409881
/en/energi-og-industri/statistikker/elektrisitet/aar
409881
statistikk
2020-12-21T08:00:00.000Z
Energy and manufacturing
en
elektrisitet, Electricity, Power stations, electricity generation, electricity consumption, energy consumption, power production, hydro power, thermal power, wind power, power-intensive manufacturing, general supply, pumped-storage Power, grid rentEnergy , Energy and manufacturing, Energy and manufacturing
true

Electricity

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

93.4 %

the share of hydro power in electricity production in 2019

Electricity balance (GWh)
2019SharePer cent
2018 - 2019
Production, total134 882100.0-8.3
Hydro power production126 03093.4-9.8
Thermal power production3 3282.5-4.3
Wind power production5 5254.142.5
 
Imports12 35348.1
Exports12 309-33.4
 
Gross consumption134 926-1.4
Pump storage use and other own consumption1 8794.6
Loss and statistical difference6 996-7.5
Net consumption126 051100.0-1.2
Mining and manufacturing etc.56 29044.7-1.6
Services etc.26 75521.2-1.4
Private households and agriculture43 00934.1-0.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Power stations, by type. Maximum output. Number. MW

Power stations, by type. Maximum output. Number. MW
All types of powerHydro powerThermal powerWind power
Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)
201081031 68876629 693301 57014425
201193332 08288329 969341 60116512
201299432 86093730 509361 64621705
20131 02533 48696831 033341 63523818
20141 03833 69797731 240361 59825859
20151 06533 8371 00331 372361 59826867
20161 12533 8081 06631 817321 10827883
20171 13134 2271 07031 912321 108291 207
20181 18835 3481 12132 530311 108361 710
20191 22236 8201 14332 797331 109462 914

Table 2 
Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh

Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
Production, totalHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionImportsExportsGross consumptionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumptionLoss and statistical differenceNet consumption
2003107 245106 08494321813 4725 587115 1304888637 950105 829
2004110 472109 29192925215 3343 842121 9645697289 335111 332
2005137 811136 4528604993 65315 695125 7696351 0919 995114 048
2006121 400119 7291 0356369 8028 947122 25556751510 073111 100
2007137 164134 7361 5368925 28415 320127 1285581 54310 417114 610
2008142 108139 9811 2149133 41417 291128 2316371 3389 948116 308
2009131 773126 0774 7199775 65014 633122 7906591 1358 629112 367
2010123 630117 1525 59987914 6737 123131 1805605749 490120 556
2011127 631121 5534 7951 28311 25514 329124 5575441 8077 263114 943
2012147 716142 8103 3581 5484 19022 006129 9005601 5369 098118 706
2013133 975128 6993 3951 88110 13515 140128 9706207868 024119 540
2014141 968136 1813 5702 2176 34721 932126 3836929977 637117 057
2015144 511138 4503 5462 5157 41122 038129 8846931 6127 530120 049
2016148 989143 4173 4562 1165 74122 151132 5795638727 697123 447
2017149 402143 1123 4362 8546 11221 276134 2387181 0657 625124 830
2018147 057139 7043 4763 8778 34018 489136 9087651 0317 564127 548
2019134 882126 0303 3285 52512 35312 309134 9268251 0546 996126 051

Table 3 
Electricity generation, by type and county. GWh

Electricity generation, by type and county. GWh
2019
Production, totalPercentage of total electricity generationHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumption
Total134 882100.0126 0303 3285 5258251 054
 
Østfold (-2019)5 2463.95 1124131100
Akershus (-2019)8480.683414050
Oslo1510.122129000
Hedmark (-2019)2 8102.12 4563831570
Oppland (-2019)6 5004.86 5000034
Buskerud (-2019)9 8557.39 85500530
Vestfold (-2019)320.0320000
Telemark (-2019)13 2319.813 213190674
Aust-Agder (-2019)4 5613.44 561003664
Vest-Agder (-2019)8 6316.48 1861572881134
Rogaland10 5707.89 087441 438101513
Hordaland (-2019)16 95612.615 75181539013634
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)14 08110.414 01007175324
Møre og Romsdal7 7885.87 2551963363538
Trøndelag - Trööndelage9 7267.27 9681521 6063764
Nordland16 92612.516 72502011024
Troms - Romsa (-2019)3 1652.32 835160171230
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)3 7522.81 6281 547577141
 
Svalbard530.0053070

Table 4 
Electricity generation, by type and ownership group. GWh

Electricity generation, by type and ownership group. GWh
2019
Production, totalPercentage of total electricity generationHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumption
Total134 882100.0126 0303 3285 5258251 054
 
Central government51 92738.548 9122 358656319331
 
County/municipality66 07249.064 4744311 167375700
...County municipal4 4323.34 43101939
...Joint municipal52 18738.750 879390919341390
...Municipal9 4527.09 1644124626271
 
Private16 88412.512 6445393 70113023

Table 5 
Net consumption of electricity, by type and consumer group. GWh

Net consumption of electricity, by type and consumer group. GWh
Total consumption of electricity2019
20182019Ordinary consumptionFlexible consumption
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS127 548126 054122 2273 826
 
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING37 73937 25935 5621 697
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard3 5673 4652 1671 298
Industrial chemicals7 1986 8806 531348
Iron, steel and ferroalloys5 2964 9964 9960
Non-ferrous metals21 67721 91821 86750
 
MINING AND EXTRACTION9 1858 8148 8140
Mining3544124120
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector8 8318 4028 4020
 
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING7 8857 8497 342507
Food products, beverages and tobacco2 8312 8412 580261
Other manufacturing5 0545 0084 762246
 
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES2 4152 3681 755612
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains6506626584
Steam and air conditioning supply1 1021 031427604
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities6636756704
 
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE1 8581 8311 80724
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport5735685680
Other transport and storage1 2191 2001 17624
Postal and courier activities6663630
 
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES25 27724 92424 260665
Construction1 5281 5061 49610
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4 4524 3134 29122
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities1 5941 5661 54719
Information and communication1 1851 2811 117164
Financial and insurance activities2101941923
Real estate activities4 6024 5294 45673
Professional, scientific and technical activities7967597526
Administrative and support service activities72971469618
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security4 8904 8784 735144
Streets and road lighting4664554550
Education1 4531 3981 34058
Human health and social work activities1 8231 7991 674125
Arts, entertainment and recreation77376675115
Activities of membership organisations5445355305
Other service activities2322312283
 
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE43 19043 00942 688322
Agriculture, forestry and fishing2 0952 1331 935198
Hot-houses16216811256
Private households38 51638 32438 25768
Cottages and holiday houses2 4172 3842 3840

Table 6 
Total net consumption of electricity, by consumer group and county. GWh

Total net consumption of electricity, by consumer group and county. GWh1
2019
Total consumption of electricityPercentage of total electricity consumptionPower intensive manufacturingMining and extractionManufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturingVarious supply and remidiation activitiesTransportation and storageConstruction and other servicesPrivate households and agriculture
1Large changes in the consumption of “Private households and agriculture” and “Construction and other services” on Svalbard in 2018 compared with previous years must be seen in conjunction with review of the energy supplier customer register.
Total126 051100.037 2578 8147 8482 3711 83124 92043 011
 
Østfold (-2019)5 9834.71 89311539127761 1062 231
Akershus (-2019)8 3366.676283713023642 5094 686
Oslo8 7046.95872545702883 4104 116
Hedmark (-2019)3 2362.6196379128178811 805
Oppland (-2019)3 6522.998739082461 0531 977
Buskerud (-2019)4 8523.82071044797861 4752 530
Vestfold (-2019)3 7823.01331145774859932 029
Telemark (-2019)5 7084.52 856640058218181 550
Aust-Agder (-2019)1 8851.524671393414502943
Vest-Agder (-2019)6 3525.03 25438446553357751 386
Rogaland12 2079.74 4281 1717081182391 9223 621
Hordaland (-2019)13 86111.03 0423 2269041381432 2844 124
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)7 0005.65 006193543427644917
Møre og Romsdal12 2189.76 5001 613647107671 1372 146
Trøndelag - Trööndelage9 9737.93 02924678213952 1643 770
Nordland10 5848.45 666112484871311 5692 535
Troms - Romsa (-2019)3 8413.07468182116381 0471 705
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)3 8323.002 150503357606936
 
Svalbard450.0014002254

Table 7 
Net consumption of electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh

Net consumption of electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh1
2019
1Calculated on the basis of the population at the beginning of the year.
Total7 192
 
Østfold (-2019)6 813
Akershus (-2019)7 278
Oslo6 034
Hedmark (-2019)7 752
Oppland (-2019)7 924
Buskerud (-2019)7 336
Vestfold (-2019)7 406
Telemark (-2019)7 722
Aust-Agder (-2019)7 203
Vest-Agder (-2019)6 719
Rogaland6 656
Hordaland (-2019)7 100
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)7 003
Møre og Romsdal7 254
Trøndelag - Trööndelage6 773
Nordland8 935
Troms - Romsa (-2019)9 041
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)10 728

Table 8 
Prices on electricity and grid rent excluding taxes, by consumer group. Øre/kWh

Prices on electricity and grid rent excluding taxes, by consumer group. Øre/kWh
2019
Total average price excluding taxesPrice on electricityGrid rent, weighted averageGrid rent, ordinary consumptionGrid rent, flexible consumption
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS63.240.822.423.06.6
 
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING32.629.82.82.82.2
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard34.031.72.32.42.1
Industrial chemicals40.934.46.56.63.9
Iron, steel and ferroalloys34.331.92.42.4..
Non-ferrous metals29.427.81.61.62.0
 
MINING AND EXTRACTION48.642.06.66.6..
Mining59.741.318.418.4..
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector48.943.45.55.5..
 
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING59.841.018.819.58.9
Food products, beverages and tobacco62.142.120.020.910.9
Other manufacturing58.640.518.118.76.8
 
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES59.242.316.920.27.4
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains61.144.316.816.813.8
Steam and air conditioning supply58.245.512.720.57.3
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities61.538.123.423.520.0
 
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE62.742.819.920.014.5
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport55.539.915.615.6..
Other transport and storage64.843.021.821.914.3
Postal and courier activities70.547.423.123.134.6
 
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES67.742.525.225.513.3
Construction73.945.728.228.314.0
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles67.042.724.324.413.9
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities68.544.923.623.616.2
Information and communication56.739.617.118.38.9
Financial and insurance activities67.942.825.125.220.0
Real estate activities69.643.725.926.114.6
Professional, scientific and technical activities64.239.924.324.413.7
Administrative and support service activities68.141.426.727.014.5
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security65.939.826.126.317.7
Streets and road lighting67.940.127.827.8..
Education68.943.125.826.217.2
Human health and social work activities64.142.022.123.09.8
Arts, entertainment and recreation73.143.729.429.617.9
Activities of membership organisations76.646.330.330.414.4
Other service activities79.348.830.530.715.8
 
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE81.248.832.432.611.0
Agriculture, forestry and fishing67.544.023.524.810.2
Hot-houses58.739.619.122.013.3
Private households80.649.031.631.611.6
Cottages and holiday houses106.551.055.555.5..

Table 9 
Price on electricity, grid rent and taxes of households, by county. Øre/kWh

Price on electricity, grid rent and taxes of households, by county. Øre/kWh
2019
Total price on electricity, grid rent and taxesPrice on electricityGrid rentTaxes
The whole country118.449.031.637.8
 
Østfold (-2019)119.449.629.140.7
Akershus (-2019)116.148.727.440.0
Oslo118.648.729.440.5
Hedmark (-2019)127.949.436.142.4
Oppland (-2019)121.949.231.541.2
Buskerud (-2019)120.649.929.840.9
Vestfold (-2019)122.849.032.441.3
Telemark (-2019)124.047.634.841.6
Aust-Agder (-2019)123.151.030.741.4
Vest-Agder (-2019)122.350.630.441.3
Rogaland121.348.132.141.1
Hordaland (-2019)119.049.429.040.6
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)132.648.141.243.3
Møre og Romsdal123.047.334.341.4
Trøndelag - Trööndelage124.550.732.141.7
Nordland104.048.538.716.8
Troms - Romsa (-2019)94.848.631.215.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)84.146.236.91.0

Table 10 
Prices on electricity traded in the wholesale market and concession power. Øre/kWh

Prices on electricity traded in the wholesale market and concession power. Øre/kWh
2004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
A. Bilateral contracts, total18.919.126.424.131.428.132.728.221.224.023.319.824.526.433.531.7
A.1 Contracts up to 1 year duration23.823.636.024.233.930.042.435.023.729.224.119.524.226.940.538.0
A.2 Contracts up to 1-5 year duration18.818.523.731.037.831.639.834.424.228.624.524.124.728.733.132.6
A.3 Contracts with more than 5 year duration12.412.120.615.520.025.126.423.619.421.322.719.024.725.622.821.7
 
B. Market power trade, total23.824.739.524.340.132.545.637.424.230.624.719.525.227.641.638.8
B.1 Elspot market24.924.739.624.340.132.545.937.424.330.524.619.425.227.641.638.7
B.2 The regulation market23.824.338.424.436.230.243.138.523.830.625.220.025.127.641.739.6
 
C. Concession power7.67.56.87.69.69.310.311.110.610.911.911.511.411.812.712.2

Table 11 
Economic main figures of the power sector. NOK million

Economic main figures of the power sector. NOK million1
2010201120122013201420152016201720182019
1Gross fixed capital formation = acquisition - sale of fixed assets
Compensations of employees5 8647 4658 0007 9617 0057 9428 5998 6788 7588 447
Production value70 02962 18356 85563 66358 39157 75467 96968 65687 82979 856
Cost of goods and services consumed15 42415 87015 03316 02717 06717 18518 29218 62122 28920 618
Value added54 60546 31341 82247 63641 32440 56949 67750 03565 54059 238
Gross fixed capital formation11 84014 38916 71819 11619 23420 70824 75627 58833 28234 017
Acquisition of fixed assets12 49615 21017 71120 40820 31522 23525 83629 80636 92736 932
Sale of fixed assets6568219931 2921 0811 5271 0802 2183 6452 915

Table 12 
Income statment for enterprises in electricity supply, by ownership group. NOK million

Income statment for enterprises in electricity supply, by ownership group. NOK million
Total2019
20182019...Joint municipal...County municipal...MunicipalCentral governmentPrivate
Operating income, total170 524163 40684 9455 52310 15638 44824 334
Sales of energy121 156117 91761 0853 9956 51526 15820 165
Sales of transmission35 40734 55618 6061 2953 06410 3191 272
Other operating income13 96210 9335 2542345781 9702 897
 
Operating expenses, total126 552124 03468 6623 9947 03221 83722 509
Purchase of energy68 03566 97039 4511 9612 4226 71616 420
Purchase of grid services14 12914 5188 7793591 4212 978982
Other purchases of goods4 3393 0051 25623578482954
Compensation of employees8 7588 4473 9042218382 4121 072
Depreciation10 82511 0294 9664777103 8561 021
Other operating expenses20 46620 06510 3067421 5635 3932 060
 
Operating profit43 97239 37316 2841 5293 12516 6111 825
 
Financial income, total4 5193 480998472494533982
Dividends on shares/partnerships1 6681 40131243335927269
Interest recieved628644292273519199
Other financial income2 2231 43439411100315615
 
Financial expenses total5 1225 0931 9192525851 417920
Interest paid2 8332 7691 353197375519326
Other financial expenses2 2902 32456656210898594
 
Financial items, net-603-1 613-921220-91-88463
 
Profit on ordinary items before taxes43 36937 75915 3631 7483 03415 7271 887
 
Taxes20 14616 5886 2637931 2137 506813
 
Profit before extraordinary items23 22421 1719 0999551 8218 2211 074
 
Extraordinary income, total45518214001680
Extraordinary depreciation8326260000
Other extraordinary expenses177000000
 
Profit extraordinary items195156-12001680
 
Taxes on extraordinary items-2820117402205
 
Annual profit23 44721 1268 9139551 7998 3891 069
 
Dividends8 1673 7092 638143235538155

Table 13 
Income statement for enterprises in the power industri, by type of utility. NOK million

Income statement for enterprises in the power industri, by type of utility. NOK million1
Total2019
20182019Production plantsWholesale plantsDistribution plantsLow integrated plantsHigh integrated plantsGrid companiesElectricity suppliers
1’Due to reclassifications of type of utility, the figures for grid companies and distribution plants for 2018 are not directly comparable with previous periods. Low-integrated plants have less than 20 per cent own production of total end user sales. High-integrated plants have more than 20 per cent own production of total end user sales.
Operating income, total170 524163 40666 38216 9432 0959505 05232 37339 611
Sales of energy121 156117 91761 21616 7957106122 70042335 461
Sales of transmission35 40734 55614121 1362041 73829 9131 422
Other operating income13 96210 9335 0261462491346142 0372 728
 
Operating expenses, total126 552124 03437 13816 5651 9068784 05525 88237 609
Purchase of energy68 03566 97016 84616 2586125321 53335130 840
Purchase of grid services14 12914 5183 08103536747310 085458
Other purchases of goods4 3393 00587335344966361 300
Compensation of employees8 7588 4472 9931863431026833 0731 066
Depreciation10 82511 0294 2854214404925 404591
Other operating expenses20 46620 0659 059115332937796 3333 355
 
Operating profit43 97239 37329 244378189729976 4912 002
 
Financial income, total4 5193 4801 57265992281232404239
Dividends on shares/partnerships1 6681 40164542652341193986
Interest recieved62864442991144137113
Other financial income2 2231 434497223292447232841
 
Financial expenses total5 1225 0932 48642753172621 625223
Interest paid2 8332 7691 714813213196622112
Other financial expenses2 2902 324773346215661 003112
 
Financial items, net-603-1 613-91523239264-30-1 22016
 
Profit on ordinary items before taxes43 36937 75928 3306102283369675 2702 018
 
Taxes20 14616 58814 52811630143501 107444
 
Profit before extraordinary items23 22421 17113 8024941983226174 1631 574
 
Extraordinary income, total4551821400001680
Extraordinary depreciation832626000000
Other extraordinary expenses17700000000
 
Profit extraordinary items195156-1200001680
 
Taxes on extraordinary items-28201189100414
 
Annual profit23 44721 12613 6004931983226134 3301 571
 
Dividends8 1673 7091 2861442271801 552609

Table 14 
Acquisition and sale of fixed assets, by type of capital. NOK million

Acquisition and sale of fixed assets, by type of capital. NOK million
2019
AcquisitionSale
Fixed assets, total36 9322 915
 
Water power plants1 21810
¬ Waterfall rights1010
¬ Waterway regulations1 2080
 
Hydro-electric power stations5 11859
¬ Building construction, hydro-electric power stations2 65719
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, hydro-electric power stations2 46240
 
Thermal power plants544
¬ Building construction, thermal power plants10
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, thermal power plants534
 
Windpower plants9 7150
¬ Building construction, windpower plants2 8670
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, windpower plants6 8490
 
Transmission systems15 7542 123
¬ Central grid systems7 4041 514
¬ Regional grid systems2 799163
¬ Local grid systems5 551446
 
District heating253
¬ Production plants251
¬ Distribution systems02
¬ Other, district heating00
 
Other fixed assets, total5 047715
¬ Control centers840
¬ Street and road lighting60
¬ Motor vehicles and other transport equipment265116
¬ Construction machinery80
¬ Office equipment47937
¬ Offices and premises24818
¬ Dwellings for employees10
¬ Land171
¬ Other property1 76610
¬ Construction roads2140
¬ Tele828283
¬ Fixed assets, other1 131250

About the statistics

The statistics include production, power exchange and consumption. The monthly electricity statistics should be used when the latest data is needed. The annual figures have more detailed information and also include electricity prices, profit and loss accounts and investments.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Electricity monthly

Total production of electricity

Electricity generation contains net production. Consumption related to pump storage and industrial processes should be reported separately and is included in the net production.

Exports of electric power

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Calculated net loss

Net loss is calculated using a fixed loss share relative to production based on net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. The loss share is calculated using a five year average and is 6 per cent in 2016. The net loss partly depends on distance, temperatures and the quality of the grid.

Net consumption of electric power

Net consumption of electric power is gross consumption of electric power less pump consumption and calculated net loss.

Consumption of electric power in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas production

Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable.

Consumption in power-intensive manufacturing

Power-intensive manufacturing is defined as pulp and paper production, industrial chemicals, iron, steel and ferro-alloys in addition to primary aluminium and other metals. The definition corresponds to the following codes in the standard for sector classification (2007) :

17.1 – Pulp and paper production
20.1 – Production of chemical commodity
24.1 – Production of iron, steel and ferroalloy
24.4 – Production of aluminium and other metals

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction is net consumption of electric power less total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. Households, services and manufacturing other than power-intensive manufacturing account for the majority of this consumption.

Electricity annual

Gross production of electricity refers to the production that is measured on the generators. The net production may also be calculated by subtracting own consumption in the power stations.

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Other own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Ordinary consumption and flexible consumption: The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

Electricity price, i.e. the price that households pay to the electricity suppliers. This part of the power market was deregulated in 1991. Costs relating to electricity certificates, which is a subsidy system for renewable power, are included in the electricity price. According tothe Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) and the Swedish Energy Agency, the cost of electricity certificates was about 1 øre/kWh in 2012 and 2013.      

Grid rent, i.e. the price that households pay for the physical distribution of electricity. Unlike the deregulated electricity price, the grid rent is regulated. 

Taxes consist of tax on consumption of electricity, value added tax (VAT) and subsidies to Enova. All counties in Norway have the same tax rate for the consumption of electricity, apart from some parts of Troms and the whole of Finnmark, which are exempt. The Enova tax was 1 øre/kWh in 2014 and is the same for all households throughout the country. VAT is added after electricity price, grid rent and other taxes have been added. Nordland, Troms and Finnmark are exempt from VAT.   

Production value is defined as turnover corrected for changes in stock of finished goods, work in progress and goods and services bought for resale.

Cost of goods and services consumed is the value of goods and services consumed as input in the production process; excluding fixed assets (consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital).

Value added is the sum of production value minus the cost of goods and services consumed.

The consumer groups in the table with information on electricity consumption in Norwegian municipalities have the following content.

Mining and manufacturing etc: Mining and extraction, power intensive manufacturing, manufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturing and various supply and remidiation activities.

Services etc: Transportation and storage and construction and other services.

Households and agriculture etc: Agriculture, forestry and fishing, hot-houses, private households and cottages and holiday houses

Standard classifications

Electricity monthly

Production and consumption of electricity is measured in Gigawatt-hours (GWh) in tables. In StatBank, Megawatt-hours (MWh) is used as a measure. The classification is based on the standard industrial classification 2007 (SIC 2007). 

Electricity annual

The classification is based on the standard for sector classification 2007 (SN2007). There is a description of which industries the statistics comprise in section 3.1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Electricity
Topic: Energy and manufacturing

Responsible division

Division for Business Cycle Statistics

Regional level

Electricity monthly

Figures for production and consumption are on national level.

Electricity annual

Municipal and county.

 

Frequency and timeliness

Electricity monthly

Monthly publication. The monthly electricity statistics are published about 15-17 days after the reference month.

Electricity annual

Annual. The statistics are published 11 months after the reference year.

International reporting

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Data from both statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

 

The annual electricity statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Microdata

Electricity monthly

Raw data files are stored in accordance with Statistic Norway’s standard (DataDok).

Electricity annual

Microdata are stored in a Oracle database.

Background

Background and purpose

Electricity monthly

The purpose of the statistics is to map the production and consumption of electricity. The monthly electricity statistics also serve as a basis for analysis and reports. The current statistics date back to 1979.

Electricity annual

The purpose of the statistics is to give an overview over economic key figures of the power market and to follow the development in supply and use of electricity on national level and on county level. The statistics go back to 1937, but have been changed several times since then.

Users and applications

Electricity monthly

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, IEA and Eurostat.

Internal users of the statistics: the Division for energy and environmental statistics, which uses the data in the energy balance and the energy account; the Division for manufacturing, which uses some of the data in the monthly Index of production. The statistics are also used by the Division for national accounts.

Electricity annual

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Finance, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Enova, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Eurostat. The Annual electricity statistics are important input to the Energy balance and energy account. The data material is also used by the Divison for National Accounts (930) and Divison Industrial Production Statistics in Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

Electricity monthly

The monthly statistics are used in the revision of the annual electricity statistics. The two statistics correspond well.

Electricity annual

Monthly and annual electricity statistics correspond well.

Tables showing electricity prices in the wholesale market and the end-user market are available in the annual electricity statistics and quarterly electricity price statistics. The quarterly electricity price statistics are based on a sample of about 40 enterprises in the wholesale and end-user market, and are released around two months after the end of the quarter. Annual electricity statistics include all the enterprises in the population, and are released about 12 months after the reference year.   

The quarterly electricity price statistics have the most up-to-date electricity prices and provide information about different types of price contracts (spot price, variable price and fixed price). The annual electricity statistics are more detailed and the data source covers the whole population.

Legal authority

Electricity monthly

The Statistic Act § 2-2, 2-3 and 3-2.

Electricity annual

The Statistic act §2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

 

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

Production

Population

Electricity monthly

The population consists of all water, thermal and wind power stations (Standard for sector classification 2007: 35.11). Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas includes all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable (Standard for sector classification 2007: 06.1 and 06.2).

Electricity consumption in power-intensive manufacturing based on the standard for sector classification 2007  includes:

17.1 – Pulp and paper production

20.1 – Production of chemical commodity

24.1 – Production of iron, steel and ferroalloy

24.4 – Production of aluminium and other metals

Electricity annual

The enterprise is the statistical unit.

The Electricity statistics contain all electricity plants that have a license for electricity generation, transmission and distribution in addition to trade of electricity.

The Electricity statistics do not contain:

* Production plants having rated output less than 100 kW

* Power stations which although partly owned by Norwegian interests are located outside Norwegian territory

* Electricity production and consumption on offshore installations not connected to land by power cable

* Main office activities in own enterprises

 

Data sources and sampling

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub about six days after the reference month containing data on production and consumption of electricity from all metering points in Norway. Elhub is an electricity data hub which is a centralized information exchange system for the electricity retail market and contains data on consumption and production of electricity and different market processes from all remotely (and traditional) readable electricity metering points in Norway. From the dataset Statistics Norway calculate electricity production, pump storage, and consumption of electricity in power intensive manufacturing and extraction which is used in the monthly electricity statistics.
Data on import and export of electricity is collected from Statnett and electricity production on Svalbard is collected by Statistics Norway in an own survey.

Production of electricity:
Total count of all power plants in Norway.


Consumption:
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of approximately 10 establishments (approximately a total count).
Power-intensive manufacturing consists of approximately 50 establishments (approximately a total count).

Electricity annual

Data collection together with Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate.

Total Count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives a dataset from Elhub with measured values for production and consumption of electricity for all metering points in Norway. Since Svalbard is not included in the Elhub data, electricity data from Svalbard is collected in an own survey. Electricity import and export are reported by Statnett once per month.

Data from the Elhub system is used by electricity producers and suppliers and distribution network companies serving electricity consumers and balancing electricity production, hence the metering values is thoroughly checked before Statistics Norway receives the data. Still, we do some checks on production and consumption codes, aggregated values for production and consumption and duplicates in the data. Data are also compared with the yearly electricity statistics.

Electricity annual

As of 2000, the electricity utilities have reported their data electronically via the system ERAPP.

  • Income statements and balance sheets are controlled by auditors
  • The annual reports of the enterprises are useful in the revision of data
  • Values that are particularly low or high are double checked by contacting the enterprise
  • The power balance is controlled in detail
  • Power sale to different consumer groups should be in line with the Standard Industrial classification of 2002.

Among other things, maximum and minimum values in addition to percentage changes are calculated

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Electricity monthly

According to § 2-4 of the Statistics Act, collected data are subject to secrecy and must be kept or destroyed in a secure manner. Any use of the data must be in accordance with the rules set out by the Data Inspectorate.

Electricity annual

In some municipalities and counties a few units may account for a large share of the electricity production and consumption. However, these figures are not considered to be particularly detrimental for the relevant enterprises.

Comparability over time and space

Electricity monthly

The statistics are comparable back to 1979. However, prior to 1993 the information is less detailed than in later releases.

Until December 2010, pulp and paper production and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas were included in consumption without power-intensive manufacturing. As from the release in January 2011 these groups are separated into their own consumption groups. Only total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing , non-priority and priority consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction are affected by the changes. The rest of the groups are not influenced by the change.

From January 2016, the basis for calculating net loss was changed from utilising loss shares of the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate to loss shares calculated from net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. This affects the series net loss, net consumption of electric power and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction somewhat. The new way of calculating net loss ensures a closer correspondence between the monthly and the annual electricity statistics. All series in Statbank are updated dating back to January 2010

In May 2019 the name of the variable “Pump storage use and other own consumption” was changed to “Pump storage use” since “other own consumption” no longer is included in this variable. Because of this change, the old variable “Pump storage use and other own consumption” and new variable “Pump storage use” cannot be compared directly.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of May 2019 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for electricity generation and pump storage consumption. The change does not have an impact on the time series of production and pump storage. 

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of October 2019 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. The change does not have an impact on the time series of extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas.

As from the release of the monthly electricity statistics of January 2020 Elhub has been utilised as datasource for consumption in power intensive manufacturing. The change does not have an impact on the time series of pulp and paper production, production of chemical commodity etc., production of iron, steel and ferroalloy and production of aluminium and other metals.  

Electricity annual

In the electricity statistics of 2008 the sale to different end users is based on a new version of Norwegian industry classification (SIC2007) . The most important changes are:

  • The numbers of end users increase from 27 to 36 categories.
  • Power intensive manufacturing now also includes industry 17.1.
  • For the first time we also calculate a grid rent for power intensive manufacturing. Since power intensive manufacturing has a very low grid rent compared to other end users, total grid rent for all end users is not comparable with former years.
  • We do not publish gross value of production, intermediate consumption and value added at factor prices in the electricity statistics of 2008. Instead of these variables we publish production value, cost of goods and services consumed and value added.

The enterprise is the statistical unit. Prior to 1993 the establishment was the unit, defined as all energy activities located in one distribution area. This change concerns only utilities with activities in several distribution areas and it only affects the total count of electricity utilities.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Electricity monthly

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

The statistics are based on a full count, and thus there are no sampling errors.

Electricity annual

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

Revision

Electricity monthly

The figures of electricity generation are not revised after the release of the statistics. Minor revisions may occur for the figures of exports, imports and consumption.

Electricity annual

If no large errors are detected after the release of the statistics, the figures are not revised.