362826
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skogav/aar-endelige
362826
statistikk
2019-08-30T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
en
skogav, Commercial roundwood removals, timber price, quantity timber cut, felling, forest waste, spruce, pine, broad-leaved trees, firewood, pulp wood, saw logsForestry , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true

Commercial roundwood removals

Updated

Next update

Key figures

16 % 

increase in timber prices from 2017 to 2018

Commercial roundwood removals
2018Price change, per cent
1000 cubic metresNOK per cubic metre2017 - 20182013 - 2018
Total10 8364101633
Spruce
Saw logs4 394517933
Pulpwood3 2002863231
Unsorted saw logs4334213042
Pine
Saw logs1 509473618
Pulpwood9492663730
Unsorted saw logs93341274
Broad-leaved
Saw logs3351113
Pulpwood2562602621
Unsorted saw logs..:::

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Average price on timber, by county. NOK per m3

Average price on timber, by county. NOK per m3
20172018
NOK/m³NOK/m³
The whole country354410
Østfold381444
Akershus367423
Oslo371472
Hedmark368433
Oppland350406
Buskerud349408
Vestfold363412
Telemark350393
Aust-Agder354397
Vest-Agder366419
Rogaland305380
Hordaland308388
Sogn og Fjordane314409
Møre og Romsdal325342
Trøndelag.366
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)334.
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)341.
Nordland279313
Troms - Romsa266297
Finnmark - Finnmárku299291

Table 2 
Commercial roundwood removals, by species of tree. County

Commercial roundwood removals, by species of tree. County
20172018
1 000 m3NOK million1 000 m3NOK million
Total removalsSprucePineBroad-leavedGross valueTotal removalsSprucePineBroad-leavedGross value
The whole country10 4927 6782 5702443 71410 8368 0272 5512584 446
Østfold7435511662628383363516632370
Akershus7435651552327284966516321359
Oslo181710648453-23
Hedmark2 8921 8679171081 0642 9681 9249381061 285
Oppland1 4551 198246115101 4281 21420113580
Buskerud1 077642409263761 04764637526427
Vestfold34430921141253783282921156
Telemark666414243923365240024012257
Aust-Agder35615919251263952081789157
Vest-Agder325256681119344254864144
Rogaland12610818-38998316-38
Hordaland3183001809830328617-118
Sogn og Fjordane133127604213512411-55
Møre og Romsdal2862622139328926126299
Trøndelag865788689316
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)37031255312400000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)43641416614900000
Nordland180167855018116416157
Troms - Romsa18954515-1325
Finnmark - Finnmárku4-4-15-5-1

Table 3 
Imports and exports of timber. Cubic metres

Imports and exports of timber. Cubic metres
ImportsEksports
201620172018201620172018
In total409 984513 197454 8203 521 0523 540 9163 544 001
Saw logs, coniferous80 821231 754199 0161 095 1251 372 4181 499 519
Pulpwood, coniferous327 475268 710235 5772 280 8121 888 1811 855 293
Pulpwood, birch9721 6893 662137 866162 538128 947
Other71611 04480 3597 249117 77960 242

Table 4 
Fuelwood removals (roundwood). 1 000 m³

Fuelwood removals (roundwood). 1 000 m³1
20142015201620172018
1The wood fuel figures are estimates based on sample surveys on housholds consumption of fuel wood.
Fuelwood in total1 8252 0391 9742 0491 899
Fuelwood broad-leaved1 2051 3461 3031 3661 253
Fuelwood coniferous621693671683646

About the statistics

The statistics comprise all commercial roundwood removal except wood fuel, and also show what prices the forest owners obtain for different assortments.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Industrial roundwood

All commercial roundwood removal except wood fuel.

Gross value of industrial wood

Value of the wood at the place of delivery to buyer (road, factory yard etc.). Roadside.

Assortments

  • Special timber includes poles, veneer logs, saw logs of veneer quality, and other timber of special high quality.
  • First class saw logs refer to saw logs classified as first class according to measurement regulations. From 2012 first class saw logs is an outgoing assortment.
  • Second class saw logs refer to saw logs classified as second class according to measurement regulations.  From 2012 second class saw logs is a outgoing assortment.
  • Other saw logs comprise ordinary top-scaled and mid-scaled saw logs and other logs suitable for sawing, not measured in quality classes. From 2014, Other saw logs comprises all quantities of industrial saw logs.
  • Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood comprise timber measured in tree length, wood sold as stumpage and other unsorted roundwood containing both saw logs and pulpwood. First and second class of saw logs is outgoing. From 2012 the most of saw logs are included in Unsorted saw logs.
  • Pulpwood comprises roundwood generally used in the pulp industries and the fibreboard and particle board industries. Top-scaled timber (timber suitable for sawing) used in these industries is not included.
  • Other roundwood comprises roundwood used for manufacture of cases and casks, pitprops and mining timber, pilings, fence wood, posts etc.
  • Wood fuel refers to roundwood sold for fuel.

Buyer Groups (not in use from 2015)

  • Sawmills and wood industries comprise sawmills, manufacture of cases and casks, and prefabrication of wooden houses and wooden structures.
  • Pulp industries include the manufacture of mechanical and chemical pulp.
  • Fibre and particle board industries comprise wallboard and particle board production only.
  • Other Norwegian buyers comprise wood preserving industries, the manufacture of wood furniture and fixtures, charcoal, wood flour, wood wool, veneer and flooring, matches, ship and boat-building as well as all other buyers not included in other groups. Until 1998, wood for export was included.
  • Foreign buyers include sawmills, industry or other buyers outside Norway. These buyers were included in "Other buyers" until 1998.

Standard classifications

Tree species and assortment used by commercial roundwood removals

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Commercial roundwood removals
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

Preliminary figures on volume and prices are given at county-level. 

Final figures on volumes and gross value are given at  municipality-level.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annually until 2007. From 2007 figures are published quarterly.

Actuality: Preliminary figures are published within 4 weeks and final figures within 35 weeks after the end of the registration period.

International reporting

Annually report to Eurostat, UNECE, FAO and ITTO by the Joint Forest Sector Questionaire.

Since 2007 monthly report to a website on Baltic Nordic roundwood prices.

Microdata

Microdata are stored in Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide detailed information at municipal level on commercial roundwood removals.

The statistics date back to 1918/19, but annual figures at municipal level are available from the working year 1936/37. At that time, statistics only covered quantity cut distributed by industrial wood and wood fuel of coniferous and broad leaved species.

Since then the following changes have been made:

  • Buyer group was included from the working year 1962/63
  • Gross value was included from the working year 1965/66
  • The division of the assortments has varied over the course of time. The division used today was introduced in the working year 1970/71.
  • Seller group was included from the working year 1980/81
  • From 1996 the statistics follow the calendar year
  • From 2006 the statistics do not include figures on wood fuel
  • From 2006 average roundwood prices per cubic metre are provided

Users and applications

The statistics are used by public authorities, research and educational institutions, professional and industrial bodies, international organisations etc. The results are also used in the Aggregate account of forestry prepared by Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Final results are almost equal to preliminary results at county level and country level, but can differ considerably at municipal level.

Some other public institutions publish roundwood removals statistics by account periode based on the Forest Trust Fund. Statistics Norway publishes the statistics by scaling periode.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics cover all industrial roundwood for sale. The wood registered is net removals excluding rot, unusable tops, etc. The quantity cut is given in cubic metres of solid wood inside bark by assortments, seller groups and buyer groups.

Until 1995/96, the statistics followed the working year (1 August-31 July). Since 1996, the figures have referred to calendar years.

Figures on wood fuel have not been included since 2006.

The figures are published annually.

Data sources and sampling

Until 31 December 1995, quantities cut for sale from private forests and municipal forests were reported by the municipal forest administration, and wood from common forests and State forests by their respective management. The reports were collected by the forest administration in each county and forwarded to Statistics Norway.

Since January 1996, the figures on industrial wood have been provided by the Norwegian Agriculture Agency through the Register of Timber Trade and Diverted Forest Trust Fund. The firm Skog-Data AS manages the register. The data in the register comes from the scaling of the timber sold. As from 2015 data are received from The Directorate of Agreculture.

The figures on wood fuel have not been included since 2006. Before 2006, figures on wood fuel were estimated by the County Department of Agricultural Affairs.

All quantities of roundwood cut for sale during a calendar year are scaled and reported to Skog-Data AS.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Because of the changeover from one data source to another on 1 January 1996, the statistics for the working year 1995/96 are based on both the reports by the municipal forest administration and the Register of Timber Trade and Diverted Forest Trust Fund. Data for removals in the period 1 August to 31 December 1995 were reported on paper forms from the municipal forest administration and the management of common and State forests. Data for removals in the period 1 January to 31 July 1996 were collected electronically from Skog-Data AS. Since 1996, the data have been based on all scaled quantities of roundwood reported to Skog-Data AS. Quantities sold as stumpage are registered when the sales contract is signed.

The data are checked in Statistics Norway with the focus on likely buyer group and likely price level for each assortment. Missing information is collected from the County Department of Agricultural Affairs. Corrections and additional payments that refer to another year are removed, if discovered.

Roundwood quantity and gross margin are summarised per municipality, assortment, buyer and seller group. The average price per assortment is then estimated.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Any statistics based on three respondents or less are not published.

Comparability over time and space

The breaks in the time series are explained in chapter 2.1.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics on industrial roundwood removals are thought to be quite accurate at county level. Sources of errors are corrections and additional payments registered with insufficient information.

The quantities given in the assortment "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood" are probably too high. This is due to the fact that some of the roundwood removals are reported on paper forms where assortments are not specified. These removals are all registered as "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood". Wood sold as stumpage is included in "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood". Wood sold as stumpage may be harvested another year than it is sold. Since 1996, the gross value of this wood has excluded costs for cutting and hauling. These two circumstances explain the varying average prices for this assortment.

Revision

Not relevant