440172
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skoginnt/aar
440172
statistikk
2021-03-17T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing;Income and consumption
en
skoginnt, Forest owners' income, personal forest owners, income from self-employment, forestry income, agricultural incomeIncome and wealth, Forestry , Income and consumption, Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
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Forest owners' income

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

18 323

forest owners achieved a profit from forestry

Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry1
20192018 - 2019
Number of ownersNOKChange in entrepreneurial income, per cent
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total18 32357 00016.3
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 44922 000-4.3
100-249 decares3 25927 0003.8
250-499 decares3 94737 00012.1
500-999 decares4 20649 00011.4
1 000-1 999 decares3 08974 00021.3
2 000-4 999 decares1 789101 00013.5
5 000-19 999 decares531218 00016.0
20 000 decares or more53729 00030.9

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK

Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK1
Forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestryGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income income forestry.
2019
The whole country18 323771 0002 150 0004 025 000194 000379 000302 000306 00057 00086 000
 
County
Østfold (-2019)1 556874 0002 655 0004 533 000226 000400 000320 000352 00052 000121 000
Oslo and Akershus (-2019)1 5251 092 0002 505 0007 117 000317 000501 000398 000368 00089 000222 000
Hedmark (-2019)2 302799 0002 679 0004 151 000192 000363 000274 000350 00095 00085 000
Oppland (-2019)2 509701 0001 912 0003 691 000167 000333 000270 000304 00061 00064 000
Buskerud (-2019)1 661872 0001 898 0004 654 000238 000417 000334 000336 00078 000118 000
Vestfold (-2019)783849 0002 546 0005 718 000231 000419 000353 000335 00053 00096 000
Telemark (-2019)980720 0001 471 0003 214 000182 000442 000350 000211 00046 00066 000
Aust-Agder (-2019)613689 0001 585 0004 596 000186 000410 000313 000218 00063 00061 000
Vest-Agder (-2019)579670 0001 994 0002 878 000158 000407 000311 000204 00040 00060 000
Rogaland366719 0002 360 0003 898 000172 000390 000318 000271 00039 00058 000
Hordaland (-2019)670674 0001 537 0002 782 000165 000400 000322 000217 00027 00058 000
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)695650 0001 399 0003 214 000155 000323 000255 000267 00023 00060 000
Møre og Romsdal565637 0001 799 0002 518 000146 000341 000273 000256 00024 00040 000
Trøndelag - Trööndelage3 203675 0002 291 0002 942 000154 000323 000266 000304 00030 00048 000
Nordland284595 0001 667 0002 542 000127 000276 000202 000300 00043 00019 000
Troms - Romsa (-2019)32602 0002 313 0002 761 000129 000344 000295 000247 00025 00011 000
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)0000000000
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 449695 0001 890 0003 155 000168 000388 000303 000250 00022 00056 000
100-249 decares3 259722 0001 975 0003 234 000179 000382 000304 000276 00027 00064 000
250-499 decares3 947736 0002 060 0003 334 000180 000376 000305 000288 00037 00071 000
500-999 decares4 206749 0002 035 0003 524 000184 000367 000292 000303 00049 00079 000
1 000-1 999 decares3 089788 0002 131 0004 351 000200 000382 000304 000320 00074 00086 000
2 000-4 999 decares1 789861 0002 306 0004 682 000225 000392 000313 000352 000101 000117 000
5 000-19 999 decares5311 040 0003 686 0008 640 000283 000401 000316 000433 000218 000205 000
20 000 decares or more533 532 00016 366 00080 256 0001 324 000384 000335 0001 456 000729 0001 692 000

Table 2 
Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million

Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million1
Number of forest ownersGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income.
2019
In total115 74877 717151 649383 85020 16053 99437 54413 2461 03610 478
 
County
Østfold (-2019)4 6573 6498 68217 7589472 1101 55388181658
Oslo and Akershus (-2019)9 4859 26918 01373 0832 8835 5833 9361 3911352 296
Hedmark (-2019)8 3705 38512 50123 1281 2843 4702 3701 263219652
Oppland (-2019)9 1455 58511 45224 2001 3423 7032 7061 335153547
Buskerud (-2019)6 6475 1989 06629 6061 4373 2272 3881 006129966
Vestfold (-2019)3 5152 8626 68414 8657741 7371 28858642539
Telemark (-2019)5 4243 4885 79313 8688922 6981 94445245338
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 7202 4804 35812 0956541 7871 24628239411
Vest-Agder (-2019)5 6003 5266 51416 0668912 7131 85236023453
Rogaland5 3413 9639 38819 1571 0272 7001 94372814536
Hordaland (-2019)9 1806 11110 19128 9341 6504 7233 31664518742
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)6 1013 6065 80715 7688842 5901 82268616330
Møre og Romsdal8 1585 0528 63019 2251 2593 7882 62773614529
Trøndelag - Trööndelage13 3278 36820 39739 3412 0715 7414 2261 91297715
Nordland9 0664 8508 03519 9281 1523 8792 23961312357
Troms - Romsa (-2019)7 5334 0415 59415 6149493 3301 9443341377
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)4792855431 2136421614639031
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares38 33824 30241 979112 0586 29918 40712 1102 614323 281
100-249 decares30 39519 43835 78583 3274 93114 2459 7872 881892 312
250-499 decares20 52913 80227 22957 8323 4699 4506 7372 5791461 773
500-999 decares14 70410 28422 25758 3352 6866 5504 8192 3772051 357
1 000-1 999 decares7 5435 67412 76435 6451 5323 4002 5841 529230746
2 000-4 999 decares3 3712 9597 36920 7938411 5571 212868180534
5 000-19 999 decares7911 0313 22710 379315349263306116376
20 000 decares or more772261 0395 479873731913998

Table 3 
Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income

Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income1
20182019
Entrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial incomeEntrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total91118 4471 03618 323
Entrepreneurial income forestry
1 - 49 000 NOK19014 71319014 101
50 000 - 99 999 NOK1291 8541452 061
100 000 - 249 000 NOK1891 2402231 449
250 000 - 499 999141409159460
500 000 - 999 999 NOK104158109157
1 000 000 NOK or more1587321195

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of personal forest owners income, debt and wealth.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Forest property

Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Property parcels belonging to the same owner within one municipality are treated as one property.

Personal forest owner

Forest owner owning forest area as an individual owner. Forest areas owned jointly by several individuals are included for one of the owners; the reference owner.

Central government, the Educational Fund, common forest owned by the central government (Statsallmenning), common forest not owned by the central government (Bygdeallmenning), limited company, foundation, municipality etc.

 Gross income

Total wages and salaries pesnsins, entrepreneurial income and proeprty income.

 Personal wages and salaries

Comprise payments in cash and in kind, taxable sick pay and unemployment benefit.

 Pensions

Cover all benefit paid by social security and private pension and life insurance benefit.

 Entrepreneurial income

A result of activities of a self-employed person, and is estimated from profit and loss account and balance sheet. The entrepreneurial income is transferred to the tax return and is included in the calculation of ordinary income.

 Entrepreneurial income from agriculture

This is positive entrepreneurial income from agriculture according to tax return. Including 2011, entrepreneurial social security benefits in agriculture,forestry and fishery are included. As from 2012 social security benefits from primary industry are include in total entreprenurial income. Deductions such as membership payments to industry organisations, the year's entrepreneurial deficit, interest on debt and a separate agricultural deduction are not deducted.

 Entreprenurial income from forestry

This is positive entrepreneurial income from forestry according to tax return. In addition, entrepreneurial income from forestry also comprises sickness benefit for persons without entreprenurail income in agriculture and fisheries.

 Other income

Consist mainly of interest income, dividends, realised capital gains, rent and other income from property.

Standard classifications

Classification of forest properties by size class

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Forest owners' income
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

County level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are published yearly.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Edited microdata are stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of personal forest owners income, dept and property. The statistics also provide information on age, sex, income and education of forest owners.

Statistics on forest owners income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and after The sample survey of forestry 2004.

Users and applications

The main users of the statistics are professional forestry organisations, The Ministry of Agriculture and Food and various research and educational institutions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on the farmers' income and property are provided yearly. These statistics comprise natural persons operating agricultural holdings.

Statistics Norway also presents income statistics for all self-employed persons .

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Including 2010, the statistics built on properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with personal owner and at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Information about the owners came from the Land Register/Cadastre owned by The Norwegian Mapping Authority.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register.

In the statistics on personal forest owners, the forest owners' productive forest areas in Norway are aggregated, independent of municipality borders. Statistics on incomes are based on the forest owners' municipality for tax purposes. Other individual statistics on personal forest owners are based on the municipality where the forest owners live.

Statistics on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes are published for personal forest owners with positive self-employment income from forestry. Married couples and registered partners / cohabitants who jointly operate the forest property, may share the taxable entrepreneurial income. Statistics are therefor also made on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes for forest owners and their spouses, registered partners and cohabitants.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are derived from existing administrative data files.

The Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority served until 2010 as the backbone of the statistics and information about the owners came from the Land register. As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the Cadastre in combination with data from the Farm Register.

More information about the personal forest owners comes from the Central Population Register, the Register on Personal Tax Returns and the Register on Tax Assessment for Personal Taxpayers.

The statistics are derived from the whole population of personal forest owners.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

None. The statistics are based on existing administrative registers.

The statistics are based on linked data files that were edited separately when established. The information on the productive forest area of the properties in the Farm Register is checked if errors are suspected. Examples: i) If a forest property has commercial felling and does not have a forest area. ii) If a large forest property does not have commercial felling.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented if there is a risk of identifying any respondent.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 2007-2010, the Farm register has been updated and improved. The improvement has resulted in 3 000-4 000 more forest properties.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register. This resultet in more than 10 000 new forest properties. Most of them have had minor forestry activity.

Statistics on the forest owners' income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and in the Sample survey of forestry 2004. As from 2005, statistics on the forest owners' income based on registers have been published annaully.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The most important source of error is that taxpayers may fill in incorrect information on income, deductions, property or debt in the personal tax return or place amounts under wrong items. In most cases this will be detected and corrected by the local tax offices. Nevertheless, errors that do not influence the assessment of taxes may be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the tax return forms, despite of the fact that controls are executed.

Another concern is the quality of the registers. The productive forest area of properties or the property borders are sometimes missing or erroneous. Furthermore, errors may arise when data are entered into the various administrative registers.

With regard to co-operative ownership, the statistics on forest owners comprise only the reference owner. Self-employment income from forestry for the remaining personal owners in the co-operative is not included. Analysis from 2011 show that entrepreneurial income from forests for these owners were approximately 0,4 per cent of the total entrepreneural income from forestry. In total, 3-4 per cent of the self-employment income from forestry is missing.

In reality, the number of personal forest owners with entrepreneurial income from forestry is higher than in these statistics show, because only the reference owner in a co-ownership is included here. Some personal forest owners are deceased and no new owner has been registered, some live abroad or information is missing for other reasons. These owners amount to 3-4 per cent of the personal forest owners and are excluded from the statistics on incomes.

Revision

Not relevant