Discussion papers

Discussion papers are preliminary research reports circulated for comments and suggestions.

Editors: Kjetil Telle, Bjart Holtsmark, Erling Holmøy, Terje Skjerpen, Kenneth Wiik, Aud Walseth (secretary)

  • The fiscal incentive of GHG cap and trade

    Discussion Papers no. 785

    Jørgen Juel Andersen and Mads Greaker


    The theoretical justification for a greenhouse gas (GHG) cap and trade system is that participants will trade emission permits until their marginal costs of abatement equal the equilibrium price of emission permits.

  • Women’s wages and fertility revisited

    Discussion Papers no. 784

    Tom Kornstad and Marit Rønsen


    Since the 1960s, Beckers’ New Home Economics has provided a central theoretical framework for studies of fertility behaviour. New Home Economics predict a negative effect of female wages on fertility.

  • Output-based rebating of carbon taxes in the neighbor’s backyard

    Discussion Papers no. 783

    Christoph Böhringer, Brita Bye, Taran Fæhn and Knut Einar Rosendahl


    We investigate how carbon taxes combined with output-based rebating (OBR) in an open economy perform in interaction with the carbon policies of a large neighboring trading partner.

  • Family welfare cultures

    Discussion Papers no. 782

    Gordon B. Dahl, Andreas Ravndal Kostøl and Magne Mogstad


    Strong intergenerational correlations in various types of welfare use have fueled a long-standing debate over whether welfare receipt in one generation causes welfare participation in the next generation.

  • Differences in childbearing by time frame of fertility intention: A study using survey and register data from Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 781

    Lars Dommermuth, Jane Klobas and Trude Lappegård


    This paper focuses on the realization of positive fertility intentions with different time frames. The analyses are based on a unique combination of survey data and information from Norwegian administrative registers on childbearing in the years following the complete selected sample

  • Characteristics of parents with shared residence and father sole custody

    Discussion Papers no. 780

    Ragni Hege Kitterød and Jan Lyngstad


    Shared residence for children has increased considerably in recent years among parents living apart in Norway, while mother sole custody is less common than before and father sole custody is still practiced by a minority.

  • The equilibrium relationship between public and total employment

    Discussion Papers no. 779

    Erling Holmøy


    This paper analyses the general equilibrium relationship between increases in tax financed public employment and total employment, emphasizing one income effect: Reallocating employment from the private to the public sector reduces non-labour income in the form of profits distributed to workers, since there are no profits in public sectors.

  • A comparison of the global warming effects of wood fuels and fossil fuels taking albedo into account

    Discussion Papers no. 778

    Bjart Holtsmark


    Traditionally, wood fuels, like other bioenergy sources, have been considered carbon neutral because the amount of CO 2 released can be offset by CO 2 sequestration due to the regrowth of the biomass.

  • Education and cancer risk

    Discussion Papers no. 777

    Edwin Leuven, Erik Plug and Marte Rønning


    There exists a strong educational gradient in cancer risk, which has been documented in a wide range of populations. Yet relatively little is known about the extent to which education is causally linked to cancer incidence and mortality.

  • The relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to cancer risk and cancer mortality in Norway

    Discussion Papers no. 776

    Edwin Leuven, Erik Plug and Marte Rønning


    Using Norwegian cancer registry data we study twin and non-twin siblings to decompose variation in cancer at most common sites and cancer mortality into a genetic, shared environment and individual (unshared environmental) component.

  • Calculating the real return of the Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global by alternative measures of the deflator

    Discussion Papers no. 775

    Andreas Benedictow and Pål Boug


    According to the present guidelines for fiscal policy, the use of oil revenues in the Norwegian economy should over time equal the expected real return on the Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG).

  • Is universal child care leveling the playing field?

    Discussion Papers no. 774

    Tarjei Havnes and Magne Mogstad


    We assess the case for universal child care programs in the context of a Norwegian reform which led to a large-scale expansion of subsidized child care.

  • Adjusting maternal mortality data for international comparisons

    Discussion Papers no. 773

    Susie Jentoft, Vibeke Oestreich Nielsen and Dag Roll-Hansen


    Adjusting maternal mortality data for international comparisons. The case of vital registration systems

  • Pick a number

    Discussion Papers no. 772

    Synøve Nygaard Andersen and Torbjørn Skardhamar


    Recidivism studies differ with respect to samples, definitions and follow-up periods. While it is recognized that such differences hamper comparability, there is little systematic knowledge about how recidivism figures are affected.

  • Time aggregation and state dependence in welfare receipt

    Discussion Papers no. 771

    Manudeep Bhuller, Christian N. Brinch and Sebastian Königs


    Dynamic discrete-choice models have been an important tool in studies of state dependence in benefit receipt. An assumption of such models is that benefit receipt sequences follow a conditional Markov process.

  • Taxes on the internet

    Discussion Papers no. 770

    Erlend Eide Bø, Joel Slemrod and Thor Olav Thoresen


    Supporters of public disclosure of personal tax information point to its deterrent effect on tax evasion, but this effect has not been empirically explored.

  • Income mobility as an equalizer of permanent income

    Discussion Papers no. 769

    Rolf Aaberge and Magne Mogstad


    Do market-orientated economies with relatively large cross-sectional levels of inequality have higher income mobility and therefore less permanent inequality? To answer this question, we introduce a formal representation of income mobility as an equalizer of permanent income.

  • Diffusion of climate technologies in the presence of commitment problems

    Discussion Papers no. 768

    Taran Fæhn and Elisabeth Thuestad Isaksen


    Publicly announced GHG mitigation targets and emissions pricing strategies by individual governments may suffer from inherent commitment problems. When emission prices are perceived as short-lived, socially cost-effective upfront investment in climate technologies may be hampered.

  • The intergenerational transfer of the employment gender gap

    Discussion Papers no. 767

    Venke Furre Haaland, Mari Rege, Kjetil Telle and Mark Votruba


    Despite well-documented convergence during the later years of the 20th century, labor market attachment remains markedly higher for men than for women.

  • Pro-cyclical mortality

    Discussion Papers no. 766

    Venke Furre Haaland and Kjetil Telle


    Using variation across geographical regions, a number of studies from the U.S. and other developed countries have found more deaths in economic upturns and less deaths in economic downturns. We use data from regions in Norway for 1977-2008 and find the same procyclical patterns.

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