Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • Distributional benchmarking in tax policy evaluations

    Discussion Papers no. 765

    Thor Olav Thoresen, Zhiyang Jia and Peter J. Lambert


    Given an objective to exploit cross-sectional micro data to evaluate the distributional effects of tax policies over a time period, the practitioner of public economics will find that the relevant literature offers a wide variety of empirical approaches.

  • Are closely-held firms tax shelters?

    Discussion Papers no. 764

    Annette Alstadsæter, Wojciech Kopczuk and Kjell Telle


    In 2004 Norwegian authorities announced a reform introducing dividend taxation for personal (but not corporate) owners to take effect starting in 2006. This change provided incentives to maximize dividends in 2004 and 2005, and to retain earnings in the following years.

  • A theory for ranking distribution functions

    Discussion Papers no. 763

    Rolf Aaberge, Tarjei Havnes and Magne Mogstad


    When is one distribution (of income, consumption, or some other economic variable) more equal or better than another? This question has proven difficult to answer in situations where distribution functions intersect and no unambiguous ranking can be attained without introducing weaker criteria than second-degree stochastic dominance.

  • The ins and outs of top income mobility

    Discussion Papers no. 762

    Rolf Aaberge, Anthony B. Atkinson and Jørgen Modalsli


    This paper is concerned with the question of whether top income earners are permanently there or only temporarily receive the highest incomes.

  • U.S. versus Sweden

    Discussion Papers no. 761

    Rolf Aaberge and Lennart Flood


    An essential difference between the design of the Swedish and the US in-work tax credit systems relates to their functional forms.

  • Becoming “We” instead of “I”

    Discussion Papers no. 760

    Jocelyn Donze and Trude Gunnes


    This article studies how a firm fosters formal and informal interaction among its employees to create a collective identity and positively influence their effort.

  • Gender equality in the family and childbearing

    Discussion Papers no. 759

    Lars Dommermuth, Bryndl Hohmann-Marriott and Trude Lappegård


    This study focuses on the possible effect of gender equality and equity in the family on the transition to first, second and third births.

  • Asset market participation and portfolio choice over the life-cycle

    Discussion Papers no. 758

    Andreas Fagereng, Charles Gottlieb and Luigi Guiso


    We study the life cycle of portfolio allocation following for 15 years a large random sample of Norwegian households using error-free data on all components of households' investments drawn from the Tax Registry.

  • Does parenthood imply less specialization than before?

    Discussion Papers no. 757

    Ragni Hege Kitterød and Marit Rønsen


    The presence of children still tends to reinforce a traditional division of labour in couples in many countries.

  • Self-reinforcing effects between housing prices and credit: an extended version

    Discussion Papers no. 756

    André Kallåk Anundsen and Eilev S. Jansen


    The financial crisis has brought the interaction between housing prices and household borrowing into the limelight of economic policy debate.

  • Prices vs. quantities with endogenous cost structure

    Discussion Papers no. 755

    Halvor Briseid Storrøsten


    This paper derives a criterion comparing prices versus tradable quantities in terms of expected welfare, given uncertainty, optimal policy and endogenous cost structure.

  • Can non-market regulations spur innovations in environmental technologies?

    Discussion Papers no. 754

    Marit E. Klemetsen, Brita Bye and Arvid Raknerud


    This paper provides new evidence on the role of non-market based (“command-and-control”) regulations in relation to innovations in environmental technologies.

  • Does more involved fathering imply a double burden for fathers in Norway?

    Discussion Papers no. 753

    Ragni Hege Kitterød and Marit Rønsen


    While long total work hours (paid plus unpaid work) have usually been framed as a problem for employed women, researchers now ask whether more involved fathering practices imply a double burden for men, too.

  • Household affiliation of young adults in Italy and Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 752

    Tindara Addabbo and Randi Kjeldstad


    Italy and Norway are characterized by different household patterns of young adults, with young Italians being more likely to live in their parents' house and young Norwegians more likely to live independently, alone or in multi-occupant households.

  • The cost-of-living index with trade barriers

    Discussion Papers no. 751

    Thomas von Brasch


    The standard cost-of-living index hinges on the assumption that there is free trade. Applying it to situations where trade barriers are present yields biased results with respect to a true cost-of-living index.

  • Childhood residential mobility and adult outcomes

    Discussion Papers no. 750

    Marianne Tønnessen, Kjetil Telle and Astri Syse


    This study analyses the relation between moving during childhood and four different outcomes later in life.

  • The median as watershed

    Discussion Papers no. 749

    Rolf Aaberge and A.B. Atkinson


    This paper is concerned with concepts – poverty, inequality, affluence, and polarization – that are typically treated in different literatures. Our aim here is to place them within a common framework and to identify the way in which different classes of income transfers contribute to different objectives.

  • Is the relationship between schooling and disability pension receipt causal?

    Discussion Papers no. 748

    Taryn Ann Galloway and Christian N. Brinch


    We examine the potential causal effect of years of schooling on the use of public disability pensions by studying the extension of compulsory schooling introduced in Norway in the 1960s.

  • Climate policies in a fossil fuel producing country

    Discussion Papers no. 747

    Taran Fæhn, Cathrine Hagem, Lars Lindholt, Ståle Mæland and Knut Einar Rosendahl


    In absence of joint global action, many jurisdictions take unilateral steps to reduce carbon emissions, and the usual strategy is to restrict domestic demand for fossil fuels. The impact on global emissions of such demand side policies is found by accounting for carbon leakage, i.e. changes in emissions abroad induced by the domestic action

  • The distributional impact of public services in European countries

    Discussion Papers no. 746

    Rolf Aaberge, Audun Langørgen and Petter Lindgren


    The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of including the value of public health care, long-term care, education and childcare on estimates of income inequality and financial poverty in 23 European countries.

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