Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
lu, Sample survey of agriculture and forestry, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, farming, supplementary industries (for example camp sites, hunting and fishing rights, rental), labour input, maintenance, machines and tools, energy consumption, investmentsAgriculture , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Sample survey of agriculture and forestry


Next update

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Key figures

2 149

man-hours per holding in 2017

Labour input in agriculture
20132018Change in per cent
2013 - 2018
1The number of agricultural enterprises refers to the year 2018.
2The labour input relates to the year 2017.
Agricultural holdings, number143 72639 621-9.4
Labour input, 1000 man-hours288 14585 161-3.4
Average labour input per holding, man-hours/holding2 0162 1496.6

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Labour input in agriculture, by category of manpower and county. 1 000 man-hours.

Labour input in agriculture, by category of manpower and county. 1 000 man-hours.
Labour input, totalExecuted by holders and spouses/cohabitantsExecuted by family membersExecuted by regular and not regularly employees1
1Comprises also self-emloyed/firms.
201785 16151 8648 82824 469
Østfold3 6032 0093241 270
Akershus and Oslo3 4891 9263621 200
Hedmark6 7264 0296752 022
Oppland9 5466 0479352 564
Buskerud4 4512 1773721 903
Vestfold2 7501 3121591 278
Telemark2 1141 362181570
Aust-Agder1 19866794437
Vest-Agder1 7681 143142483
Rogaland11 1936 7581 1863 249
Hordaland6 1994 1167951 288
Sogn og Fjordane6 3004 1829171 201
Møre og Romsdal5 4353 3635511 522
Trøndelag12 5207 6401 3113 569
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)0000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)0000
Nordland4 8233 2534811 089
Troms - Romsa2 2461 440272534
Finnmark - Finnmárku80043971290

Table 2 
Labour input in agriculture, by sex, category of manpower and county. 1 000 man-hours.

Labour input in agriculture, by sex, category of manpower and county. 1 000 man-hours.
Labour input in agriculture and horticulture, totalExecuted by selfemployed persons/firmsMalesFemales
Labour input, totalExecuted by holders and spouses/cohabitantsExecuted by family membersExecuted by regular and not regularly employeesLabour input, totalExecuted by holders and spouses/cohabitantsExecuted by family membersExecuted by regular and not regularly employees
201785 1617 83258 58739 1316 80512 65118 74312 7332 0233 987
Østfold3 6034972 4431 60027656766340948206
Akershus and Oslo3 4893832 2581 43729952284849063295
Hedmark6 7267624 6513 1175369981 312911139262
Oppland9 5469206 5354 5267111 2982 0901 521224345
Buskerud4 4512813 0701 6192461 2051 100558126417
Vestfold2 7502211 85798613373967232727318
Telemark2 1141601 4051 04614421554931638195
Aust-Agder1 1981068255427520826712520123
Vest-Agder1 7681611 2118591152383952842784
Rogaland11 1931 0267 7995 0819461 7712 3691 677239453
Hordaland6 1994254 3563 1205626741 417996233188
Sogn og Fjordane6 3004514 4003 1456675881 4481 037250161
Møre og Romsdal5 4355123 7792 5034428341 144860108176
Trøndelag12 5201 3478 7655 8501 0591 8572 4071 790252365
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)0000000000
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)0000000000
Nordland4 8233643 2312 2973655691 229956116156
Troms - Romsa2 2461601 4801 09318320460634788170
Finnmark - Finnmárku80054521310471652261292572

About the statistics

The statistics give information about labour input and investments in agriculture.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Agricultural holding: All agricultural area operated by the same holder belongs to the same holding regardless of whether it includes several land numbers, title numbers and lease numbers.

Holder(s): The person(s) who is responsible for farming it.

Agricultural area in use: Comprises all owned and rented agricultural area in use at the holding, including fields that lie fallow a year. Agricultural areas include cultivated and surface-cultivated land, and other fertilized pastures.

Supplementary industry: An activity that uses the land, buildings or machinery belonging to the holding.

Gross income: The sum of all incomes excluded value added tax, and not deducted any costs.

Standard classifications

County where the holding is located, size of holding expressed in decares of utilized agricultural area and type of farming of the holding.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Sample survey of agriculture and forestry
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

Part of the country.

Frequency and timeliness


International reporting

Data are delivered to Eurostat by agreement.


Reviewed and edited microdata are stored.


Background and purpose

The purpose of the Survey of Agriculture is to obtain relevant data not found in administrative data systems, and to obtain data for units not covered by administrative systems.

The Survey of Agriculture is designed to form a picture of the agriculture industry in Norway (the number of holdings and properties) through various questions. The questions vary from year to year (labour, liabilities, investments, fixed assets, rental of agricultural land, farm buildings, extended forest survey etc.).

Users and applications

Data from the survey are used by professional organizations, the Budget Committee for Agriculture, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the Ministry of Environment, various research institutions such as the Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute and the Division for Environmental Statistics at Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

Statistics Act Section 2-1, 2-2, 2-3

EEA reference

Not relevant



The population is active holdings registered in the administrative Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority, and covers all units that meet one or more conditions relating to minimum operating standards. An example of such conditions is that a holding must have at least 5 decares of agricultural area in use.

Data sources and sampling

The majority of the data comes directly from respondents who fill out forms for the annual agricultural survey. The Agricultural Register provides information on the size of the agricultural and forest area, persons associated with the property/holding and what their association is with the property/holding.

Each year a sample is drawn from the Farm Register for the Survey of Agriculture. The size of the sample varies between 10 000 and 12 000 active holdings, stratified by the size of estimated standard output  and type of production in each county. Until 2011 the size of the agricultural area was used in stead of standard output.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Letters are sent to the holdings drawn for inclusion in the survey. The owner or holder of the property provides the data.

A number of controls and corrections are done to ensure consistency both on a single form and between forms and available register information.

The sample is stratified by location, standard output and farm type.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Figures based on few units (holdings) are not published if this causes risk for identifying any of the units concerned, or the results are considered to be all too uncertain for giving estimates.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are basically comparable back to the end of 1940th. However, for some variables there will be a break e.g. between 1998 and 1999. The reason for this is that the method used for estimating the number of holdings from 1990 to 1998 gradually led to too high figures. This was evidently shown by the results of the complete census of agriculture for 1999.

In 2007, the question related to supplementary industries was expanded. In addition to ticking off for relevant industry, the respondents were asked to fill in the corresponding gross income. This modification may have caused a somewhat higher item non-response.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Primary data are obtained from the forms filled out by the respondents. They may contain errors made by the individual respondents when he or she filled out the form. A number of errors are discovered and corrected by those who go through forms during the revision process at Statistics Norway.

A number of errors during the collection and processing of the data are unavoidable and include errors that occur during revision, data processing errors etc. Extensive work has been carried out to reduce these errors as much as possible.

Non-response in the survey is due to the failure of individual respondents to deliver questionnaires or that a property has been sold or is no longer farmed as an independent unit.

Variance: All sample surveys will be encumbered by a certain amount of uncertainty. Generally, the fewer the observations are, the more uncertain the results. Groups based on few observations will be particularly sensitive to extreme values, i.e. values that deviate considerably from the average. Such extreme values are consequently assigned a weight equal to 1, so that they only represent themselves in the material.

Bias: All types of holdings are included in the Survey of Agriculture sample. To provide a better representation in certain counties with few holdings a higher percentage of holdings are selected in these areas.

Frame errors: The quality of the register basis from which the sample is selected also has an impact on the quality of the final result.


Not relevant