiking77.7376
Spinning, exercise on treadmill or other gym equipment..3437
Other kinds of athletics or training5421414
Never exercise og train11657
Exercise or train at least once a week73828380
Number of respondents3 2126 1406 8596 080

Table 3 
Prticipation in outdoor activities, by number of times. 16 years and over. Per cent

Prticipation in outdoor activities, by number of times. 16 years and over. Per cent
2017
0 times1-2 times3-10 times11-24 times25 times or more
On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains476221212
On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains233171642
On a shorter walk16181066
On berry-picking or mushroom-picking64131831
On hunting932321
On fishing trip5891986
On a trip with canoe/kayak/rowboat76101121
On a trip in a motor boat or sailing-boat58101976
On cycle tour in the nature6551658
Riding i the nature962101
On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains7761142
On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains6761774
Skating934200
Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark7981021
Bathing in sea or freshwater349311412

Table 4 
Participation in exercising activities, by number of times. 16 years and above. Per cent

Participation in exercising activities, by number of times. 16 years and above. Per cent
2019
0 times1-2 times3-10 times11-24 times25 times or more
Jogging6129622
Cross-country skiing6351698
Swimming782857
Biking6429518
Organized dance960102
Group exercise classes, aerobics, yoga etc8313210
Strength training5514536
Football871525
Handball980101
Ice hockey, bandy or indoor bandy951211
Tennis, squash or badminton922311
Basketball961200
Volleyball931311
Athletics980101
Fighting sports970101
Slalom, telemark or snowboard8061032
Playing golf961211
Skating915410
Walking/ hiking2517958
Spinning, exercise on treadmill or other gym equipment6415624

Table 5 
Participation in outdoor activities, by sex, 16 years and above. Per cent

Participation in outdoor activities, by sex, 16 years and above. Per cent
2017
Both sexesMalesFemales
On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains535650
On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains787976
On a shorter walk848386
On berry-picking or mushroom-picking363041
On hunting7113
On fishing trip425232
On a trip with canoe/kayak/rowboat242621
On a trip in a motor boat or sailing-boat424637
On cycle tour in the nature353832
Riding i the nature426
On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains232520
On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains343532
Skating777
Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark212617
Bathing in sea or freshwater666865
Number of respondents in the survey6 1443 1472 997

Table 6 
Participation in exercising activities, by sex, 16 years and above. Per cent

Participation in exercising activities, by sex, 16 years and above. Per cent
2019
Both sexesMalesFemales
Jogging394335
Cross-country skiing373736
Swimming222222
Biking363933
Organized dance425
Group exercise classes, aerobics, yoga etc17827
Strength training464447
Football13207
Handball223
Ice hockey, bandy or indoor bandy573
Tennis, squash or badminton8106
Basketball452
Volleyball776
Athletics231
Fighting sports332
Slalom, telemark or snowboard202516
Playing golf462
Skating9810
Walking/ hiking767279
Spinning, exercise on treadmill or other gym equipment373637
Other kinds of athletics or training141612
Never exercise og train776
Exercise or train at least once a week807882
Number of respondents6 0803 1852 895

Table 7 
Participation in outdoor activities, by age, 16 years and over. Per cent

Participation in outdoor activities, by age, 16 years and over. Per cent
2017
Years, total16-24 years25-44 years45-66 years67 years or older
On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains5363625626
On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains7880848357
On a shorter walk8477868782
On berry-picking or mushroom-picking3624334137
On hunting710874
On fishing trip4247474425
On a trip with canoe/kayak/rowboat2432282411
On a trip in a motor boat or sailing-boat4252464324
On cycle tour in the nature3533413918
Riding i the nature49621
On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains232828258
On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains3432423616
Skating7151041
Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark213932161
Bathing in sea or freshwater6678736943
Number of respondents in the survey6 1447751 8502 3371 182

Table 8 
Participation in exercising activities, by age, 16 years and above. Per cent

Participation in exercising activities, by age, 16 years and above. Per cent
2019
Years, total16-24 years25-44 years45-66 years67 years or older
Jogging397254307
Cross-country skiing3736434218
Swimming2227242215
Biking3640413820
Organized dance46334
Group exercise classes, aerobics, yoga etc1722201612
Strength training4678543824
Football13391961
Handball210210
Ice hockey, bandy or indoor bandy517620
Tennis, squash or badminton824951
Basketball418410
Volleyball730620
Athletics27210
Fighting sports38310
Slalom, telemark or snowboard203827182
Playing golf49443
Skating9181461
Walking/ hiking7673778164
Spinning, exercise on treadmill or other gym equipment3761423318
Other kinds of athletics or training1414141512
Never exercise og train725712
Exercise or train at least once a week8084808176
Number of respondents6 0807271 8382 3301 185

About the statistics

The statistics cover participation in outdoor activities and exercise activities, such as hiking, fishing, jogging, team sports and yoga. The statistics is based on the Survey on Living Conditions EU-SILC.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Sports and physical activity

Cross-country skiing: Refers to skiing with the intention of exercising. Skiing in the forest or in the mountains are included is their purpose is exercise.

Biking: Refers to cycling trips with the intention of exercising. Biking as a means for transport if the purpose is also exercise.

Organized dance: Prior to 2007, the phrasing was “folk/ballroom dancing, (jazz) ballet”

Group exercise classes, aerobics, yoga etc.: Group exercise classes and yoga were included in this question in the 2016 survey. In earlier surveys the phrasing was “aerobics and gymnastics classes or similar”.

Tennis, squash or badminton: Badminton was included in the question in 2013.

Spinning, exercise on treadmill or other gym equipment: This question covers spinning, exercise on treadmill or other endurance training by using other gym equipment.

Other kinds of athletics or training: Persons reporting that they take part in other physical activity than the ones that are specifically asked in the survey. The percentage that report participating in other activities varies between surveys, depending on how well the preceding questions capture the types of physical activities of the population.

Never exercise or train: Persons reporting that they never engage in physical activity to exercise.

Exercise or train at least once a week: Persons reporting that they engage in physical activity once a week or more often to exercise.

 

Outdoor activities

Longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains: This includes trips over three hours in duration.

Shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains: This includes trips with a duration of less than three hours.

Standard classifications

Age

Persons are grouped by their age at the start of the year in which the interviews were conducted.

Area of residence

Persons are grouped according to sparsely populated areas or densely populated areas of different sizes. Sparsely populated areas include clusters of houses with less than 200 inhabitants. Densely populated areas include areas with 200 inhabitants or more, and a distance between houses - as a main rule - not more than 50 meters. Densely populated areas are further divided into three groups based on population (below 20 000 inhabitants, 20 000-99 999, and above 100 000 inhabitants).

Region

The regions include the following counties:

Oslo and Akershus

Eastern Norway excluding Oslo and Akershus: Østfold, Vestfold, Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud and Telemark

Agder and Rogaland: Aust-Agder, Vest-Agder and Rogaland

Western Norway: Hordaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Møre and Romsdal

Trøndelag: Sør-Trøndelag and Nord-Trøndelag

Northern Norway: Nordland, Troms and Finnmark.

Family cycle phase

Persons are grouped by which phase of the family cycle they belong to, and this is based on the person’s age, marital status (single/in couple) and whether the person has children, and the youngest child’s age. The concept single persons do not necessarily refer to persons living alone in the household, but rather persons not living in a relationship (they can still live with others, as their parents or their children). Persons in a couple includes both married and unmarried couples. The groups with children consist of persons living with their own child(ren) (including stepchildren and adopted children) aged 0-19 years in the household.

Education

The respondent’s education level.

Below upper secondary level

Upper secondary level

Higher education, undergraduate degree

Higher education, graduate degree or higher

Economic status

This variable covers the person's own perception of the main activity on the date of the interview. This differs from the definition of ILO (International Labour Organization), which has a predefined classification of economic status.

Working full-time: employees and self-employed

Working part-time: employees and self-employed

Unemployed

Student, pupil, further training, unpaid work experience: includes persons in vocational training and military service

In retirement

Permanently disabled and/or unfit to work

Fulfilling domestic tasks and care responsibilities

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Sports and outdoor activities, survey on living conditions
Topic: Culture and recreation

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Income and social welfare statistics

Regional level

Nationally representative. Results can be divided by county (as defined above in Region) and by population density (as defined above in Area of residence).

Frequency and timeliness

The survey on sport and physical activity is part of the Norwegian Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC. From 2011 onwards the survey have consisted of a set of core questions that is repeated annually, and a theme sections with rotating topics that are repeated in a cycle of three years. The annual set of core questions covers household, housing, economy, health and employment. The theme section is this year on housing and housing conditions, and fear of crime. The two other theme sections are: Outdoor activities, organizational activity, political participation and social networks (repeated next in 2020), and Housing conditions (repeated next in 2021). In addition to the annual core questions and the rotating themes, separate surveys of Health, care and social relations and Work and working conditions are repeated every three years. See “Background and purpose” for more information on the Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC.

International reporting

The Norwegian Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC is coordinated with the Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). EU-SILC is a European sample survey of income, social exclusion and living conditions that is coordinated through the EU's statistics agency Eurostat, and anchored in the European Statistical System (ESS).

The Norwegian Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC consists both of questions from EU-SILC that is collected throughout Europe, in addition to national modules (described above in the section “Frequency and timeliness”). Data from the EU-SILC questions is sent to Eurostat annually. Microdata on EU-SILC is made available for researchers and students through Eurostat. This includes cross-sectional and panel data.

Microdata

Data files with results from the interviews and statistical files with coded variables, linked information and weights are stored. Anonymized files are also available for researchers through the NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data.

(Norsk senter for forskningsdata - NSD).

Background

Background and purpose

Purpose

The Norwegian Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC will give insight into the main aspects of and differences in living conditions, and follow their development over time. The Norwegian Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC will over a 3-year period be able to cover the major aspects of living conditions in the Norwegian population (when including the separate surveys of working conditions and health care and social contact as described in the section “Frequency and timeliness”).

Background

The first surveys of living conditions in Norway were conducted six times between 1973 and 1995. These surveys shed light on the general components of living conditions; economics, housing conditions, leisure, social contact, health, education, employment and working conditions.

In 1996 a coordinated system of surveys was introduced. The system consisted of annual surveys with a repeating panel survey (EU-SILC from 2003) and a set of national rotating topics repeated every three years. The rotating topics were Work, Housing, leisure activities and victims of crime, Health care and social relations.

In 2011 the present system for surveying living conditions was introduced. A key objective of the new system was better coordination with international requirements connected to EU-SILC. National themes were coordinated with the European EU-SILC. The new system covers the presented topics from previous living condition surveys, in addition to new themes to illuminate political participation, social networks and economic and social problems.

In addition to the regular surveys of living conditions, Statistics Norway can on commission conduct individual surveys among selected groups.

Users and applications

The main users are government ministries, directorates, and research communities in the areas of working environment, health care, housing, leisure and local environment and living conditions in general.

Apart from this the statistics serve as a basis for information to the public, media and others interested in the state and development of living conditions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08:00 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

The concept of living conditions covers a very wide range of topics. Statistics on living conditions are therefore associated with many other statistics.

Information on housing is also available from the Register-based housing conditions statistics. The register-based statistics makes it possible to look at geographical areas in more detail, but includes fewer variables and less information. The Survey of Consumer Expenditure has also issues on housing conditions, among other things a more detailed summary of most kinds of housing expenditures.

Information on employment is collected from several sources. The Labour Force Survey is an important source which provides some information that supplements the information from the Survey of Living Conditions, e.g. on training, work schedule (weekend work), and the workforce participation among disabled people. Some registers like the employee/employer registry, sick leave registry etc., are also relevant. The information in these registers can also be utilized in the Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC.

Income and wealth are added from the register information in the Income and wealth statistics. Some demographical information is also used, on education and social benefits.

Legal authority

Voluntary survey.

EEA reference

1177/2003

Production

Population

The population is Norwegian residents aged 16 years and above not living in institutions.

Data sources and sampling

Data sources are interview data from the annual representative sample survey Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC, and various attached register information.

The net sample in the annual Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC is made up of about 11,500 people.

The sample is drawn according to the procedures for random selection.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection is mainly conducted by telephone (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview CATI) and in some cases the interviewer visits the interviewee (Computer Assisted Personal Interview CAPI). Data collection for the Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC occurs mainly from January to May in the year of interview.

The interview takes place using a computer-based questionnaire. The questionnaire includes various controls to prevent incorrect answers or registration errors during the interview. In some cases, the interviewer receives warnings for the registered response. In other cases, there is a limit on values that cannot be exceeded. Moreover, it verifies that only valid codes are recorded.

In surveys where industry and occupation are collected, these are encoded by Statistics Norway.

The sample consists of persons. Analysis unit is primarily person, but in some cases household. Using the household as the unit of analysis requires the use of weights (read more about weights in the section on Accuracy and reliability).

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway has guidelines for merging data from different data sources (registers) for statistical purposes. The guidelines are based on Statistics Norway's authorisation given by The Norwegian Data Protection Authority, and the Statistics Act. According to these guidelines, responses given in surveys can only be used for the purpose of producing statistics, i.e. information concerning groups of people will be given, but not individuals. When survey data files are linked to registers, encryption techniques are used in order to ensure that persons cannot be identified from the survey or register information in the merged data file.

Comparability over time and space

Sports and physical activity

Sports and physical activities has been a topic in the Survey on Living Conditions in 1997, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2013, 2016, and 2019. In the surveys on sports and physical activities, the main sample consists of persons aged 16 or more. In 2004, 2007 and 2013 there was an additional sample of children aged 6-15 years.

To a large extent, the same questions have been posed, although some changes have been made between surveys. Sometimes questions have been added or omitted, or the phrasing of questions has been altered. Since 2001, the question about exercise frequency has specified that frequency should refer to activity level during the season if the interviewee only participated in seasonal activities. In 1997 there was no such condition. In 1997 and 2001, the questions on types of sports and exercise activities were only posed to interviewees that exercised at least once a month. In 1997 and 2001, the questions on physical activity were posed in a postal questionnaire, whereas subsequent surveys mainly used telephone interviews.

Changes in the phrasing of questions are further described below, under “Definitions”.

Outdoor activities

Outdoor activities were topics in the Survey on Living Conditions in 1997, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2014 and 2017. The topic outdoor activities partly build on earlier topics in the Survey on Living Conditions. Some time series on outdoor activities can be traced back to the Survey on level of living from the years 1980-1995. In the surveys on outdoor activities, the main sample consists of persons aged 16 or more. In 2004, 2007 and 2013 there was an additional sample of children aged 6-15 years.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Non-response errors 

The gross sample is drawn to be representative for the Norwegian population, and consists of about 11 500 persons annually.

Not all persons in the gross sample participates in the survey. The persons who does not participate represent a non-response group in the sample. Because non-response differs unequally in different groups, the net sample will not be fully representative for the Norwegian population. This bias will vary for different groups and variables in question.

To adjust for some of the biases in the net sample, figures in the tables are weighted. The following variables are included in the weighting for non-response: Gender, age, education and family size.

Sampling errors

The uncertainty of findings based on a sample from the population is often called sampling variance. The standard deviation is a measure of this uncertainty. The size of the standard deviation depends, among other factors, on the number of observations in the sample, and on the distribution of the current variable in the whole population.

Statistic Norway has not made exact calculations to compute standard deviation for the findings. However, in table 1, the approximate size of standard deviation is given for observed percentages.

To illustrate the uncertainty associated with a percentage, we can use an interval to give the level of the true value of an estimated quantity (the value obtained if making observation on the whole population instead of observation based on a part of the population). Such intervals are called confidence intervals if constructed in a special way. In this connection one can use the following method: let M be the estimated quantity, and S the estimate of standard deviation of M. The confidence interval will be an interval with limits (M - 2*S) and (M + 2*S).

This method will give, with approximately 95 per cent probability, an interval containing the true value.

The following example illustrates the use of table 1 for finding confidence intervals: The estimate of standard deviation of 70 percent is 3.2 when the estimate is based on 300 observations. The confidence interval for the true value has limits 70 ± 2*3.2, which means the interval, is from 63.6 to 76.4 per cent.

Table 1. Standarddeviation in per cent

Revision

Not relevant

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