364866
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/arblonn/kvartal
364866
statistikk
2019-02-13T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings
en
arblonn, Number of employments and earnings, business cycle, business trend, cyclic development, cyclical trend, economic cycle, economic trend, employee, salaried employee, workEmployment , Labour market and earnings
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Number of employments and earnings

Updated

Next update

Key figures

2.8 %

increased average monthly basic earnings

Number of employments, wage earners, and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage change
Number of employments
Both sexes2 909 4551.9
Males1 504 5202.5
Females1 404 9351.3
 
Number of employees
Both sexes2 633 0151.8
Males1 394 2452.4
Females1 238 7701.2
 
Average monthly basic earnings (NOK)
Both sexes43 5402.8
Males45 7602.6
Females40 7903.1

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by sex

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by sex
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings (NOK)
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Both sexes
All ages2 909 4551.943 5402.8
Less than 25 years395 0831.328 1602.7
25-39 years974 6872.440 4202.8
40-54 years973 2351.247 8702.8
55-66 years503 9332.548 3803.0
67 years or older62 5174.844 9203.0
 
Males
All ages1 504 5202.545 7602.6
Less than 25 years192 8752.228 8602.4
25-39 years512 1012.941 7302.7
40-54 years503 4721.850 7202.5
55-66 years258 7613.152 3202.6
67 years or older37 3115.947 7202.8
 
Females
All ages1 404 9351.340 7903.1
Less than 25 years202 2080.427 2303.0
25-39 years462 5862.038 7903.0
40-54 years469 7630.644 4503.1
55-66 years245 1721.843 6503.4
67 years or older25 2063.239 1403.1

Table 2 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by county

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by county
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings (NOK)
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Østfold130 9991.740 0102.8
Akershus300 0393.144 7102.4
Oslo519 3912.948 6003.3
Hedmark94 3250.839 7102.7
Oppland94 8052.139 3303.0
Buskerud137 5370.941 5602.7
Vestfold116 3641.441 3602.5
Telemark81 0470.940 8902.7
Aust-Agder52 7042.240 6502.2
Vest-Agder96 6262.341 4502.3
Rogaland265 1754.645 5503.2
Hordaland282 8471.743 4003.0
Sogn og Fjordane60 5131.139 9902.4
Møre og Romsdal141 3662.641 0802.1
Trøndelag249 699.42 270:
Nordland127 7100.540 8703.1
Troms - Romsa95 7002.041 5102.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku41 6321.940 3402.4
County not stated6 5069.237 0102.4
Not mainland Norway14 470-34.052 5800.1

Table 3 
Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Number of employments and average monthly basic earnings, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of employmentsAverage monthly basic earnings (NOK)
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 909 4551.943 5402.8
Agriculture, forestry and fishing37 1740.936 7103.2
Mining and quarrying56 8531.361 9501.9
Manufacture220 9401.744 0902.5
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management33 2352.449 8302.8
Construction244 6444.141 5202.7
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles379 5520.439 0503.0
Transportation and storage145 0860.742 7602.3
Accommodation and food service activities114 6741.931 0004.2
Information and communication95 3664.356 1403.5
Financial and insurance activities46 5040.858 4704.6
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities174 1134.554 4802.8
Administrative and support service activities165 4744.037 6902.6
Public adm., defence, soc. security185 2010.747 4303.0
Education249 4121.344 6102.0
Human health and social work activities642 7011.339 7602.9
Other service activities117 5323.441 0502.7
Unspecified994-0.754 660:

Table 4 
Number of employments, by immigrant category and country background

Number of employments, by immigrant category and country background
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage change
 
First generation immigrants without Norwegian background
Nordic countries46 905-0.2
Western Europe else47 3103.5
EU countries in Eastern Europe136 0204.3
Eastern Europe else41 1055.7
North America and Oceania7 1003.8
Asia127 9897.8
Africa49 83510.1
South and Central America15 3466.1
Non-residents
Nordic countries23 231-8.5
Western Europe else7 867-0.8
EU countries in Eastern Europe58 02917.5
Eastern Europe else1 4287.5
North America and Oceania561-15.0
Asia1 601-12.8
Africa462-0.2
South and Central America237-2.1

Table 5 
Net employment destructions and creations, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)

Net employment destructions and creations, by industry division (17 groups, SIC2007)
Number of employmentsNet employment destructions, all enterprisesNet employment creations, all enterprises
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
All industries2 909 4551.9268 2722.1323 1833.1
Agriculture, forestry and fishing37 1740.96 1485.36 474-10.0
Mining and quarrying56 8531.33 619-26.84 376-14.9
Manufacture220 9401.715 756-13.819 42710.1
Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management33 2352.42 710-14.33 4996.1
Construction244 6444.128 5348.338 1633.2
Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles379 5520.440 0553.941 5441.2
Transportation and storage145 0860.714 186-10.215 2491.1
Accommodation and food service activities114 6741.917 12416.319 254-0.8
Information and communication95 3664.39 7420.613 70515.9
Financial and insurance activities46 5040.82 760-22.23 1402.1
Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities174 1134.520 854-6.528 3707.7
Administrative and support service activities165 4744.021 06610.927 4241.8
Public adm., defence, soc. security185 2010.712 66034.813 98317.7
Education249 4121.311 760-13.114 908-17.3
Human health and social work activities642 7011.347 0679.355 5587.0
Other service activities117 5323.413 6322.517 5172.7
Unspecified994-0.7599-52.3592-10.6

Table 6 
Net employment destructions and creations, by sector

Net employment destructions and creations, by sector
Number of employmentsNet employment destructions, all enterprisesNet employment creations, all enterprises
4th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 20184th quarter 20184th quarter 2017 - 4th quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage changeAbsolute numbersPercentage change
Sum all sectors2 909 4551.9260 5912.8315 5023.6
Private sector, public enterprises, and unspecified1 924 8102.2201 1761.0243 2333.8
Local government655 4361.246 92819.254 8651.4
Central government329 2091.512 487-17.517 4048.6

About the statistics

The statistics show the number of people working in Norwegian enterprises and their earnings. The purpose is to show changes in the number of jobs, number of employees, and earnings for each quarter compared to the same quarter the year before. The statistics include both residents and non-residents as well as all age groups.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

The statistics of the number of wage earners and employments are based on reported information from A-ordningen for the middle month of a given quarter. Statistics Norway follows the recommendations of the International Labour Organization (ILO) regarding preparation of labor statistics in the choice of key concepts and definitions.

Job-related characteristics

Employed persons are persons who performed paid work of at least one hour's duration in the reference week, as well as persons who have such work but who were temporarily absent due to illness, vacation, paid leave, etc. Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons.

Wage earners are persons who receive compensation for work in the form of wages. Fore wage earners with more than one employment, one is established as the most important (i.e., the main employment).

Employment: A person may have several employments (jobs) in different enterprises.

Employer-related characteristics

The characteristics of place of work and industry division are obtained from the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) and apply to the enterprise where the person works.

Information about the sector is retrieved from the CRE. Sector is classified according to the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Personal characteristics

Characteristics such as place of residence, sex, and age are obtained from the National Registry.

Residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry and also include temporary residents who plan on staying in Norway for six months or more.

Non-residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry with a planned stay in Norway of less than six months. Non-residents include persons with a temporary social security number (D-number) or registered as emigrants, but who work in Norway.

Immigrants are defined as persons who are born abroad, have foreign-born parents and grandparents, and later immigrated to Norway. Data on immigration status and country background are retrieved from registries at Statistics Norway.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the revised Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is in accordance with the Standard Classification of Occupations (STYRK-08), which is based on ISCO-08 (COM).

The sector classification is in accordance with the Classification of Institutional Sector.

Breakdown by county and municipality is in accordance with the list of counties and municipalities as of the 1st in the middle month of a given quarter.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Number of employments and earnings
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

Municipality, county, and the country as a whole

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly

International reporting

None

Microdata

Source data are permanently stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the current statistics is to elucidate changes in the number of employments and wage earners, as well as provide tables of the development at a detailed regional level (municipalities and counties) that we do not have in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) or the quarerly national accounts.

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. A-ordningen was established in 2015 and is a common reporting system for everyone disbursing wages, pension, and other benefits. It is based on monthly reporting of relevant information in the form of a so-called a-melding, which is transmitted electronically to the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), the Norwegian Tax Administration, and Statistics Norway.

The statistics were first published in January 2018, with figures dating back to 1st quarter 2016.

Users and applications

Public administration and local administration in particular, employers' and employees' organisations, media, individual companies, and researchers

Equal treatment of users

No external user has access to the figures until 8 a.m. on the day of publication at https://www.ssb.no/en/. Notice about the publication are given in the statistics calendar at least three months in advance.

Coherence with other statistics

Comparison with other employment statistics

There are two different approaches that can be used when describing employment in Norway:

  1. the participation of the population in the labor market
  2. enterprises' use of labor in the production of goods and services

When looking at the population's participation in the labor market, the population is normally limited to persons aged 15-74 years and registered as residents in Norway. This approach is used in the annual registry-based employment statistics and in the Labor Force Survey (LFS).

When looking at the enterprises's use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian enterprises, regardless of age and whether the employee is registered as a resident of Norway or not. This approach is used by the national accounts and structural statistics. It is also this population that is used in the current statistics on the number of wage earners and employments (see the Production section for more information).

The annual registry-based employment statistics describe employment and industry division at a detailed regional level. The statistics are based on persons registered as residents of Norway according to the National Registry and working in Norwegian enterprises. The criterion is that you are expected to stay for at least six months in the country. Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons. The statistics include employed persons per 4th quarter (reference week in November). For employed pearsons with more than one employment, one is identified as the most important. The main difference between the quarterly statistics on the number of employments and the annual registry-based employment statistics is that the latter statistics also includes self-employed persons, but it does not include wage earners on short-term stays (i.e., planned stay of less than six months). In addition, the registry-based employment statistics are restricted to 15-74 years, while there are no age limits in the statistics on the number of employments and wage earners.

When it comes to reporting the number of employments in the national accounts and other economic statistics, this is also based on Norwegian enterprises, regardless of whether the person is resident or not. This is the same approach as in the current statistics.

Legal authority

The Statistical Act $3-2 (Administrative Registers)

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

These statistics are based on the enterprises’ use of labor in the production of goods and services in Norway (see the Coherence with other statistics subsection under the Background section for more information). When looking at the enterprises’ use of labor in the production of goods and services, it is common to include all employed persons who have their place of work in Norwegian enterprises, regardless of age and whether the employee is resident in Norway or not. This also includes foreign employees on short-term stays (non-residents).

Employed persons include wage earners and self-employed persons. Only the former are reported to A-ordningen. Therefore, the current statistics only cover employments (i.e., jobs) among wage earners.

Data sources and sampling

Data sources

The main source of the statistics is A-ordningen, which is a coordinated digital collection of employment, income, and tax deductions for the Norwegian Tax Administration, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare  Administration (NAV), and Statistics Norway. This means that Statistics Norway receives information about wages and employees directly from the so-called a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information collected. More information may be found on https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrift-og-organisasjon/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/.

In addition to A-ordningn, other registers are used, the most important being Vernepliktsverket and Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).

Sampling

Not relevant

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The statistics have no data collection, but are based on a number of different registries:

  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from A-ordningen.
  • Statistics Norway receives monthly data from Vernepliktsverket.
  • Variables such as place of work and industry division are obtained from Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).
  • Personal characteristics are obtained from the National Registry.

Editing

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway’s common rules of confidentiality are followed.

Comparability over time and space

Comparable figures are available from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

These statistics are not comparable to the annual register-based employment statistics or the Labour Force Survey (LFS), as they are based on another population. Nor will the statistics be completely comparable to the employment figures in the national accounts, although the population is essentially similar. The difference is due to the fact that the national accounts publish figures for employed persons, which also include self-employed persons. In addition, the number of employed persons in the national accounts is given as an average for all months in the quarter. For more information, see the Background section.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. The quality of A-ordningen is generally good. Nevertheless, some errors might occur.

Measurement and processing errors

Some errors might occur due to incorrect reporting of the information (measurement error). Furthermore, errors might occur as the result of data processing conducted at Statistics Norway (processing error).

There are indications of gradual improvement in the reporting to A-ordningen from 2015 to 2016, even though the reporting during the first year of A-ordningen (2015) is considered as being good. Therefore, figures are published from 1st quarter 2016 onwards.

More uncertainty is expected in the number of wage earners and employments at a detailed regional level than at a more aggregated level (e.g., the country as a whole).

Dropout error

Not relevant

Sample error

Not relevant

Revision

Not relevant

Contact