Discussion Papers

Discussion papers comprise research papers intended for international journals and books. A preprint of a Discussion Paper may be longer and more elaborate than a standard journal article as it may include intermediate calculations, background material etc.

Articles, analysis, and publications


  1. A probabilistic forecast of the immigrant population of Norway Article 20 January

    We present a probabilistic forecast for the immigrant population of Norway and their Norwegian-born children (“second generation”) broken down by age, sex, and three types of country background: 1. West European countries plus the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand; 2. East European countries that are members of the European Union; 3. other countries.

  2. Can the acceptance of a carbon tax be increased? The effect of tax revenue recycling and redistribution among households and companies Article 19 January

    Effective carbon taxation is essential to achieving the green transition. However, there is typically stiff opposition to carbon taxation due to perceived or actual adverse equity and other impacts. Hence, a better understanding of which factors, including the use of tax revenue, can increase acceptability is essential.


  1. Internalizing negative environmental impacts from wind power production: Coasian bargaining, offsetting schemes and environmental taxes Article 16 December

    On the one hand, wind power production is necessary for decarbonizing the electricity sector. On the other hand, we risk replacing one environmental problem with other environmental problems, that is, stopping climate change in exchange with increased loss of pristine land and biodiversity.

  2. The cash-for-care reform and immigrant fertility. Fewer babies of poorer families? Article 9 December

    Cash-for care policies are contested in many contexts, as they represent an incentive for childrearing over work that may reduce labour market participation, especially among immigrant women.

  3. Spatial trade-offs in national land-based wind power production in times of biodiversity and climate crises Article 6 October

    Energy generated from land-based wind power is expected to play a crucial role in the decarbonisation of the economy.

  4. Directed technical change and the resource curse Article 5 October

    The "resource curse" is a potential threat to all countries relying on export income from abundant natural resources such as fossil fuels.

  5. Mountains of trouble: Accounting for environmental costs in local benefit-driven tourism development Article 29 September

    Tourism and recreational home developments generate much of the economic activity at mountain destinations in Norway.

  6. Social security pension generosity and the effect on household saving Article 23 September

    This paper examines the substitution between pension wealth and household saving by studying Norway’s 2011 pension reform.

  7. Gender or class – What determines voting? Article 2 September

    Previous literature has found that extending the suffrage to both females and poorer voters increases the supply of public goods.

  8. Structural break in the Norwegian LFS due to the 2021 redesign Article 26 August

    The labour force surveys (LFSs) on all Eurostat countries underwent a substantial redesign in January 2021. To ensure coherent labour market time series for the main indicators in the Norwegian LFS, we model the impact of the redesign.

  9. Dynamics of first-time patenting firms Article 17 August

    This paper investigates firm dynamics in the period before, during, and after an event consisting of a first published patent application.

  10. Early retirement provision for elderly displaced workers Article 10 August

    This paper studies the economic effects on re-employment and program substitution behavior among elderly displaced workers who exogenously lose eligibility for their early retirement option.

  11. Fiscal policy, macroeconomic performance and industry structure in a small open economy Article 7 July

    We analyse how fiscal policy affects both the macroeconomy and the industry structure, using a multi-sector macroeconomic model of the Norwegian economy with an inflation targeting monetary policy.

  12. Can the child penalty be reduced? Article 6 July

    Children cause large earnings drops for mothers but not fathers, a stylized fact known as the “child penalty” that explains a substantial portion of remaining gender income gaps.

  13. Do funds for more teachers improve student outcomes? Article 1 June

    We investigate the effects of a large-scale Norwegian reform that provided extra teachers to 166 lower secondary schools with relatively high student-teacher ratios and low average grades.